Tag Archives: Sloka

Chapter 4 Sloka 1 Gnana Yoga – Bhagavadgita

Chapter 4 Gnana Yoga Verse 1

Sloka

Sa evaayam mayaa te’dya yogah proktah puraatanah;
Bhakto’si me sakhaa cheti rahasyam hyetad uttamam.

Translation

That same ancient Yoga has been today taught to thee by Me,
for, thou art My devotee and friend; it is the supreme secret.

Interpretation

This is the beginning of Gnana yoga or the Yoga of wisdom. Lord Krishna tells Arjuna that this is a very important yoga that am going to teach to you. He says that this Gnana yoga is a very ancient yoga with a lot of profound and subtle teachings. Profound here means those teachings which will have a lot of influence on one’s psyche and its subtle because there is a lot of depth in the teachings. Holding such an importance, Lord Krishna says that this Gnana yoga is a supreme secret which is told to Arjuna.

Extending Interpretation to Mankind’s Life!

Many of you might be thinking that if the Gnana yoga is such a secret, then why its told to everyone through Bhagavad Gita. The answer is very simple. How many of the crores of people in this World would have heard the Gnana Yoga or read it? Even if they have heard or read it, how many of them have really understood the essence of it? If you take it the percentage would be less than 0.1%. That means 99.9% of people dont even know what Gnana yoga is. That is why it is called as secret and its only people who are blessed would be able to know it.

Chapter 2 Sloka 33 Bhagavadgita Sloka Meaning Translation and Interpretation

Chapter 2 Verse 33 – Samkhya Yoga

Sloka

Naasti buddhir ayuktasya na chaayuktasya bhaavanaa;
Na chaabhaavayatah shaantir ashaantasya kutah sukham.

Translation

There is no knowledge of the Self to the unsteady, and to the unsteady no meditation is possible; and to the un-meditative there can be no peace; and to the man who has no peace, how can there be happiness?

Interpretation

In this verse, Lord Krishna speaks about the fate of unsteady mind. He says that an unsteady mind can never get the knowledge about the soul. The unsteady mind cannot do meditation. And when there is no meditation to mind, there is no peace to the soul. So, Lord Krishna asks a question to Arjuna that when there is no peace to an individual how can he attain happiness?

Extending Interpretation to Mankind’s Life!

Some time back, I had talked about meditation and there I had explained the use of meditation. In this verse am going to touch upon the topic of meditation again and am going to ask a question why anyone requires meditation. Many people dont know why meditation is required. They just do meditation because they are told that you will improve concentration or absorbing ability or it increases your memory power. Meditation does all this. But is it the real use of Meditation?

People are talking about one or two uses of meditation. The real purpose of meditation is peace of mind. Can you get happiness, satisfaction, concentration, memory power or any other thing without peace of mind? The answer is No. The root for everything is peace of mind. If you do not have that you will not be able to do anything productive. An unstable mind is an unproductive mind. It engages in destructive things. A peaceful mind can achieve anything and that peaceful mind is possible only through meditation. Just close your eyes and meditate for an hour. You will understand what is peace of mind!

Chapter 2 Sloka 18 Bhagavadgita Meaning Translation and Interpretation

Chapter 2 Verse 18 – Samkhya Yoga

Sloka

Vyavasaayaatmikaa buddhir ekeha kurunandana;
Bahushaakhaa hyanantaashcha buddhayo’vyavasaayinaam.

Translation

Here, O joy of the Kurus, there is a single one-pointed determination!
Many-branchedand endless are the thoughts of the irresolute.

Interpretation

After talking about the balance of thoughts and actions Lord Krishna tells Arjuna that there is only one single pointed way and that is determination. A person who has no determination goes through endless list of thoughts and those are the thoughts which makes him fickle minded and irresolute.

Extending interpretation to mankind’s life!

This is a shloka that talks about what determination is and what fickle mindedness is. A person who is determined will always think about one single thought and will never think about anything else. He always sticks to his aims and goals and works very hard to fulfil them. No amount of deviation can move him away from his goal and he is determined to get it.

On the other hand you have a fickle minded person whose thoughts are like branches in a banyan tree. They go in different direction and always reach an end. They again come back to the bark of the tree and goes in a different direction like a different branch. Such person can never accomplish anything as most of the time goes in finding out what he wants than achieving it.

Chapter 2 Sloka 13 – Bhagavadgita Meaning Translation and Interpretaion

­Chapter 2 Verse 13- Samkhya Yoga

Sloka

Swadharmam api chaavekshya na vikampitum arhasi;
Dharmyaaddhi yuddhaacchreyo’nyat kshatriyasya na vidyate.

Translation

Further, having regard to thy own duty, thou should not waver,
for there is nothing higher for a Kshatriya than a righteous war.

Interpretation

After speaking about the nature of the body and mind, Lord Krishna again turns his attention to the duty of Arjuna. He says that one needs to have an understanding of one’s duty and should never deviate from it. And the duty is different for different people. For a Kshatriya his ultimate duty is to fight a war. That war becomes holy and equal to worship if that is fought for protecting the dharma. Fighting that war is essential duty of any Kshatriya. That is the highest dharma of Kshatriya and he should not escape from that.

Extending interpretation to mankind’s life!

The two most important words that Lord Krishna speaks in this verse are “duty” and “waver”. How many of us take our duty seriously? Before that what is a duty? Duty is not your job, career or profession but duty is your dharma. You choose your duty so duty comes above everything. Over a period of time, we all develop a feeling of complacency and negligence towards our duty. That leads us to waver from our duty. We usually think, what if I dont complete this work today or what if I skip my work today and enjoy? Anyways I have not taken a break from work for a long time. All these are the wavering thoughts that push us away from our duty.

We should stay away from this wavering mentality and take our duty with utmost seriousness. Work is Worship. We worship God. So Work is God. The day you neglect or postpone your work, you are moving away from Godliness. That is equal to moving away from our dharma. Each one of us are assigned with our duties by none other than God, who makes us to choose our duties and we have to fulfil them with utmost sanity. That is what Lord Krishna tries to explain to Arjuna through this Shloka.

Chapter 2 Sloka 12 BhagavadGita Meaning Translation and Interpretaion

Chapter 2 Verse 12 -Samkhya Yoga

Sloka

Aashcharyavat pashyati kashchid enamAashcharyavad vadati tathaiva chaanyah;
Aashcharyavacchainam anyah shrinotiShrutwaapyenam veda na chaiva kashchit.

Translation

One sees soul as a wonder; another speaks of It as a wonder;
another hears of It as a wonder; yet, having heard, none understands It at all.

Interpreteation

After explaining in detail about the characteristics and the make up of the body, this verse talks about the soul. He tries to explain to Arjuna how soul is seen by different people.

He says that some see it as a wonder and a magical thing, where as some speak that soul is a wondrous thing that was the creation of God. There are some people who hear about the soul in every discourse of spirituality. Like this many people would have talked about the soul, many people have heard about the soul many would have felt it also but nobody has really understood the real meaning of the soul.

Extending Interpretation to Mankind’s Life!

Have you seen people tying holy threads and putting vermilion and turmeric to tress and stones? They worship them as Gods and Goddesses? Have you ever wondered why should one worship a tree and expect it to fulfil your wishes? Is it possible that a stone carved into a shape of God actually has powers in it?

These are some of the questions that we really don’t have answers. These are the matters of belief and trust. If a tree or an idol doesn’t have the power why do people believe it? What is this power? Is it the same power of soul that Lord Krishna was talking about. Soul as a concept has never been understood. Soul needs a body and that body could be anything. Soul that has power can achieve anything. Tough to understand, but if you read the coming slokas you will understand it clearly.