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Bhagavadgita Chapter 11 Vishwaroopa Darshana Yoga Verse 23

Chapter 11 Vishwaroopa Darshana Yoga Verse 23

Yathaa pradeeptam jwalanam patangaaVishanti naashaaya samriddhavegaah;
Tathaiva naashaaya vishanti lokaasTavaapi vaktraani samriddhavegaah.

As moths hurriedly rush into a blazing fire for their own destruction, 
so also these creatures hurriedly rush into Thy mouths for their own destruction.

Interpretation

This shloka in a way is the continuation of the previous shloka where Arjuna says that like the way rivers flow into the ocean, the kings entered the flaming mouth of the Lord. This shloka takes this comparison further, where Arjuna compares the kings who are supporting the Kauravas to moths. We all know the nature of moths. Wherever there is burning fire or light, these moths get attracted to it, jump into the fire and destroy themselves. In the same way all the kings rush into the mouth of the Vishwaroopam like the moths and destroy themselves. 

Extending Interpretation to Mankind’s Life!

This shloka will be known for the comparison Arjuna is making with the moths and the Kings who are supporting the Kauravas. Mahabharat in many ways is called as Dharma Yuddha or War of righteous. The violation of Dharma repeatedly by many elders like Bhishma, Drona, Dhritharashtra etc have brought things to this level. At various levels even noble souls like Bhishma failed to understand their dharma and the result is the battle field of kurukshetra with 59 lakh odd soldiers facing each other and fighting the battle of one man and his ambition.

That one man undoubtedly is Dhritarashtra, who is not only blind by birth but also got blinded by the love for his son. He wanted his eldest son Duryodhan to rule the entire Kuru kingdom at any cost. So, he supported him in all his immoral and bad acts and not only that he has convinced many kingdoms that are friends to Kuru kingdom of Hasthinapur to support kauravas in this war. The kings who chose to support Kauravas have thus chose adharma. Anyone who chooses adharma over dharma is bound to face destruction at some point. This Arjuna is symbolically telling how these kings and others supporting kauravas would go into the vishwaroopam of the Lord like moths going to burning fire, to burn themselves and turn into ash.

Bhagavadgita Chapter 10 Vibhuti Vistara Yoga Verse 28

Chapter 10 Vibhuti Vistara Yoga Verse 28
Shloka

Sargaanaamaadirantashcha madhyam chaivaaham arjuna;

Adhyaatmavidyaa vidyaanaam vaadah pravadataamaham.

Translation

Among creations I am the beginning, the middle and also the end, O Arjuna!

Among the sciences I am the science of the Self; and I am logic among controversialists.

Interpretation

In this shloka Lord Krishna compares Himself to the beginning, middle and the end of things. He then goes on to talk about the sciences. Sciences here refer to the entities that have a proof of the existence and the same proof holds good in any scenario. Lord Krishna says that He is the science of the self. And finally Lord Krishna compares Himself to the controversialists. Controversialist means something that is debatable and that is in dispute. In that Lord compares Himself to logic.

Extending Interpretation to Mankind’s Life!

What is the beginning, middle and the end that Lord is referring to here? If you remember, we have discussed this in the previous chapters also. There we have understood clearly that its the Lord who works to start the things. Like Brahma has started this whole world through His creations. Once the creation starts its the Lord Vishnu who protects the World which comes in the middle. All the avataars taken by Lord Vishnu is for that purpose only. In the end, when the World has to end, its Lord Shiva who opens His third eye that destroys the World where all the beings attain their natural end of going to the Lord’s abode.

The next point to be considered is, is the knowledge of self a science? It is. Today we call it Psychology. Psychology is the study of mind and that includes sensory mind and extra sensory mind, also called as sub-conscious mind. Psychologists today are conducting numerous studies to unearth the secrets held by the sub-conscious mind. The science of past life regression is one such thing, where it has been proven by western psychologists that it is possible to take someone to his past lives by dwelling into his sub-conscious mind. Lord compares Himself to that secret of sub-conscious mind.

Finally amongst the issues relating to debate or contention Lord compares Himself to Logic. Logic in every way is related to science. Not only science, logic is in everything that is spoken which has thought and reason in it. Logic is usually built on valid inferences and it is people’s abilities to build such logic. People like Buddha, Plato, Socrates, Confucius and Aristotle are the famous people known for their logic and thought and Lord stays in them, as well as in everyone who talks and works with logic.

Bhagavadgita Chapter 10 Vibhuti Vistara Yoga Verse 3

Chapter 10 Vibhuti Vistara Yoga Verse 3
Shloka
Yo maamajamanaadim cha vetti lokamaheshwaram;
Asammoodhah sa martyeshu sarvapaapaih pramuchyate.
Translation
He who knows Me as unborn and beginning-less, as the great Lord of the worlds,  he, among mortals, is undeluded; he is liberated from all sins.
Interpretation
In this shloka Lord Krishna continues to talk about His supremeness. He says that a person should see Him as the one who cannot be born nor has a beginning. Lord also says that He should only be seen as a master and the creator of all the Worlds. When that person firmly believes in these two, then that person is considered to be unwavering among-st the mortals. He will not be disturbed or affected and such a person alone can be liberated from all sins. That means, only those people who believe in God being unborn and beginning-less are only liberated.
Extending Interpretation to Mankind’s Life!
There is a very important message that Lord Krishna is giving through this shloka. God is someone who has no beginning nor an end. When you talk about Lord Rama and Lord Krishna, coming to this world and leaving this world, they are references made in continuum. It is not in absolute. If Lord Rama alone is God, then why would He be born to Kausalya? If Lord Krishna is alone the God then why would He be born to devaki? They are just the manifestations of Maha Vishnu, the Supreme God.
We do not know the origin of Vishnu or Shiva. Nor the origin of Shakti or Lakshmi. There are no parents for them, they are immortal and they existed even before the time was born and they cannot be counted nor we can talk about their ending. When you are worshipping God, what is the mindset with which we need to worship? We need to worship with this mindset of worshipping a supreme being who can be never born to any human. God is not like us and can never be like us. We can see God in humans but they are just impressions of the Supreme being. If we have that wisdom then such a person can never waver in his thoughts and will alone achieve liberation.

Chapter 6 Dhyana Yoga Verse 15

Chapter 6 Dhyana Yoga Verse 15

Shloka
Yato yato nishcharati manashchanchalamasthiram;
Tatastato niyamyaitad aatmanyeva vasham nayet.
Translation
From whatever cause the restless, unsteady mind wanders away,
from that let him restrain it and bring it under the control of the Self alone.
Interpretation
This sloka is in continuation of the previous sloka where Lord Krishna talks about a steady mind and how it meets the self. In this sloka he focuses his attention on the state of unsteady mind or a restless mind. He says that mind usually wanders here and there because of the anxiety and the physical energy exhibited by that person. Then the next step to be followed for him is to first restrain himself from those causes. Physically restraining the mind from those causes will automatically bring the mind under the control of the self.
Extending Interpretation to mankind’s Life!
Why do you get restless? You get restless because of two reasons. One, when your targets are not met and second when your physical energy doesnt match with your mental speed. If we observe the first reason, we set the targets based on what we want or what others want or what kind of recognition and power achieving that would bring to you. You never look at the task dispassionately and keep a target for himself. Suppose you want to get a job. How many of you really accept your limitations and abilities and keep a deadline for securing the job? Hardly anyone. Everyone keeps a target like by next month I need to get a job and if I start applying from today, I will surely get a job by next month. And that never happens because you have never considered your capabilities and the things you need to get sorted before setting a deadline.
Second is why our physical energies dont match our mental speeds? Body and mind are one, but exist as two different entities. One has to integrate mind with body to achieve desired result. A Chris Gayle scoring a century or a Shane Watson scoring a century at the age of 35 is because they were able to synergise the power of mind with the power of body, which creates a super power to achieve many things. Physical fitness drops faster than metal fitness and if one is able to integrate body and mind he can remain fit in whatever he does for a longer time compared to others. All this is also a form of meditation and talks about bringing synergy between the body and mind and controlling the mind from wandering away.

Chapter 6 Dhyana Yoga Verse 14

Chapter 6 Dhyana Yoga Verse 14
Shloka
Sankalpaprabhavaan kaamaan styaktwaa sarvaan asheshatah; Manasaivendriyagraamam viniyamya samantatah.
Shanaih shanairuparamed buddhyaa dhritigriheetayaa; Aatmasamstham manah kritwaa na kinchidapi chintayet.
Translation
Abandoning without reserve all the desires born of Sankalpa, and completely restraining the whole group of senses by the mind from all sides;
Little by little let him attain to quietude by the intellect held firmly; having made the mind establish itself in the Self, let him not think of anything
Interpretation
In this sloka Lord Krishna comes back to the process of doing meditation to attain salvation. The first step he needs to follow is he should abandon all the desires that come to him without any reservations. Then he should bring all the senses under his control by restricting the mind and preventing it from getting influenced by the senses. Once this is achieved then bit by bit and little by little the yogi will attain calmness by holding his intellect firm and like that once he brings the mind into his self he will not think of any other thing and he will progress himself towards salvation.
Extending Interpretation to Mankind’s Life!
Here I would like to explain the meaning asking two questions. First is why should we keep such a tight control on the mind? It is because mind is so diplomatic that it keeps certain desires for its secret gratification. We call mind as diplomatic because it has a way of convincing itself and falls prey to the senses. Like for example lets assume that mind doesn’t want to do the work assigned. It tries to find and justify reasons why one should not do work. It makes you believe that the work he is not doing is not very important and things can be managed without doing it or you can make someone else do the work for you. This gives a false sense of comfort to the person. So it is important to control the mind and one should completely abandon all desires without reservation.
The second question is what do you mean by “the mind establishing itself in the self”? I ask this question because some slokas before I have said that self is formless and doesnt have eyes or any sense organs. So what happens to mind when it establishes itself in the self. If that happens then mind will start getting the qualities of self. That means mind will start connecting the conscious and sub conscious parts of itself. Subconscious mind holds all the secrets of many lives and when they come and meet the conscious mind then that person goes to a different level of intellect that will make him to realise the importance of salvation.