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Bhagavadgita Chapter 14 Guna Triya Vibhaga Yoga Verse 2

Chapter 14 Guna Triya Vibhaga Yoga Verse 2

Idam jnaanam upaashritya mama saadharmyam aagataah;
Sarge’pi nopajaayante pralaye na vyathanti cha.

They who, having taken refuge in this knowledge, attain to unity with Me, 
are neither born at the time of creation nor are they disturbed at the time of dissolution.

Interpretation

Lord Krishna has started to speak on a different topic altogether in this chapter or yoga. We have understood from the previous shloka that this chapter is about the three types of Gunas present in every individual. Lord Krishna in this shloka mentions that everyone has to take refuge in this knowledge. Refuge means he should start believing and worshipping this kind of belief. Such a person will attain the unity with the Lord Himself. Once he attains the unity with Lord that kind of person is neither created at the time of creation, nor he will be destroyed at the time of the dissolution of this universe. 

Extending Interpretation to Mankind’s Life!

What is the meaning of taking refuge in the knowledge? There is a difference between information and knowledge. Information is the details or pointers that we seek on a specific thing. It can be about making a recipe or using a particular appliance etc. Knowledge, on the other hand, is the background information and all the related things attached to a specific thing that helps us to apply and work independently in the area where we are seeking that knowledge. Information keeps the person dependant whereas knowledge makes the person independent. Seeking refuge in knowledge is nothing but living that knowledge to the fullest. That means if you learn something, applying it to know further more and using it for the benefit of many and making it as a philosophy of life is what is called seeking refuge in knowledge. 

Once a person seeks refuge in knowledge, he gets a shelter and that shelter keeps him comfortable and he seeks more and more knowledge and thus acquires knowledge that connects different things. Connecting different things is a process of bringing unity and a person who tries to bring unity, the ultimate for thing for him will be to unify all the knowledge with God. Once he attains that he knows the “shristhi rahasya” or the secret of his being. That makes him truly immortal and that kind of a person is neither brought back at the time of creation nor he is destroyed at the time of the dissolution of this universe.

Bhagavadgita Chapter 13 Kshetra-Kshetrajna Vibhaga Yoga Verse 33

Chapter 13 Kshetra-Kshetrajna Vibhaga Yoga Verse 33

Yathaa sarvagatam saukshmyaadaakaasham nopalipyate;
Sarvatraavasthito dehe tathaatmaa nopalipyate.


As the all-pervading ether is not tainted because of its subtlety, 
so the Self seated everywhere in the body, is not tainted.

Interpretation

In this shloka, Lord Krishna continues to talk about the Supreme soul that is seated in all the beings. Here He talks about the purity of the self and how it is untouched by anything. Lord Krishna compares the soul here with the ether space in the atmosphere around us. Ether is an empty space which looks to be empty but has every characteristic present in it. This nature of ether brings an element of subtlety to it. Just like ether which spreads across all the available spaces in the universe but never gets tainted, the soul also which is seated everywhere in your body is not tainted. It is because just like ether, soul is also subtle. 

Extending Interpretation to Mankind’s Life!

The dictionary meaning of subtle is “something which is so delicate or precise that it becomes difficult to describe or analyse.” A thing which is subtle is there with you and when you want to hold it, it just escapes from you. Subtle is something, which is there but not there. Love is the best example for it. Love exists everywhere but the moment you want to physically hold it, it just escapes from you. The presence of God in you is also very subtle. You can feel that inside you but the moment you want to see it, it disappears totally, leaving no trace of its existence. The most subtle thing that you ever see is the ether space around you.  

The ether space is an empty space in appearance but filled with everything that universe can hold. You can feel but you cannot see. If you want to touch, it will never come to your hand. We have been sending radio waves, sound waves, infra red and UV rays into the ether space and it works in medicine, science and technology etc. It is subtle, so you can only feel it and use it but cant own it or see it. Since it is untouched by anyone or anything it is said to be untainted. In the same way, our body has the soul seated everywhere but you cant see where it is. It is subtle just like ether space and it is untouched by anything that our mind or body does. 

Soul in our body is very subtle and it is there only to advice the senses about the real purpose of their existence. We have already discussed this in the previous shlokas that soul will be silently waiting for the body controlled by senses, to come out of the control, listen to it and find out the path to spirituality. One can only feel the soul, they cannot touch it or see it. So, in comparison it is just like the ether space. In the way, ether space which is untouched remains untainted, the soul also remains untainted as it also remains untouched by anything that the body and senses do. 

Bhagavadgita Chapter 13 Kshetra-Kshetrajna Vibhaga Yoga Verse 32

Chapter 13 Kshetra-Kshetrajna Vibhaga Yoga Verse 32

Anaaditwaan nirgunatwaat paramaatmaayam avyayah;
Shareerastho’pi kaunteya na karoti na lipyate.

Being without beginning and devoid of any qualities, the Supreme Self, 
imperishable, though dwelling in the body, O Arjuna, neither acts nor is tainted!

Interpretation

After talking about the various things that constitute the field of a being, Lord Krishna in this shloka is mentioning the existence of the Supreme soul or God in the field of a living being. Lord calls that Supreme being located in your soul is the one who has neither the beginning nor possesses any qualities. These are the two yardsticks with which everything in this world is measured. In the second part of the shloka, Lord Krishna calls the supreme soul as imperishable even though it is living inside a body that is perishable. Finally, Lord Krishna calls this soul as neither tainted nor a doer of any task.

Extending Interpretation to Mankind’s Life!

There is a saying that even in the cruelest human on this planet, there are times when kindness and care comes out. From where is this coming? We have to remember that our mind is what we make. We have learnt that nature with its perception fills our mind with all kinds of information and perceptions that makes the characteristics of a person and develops a personality to him. Soul residing inside the mind is largely untouched by it. We all act according to how our senses makes us to act. We cheat, we lie, we even do good acts like giving alms or helping the needy but whatever those acts are, the supreme soul inside the body stays silent, mostly untouched by whatever soul is doing. It allows the soul to pick up and do whatever activities that it wants to do.

But things are not like this always. Just imagine a scenario where you are just relaxing and thinking and suddenly a very noble thought strikes you. You decide to do a certain thing which you have not done till then. These are rare experiences felt only by some. This could be leaving a bad habit of yours, forgiving a person forever on whom you always had a grudge on or taking sanyas or renunciation from all that you are doing till then. How does these thoughts strike? What is the trigger? The trigger is the Supreme soul inside your soul that neither acts nor is affected by the bad things you did. When your senses are not doing anything and when you are contemplating with yourself, the Supreme soul seated inside sends a trigger of that thought that will come to your conscious mind or the sensory mind.

It is then left to your conscious mind to decide whether to implement that thought or not. If your sensory mind is clouded with Maya then it starts questioning the trigger of the Supreme soul and says that whatever you thought was a momentary weakness of your mind and you need not have to do anything like that. But if you don’t allow that maya to engulf you then automatically you will be able to implement that thought and that is the beginning of the process, whereby you learn to hear the voice of your inner self which will put you on the path of spirituality. This is a very important aspect about the field that every one of us has to understand and implement.

Bhagavadgita Chapter 13 Kshetra-Kshetrajna Vibhaga Yoga Verse 19

Chapter 13 Kshetra-Kshetrajna Vibhaga Yoga Verse 19

Iti kshetram tathaa jnaanam jneyam choktam samaasatah;
Madbhakta etadvijnaaya madbhaavaayopapadyate.

Thus the Field as well as knowledge and the Knowable have been briefly stated. My devotee, knowing this, enters into My Being.

Interpretation

This shloka is the concluding part of the field of Lord extending to the knowledge and the knowable. The previous shloka had explained what it is by comparing it to the light and how it removes the darkness. In this shloka Lord Krishna says that He has briefly stated what a field means and how it is extended to knowledge and knowable. Maybe, Lord has plans of dealing with this bit more extensively in the coming shlokas. Then He concludes the shloka by saying that any of His devotees when they know this and have the knowledge about this will find their way into entering into the Being of the Lord.

Extending Interpretation to Mankind’s Life!

This part of Gita stresses the importance of knowledge over devotion, meditation and many other things. Does that mean that those things are not the paths to attaining salvation? Every path as stated by Lord before are the ways of attaining moksha. But what we are talking about is the pre-requisite for attaining salvation and that pre-requisite is nothing but knowledge. Knowledge tells us about God. The one who has more knowledge will worship God in more accurate and right way. A person visiting the temple with lakhs of rupees to offer in Hundi is no way a true devotee of God. He is ignorant of the fact that God will never be pleased by offering currency notes that were created by humans. In a way, it is the display of superiority of humans over God where we are offering money to God.

A real knowledgeable person will understand that offering Himself to God is the best way of reaching God. But think, how will you attain that state? That can only be attained by understanding God and His nature which is only possible through knowledge. Thus knowledge increases the vision and scope of a person whereby he sees Lord as beyond an idol who sits in a temple to an Almighty who exists everywhere in every being and in every particle of this Universe. Such kind of a person alone, can attain the salvation and that knowledge alone will take him to salvation, says Lord Krishna.

Chapter 13 Kshetra-Kshetrajna Vibhaga Yoga Verse 14

Chapter 13 Kshetra-Kshetrajna Vibhaga Yoga Verse 14

Sarvatah paanipaadam tat sarvato’kshishiromukham;
Sarvatah shrutimalloke sarvamaavritya tishthati.

With hands and feet everywhere, with eyes, heads and mouths everywhere, with ears everywhere, He exists in the worlds, enveloping all.

Interpretation

Lord Krishna starts His discourse on the things to be known for a person to understand the field and he begins that process with this shloka. This shloka starts with Lord describing the most essential part of understanding things for any being, that is understanding God. Lord Krishna begins the shloka by saying that God is present in every inch of Universe and He is enveloping all the beings in this Universe by His presence. By this, Lord Krishna means that the hands and feet of the God are spread everywhere and every part of the Universe. Then He goes on to talk about the eyes, head, ears, and mouth being everywhere. Here Lord is referring to the senses of God being there in every part of the Universe.

Extending Interpretation to Mankind’s Life!

Before you could even think that how many times we have already heard this, about the presence of God in every inch of the universe, let me tell you that this takes you to one level above. Here the main focus is on the sensory perceptions of God. You might not have thought about it, but let me put a question. Does God have senses like us? If so, then what do they do? God possess senses and those are much more powerful than ours. Let me tell you few facts here. We know that dogs can hear upto frequencies of 1 lakh hertz while humans capacity is only between 20-20,000 hertz. Bats are bestowed with sensory perceptions that are much more sharper than dogs as well as humans. So, if we had unlimited sensory perceptions in terms of hearing, seeing, feeling, smelling and tasting, what else we could have done?

Though we humans call ourselves the most powerful beings on this planet, our powers are limited to realms of our senses. Beyond the range of our senses, we do not know what exists and what happens. We know that there are UV rays and infra red rays but we never saw them. Have you ever imagined a possibility of a parallel universe with a different set of living beings existing in these spaces which are completely unknown to us. What we see is what we believe. What we dont see is what we need to acquire and that is knowledge. If we are able to see planes in 3 dimensions it is because we are bestowed with vision that can see three dimensions. Does that mean that can we rule out the possibility of more dimensions? 4 or 5 or 6 or whatever dimensions that exists are just in our imagination.

Saying that God exists everywhere is not enough. The Chhandogya Upaniṣhad says sarvam khalvidam , , meaning “Everywhere is Brahman.” First lets try and understand what that “Everywhere” means. Everywhere is not wherever you can see or hear or perceive. Everywhere is everywhere the Universe exists. And that is what Lord Krishna is saying here. He is asking you to increase the dimensions of your perception and vision and understand and accept the fact that many planes and parallel universes can exists right infront of you and if you cant sense them, its just because you dont have sense to sense them. The answer is to develop your senses more, to sense them.

Bhagavdgita Chapter 13 Kshtera-Kshetrajna Vibhaga Yoga

Chapter 13 Kshtera-Kshetrajna Vibhaga Yoga

Adhyaatma jnaana nityatwam tattwa jnaanaartha darshanam;Etajjnaanamiti proktam ajnaanam yadato’nyathaa.

Constancy in Self-knowledge, perception of the end of true knowledge— this is declared to be knowledge, and what is opposed to it is ignorance.

Interpretation

This is the concluding part of the 5 part shloka that talks about the ways and means through which the knowledge of the field can be acquired by an individual. Lord Krishna in this last part focuses on the two most important things that are required to complete a person’s understanding of the field. The first one he talks about is the self-knowledge or the knowledge about one’s soul. The other is the end point of the true knowledge for an individual. Normally each one of us have a perception about where the knowledge ends. The perception of that point is called as the end of true knowledge, which Lord Krishna says is essential to drive away ignorance.

Extending Interpretation to Mankind’s Life!

Who am I? Why am I here? What is the purpose of being here? Am I doing what am supposed to do or have I entangled myself in things that are momentary and those which doesn’t take me to the pursuit of moksha? These are some of the questions that every individual will be faced with and forced to find answer to. Self Knowledge is knowing about this pursuit of an individual to know about himself. Many times we have spoken about this, but as the knowledge of the person keeps increasing he has to ask himself these questions to re-evaluate himself on the true knowledge he is acquiring. It is essential because with more knowledge the reference point of right amount of knowledge alters.

The other part of knowing the field is the balance between what is declared to be knowledge and ignorance. At the time of birth every person is ignorant about practically everything around himself including what is already there in his soul. As he starts acquiring knowledge the ignorance level comes down. So, it is the knowledge that drives away ignorance and how much a person acquires depends on the efforts that he puts into acquiring that knowledge. Thus, when a person uses every minute of his life in understanding thing around him, which we call as knowledge, it drives away the ignorance from him. The point where a person has no ignorance at all is counted as a point where he perfects his understanding of the field, thus becoming the knower of the field.

Bhagavadgita Chapter 13 Kshetra-Kshetrajna Vibhaga Yoga Verse 2

Chapter 13 Kshetra-Kshetrajna  Vibhaga Yoga Verse 2

Sri Bhagavaan Uvaacha:
Idam shareeram kaunteya kshetramityabhidheeyate;
Etadyo vetti tam praahuh kshetrajna iti tadvidah.

The Blessed Lord said:
This body, O Arjuna, is called the Field;
he who knows it is called the Knower of the Field by those who know of them, that is, by the sages.

Interpretation

Lord Krishna starts to answer the question asked by Arjuna on the Field and the knower of the Field. Previously Arjuna asked Krishna to explain him in complete detail the nature and the spirit of the field and the knower of the field. Lord Krishna replies saying that the body that we are in right now or the body in which we are living is called as the field. Then He goes on to explain about the knower of the field. He says that a person who knows everything about his body will be called as the knower of the field. This would be known only to the sages who acquire the required knowledge to distinguish both.

Extending Interpretation to Mankind’s Life!

In a common man terminology what is the difference between the field and the knower of the field? For us, field takes us directly to physics where we start associating field to electric field and magnetic field. Well, if you think that way, you are not entirely wrong. Every particle that has mass will have some kind of field in it. Like let’s take an atom or a molecule which is present in every living being. The molecule is made up of atoms and atoms have protons, electrons and neutrons in it apart from various other sub atomic particles. There is a field in this because protons are positively charged and electrons are negatively charged and when they flow, they carry these charges. This positive and negative charges constitute the electric and magnetic field.

If you extend this to our human body, just imagine how many molecules we have in our body. The number goes to millions and each one of them have billions of atoms that have charged particles creating different electro-magnetic fields inside our body. That is the reason why human body is also called as a field. When you are doing activities like walking, talking, running or any other physical activity, energy flows out of body and it is replaced by energy that body takes inside from the nature and also from the energy that gets created inside our body. The understanding of all these leads to a situation where you tend to completely understand your body or the field and thus you will be called as the knower of the field. 

Now who is this knower of the field? It is the soul. Soul is not a participant in your metabolic and other physical activities that your body undertakes but being there inside your body it gets connected to the body thus becoming the knower of the body. So, in short, its the soul which is the knower of your body. But then how to know what your soul wants to say? That is where a sage comes into picture. A sage is a person who gets connected to the inner and outer worlds through meditation and who is capable of connecting in and out of your body. This sheer ability makes him to understand the body and thus only sages are the ones who know the body. But for all of us, body seems to be a mystery and soul is something which is silent and mostly associated with a lover, whom we call as soul mate.

Bhagavadgita Chapter 12 Bhakti Yoga Verse 14

Chapter 12 Bhakti Yoga Verse 14

Santushtah satatam yogee yataatmaa dridhanishchayah;
Mayyarpitamanobuddhiryo madbhaktah sa me priyah.

Ever content, steady in meditation, possessed of firm conviction, self-controlled, 
with mind and intellect dedicated to Me, he, My devotee, is dear to Me.

Interpretation

This shloka is the second part of what Lord Krishna says to Arjuna about the people who are closest and dearest to Him. After talking about compassion, free from attachment and egoism in this shloka He talks about more qualities that a person should possess. He says that a person should be content and steady in his meditation and should have a mind which is full of conviction and self control. Apart from that He also talks about the mind and intellect of the person completely dedicated to Him. Only such people says, Lord Krishna are closest to Him.

Extending Interpretation to Mankind’s Life!

The key phrase here is “Ever content, steady in meditation possessed with firm conviction and self control”. It has a world of depth in it. Here we are talking about a person who is steady in his meditation. Meditation here is what he is doing or his dharma. We have learnt previously that our dharma is something that we should meditate upon. What disturbs the person who is meditating his dharma? Temptations. Temptations can be physical, emotional, monetary or the words said by people who matter to him, that sticks to his mind. When a person gets tempted by those words, he then tends to waver in his meditation. 

Such kind of wavering nature will disturb him from his task and that is where the other three words used in the phrase come into picture. Those are content, conviction and control. If he is content with what God has given, come what may, he would not have been tempted at all. If he had the conviction or belief that the path he is walking, nothing would have tempted him at all. If he had the control over the senses as to not get tempted by things around, good or bad he would not have been tempted at all. Thus temptations are the results of lack of conviction, control and contentness.

Everyone of us in this world feel that the grass on the other side is green. But when you go the other side chasing the greener pastures, you belong to other side and you can never come back to this side. Even if you do, you will always have a guilt that you tasted the grass that you shouldn’t have. Life is all about beliefs, convictions and controls and the one who possesses them is the one who will always be closer to God. He is not closer to God because he is stuck to one task, he is closer to God because he believed in what God has given him. God never gives wrong things. You just need to believe in what God has given you and not what the other side has to offer you. And if you believe that God is on the other side, then you have to conclude that everything you did till now is evil.

Bhagavadgita Chapter 12 Bhakti Yoga Verse 13

Chapter 12 Bhakti Yoga Verse 13

Adweshtaa sarvabhootaanaam maitrah karuna eva cha;
Nirmamo nirahankaarah samaduhkhasukhah kshamee.

He who hates no creature, who is friendly and compassionate to all, 
who is free from attachment and egoism,  balanced in pleasure and pain, and forgiving,

Interpretation

Lord has now shifted His focus of attention from those who get salvation to those dearest to Him. This is the first part of the two-part shloka where Lord Krishna tells Arjuna the qualities that a person should possess for becoming dearest to Him. He says that a person who hates no creature in this planet and who shows equal compassion to all His creations is considered to be closest to Him. Not only that, all those who are free from all the attachments in this world and also has won over the ego are also closer to Him, Then He says that the ones who are balanced in happy and sad situations and those who have a forgiving nature are the ones who are closest to Him.

Extending Interpretation to Mankind’s Life!

Many times before we have discussed in Gita about these qualities. But the point we have to understand is, why such people are considered close to God? Pain and pleasure are not given by God but they come as a result of attachment we have towards people, materialistic things and situations. When someone closest to us is going away from us, its very natural that you experience the pain. But will you stop that person from going? Except for God, nobody has the power to do that. The question here is why people tend to get so attached to people, situations, and things?

The attachment has two dimensions in it. One is a sensual attachment and other is a spiritual attachment. When you get a person or situation in life, its gifted by God and you need to do complete justice to it. Unless you get attached to the person it’s not possible to do your dharma on that person. Example is the attachment that a teacher has on student. Its created by God. Your attachment stays as long as the student stays in that place. Neither you should leave the student before nor you should have an attachment with him after he finishes his education with you. This is called as a spiritual attachment and it is desirable for every person in whatever job he is into. 

It’s these attachments which bring balance and compassion in our lives. If you are attached to a person via the spiritual route you will be compassionate towards him without any ego and you will be balanced in all your actions. But if the attachment is sensual, that is connected to appearance or materialistic benefits or any situations that can profit you those attachments, they are undesirable and you either leave a person if those benefits are not coming or keep the attachment even after your work with that person is over. Here you have neglected dharma and went behind materialistic benefit. If all of us, understand our dharmas and adhere to them 100% then all the mentioned things above never exist and the life of Satya Yuga will be back. But as we are in Kali-yuga these imperfections exist and one has to find the right kind of things to balance and become closer to God.