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Bhagavadgita Chapter 12 Bhakti Yoga Verse 14

Chapter 12 Bhakti Yoga Verse 14

Santushtah satatam yogee yataatmaa dridhanishchayah;
Mayyarpitamanobuddhiryo madbhaktah sa me priyah.

Ever content, steady in meditation, possessed of firm conviction, self-controlled, 
with mind and intellect dedicated to Me, he, My devotee, is dear to Me.

Interpretation

This shloka is the second part of what Lord Krishna says to Arjuna about the people who are closest and dearest to Him. After talking about compassion, free from attachment and egoism in this shloka He talks about more qualities that a person should possess. He says that a person should be content and steady in his meditation and should have a mind which is full of conviction and self control. Apart from that He also talks about the mind and intellect of the person completely dedicated to Him. Only such people says, Lord Krishna are closest to Him.

Extending Interpretation to Mankind’s Life!

The key phrase here is “Ever content, steady in meditation possessed with firm conviction and self control”. It has a world of depth in it. Here we are talking about a person who is steady in his meditation. Meditation here is what he is doing or his dharma. We have learnt previously that our dharma is something that we should meditate upon. What disturbs the person who is meditating his dharma? Temptations. Temptations can be physical, emotional, monetary or the words said by people who matter to him, that sticks to his mind. When a person gets tempted by those words, he then tends to waver in his meditation. 

Such kind of wavering nature will disturb him from his task and that is where the other three words used in the phrase come into picture. Those are content, conviction and control. If he is content with what God has given, come what may, he would not have been tempted at all. If he had the conviction or belief that the path he is walking, nothing would have tempted him at all. If he had the control over the senses as to not get tempted by things around, good or bad he would not have been tempted at all. Thus temptations are the results of lack of conviction, control and contentness.

Everyone of us in this world feel that the grass on the other side is green. But when you go the other side chasing the greener pastures, you belong to other side and you can never come back to this side. Even if you do, you will always have a guilt that you tasted the grass that you shouldn’t have. Life is all about beliefs, convictions and controls and the one who possesses them is the one who will always be closer to God. He is not closer to God because he is stuck to one task, he is closer to God because he believed in what God has given him. God never gives wrong things. You just need to believe in what God has given you and not what the other side has to offer you. And if you believe that God is on the other side, then you have to conclude that everything you did till now is evil.

Bhagavadgita Chapter 12 Bhakti Yoga Verse 13

Chapter 12 Bhakti Yoga Verse 13

Adweshtaa sarvabhootaanaam maitrah karuna eva cha;
Nirmamo nirahankaarah samaduhkhasukhah kshamee.

He who hates no creature, who is friendly and compassionate to all, 
who is free from attachment and egoism,  balanced in pleasure and pain, and forgiving,

Interpretation

Lord has now shifted His focus of attention from those who get salvation to those dearest to Him. This is the first part of the two-part shloka where Lord Krishna tells Arjuna the qualities that a person should possess for becoming dearest to Him. He says that a person who hates no creature in this planet and who shows equal compassion to all His creations is considered to be closest to Him. Not only that, all those who are free from all the attachments in this world and also has won over the ego are also closer to Him, Then He says that the ones who are balanced in happy and sad situations and those who have a forgiving nature are the ones who are closest to Him.

Extending Interpretation to Mankind’s Life!

Many times before we have discussed in Gita about these qualities. But the point we have to understand is, why such people are considered close to God? Pain and pleasure are not given by God but they come as a result of attachment we have towards people, materialistic things and situations. When someone closest to us is going away from us, its very natural that you experience the pain. But will you stop that person from going? Except for God, nobody has the power to do that. The question here is why people tend to get so attached to people, situations, and things?

The attachment has two dimensions in it. One is a sensual attachment and other is a spiritual attachment. When you get a person or situation in life, its gifted by God and you need to do complete justice to it. Unless you get attached to the person it’s not possible to do your dharma on that person. Example is the attachment that a teacher has on student. Its created by God. Your attachment stays as long as the student stays in that place. Neither you should leave the student before nor you should have an attachment with him after he finishes his education with you. This is called as a spiritual attachment and it is desirable for every person in whatever job he is into. 

It’s these attachments which bring balance and compassion in our lives. If you are attached to a person via the spiritual route you will be compassionate towards him without any ego and you will be balanced in all your actions. But if the attachment is sensual, that is connected to appearance or materialistic benefits or any situations that can profit you those attachments, they are undesirable and you either leave a person if those benefits are not coming or keep the attachment even after your work with that person is over. Here you have neglected dharma and went behind materialistic benefit. If all of us, understand our dharmas and adhere to them 100% then all the mentioned things above never exist and the life of Satya Yuga will be back. But as we are in Kali-yuga these imperfections exist and one has to find the right kind of things to balance and become closer to God. 

Bhagavadgita Chapter 12 Bhakti yoga verse 12

Chapter 12 Bhakti yoga verse 12

Shreyo hi jnaanamabhyaasaat jnaanaaddhyaanam vishishyate;Dhyaanaat karmaphalatyaagas tyaagaacchaantir anantaram.

Better indeed is knowledge than practice; than knowledge meditation is better;than meditation the renunciation of the fruits of actions; peace immediately follows renunciation.

Interpretation

This is a different shloka from all the previous ones and here Lord Krishna puts various things that a person should do in a chronological sequence. First He says knowledge is more important than blindly practicing something without knowing it. Then He says that meditating on thoughts and about self is considered better than knowledge. He then talks about the renunciation of the fruits of every action that one does and says that this renunciation is better than the meditation. Finally Lord also says that when someone renounces the fruits of all his actions to God, peace automatically dawns upon him.

Extending Interpretation to Mankind’s Life!

We all look for peace in our lives. There is so much of activity that we want some peace to be there so that we can feel at ease and feel good about ourselves. Have you ever thought what can give you ultimate peace? When you do your actions not getting attached to them, you get peace of mind. We all have expectations from people and things and that normally leads to disappointments. But just do your work with no expectations and see how different you feel. Its easier said than done. Then the next question that comes is when will you get master the art of doing things with a feeling of renunciation?

That is possible only when you can meditate. Meditation brings unification of thoughts and that unification of thoughts will help you achieve renunciation. But not everyone can meditate. Meditation is never an easy process. You can master meditation only when you have knowledge. So, knowledge about things helps you to meditate where you unify them. Knowledge is acquired through practice. Thus if we see in reverse, practice gives knowledge, knowledge fecilitates meditation, meditation leads to renunciation of the fruits of all actions and when you renounce everything peace dawns upon you. This is the secret of happiness.

Bhagavadgita Chapter 11 Vishwaroopa Darshana Yoga Verse 40

Chapter 11 Vishwaroopa Darshana Yoga Verse 40

Maa te vyathaa maa cha vimoodhabhaavoDrishtwaa roopam ghorameedringmamedam;
Vyapetabheeh preetamanaah punastwamTadeva me roopamidam prapashya.

Be not afraid nor bewildered on seeing such a terrible form of Mine as this;
with thy fear entirely dispelled and with a gladdened heart, now behold again this former form of Mine.

Interpretation

After telling about how difficult it is for one to see the Vishwaroopam of Himself, Lord Krishna further comforts Arjuna. He tells Arjuna not to get worried or fear the Vishwaroopam of Himself. Lord Krishna adds that it is quite natural for anyone who has seen this form of Vishwaroopam for the first time to get scared and he asks Arjuna to replace that fear with haughtiness. He also tells that now He is coming out of His Vishwaroopam into the normal form and asks Arjuna to behold that normal form of the Lord. 

Extending Interpretation to Mankind’s Life!

The important quality of any Yogi is to harmonize things and harmonize situations. The entire learning of things in this universe lies in harmonizing. Here Krishna is harmonizing the fear of Arjuna into love and compassion that existed before seeing the Vishwaroopam. Now what exactly is this harmonizing? Its bringing things to a balance. We all need to do that in our lives at different points. Imagine a father who lost his cool on his son. He shouts at him and even goes to the extent of beating him. But will he be in the same state forever? He will after sometime comes back to normalcy and starts showing the same affection that he has for his son.

Remaining in one state all throughout creates imbalances and that needs to be harmonized. If you are a soft and mild mannered person there will be people who will take you for granted and make you a doormat and walk-over you. You feel miserable and starts wondering and feeling that you should never be good to anyone. Same is the case with a person who is extremely selfish and cunning and never shown any compassion to people. At the need of the hour nobody stands by him, not even his own wife or children. That person feels that he should have been good and helpful to people sometimes atleast. If you see, both are in the state of imbalance and needs to be harmonized.

A person who is soft hearted and mild mannered needs to be harsh, selfish and rude at times to make people realise things. This is the rule of the nature and cannot be dispensed with. Similarly the selfish and hard hearted person needs compassion at times. That makes him more acceptable to people. This is called as right kind of living and if you see there is harmony everywhere. If there are hot summers there are cool winters too. If there are chillingly cold days there are warm and pleasant days too. Nature by itself harmonizes everything and teaches us to do so. We just have to pick it up from the nature and put it in our lives, to see a marked change in our lifestyles and the way we deal with things.

Bhagavadgita Chapter 10 Vibhuti Vistara Yoga Verse 27

Chapter 10 Vibhuti Vistara Yoga Verse 27
Shloka

Pavanah pavataamasmi raamah shastrabhritaamaham;

Jhashaanaam makarashchaasmi srotasaamasmi jaahnavee.

Translation

Among the purifiers or the speeders I am the wind; Rama among the warriors am I;

among the fishes I am the shark; among the streams I am the Ganga.

Interpretation

In this shloka Lord Krishna compares Himself to some more entities and the forces of nature after comparing Himself to demons, reckoners, beasts and birds. Here He compares Himself to wind amongst the speeders. In the list of warriors, Lord Krishna compares Himself to Lord Rama, which was His previous avatar. He then goes on to compare Himself to the water-beings ie fishes. There He compares Himself to shark. Then finally He compares Himself to the streams, when He says He is like Ganga, the holiest of all the streams.

Extending Interpretation to Mankind’s Life!

Wind is called as purifier as well as speeder, because there is no comparison to the force of wind and the speed and force of wind can destroy everything around. Wind is also a purifier because, it removes everything that is toxic. It removes every form of foul smell and protects the humanity from deadly diseases. The comparison to Lord Rama is obvious because Lord Rama is considered as the greatest amongst the warriors or Kings. Lord Rama kept Himself behind and kept the other person ahead in every situation, which is unusual to any warrior in those times as well as these days.

You can look at His life, He put the word given by His father ahead of Him and went to forests. Next, He gave a chance to Ravana to reform himself and return Sita and avoid a war, because even as a warrior He understands the destruction that a war can cause. After killing Ravan, He puts the husband in Him behind to subject Sita to Agnipariksha, as He is a King who is accountable to His people and He had to prove the chastity of Sita to the world. And despite all this, when whispers arose on her chastity, Lord Rama put His Raj Dharma ahead of His love for Sita and sent her to forests. In every way, life of warrior Rama is an ideal lesson for everyone who wants to lead a life of ideals.

Lord Krishna finally compares Himself to Shark which is the most stealth fish in the Ocean against whom all the other fishes are scared of. And finally amongst the streams, Lord compares Himself to Holy Ganga. Ganga for millions of years has been the spiritual guide to millions of people. It criss-crosses the holy Uttarakhand and passes through the holiest places like Rishikesh and Hardwar before touching the Kashi, Varnasai and finally Prayag or Allahabad. Many Rishis and munis have attained salvation on the banks of Ganga and many more like me have visited this great river and experienced the holy vibes that it carries.

Bhagavadgita Chapter 10 Vibhuti Vistara Yoga Verse 15

Chapter 10 Vibhuti Vistara Yoga Verse 15
Shloka

Sri Bhagavaan Uvaacha:

Hanta te kathayishyaami divyaa hyaatmavibhootayah;

Praadhaanyatah kurushreshtha naastyanto vistarasya me.

Translation

The Blessed Lord said:

Very well, now I will declare to thee My divine glories in their prominence, O Arjuna!

There is no end to their detailed description. My divine glories are illimitable.

Interpretation

After listening to Arjuna and His questions and requests, finally Lord Krishna starts to speak. He announces to Arjuna that now that Arjuna had acknowledged the supremacy of the Lord and had requested Him to speak, He will now start His discourse by declaring the divine glories and their importance to Arjuna. He also goes onto say that how much ever you speak about them, there is no end to these divine glories of the Lord. He also declares that the glories of Him are illimitable or infinite.

Extending Interpretation to Mankind’s Life!

Divine means something that is holy. The special powers that a holy person possesses is the divine glory. Lord Krishna being the Avatara of Maha Vishnu, by virtue possesses these divine glories. The question that comes to one’s mind then is what are these divine glories. There are 4 important divine glories that Lord possess. First is He is the soul that resides in the heart of every individual. Needless to say, the soul is the most sacred creation of the Almighty, which is why we always attach a lot of purity to the soul.

Second is, He is also the originator. Originator means someone who has started or initiated the whole cycle of events, whether it is a cycle of birth and death or the cycle of Karma of events. Lord is also the one who is the sustainable force for this entire universe which is the third divine glory. He is a person without whom the universe cannot continue to exist. And finally being divine glory also means that He is the terminator of all the beings in this Universe. These are the Lord’s divine glories in brief. Now Lord Krishna started to explain them one by one. Let’s see what He says.

Bhagavadgita Chapter 10 Vibhuti Vistara Yoga Verse 9

Chapter 10 Vibhuti Vistara Yoga Verse 9
Shloka

Teshaam evaanukampaartham aham ajnaanajam tamah;

Naashayaamyaatmabhaavastho jnaanadeepena bhaaswataa.

Translation

Out of mere compassion for them, I, dwelling within their Self,

destroy the darkness born of ignorance by the luminous lamp of knowledge.

Interpretation

After talking about the satisfaction that a person experiences after talking about Him, Lord Krishna in this shloka talks about what Lord will do to that person who has surrendered and worshipped Him. Lord says that He will get compassionate about such person and starts living in their self or the soul. By the mere presence of Lord in the self of an individual, all the darkness that is born out of the ignorance of that person will be destroyed. Once it is destroyed, the person will be filled by the luminous lamp of knowledge filled by God.

Extending Interpretation to Mankind’s Life!

Sometime back in one of the shlokas we have studied that God is not present in anyone and He is totally unattached. But now in this shloka it is said that Lord gets compassionate about individuals who are devoted to Him and will live in their self. Is it not contradictory? It is not. If we observe carefully, you will know the difference. There is God in each one of us and when we talk about Him or worship Him, we are filled with the energies of Godliness in us. It is nothing but God entering into our self.

Once that happens, the person starts undergoing a major transformation. You would have observed that when you are listening to Vishnu Sahastranamam or Bhaja Govindam or Shivastakam or Venkateshwara Suprabhatam, your heart will be filled with some kind of peace and happiness. Temporarily for sometime, good feelings occupy your soul. But the moment it is over you are back to your normal self again. But a person filled with devotion to God will always have the feelings of devotion towards God fixed in his mind. Such people get rid of darkness of thoughts and the bright light of illumination fill their life.

Bhagavadgita Chapter 9 Raja Guhya Yoga Verse 20

Chapter 9 Raja Guhya Yoga Verse 20
Shloka

Yatkaroshi yadashnaasi yajjuhoshi dadaasi yat;

Yattapasyasi kaunteya tatkurushva madarpanam.

Translation

Whatever thou doest, whatever thou eatest, whatever thou offerest in sacrifice, whatever thou givest,

whatever thou practiseth as austerity, O Arjuna, do it as an offering unto Me!

Interpretation

After talking about the offerings that can be made to Him, Lord Krishna continues to tell some more things about the kind of offerings that can be made to the God. He says that whatever a person does that can be offered to Him as offering, whatever a person eats that also can be offered. Apart from that He also says that whatever a person offers in sacrifice and likes to give wholeheartedly can be offered to Him. Finally Lord also says that whatever the person practices with simplicity can also be offered to Him, He will accept them wholeheartedly.

Extending Interpretation to Mankind’s Life!

This shloka challenges the logic of  offerings that you make to God. Offering for us is either food or clothes or ornaments or money. Beyond that we don’t see anything else as the offering. It is because we humans when we give to the other, those four offerings, it gives material benefits to them and raises their standard of living. So we consider them as superior and important and sometimes necessary. But offering to God is very different and should never be equated to materialistic things. Is it right to offer money to God? God will never take it nor He wants it. But will that to the right kind of people?

The other point we need to look at is, the meaning of offering itself. God says whatever you do, offer that to me. It doesn’t mean that we should give it to God and stop doing that act. It means that we should do it more sincerely with more focus in the name of God. Let’s take an example of a person who is consulted by many people for seeking advises on what they need to do in life. If he wants to offer it to God, he needs to take this act more seriously and should help and advice as many people as he can without bothering how much name and fame he gains. That’s the true offering that God will always appreciate.

This can be extended to professions also. Suppose if you are a lawyer, practice law in the name of God to give justice to people, if you are a police man, you need to do your duty in the name of God to provide safety and security to people. This is nothing but offering. That way we are offering everyday to God through our work and God will bless us for all this. Now, when you see all this, you will agree with me that money, ornaments and cloths is nothing infront of this. This is the secret of this shloka which teaches us what is the right kind of offering that can be made to God.

Bhagavadgita Chapter 9 Raja Guhya Yoga verse 11

Chapter 9 Raja Guhya Yoga verse 11
Shloka

Aham kraturaham yajnah swadhaa’hamahamaushadham;

Mantro’hamahamevaajyam ahamagniraham hutam.

Translation

I am the Kratu; I am the Yajna; I am the offering; I am the medicinal herb and all the plants;

I am the Mantra; I am also the ghee or melted butter; I am the fire; I am the oblation.

Interpretation

After talking about how wise men always worship Him, come what may, in this shloka Lord Krishna goes on to explain His nature. He compares Himself with the various things that are found in the nature and that are used for various purposes. He starts off saying that He is the Kratu or strength. He is the Yajna that people perform. He is also the offering that is made during the Yajna. Lord also compares Himself to a medicinal herb that cures illnesses and also the plants that give fresh air. He is the mantra as well as the ghee and the fire and also the offering that is given to the God.

Extending Interpretation to Mankind’s Life!

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TLfOhQGDzvY

To feel God, one needs to look around himself like the way its shown in the video you just watched. He is there everywhere. He is in your rituals, that means in the duties that you do. He is in the food that you eat. He is in your daily prayers, in every plant, animal and the natural surroundings. He is there in the every purification you do to your body and to your surroundings and He is also there in every offering that you made to anyone whether its a human or any other being. This is the big secret of this sloka. We know it, but we don’t practice it.

Many things prescribed for us was done keeping in mind Godliness. Elders say that you need to brush teeth and take bath before eating anything because, God is there in the food you eat and you need to purify your body before eating. Purifying one’s body is also a way of feeling Godliness. Not only that elders also tell us to keep our surroundings clean because that also invites Godliness around. Worshipping God is not just chanting His name, its also about keeping our heart, mind, body and surroundings clean and tidy. Then you will find God Everywhere. Another secret revealed.