Tag Archives: Shloka

Chapter 6 Dhyana Yoga Verse 17

Chapter 6 Dhyana Yoga Verse 17

Shloka

Yo maam pashyati sarvatra sarvam cha mayi pashyati;
Tasyaaham na pranashyaami sa cha me na pranashyati.

Translation
He who sees Me everywhere and sees everything in Me,
he does not become separated from Me nor do I become separated from him.
Interpretation
After taking about the quietened mind meeting the Brahman this sloka talks about Brahman and its qualities. Lord Krishna says in this sloka that a person who see Him everywhere and sees everything in Him cannot be separated from Him. Not only that Lord Krishna also says that a person who cannot be separated from Him, the Lord Himself will always be with him. That means that a person who sees Lord in everything and who cannot separate himself from the Lord, the Lord always stays with him and never leaves him alone.
Extending Interpretation to Mankind’s Life!
Here we are talking about two things. The first is about  person who sees Lord everywhere and everything inside the Lord. God is the creator of this universe and everything in this world is created by Him. So, when you see anything, you need to see God in that. If you look at a beggar he is also the creation of God and if you look at a millionaire, he is also a creation of God. The only difference is one doesnt have food to eat and the other has everything that he wanted. Though they are the creations of God, its their Karma that makes them a millionaire or a beggar. We are nobody to judge their karma, so we should treat them with the same dignity they deserve as a human being irrespective of what they are. That is what is seeing God everywhere and automatically if God is everywhere in everything in this World is in God.
The second part of the sloka talks about a person not separating himself from God and God not separating Himself from that person. One needs to understand that love for God is beyond all the needs and wants of us, and the best person is the one who worships and respects the God without expecting anything in return. He goes to temple when he feels like meeting the God and not when he has an interview to attend or an exam to clear or a tender to be won. Such people who never expect anything from God are the real devotees of God and God Himself never leaves such people.

Chapter 6 Dhyana Yoga Verse 16

Chapter 6 Dhyana Yoga Verse 16
Shloka
Prashaantamanasam hyenam yoginam sukhamuttamam;
Upaiti shaantarajasam brahmabhootamakalmasham.
Translation
Supreme bliss verily comes to this Yogi whose mind is quite peaceful,
whose passion is quieted, who has become Brahman, and who is free from sin.
Interpretation
From restlessness in the previous sloka, this sloka moves to the mind of a meditator who is at peace with himself. Lord Krishna says that supreme bliss can only come to a person who is at peace with himself or whose mind is peaceful. Here supreme bliss refers to a kind of happiness or a yogic happiness that can be felt only through the meditation. Such kind of a person will bring all his passions under control and becomes a replica of his creator such kind of person is free from all the sins that he has committed previously.
Extending Interpretation to Mankind’s Life!
I want to focus my attention on two points in this sloka. The first one is the Supreme bliss and the second is quietening one’s passions. What is supreme bliss? It is the final step in meditation. The process of meditation starts with closing one’s eyes and focussing on a single thought and goes to the point where the that thought has the entre universe’s secrets in it. This feeling is called as Supreme bliss. Supreme bliss can’t be explained in words as it is an inexplicable feeling that can only be experienced. Very simply to put it, one single word like “Aum” carries the entire universe secrets in it. If the meditator experiences that in his meditation it is called as supreme bliss.
The other thing is how can one quieten his passions? In the previous sloka, we looked at how when targets are not met the mind becomes restless. In the same way, too much passion for something also bring restlessness. What is passion? It is an extreme desire to achieve something that exists in one’s mind. Someone says that teaching is my passion. That means he wants to dedicate his life for teaching. Then is it bad? It is not bad as long as it doesn’t make your mind restless. Teaching without getting your mind restless is different from teaching with a restless mind. A restless teacher passes on the same restlessness to his student. Not only teaching, it is applicable to anything that one does. It is good to have passion but if the passion becomes too much, mind gets affected and tends to get restless. That prevents oneself from becoming a Yogi and integrate his mind with self.

Chapter 6 Dhyana Yoga Verse 15

Chapter 6 Dhyana Yoga Verse 15

Shloka
Yato yato nishcharati manashchanchalamasthiram;
Tatastato niyamyaitad aatmanyeva vasham nayet.
Translation
From whatever cause the restless, unsteady mind wanders away,
from that let him restrain it and bring it under the control of the Self alone.
Interpretation
This sloka is in continuation of the previous sloka where Lord Krishna talks about a steady mind and how it meets the self. In this sloka he focuses his attention on the state of unsteady mind or a restless mind. He says that mind usually wanders here and there because of the anxiety and the physical energy exhibited by that person. Then the next step to be followed for him is to first restrain himself from those causes. Physically restraining the mind from those causes will automatically bring the mind under the control of the self.
Extending Interpretation to mankind’s Life!
Why do you get restless? You get restless because of two reasons. One, when your targets are not met and second when your physical energy doesnt match with your mental speed. If we observe the first reason, we set the targets based on what we want or what others want or what kind of recognition and power achieving that would bring to you. You never look at the task dispassionately and keep a target for himself. Suppose you want to get a job. How many of you really accept your limitations and abilities and keep a deadline for securing the job? Hardly anyone. Everyone keeps a target like by next month I need to get a job and if I start applying from today, I will surely get a job by next month. And that never happens because you have never considered your capabilities and the things you need to get sorted before setting a deadline.
Second is why our physical energies dont match our mental speeds? Body and mind are one, but exist as two different entities. One has to integrate mind with body to achieve desired result. A Chris Gayle scoring a century or a Shane Watson scoring a century at the age of 35 is because they were able to synergise the power of mind with the power of body, which creates a super power to achieve many things. Physical fitness drops faster than metal fitness and if one is able to integrate body and mind he can remain fit in whatever he does for a longer time compared to others. All this is also a form of meditation and talks about bringing synergy between the body and mind and controlling the mind from wandering away.

Chapter 6 Dhyana Yoga Verse 14

Chapter 6 Dhyana Yoga Verse 14
Shloka
Sankalpaprabhavaan kaamaan styaktwaa sarvaan asheshatah; Manasaivendriyagraamam viniyamya samantatah.
Shanaih shanairuparamed buddhyaa dhritigriheetayaa; Aatmasamstham manah kritwaa na kinchidapi chintayet.
Translation
Abandoning without reserve all the desires born of Sankalpa, and completely restraining the whole group of senses by the mind from all sides;
Little by little let him attain to quietude by the intellect held firmly; having made the mind establish itself in the Self, let him not think of anything
Interpretation
In this sloka Lord Krishna comes back to the process of doing meditation to attain salvation. The first step he needs to follow is he should abandon all the desires that come to him without any reservations. Then he should bring all the senses under his control by restricting the mind and preventing it from getting influenced by the senses. Once this is achieved then bit by bit and little by little the yogi will attain calmness by holding his intellect firm and like that once he brings the mind into his self he will not think of any other thing and he will progress himself towards salvation.
Extending Interpretation to Mankind’s Life!
Here I would like to explain the meaning asking two questions. First is why should we keep such a tight control on the mind? It is because mind is so diplomatic that it keeps certain desires for its secret gratification. We call mind as diplomatic because it has a way of convincing itself and falls prey to the senses. Like for example lets assume that mind doesn’t want to do the work assigned. It tries to find and justify reasons why one should not do work. It makes you believe that the work he is not doing is not very important and things can be managed without doing it or you can make someone else do the work for you. This gives a false sense of comfort to the person. So it is important to control the mind and one should completely abandon all desires without reservation.
The second question is what do you mean by “the mind establishing itself in the self”? I ask this question because some slokas before I have said that self is formless and doesnt have eyes or any sense organs. So what happens to mind when it establishes itself in the self. If that happens then mind will start getting the qualities of self. That means mind will start connecting the conscious and sub conscious parts of itself. Subconscious mind holds all the secrets of many lives and when they come and meet the conscious mind then that person goes to a different level of intellect that will make him to realise the importance of salvation.

Chapter 6 Dhyana Yoga Verse 12

Chapter 6 Dhyana Yoga Verse 12
Shloka

Sukhamaatyantikam yattad buddhi graahyamateendriyam;
Vetti yatra na chaivaayam sthitashchalati tattwatah.

Translation
When the Yogi feels that infinite bliss which can be grasped by the pure intellect
and which transcends the senses, and, established where in he never moves from the Reality.
Interpretation
Lord Krishna here talks about the feelings of a Yogi who has experienced the deep meditation. He says that a yogi who experiences the bliss of meditation with pure intellect can only experience the reality. Reality here means Brahman. This intellect that he acquires is because the yogi transcends all his senses while meditating and establishes himself in a positions which is beyond the grasp of any of the senses. Such a person gets to know what is real and once he understands the reality he will never move from that position of reality.
Extending Interpretation to Mankind’s Life!
The key words that one has to understand here are infinite bliss, pure intellect, transcending of senses and sticking to Reality. First let us understand what exactly is the reality. Reality can be explained through a phrase from upanishads which says “Brahma Satyam , Jagat Midhya”, which means only truth in this World is the Brahma and everything else is an illusion or maya. Brahma here means God. So God is the only real thing and all the other things are illusions. When you reach Brahma you remain still there and you also experience infinite bliss. It is because the person who sees reality does not need to see anything else and that is the point of infinite bliss for him.
The other two things we need to understand are the pure intellect and transcending of senses. These two things have a strong link to the eternal bliss that I mentioned previously. Here we have to understand that a person can only transcend his senses with his intellect. The knowledge he acquires takes him into situations where he understands how senses are binding him and are hampering his spiritual progress. Once he understands that he will try to transcend the senses by acquiring more and more intellect and that in turn takes him to the reality of Brahman.  Once he gets that experience he will feel an eternal bliss which is nothing but reality. This is how a yogi meets the reality.

Chapter 6 Dhyana Yoga Verse 10

Chapter 6 Dhyana Yoga Verse 10
Shloka
Yathaa deepo nivaatastho nengate sopamaa smritaa;
Yogino yatachittasya yunjato yogamaatmanah.
Translation
As a lamp placed in a windless spot does not flicker—
to such is compared the Yogi of controlled mind, practising Yoga in the Self
Interpretation
In this sloka Lord Krishna is talking about the mind of a person who is practising yoga. He says that a Yogi’s mind is fixed and his thoughts are pointed. To drive home this point, he compares the Yogi to a lamp. When we place a lamp in a spot where there is no wind, the lamp continues to glow without any flicker. Lord Krishna compares this lamp to a Yogi. He says that a Yogi who has a controlled mind and who is practising the Yoga with his Self totally involved in it, that person will be as stable as the lamp placed in windless zone.
Extending Interpretation to Mankind’s Life!
The point we need to understand here is the wind, lamp and flicker and how it is compared to mind, Yoga and Self. If you see there is a connection between the first three with the second three. Wind is very much comparable to the mind. Wind is never still, it moves from one place to another constantly. Best example is we sitting in Hyderabad get the rain brought by the winds from South Pacific ocean which is thousands of miles away. In the same way, mind also goes many places, it has no control on itself and it can think anything at any moment in time. The first step in Yoga and the challenge for the yogi is to bring that mind under control.
Second is lamp and Yoga. Lamp gives us light, it is the source of energy. Similarly yoga gives us power and energy that helps a person to get enlightenment. Third is the flicker and self. Flicker is the way in which the lamp flickers when there is wind. This flickering is compared to self because when the mind is unstable the self will also gets disturbed. When the wind is there, which is equated to the movement of mind, the self will flicker and flickering makes the self vulnerable to dangers. One danger is he might give up meditation itself when the self flickers because of the wavering mind.
As we dont keep a lamp in windy conditions, we also wont do Yoga when the mind is not stable, as it leads to flickering of the Self. So, for a person to become a Yogi he has to first control the mind which is like wind. Once the mind is controlled, the lamp of Yoga is lit and it enlightens the soul without flickering. This is the secret of Yoga or meditation and anybody who understands this secret will be a Yogi

Chapter 6 Dhyana Yoga Verse 9

Chapter 6 Dhyana Yoga Verse 9
Shloka
Yuktaahaaravihaarasya yuktacheshtasya karmasu;
Yuktaswapnaavabodhasya yogo bhavati duhkhahaa.
Translation
Yoga becomes the destroyer of pain for him who is always moderate in eating and recreation,
who is moderate in exertion in actions, who is moderate in sleep and wakefulness.
Interpretation
In this sloka Lord Krishna talks about what a person who does all his things moderately will achieve. The first point Lord Krishna makes here is that Yoga is a tool that destroys the pain. But it is not applicable to everyone. It is a pain destroyer for that person who is moderate in his eating habits and recreation. Recreation here talks about the enjoyment. Lord Krishna also says that yoga is a pain destroyer for someone who is moderate in exerting his actions and also the one who sleeps neither less or more and the person who remains awake moderately.
Extending Interpretation to Mankind’s Life!
The point that we have to understand here is what is the pain that Lord Krishna says will go from doing yoga in the form of meditation. First one should understand that mediation is the higher form of yoga. A person will start his Yoga by doing asanas that are meant to keep his body fit. A fit body automatically leads him to fit mind. For the mind to remain fit he progresses from asanas  towards meditation. The pain that Lord Krishna is referring to is the pain that the soul feels. Can a soul feel the pain? If so what is that pain?
If you fall down and get hurt your body will feel the pain of it because body is linked to senses and you can only see anything that is connected to senses. But if you fall down spiritually or doesn’t go up with the speed with which you should go up, then your soul will also feel the pain. But since soul is not connected to any sense organs, you will not feel the pain. Just because you are not feeling the pain, it doesn’t mean that the pain doesn’t exist. The pain that a soul feel is more long lasting than that of body, because treatment removes body pains but what will remove the pain of the soul?
The pain of the soul can be removed only when a person takes the spiritual path. How many times you felt bad that you are not doing things that you are supposed to do? This feeling of “feeling bad” is nothing but the pain that your soul is feeling. It always wants to go in the quest of Brahman and if we dont take that path it feels the pain. That pain can be removed by doing meditation because, when you meditate it will start the journey of Atman towards Brahman and which is what every Atman desires and aspires for!

Chapter 6 Dhyana Yoga Verse 8

Chapter 6 Dhyana Yoga Verse 8
Shloka

Naatyashnatastu yogo’sti nachaikaantamanashnatah;
Na chaatiswapnasheelasya jaagrato naiva chaarjuna.

Translation
Yoga is not possible for him who eats too much, nor for him who does not eat at all;
nor for him who sleeps too much, nor for him who is always awake, O Arjuna!
Interpretation
In this sloka Lord Krishna talks about the kind of a person to whom yoga is not possible. Yoga is not possible here means that person is not eligible to bring the unification of his body and mind and thus attain yoga. He says that yoga is not possible for the person who eats too much because he has so much of fondness for food that he doesnt think about anything else at all. Yoga is also not possible for the person who doesn’t eat at all. In the same way Lord Krishna says that yoga is also not possible for a person who sleeps too much or that person who always remains awake.
Extending Interpretation to Mankind’s Life!
This sloka focuses on four kinds of people who can never do yoga. The first category is the one who eats too much or eat too less. These two kinds of people can never do yoga and reach salvation. The reasons for this is simple. The person who eats too much is always linked to his senses and that is the simple reason why he can’t do yoga. The person who doesn’t eat at all is a person who has the extreme desire to attain salvation by troubling his body. A person needs to understand that food is essential for body and though its the soul that attains salvation, a soul alone cannot do it. A soul needs the body to do activities that take him to salvation. So, to do those activities that person should have the body which is active and for that food is essential. So, the person who stops eating also cannot attain salvation.
The second category of people are the ones who sleep too much or doesn’t sleep at all. Its usually a lazy person who sleeps a lot and laziness is also linked to senses. We have already learnt that a person who is lazy is bounded by his senses. Such person cannot perform yoga. It is also a person who doesn’t sleep at all also who cannot attain salvation. A person who doesn’t sleep is a restless person similar to the one who doesn’t eat. Like food sleep is also a must for the body. All our organs gets the vital rest when we are asleep and the lack of that makes the body lose its vitality. So to perfect yoga the person should not eat too much or eat too less, sleep too much or too less. It has to be balanced.

Chapter 6 Dhyana Yoga Verse 1

Chapter 6 Dhyana Yoga Verse 1

Shloka
 Uddharedaatmanaatmaanam naatmaanamavasaadayet;
Atmaiva hyaatmano bandhuraatmaiva ripuraatmanah.
Translation
Let a man lift himself by his own Self alone; let him not lower himself,
for this self alone is the friend of oneself and this self alone is the enemy of oneself.
Interpretation
 This is the beginning of the Dhyana yoga or yoga of meditation. In this sloka Lord Krishna starts off by talking about the importance of self in a man’s life. He says that the only way that a man can grow up spiritually is by lifting himself by working on the self. Working on self means not letting down the self. Lord Krishna also says that self is a very important part of a man’s being. The self alone is his best friend which can help him and his self alone is the enemy of himself that can let him down in situations.
Extending Interpretation to Mankind’s Life!

This sloka has two parts that everyone needs to pay attention to. Both the parts are in a way linked to each other. The first part is that everyone must lift himself up with his own self. One’s own Self is the best motivator of that person. Depending on other people for lifting yourself is nothing but waste of time. Nobody in this world other than you knows what you want. So, only you can motivate yourself and lift yourself up. Another point he needs to observe is that not letting himself down is also one of the ways of lifting one self up.

The second point that one needs to understand is that your self is your best friend as well as your worst enemy. Have you ever noticed that many times we ourselves spoil our own happiness? It happens like this. When life gives us everything that we want, we either become arrogant or lazy or fear that what we got might not lost for long. All these feelings are negative in nature and leads to a person falling down. Thus we ourselves are our worst enemies. If you make the self as your friend and develop a hmble attitude then that keeps you ahead always. Thus success comes to a person who always lifts himself up and treats his self as his friend.