Tag Archives: weather

Weather update 28th  November

North East monsoon was active in Tamilnadu and Kerala. Following are the top 5 wettest places in the region.

  1. Pamban (Tamilnadu) 41mm
  2. Parangipettai (Tamilnadu) 26mm
  3. Tuticorin (Tamilnadu) 23mm
  4. Kanyakumari (Tamilnadu) 21mm
  5. Kodaikanal (Tamilnadu) 11mm
Region Rainfall today Normal rainfall Accumulated rainfall Normal accumulated rainfall Deviation from normal
Coastal Andhra 0mm 1.2mm 50.5mm 120.4mm -58%
Rayalaseema 0mm 1.1mm 38.3mm 76.0mm -48%
Coastal Karnataka 0mm 0.4mm 30.7mm 77.2mm -60%
South Interior Karnataka 0mm 0.5mm 19.1mm 62.2mm -69%
Kerala 5.9mm 1.2mm 172.1mm 177.3mm -3%
Tamil nadu 7.8mm 2.7mm 158.5mm 189.6mm -16%

 

Following is the minimum temperatures recorded in important cities in India on 27th Night and 28th Early morning. The deviation from the normal temperature is shown in the brackets alongside the minimum temperature. The deviation from the previous day is shown as separate column. Cooling days are those number of days when temperatures fell compared to the previous day.

State City Minimum Temperature Deviation from previous day Cooling days Total (29)
Jammu Kashmir      (0) Srinagar -0.4 (0) 0 16
  Leh -8.5 0 17
  Jammu 8.3 (-2) 0 15
  Gulmerg -1.5 (+2) 0 13
Punjab (-0.1) Jalandhar 8.0 +0.6 14
  Amritsar 7.7 (+2) +0.5 17
  Ludhiana 8.7 (+1) -1.3 15
Himachal Pradesh  (-0.3) Manali 0.8 (0) 0 14
  Dharamshala 7.6 (+1) 0 21
  Shimla 7.5 (+2) -1.0 16
Haryana & Delhi     (-0.5) Chandigarh 8.6 (0) -1.6 18
  Delhi 10.3 (0) -0.2 17
  Kurukshetra 7.6 +0.4 16
Rajasthan (0) Bikanir 12.5 (+3) 0 15
  Jodhpur 11.2 (-1) 0 18
  Jaisalmer 15.6 (+3) 0 12
  Udaipur 9.8 (0) 0 14
  Jaipur 11.6 (+1) 0 12
  Kota 13.1 (-1) 0 14
Gujarat (-0.2) Bhuj 17.3 (+4) +3.2 14
  Rajkot 16.5 (0) -0.4 19
  Ahmedabad 12.0 (-3) -2.5 16
  Vadodra 13.4 (-2) -0.2 18
  Surat 17.8 (0) -0.7 12
Madhya Pradesh    (+0.3) Gwalior 7.4 (-2) -2.1 18
  Ujjain 10.0 0 12
  Indore 12.8 (+1) +1.8 16
  Bhopal 11.2 (-2) +0.9 13
  Jabalpur 10.6 (-1) +1.0 13
Chattisgarh (-0.2) Raipur 14.5 (+1) -0.4 14
  Bilaspur 11.4 (-4) -0.1 18
Maharashtra (-0.5) Mumbai 18.5 (-1) -1.0 17
  Pune 11.5 (-1) -1.0 17
  Kohlapur 17.3 (+1) -0.2 18
  Nagpur 11.0 (-3) +0.4 15
  Aurangabad 12.0 (-1) -0.5 14
  Nanded 12.5 (-1) -0.5 13
Telangana (-0.8) Hyderabad 14.1 (-2) -1.4 18
  Nizamabad 13.6 (-1) -1.1 18
  Warangal 15.0 (-2) 0 10
  Ramagundam 14.1 (-1) -0.7 18
Orissa (-0.1) Sambhalpur 12.0 (-3) -0.5 16
  Cuttack 14.5 (-1) 0 14
  Bhubneshwar 14.9 (-2) +0.6 15
  Brahmapur 16.4 (-2) -0.3 15
West Bengal (-1.8) Kolkata 15.8 (-1) +0.1 14
  Darjeeling 8.4 (-1) -3.7 15
North East (-0.9) Guwahati 16.6 (+2) +0.4 16
  Dibrugarh 18.7 (+6) +0.6 14
  Shillong 4.5 (+4) -1.7 14
  Imphal 8.8 (0) -4.6 16
  Agartala 16.1 (+2) +1.1 13
Jharkhand (+0.5) Dhanbad 9.1 (-5) 0 14
  Ranchi 11.6 (+1) +2.4 16
  Jamshedpur 10.8 (-2) -0.8 13
Bihar (-0.6) Patna 10.6 (-1) -0.8 18
  Gaya 9.3 (-2) -0.7 16
  Bhagalpur 11.3 (-5) -0.3 18
Uttar Pradesh (0) Varanasi 11.6 (0) +0.2 17
  Allahabad 9.6 (-2) -0.5 15
  Lucknow 11.2 (0) +1.2 16
  Kanpur 7.8 (-3) -0.5 18
  Agra 7.9 (-3) -0.3 16
Uttarakhand (-0.3) Dehradun 8.7 (0) +0.1 13
  Nainital 7.0 -1.5 16
  Kedarnath 5.9 (0) +0.5 15

 

  • 32 CITIES SAW A DROP IN TEMPERATURE COMPARED TO YESTERDAY OUT OF 66 CITIES WHERE THE TEMPERATURE WAS MEASURED, COMPARED TO 26 CITIES YESTERDAY.
  • Temperatures continued to fall in Maharashtra, Telangana and west bengal. West Bengal saw a maximum drop in temperatures.
  • There was a stabilization in temperatures seen in Northern India and Eastern India. Temperatures are reaching to normal in these areas.
  • Bhagalpur in Bihar recorded 5 degrees below normal temperature while Dibrugarh in Assam recorded temperatures 6 degrees above normal. Hyderabad recorded 2 degrees below normal temperature.

Following are the Top 5 coldest states in India based on the maximum average drop in temperature.

  1. West Bengal -1.8
  2. North East -0.9
  3. Telangana -0.8
  4. Maharashtra -0.5
  5. Haryana and Delhi -0.5

Weather update 27th November

As Expected, North East monsoon has finally revived in Tamil nadu and Kerala and it is active in both the states. Following are the top 5 wettest places in the region.

  1. Chennai (Tamilnadu) 101mm
  2. Nagapattinam (Tamilnadu) 58mm
  3. Cuddalore (Tamilnadu) 52mm
  4. Pamban (Tamilnadu) 48mm
  5. Parangipettai (Tamilnadu) 30mm
Region Rainfall today Normal rainfall Accumulated rainfall Normal accumulated rainfall Deviation from normal
Coastal Andhra 0mm 2.1mm 50.5mm 119.2mm -58%
Rayalaseema 0mm 1.0mm 38.3mm 74.9mm -48%
Coastal Karnataka 0mm 0.3mm 30.7mm 76.8mm -60%
South Interior Karnataka 0mm 0.5mm 19.1mm 61.7mm -69%
Kerala 7.7mm 1.4mm 166.2mm 176.1mm -6%
Tamil nadu 11.0mm 2.8mm 150.7mm 186.9mm -19%

 

Following is the minimum temperatures recorded in important cities in India on 26th Night and 27th Early morning. The deviation from the normal temperature is shown in the brackets alongside the minimum temperature. The deviation from the previous day is shown as separate column. Cooling days are those number of days when temperatures fell compared to the previous day.

State City Minimum Temperature Deviation from previous day Cooling days Total (28)
Jammu Kashmir      (+0.8) Srinagar -0.4 (0) -0.2 16
  Leh -8.5 +2.5 17
  Jammu 8.3 (-2) -1.3 15
  Gulmerg -1.5 (+2) +2.1 13
Punjab (+1.1) Jalandhar 7.4 +0.4 14
  Amritsar 7.2 (+2) -0.3 17
  Ludhiana 10.0 (+3) +3.1 14
Himachal Pradesh  (+1.2) Manali 0.8 (0) +1.8 14
  Dharamshala 7.6 (+1) +0.4 21
  Shimla 8.5 (+3) +1.4 15
Haryana & Delhi     (+1.1) Chandigarh 10.2 (+2) +2.1 17
  Delhi 10.5 (0) +1.5 16
  Kurukshetra 7.2 -0.3 16
Rajasthan (+0.8) Bikanir 12.5 (+3) -0.7 15
  Jodhpur 11.2 (-1) +0.7 18
  Jaisalmer 15.6 (+3) +1.7 12
  Udaipur 9.8 (0) +0.8 14
  Jaipur 11.6 (+1) +0.4 12
  Kota 13.1 (-1) +1.9 14
Gujarat (+0.3) Bhuj 14.0 (+1) -2.2 14
  Rajkot 16.9 (+1) +2.4 18
  Ahmedabad 14.5 (0) +1.9 15
  Vadodra 13.6 (-2) -1.4 17
  Surat 18.5 (+1) +0.7 11
Madhya Pradesh    (+0.5) Gwalior 9.5 (0) +2.5 17
  Ujjain 10.0 +0.2 12
  Indore 11.0 (-1) -0.4 16
  Bhopal 10.2 (-3) 0 13
  Jabalpur 9.6 (-2) 0 13
Chattisgarh (+0.3) Raipur 14.9 (+1) +0.6 13
  Bilaspur 11.5 (-4) +0.1 17
Maharashtra (-1.0) Mumbai 19.5 (0) -0.7 16
  Pune 12.5 (0) -1.7 16
  Kohlapur 17.5 (+1) -1.7 17
  Nagpur 10.6 (-4) +0.2 15
  Aurangabad 12.5 (0) -0.9 13
  Nanded 13.0 (-1.5) -1.5 12
Telangana (-1.2) Hyderabad 15.5 (-1) -1.1 17
  Nizamabad 14.7 (0) -0.8 17
  Warangal 15.0 (-2) -1.5 10
  Ramagundam 14.8 (0) -1.2 17
Orissa (+0.4) Sambhalpur 12.5 (-2) +0.5 15
  Cuttack 14.5 (-1) +0.3 14
  Bhubneshwar 14.3 (-3) +0.7 15
  Brahmapur 16.7 (-1) -0.1 14
West Bengal (+1.0) Kolkata 15.7 (-1) +0.5 14
  Darjeeling 12.1 (+2) +1.6 14
North East (+1.2) Guwahati 16.2 (0) +0.2 16
  Dibrugarh 18.0 (+5) +3.5 14
  Shillong 6.8 (+2) +0.9 13
  Imphal 13.2 (+5) +2.1 15
  Agartala 15.0 (+1) -0.5 13
Jharkhand (-0.1) Dhanbad 9.1 (-5) -0.5 14
  Ranchi 9.2 (-2) -0.4 16
  Jamshedpur 11.6 (-1) +0.5 12
Bihar (+0.1) Patna 11.4 (0) -0.2 17
  Gaya 10.0 (-1) 0 15
  Bhagalpur 11.6 (-5) +0.6 17
Uttar Pradesh (+0.5) Varanasi 11.4 (0) +0.3 17
  Allahabad 10.1 (-2) +0.1 14
  Lucknow 10.0 (-1) +0.4 16
  Kanpur 8.3 (-1) +1.7 17
  Agra 8.2 (-2) -0.1 15
Uttarakhand (-1.1) Dehradun 8.6 (0) -0.7 13
  Nainital 8.5 -1.5 15
  Kedarnath 5.4 (0) -1.1 15

 

  • 26 CITIES SAW A DROP IN TEMPERATURE COMPARED TO YESTERDAY OUT OF 66 CITIES WHERE THE TEMPERATURE WAS MEASURED, COMPARED TO 32 CITIES YESTERDAY.
  • Temperatures continued to fall in Maharashtra, Telangana. Telangana saw a maximum drop in temperatures.
  • There was a stabilization in temperatures seen in Northern India and Eastern India. Temperatures are reaching to normal in these areas.
  • Bhagalpur in Bihar and Dhanbad in Jharkhand recorded 5 degrees below normal temperature while temperatures in other parts were closer to normal. Hyderabad recorded 1 degrees below normal temperature.
  • Following are the Top 5 coldest states in India based on the maximum average drop in temperature.
  1. Telangana -1.2
  2. Uttarakhand -1.1
  3. Maharashtra -1.0
  4. Jharkhand -0.1
  5. Bihar +0.1

Weather update 26th November

North East monsoon was very weak in every part of the region. We are still awaiting revival that can happen anytime. Following is the rainfall recorded in different regions where North East monsoon is active.

Region Rainfall today Normal rainfall Accumulated rainfall Normal accumulated rainfall Deviation from normal
Coastal Andhra 0mm 4.0mm 50.5mm 117.1mm -57%
Rayalaseema 0mm 2.5mm 38.3mm 73.9mm -48%
Coastal Karnataka 0mm 1.0mm 30.7mm 76.5mm -60%
South Interior Karnataka 0mm 1.0mm 19.1mm 61.2mm -69%
Kerala 1.2mm 2.1mm 158.5mm 174.7mm -9%
Tamil nadu 0.8mm 3.4mm 139.7mm 184.1mm -24%

 

Following is the minimum temperatures recorded in important cities in India on 24th Night and 25th Early morning. The deviation from the normal temperature is shown in the brackets alongside the minimum temperature. The deviation from the previous day is shown as separate column. Cooling days are those number of days when temperatures fell compared to the previous day.

State City Minimum Temperature Deviation from previous day Cooling days Total (27)
Jammu Kashmir      (-0.4) Srinagar -0.2 (0) -1.3 15
  Leh -11.0 -1.0 17
  Jammu 9.6 (-1) +1.9 14
  Gulmerg -3.6 (-2) -1.2 13
Punjab (-0.3) Jalandhar 7.0 +0.5 14
  Amritsar 7.5 (+1) +0.7 16
  Ludhiana 6.9 (-2) -2.3 14
Himachal Pradesh  (-1.1) Manali -1.0 (-3) 0 14
  Dharamshala 7.2 (-2) +0.2 21
  Shimla 7.1 (0) -3.5 15
Haryana & Delhi     (-1.3) Chandigarh 8.1 (-1) -0.9 17
  Delhi 9.0 (-3) -2.8 16
  Kurukshetra 7.5 0 15
Rajasthan (+0.8) Bikanir 13.2 (+1) +1.7 14
  Jodhpur 10.5 (-1) +0.8 18
  Jaisalmer 13.9 (0) +0.3 12
  Udaipur 9.0 (-2) +1.0 14
  Jaipur 11.2 (-1) +0.4 12
  Kota 11.2 (-5) +0.6 14
Gujarat (-0.2) Bhuj 16.2 (+2) +0.4 13
  Rajkot 14.5 (-3) -1.2 18
  Ahmedabad 12.6 (-3) +1.0 15
  Vadodra 15.0 (-1) -0.4 16
  Surat 17.8 (-1) -1.0 11
Madhya Pradesh    (+0.1) Gwalior 7.0 (-4) +0.6 17
  Ujjain 9.8 +0.8 12
  Indore 11.4 (-2) -0.4 15
  Bhopal 10.2 (-3) -0.6 13
  Jabalpur 9.6 (-3) -0.1 13
Chattisgarh (-1.2) Raipur 14.3 (+1) -1.9 13
  Bilaspur 11.4 (-5) -0.5 17
Maharashtra (-0.8) Mumbai 20.2 (0) +1.1 15
  Pune 14.2 (+1) +0.5 15
  Kohlapur 19.3 (+2) -0.7 16
  Nagpur 10.4 (-4) -1.8 15
  Aurangabad 13.4 (0) -2.0 12
  Nanded 14.5 (0) -3.5 11
Telangana (-3.0) Hyderabad 16.6 (+2) -3.9 16
  Nizamabad 15.5 (0) -3.9 16
  Warangal 16.5 (-1) -2.0 9
  Ramagundam 16.0 (0) -2.1 16
Orissa (-0.4) Sambhalpur 12.0 (-4) -1.3 14
  Cuttack 14.2 (-3) +0.4 14
  Bhubneshwar 13.7 (-4) -0.7 15
  Brahmapur 16.8 (-2) 0 13
West Bengal (+0.1) Kolkata 15.2 (-3) -0.3 14
  Darjeeling 10.5 (+1) +0.5 14
North East (-0.7) Guwahati 16.0 (0) -0.7 16
  Dibrugarh 14.1 (+1) -0.4 14
  Shillong 5.9 (-4) -0.6 13
  Imphal 11.1 (+1) -1.3 15
  Agartala 15.5 (0) -0.6 12
Jharkhand (+0.3) Dhanbad 9.5 (-6) +0.3 13
  Ranchi 9.6 (-3) +0.3 15
  Jamshedpur 11.2 (-3) +0.2 12
Bihar (+1.1) Patna 11.6 (-2) +1.4 16
  Gaya 10.0 (-3) +1.0 15
  Bhagalpur 11.0 (-6) +0.8 17
Uttar Pradesh (+0.5) Varanasi 11.1 (-2) +0.4 17
  Allahabad 10.0 (-2) +0.5 14
  Lucknow 9.6 (-2) +1.2 16
  Kanpur 6.8 (-5) -0.2 17
  Agra 8.3 (-4) +0.5 14
Uttarakhand (+1.2) Dehradun 9.3 (0) +0.4 12
  Nainital 10.0 +3.0 14
  Kedarnath 6.5 (0) +0.2 14

 

  • 32 CITIES SAW A DROP IN TEMPERATURE COMPARED TO YESTERDAY OUT OF 66 CITIES WHERE THE TEMPERATURE WAS MEASURED, COMPARED TO 37 CITIES YESTERDAY.
  • Temperatures continued to fall in Maharashtra, Chattisgrah, Telangana. Telangana saw a maximum drop in temperatures.
  • There was a stabilization in temperatures seen in Northern India and Eastern India. Temperatures however continue to be below normal in these areas.
  • Bhagalpur in Bihar and Dhanbad in Jharkhand recorded 6 degrees below normal temperature while temperatures in other parts were closer to normal. Hyderabad recorded 2 degrees above normal temperature.

Following are the Top 5 coldest states in India based on the maximum average drop in temperature.

  1. Telangana -3.0
  2. Haryana and Delhi -1.3
  3. Chattisgarh -1.2
  4. Himachal Pradesh -1.1
  5. Maharashtra -0.8

 

 

 

 

 

 

Weather update 25th November

North East monsoon was very weak in every part of the region. There is a likelihood of revival of North East monsoon by tonight or tomorrow.

Region Rainfall today Normal rainfall Accumulated rainfall Normal accumulated rainfall Deviation from normal
Coastal Andhra 0mm 2.8mm 50.5mm 113.1mm -55%
Rayalaseema 0mm 2.0mm 38.3mm 71.4mm -46%
Coastal Karnataka 0mm 1.3mm 30.7mm 75.5mm -59%
South Interior Karnataka 0mm 1.0mm 19.1mm 60.2mm -68%
Kerala 0.1mm 3.9mm 157.3mm 172.6mm -9%
Tamil nadu 0mm 4.7mm 138.9mm 180.7mm -23%

 

Following is the minimum temperatures recorded in important cities in India on 24th Night and 25th Early morning. The deviation from the normal temperature is shown in the brackets alongside the minimum temperature. The deviation from the previous day is shown as separate column. Cooling days are those number of days when temperatures fell compared to the previous day.

State City Minimum Temperature Deviation from previous day Cooling days Total (26)
Jammu Kashmir      (+3.0) Srinagar 1.3 (+1) +4.7 14
  Leh -10.0 +3.0 16
  Jammu 8.2 (-3) +0.5 14
  Gulmerg -2.4 (0) +3.6 12
Punjab (+0.5) Jalandhar 6.5 -0.5 14
  Amritsar 6.8 (0) 0 16
  Ludhiana 9.2 (0) +1.9 13
Himachal Pradesh  (+1.3) Manali -1.0 (-3) -0.2 14
  Dharamshala 7.0 (-2) -0.2 21
  Shimla 10.6 (+4) +4.2 14
Haryana & Delhi     (+1.8) Chandigarh 9.0 (0) +1.5 16
  Delhi 11.8 (0) +2.3 15
  Kurukshetra 7.5 +1.5 15
Rajasthan (0) Bikanir 11.5 (0) +1.5 14
  Jodhpur 9.7 (-3) -0.9 18
  Jaisalmer 13.6 (0) +1.6 12
  Udaipur 8.0 (-3) -2.4 14
  Jaipur 10.8 (-1) +0.5 12
  Kota 10.6 (-5) -0.3 14
Gujarat (0) Bhuj 15.8 (+1) +2.2 13
  Rajkot 15.7 (-1) -1.3 17
  Ahmedabad 11.6 (-3) -1.4 15
  Vadodra 15.4 (-1) -0.2 15
  Surat 18.8 (+1) +0.8 10
Madhya Pradesh    (-0.8) Gwalior 6.3 (-4) -0.1 17
  Ujjain 9.0 -1.0 12
  Indore 11.8 (-1) -2.4 14
  Bhopal 10.8 (-2) 0 12
  Jabalpur 9.7 (-3) -0.3 12
Chattisgarh (-2.0) Raipur 16.2 (+2) -2.0 12
  Bilaspur 11.9 (-5) -2.1 16
Maharashtra (-1.7) Mumbai 19.1 (-1) +0.9 15
  Pune 13.7 (0) -0.9 15
  Kohlapur 19.9 (+3) -1.5 15
  Nagpur 12.2 (-2) -3.0 14
  Aurangabad 15.4 (+2) -1.0 11
  Nanded 18.0 (+3) -3.0 10
Telangana (-2.9) Hyderabad 20.5 (+5) -0.9 15
  Nizamabad 19.4 (+4) -2.3 15
  Warangal 18.5 (+2) -3.5 8
  Ramagundam 18.1 (+2) -3.9 15
Orissa (-0.8) Sambhalpur 13.3 (-3) -1.0 13
  Cuttack 13.8 (-3) -0.2 14
  Bhubneshwar 14.4 (-4) -0.9 14
  Brahmapur 16.8 (-2) -1.3 13
West Bengal (-0.7) Kolkata 15.5 (-3) -0.4 13
  Darjeeling 10.0 (0) -1.0 14
North East (-0.5) Guwahati 16.7 (+1) +0.1 15
  Dibrugarh 14.5 (+1) -1.8 13
  Shillong 6.6 (-3) +0.2 12
  Imphal 12.4 (+2) -1.4 14
  Agartala 16.1 (0) +0.6 11
Jharkhand (+0.2) Dhanbad 9.2 (-6) +0.6 13
  Ranchi 9.2 (-3) -0.5 15
  Jamshedpur 11.0 (-3) +0.6 12
Bihar (-0.5) Patna 10.2 (-3) -0.2 16
  Gaya 9.0 (-4) +0.1 15
  Bhagalpur 10.2 (-7) -1.4 17
Uttar Pradesh (+0.2) Varanasi 10.7 (-2) -0.5 17
  Allahabad 9.5 (-4) +0.1 14
  Lucknow 8.4 (-3) +0.4 16
  Kanpur 7.0 (-5) 0 16
  Agra 7.8 (-3) +0.8 14
Uttarakhand (+0.3) Dehradun 8.9 (-1) +0.7 12
  Nainital 7.0 -1.0 14
  Kedarnath 6.3 (0) +1.1 14

 

  • 37 CITIES SAW A DROP IN TEMPERATURE COMPARED TO YESTERDAY OUT OF 66 CITIES WHERE THE TEMPERATURE WAS MEASURED, COMPARED TO 56 CITIES YESTERDAY.
  • Temperatures fell in Maharashtra, Chattisgrah, Telangana and Orissa. Telangana saw a maximum drop in temperatures.
  • There was a rapid rise in temperatures seen in Northern India and Eastern India. Temperatures however continue to be below normal in these areas.
  • Bhagalpur in Bihar recorded 7 degrees below normal temperature while Hyderabad in Telangana recorded 5 degrees above normal.

Following are the Top 5 coldest states in India based on the maximum average drop in temperature.

  1. Telangana -2.9
  2. Chattisgarh -2.0
  3. Maharashtra -1.7
  4. Madhya Pradesh -0.8
  5. Orissa -0.8

 

 

 

 

 

 

Winter, Wheat and Weather Derivatives: Will we touch 100 million in 2018?

Winter, Wheat and Weather Derivatives: Will we touch 100 million in 2018?

9 out of 10 people when asked to name their favorite season will either choose Rainy or Spring or Summer. Winter is least preferred as it is biting cold and doesn’t appeal to many. Many of us want Winter to complete as soon as possible unknowing the fact that how important is Winter for Indian Economy and for the livelihood of crores of Indians. Today I will talk about why we should all keenly observe climatic conditions in Winter just like the way we are worried for high temperatures in Summer and High Rainfall in Rainy season.

Winter is the very important season as it is marks the start of Rabi crop.

Rabi crop is the one which starts in the month of October where the sowing of major crops happens. Rabi Crop falls in winter and it requires warm climate for germination of seeds and maturation and cold climate for the growth. The Major Rabi crops grown in winter are Wheat, Oat, Gram, Pea, Barley, Potato, Tomato, Onion, Oil seeds (like Rapeseed, Sunflower, Sesame, Mustard) etc. Each item listed are very much in demand in India and are consumed in heavy numbers. The highest consumed crop of the given is wheat. India’s wheat production is majorly dependent on the Winter and the production is seeing good increase year by year.

The total production in 2017 in India is 9,83,80,000 Metric Tonnes, thanks to good rainfall and good winter in the country last year. That is 9.83 Crore metric tonnes or 98.3 million metric tonnes. Will we touch 100 million this year? That’s the million-dollar question.

‘’For a Rabi season to give good crop it is most required that the temperatures before sunrise needs to be below 10 degrees and temperatures after sunrise should stay below 20 degrees’’

This kind of climatic pattern with normal rain will prove the best for Rabi Crops. At the time of harvesting it’s very important that crop should receive mildly higher temperatures which gives good harvest.

Not all the states in India produce wheat. The major part of wheat production comes from Northern Indian states. South Indian states are completely out of wheat production.

Top Wheat Producing States in India

  1. Uttar Pradesh
  2. Punjab
  3. Madhya Pradesh
  4. Haryana
  5. Rajasthan
  6. Bihar
  7. Gujarat
  8. Maharashtra
  9. West Bengal
  10. Himachal Pradesh

India’s overall production of wheat was just 10.3 million tonnes in 1966 which more than doubled to 23.2 million tonnes in 5 years by 1971. This was primarily due to green revolution. The increase in the transportation facilities has increased the consumption of wheat and by 2000 we were producing 76.3 million tonnes. By 2017 the figure touched 98.3 million tonnes.  The per capita consumption of wheat per household in 1966 was 8.5kg/month which went up to 17kg/month per household in 1971. The consumption went up to 31kg/month per household now. This is a tremendous increase mainly due to changing food habits.

The pizza, burger, roti and naan you eat are all wheat products and privatization has happened in wheat procurement and distribution as well as cultivation. Soon it will be linked to weather patterns and will be on Derivatives.

Future for Weather & Weather Derivatives in India!

Like we have seen much growth in sectors like Education, Banking, Software etc.; over the years. Weather is going to be next big thing and predicting weather will be the game changer.  The future looks bright and like we haven’t seen so many sub sectors years ago which are doing fantastically now even weather as a subject will grow and start a revolution.

This will also bring in the most awaited derivatives in the market and that is Weather Derivatives. People will then be able to trade on the Weather Futures & Weather Options. We will have newly designed contracts on weather temperatures, wind movements, production of the crops and many more. Like this a new dimension will be added to Indian Secondary market. These kinds of things are not easy to learn but are of huge importance to any Finance Student.

More on it in my future posts!!!

#Weather #Winter #India #LearningContinues

Cloud Burst in Hyderabad resulted in Heavy rains

Cloud Burst in Hyderabad

The topic of my Tuesday post came into my mind last night when I first heard about “Cloud burst in Hyderabad”! Till that moment I was under the impression that cloud bursts usually happen in hilly areas like Uttarakhand the deadliest one came in 2013 in Uttar Kashi. But Is it possible that a cloud burst like that can happen in Hyderabad? Yes, it is and yesterday we witnessed it. What we witnessed last evening was a rare phenomenon occurring probably once in 30-40 years!

So lucky are those who got drenched in the cloud burst and got affected by it. Statistically speaking the city on an average got 107.3mm rainfall. 100mm is minimum to be qualified for a cloud burst. Golkonda area that covers Upperpally where I reside, Mehdipatnam, Shaikh pet, Gachibowli areas got the highest ever rain this season of 132mm in a span of 3 hours. Pressure was oscillating between 1007 and 1004hpa and wind speed was around 5kmph on average and highest was 31kmph.

How did this cloudburst happen in Hyderabad?

Winds were coming from two directions. Western winds from Arabian sea were blowing towards Hyderabad and Easterlies from Bay of Bengal were also blowing towards Hyderabad. Till 2PM everything was fine. Suddenly at 2PM we noticed two sets of clouds that started coming from two different directions. First were a dry and warm clouds from Arabian sea were coming towards Hyderabad after raining in Kerala and Karnataka. These clouds had very less moisture. The second was a moist, dark clouds from Bay of Bengal were rushing towards Hyderabad after raining in AP and parts of Telangana. At 2.30 there was a real danger of they meeting and the actual meeting happened around Sangareddy, Tellapur, Kokapet and Kismatpur areas on out skirts of Hyderabad bordering Rangareddy and Medak districts.

Around 3.45PM

It became totally dark with Bay of Bengal clouds which were at a higher elevation covering Hyderabad. Within minutes they were joined by drier and less moist Arabian sea clouds in the above-mentioned areas. When the Bay of Bengal clouds that came from East started raining at 4PM the moisture was collected by the Arabian sea wing clouds that came from Western direction.

Thus, though it was raining no rain reached the ground. The cloud that was located below with less moisture was collecting the rain of the cloud above. After collecting sufficient moisture because of its warm temperature, it started pushing back the water back to the cloud above. Thus, the entire moisture went back to Bay of Bengal cloud and it became very heavy. This process took almost 30 minutes.

Around 4.30pm

The Arabian sea cloud transferred back all its moisture to the Bay of Bengal wing cloud located above and the cloud was loaded with water. This increased the mass of the cloud and the cloud suddenly pushed down by its own weight. That triggered a sudden heavy rain at around 4.45PM. Within few minutes the cloud came down rapidly due to heavy weight and collided with the Arabian sea wing cloud located below and that lead to the bursting of cloud leading to heavy downpour for almost 45 minutes till 5.30pm.

That is when wind started blowing and the cloud started moving. But within 30 minutes around 6.15PM another set of clouds came from Arabian sea and collided with this cloud triggering another wave of cloud burst that lasted another hour. Thus, in a span of less than 3 hours two major cloud bursts happened triggering a record rainfall of 132mm. This takes the total rainfall in Golkonda to 812mm this season compared to normal of 655mm. This is an excess of 24% and this is the best rainfall in 5 years for Hyderabad city.

 

Why did IMD not forecast it before?

Though cloud bursts are tough to predict, but if we carefully observe the changing temperature and pressure gradient along with wind patterns it’s not difficult to predict a cloud burst. Countries like US, UK, Japan and even China have been accurately predicting them for many years! But our IMD guys stay quiet till the event happens and then issue a warning of heavy rain for next 48 hours! And that forecast always goes wrong. IMD should wake up and spend more time in observations and accurate predictions. Otherwise a disaster like Uttarakhand 2013 can always happen!

What happened in Uttarakhand in 2013?

On 16th June 2013 monsoon arrived in Uttarakhand 14 days before time. When train goes full speed it gets difficult to control. Same way the monsoon was travelling at a high speed in Uttarpradesh and instead of going towards west the winds went Northwards and directly collided with Himalayas in Uttarakhand districts of Chamoli, Dehradun, Rudra prayag and Uttar Kashi districts.

The result was death of over 5700 people, the worst in the history in a long long time!

Look at the rainfall in these four districts because of the cloud burst.

  1. Dehradun 846.3mm
  2. Rudraprayag 617.4mm
  3. Uttarkashi 520.4mm
  4. Chamoli 488.3mm

The need of the hour is to upgrade our technology, train people in modern predictive techniques to avoid these kinds of disasters. If there was a warning at 2.30pm also yesterday that a cloud burst was going to happen in Hyderabad many people would have remained indoors and the lives of those 7-people lost, would have been saved!! This in short is the story behind Yesterday’s cloud burst!

Weather update 18th July

Weather update

Rainfall activity picked up in India with southern and central India getting plenty of rainfall. The rain was however deficit in North western and Eastern India. India as a whole got 12.3mm rain vs normal of 10.0mm till 2.30pm today. That takes the total rainfall of the season to 329.2mm vs normal of 328.4mm which is 100% of the LPA. South India is at 92% LPA, Central India at 104%, North west India at 121% and Eastern India at 88% of LPA.
Hyderabad city got bountiful rainfall last evening and the city on an average got 41.8mm rain vs normal of 5.2mm. That is 704% higher than normal taking the total rainfall in the season from 1st June to 18th July to 262mm vs normal of 198mm that is 32% higher than the normal.

Following is the rainfall in last 24 hrs till 2.30pm today.

Hayatnagar 72.4mm
Golkonda 64.2mm
Begumpet 60.2mm
Saroornagar 56.4mm
Hakimpet 36.4mm
Shamirpet 24.8mm
Telangana got 19.2mm rain vs normal of 7.6mm which is 153% higher than normal. Every district except Adilabad district got huge amount of rainfall. The total rainfall from June 1st till today for Telangana is at 312mm vs normal of 261mm. That is 20% higher than normal.

Following is the rainfall in important places of Telangana.

Khammam 63mm
Nalgonda 42mm
Medak 29mm
Badrachalam 15mm
Nizamabad 13mm
Warangal 12mm
Mahaboobnagar 8mm
Ramagundam 3mm
Adilabad 2mm