Tag Archives: Shloka

Bhagavadgita Chapter 11 Vishwaroopa Darshana Yoga Verse 9

Chapter 11 Vishwaroopa Darshana Yoga Verse 9

Tatraikastham jagatkritsnam pravibhaktamanekadhaa;
Apashyaddevadevasya shareere paandavastadaa.

There, in the body of the God of gods, Arjuna then saw the whole universe 
resting in the one, with its many groups.


This shloka talks about what Arjuna sees when Lord starts showing him Vishwaroopam. The description is made in such a way that this Vishwaroopam is compared to the person who is the God of all the gods. We have already discussed that this Vishwaroopam is not of Lord Krishna but it is of Maha Vishnu, whose avataara is Lord Krishna. In the body of Maha Vishnu, Arjuna sees the whole universe in its full glory. This Universe is seen in His body and all the parts of this universe are clearly visible in many of the groups that it is made of.

Extending Interpretation to Mankind’s Life!

Have you ever felt seeing a person that he/she is the whole world? Meaning, he/she has the knowledge and exposure of the whole world?  If you have felt, that’s a true feeling. Many times we have dealt with this this and I am saying this again. Salvation is the journey from being a primitive soul to the most accomplished one. The size of the soul starts from a small entity to become as big as the whole Universe. During the process you see the glimpses of the person’s greatness through his knowledge and understanding of things. The symbolic representation of this is seeing the whole world in him.

Great souls like Lord Krishna are bestowed with greatness right from their childhood. It is not the first time that the Lord is showing His vishwaroopam. During His childhood, when Yashoda’s maids complained that Krishna was eating mud, she runs to Krishna, punishes Him and asks Him to open the mouth. That is when she was able to see the whole cosmos in His mouth. Yashoda is shocked and stunned and just keeps seeing it until Krishna touches her and brings her back to normalcy. The same Vishwaroopam, Lord shows to Arjuna now.

Bhagavadgita Chapter 11 Vishwaroopa Darshana Yoga Verse 6

Chapter 11 Vishwaroopa Darshana Yoga Verse 6

Sanjaya Uvaacha:
Evamuktwaa tato raajan mahaayogeshwaro harih;
Darshayaamaasa paarthaaya paramam roopamaishwaram.

Sanjaya said:
Having thus spoken, O king, the great Lord of Yoga, Hari,
showed to Arjuna His supreme form as the Lord!


One has to always remember that this entire war scene at Kurukshetra is being watched by another person, who has a gift of seeing things that are at a distance. King Dhritarashtra is blind, so cannot go to the battle field nor see what is happening there. Hence, Sanjaya is narrating the entire episode of what is happening in the battle field to Dhritarashtra in the Palace itself. He starts to narrate to King that, Lord Krishna has now started to show His Supreme Cosmic form to Arjuna and the process has just began. 

Extending Interpretation to Mankind’s Life!

We all in our lives would have seen people who can foresee things and tell them well in advance or see things as they are happening and narrate them being at a distance. This phenomenon is known as intuitive knowledge, which can only come when the mind and body or the sub-conscious and the conscious thinking as we refer to, are in perfect sync with each other. Sanjaya is one such person during the Dwapara yuga times who was bestowed with such knowledge. This comes up as a result of a lot of spiritual practice and when the sattvik guna in a person increases to almost the peak. 

Sanjaya is the son of a charioteer Gavalgana. He is also the disciple of Veda Vyasa and had recieved a lot of divine knowledge from the sage. Today’s world equivalent is seeing things on Television Live. Sanjaya doesn’t need a live TV for seeing such things. All those who might be smiling at this and thinking that its a fictitious story just recollect the fact that we are talking about Dwapara yuga where the levels of human spiritual development is way ahead of Kaliyuga times. If we look at it in comparative terms, in descending Kaliyuga we had no power to see anything beyond our vision and it is slowly in the ascending kaliyuga time we are starting to see the spiritual development in beings. 

Scientific advancements and spirituality go hand in hand and spirituality is different from religion. If one understands this simple difference everything else is easier to comprehend. The skill that people like Sanjaya had in Dwapara yuga disappeared in descending Kaliyuga and slowly started to re-appear in technological form in ascending Kaliyuga. As the spirituality in an individual increases, and as we go into Ascending Dwapara yuga, things that are much superior and advanced than what we saw in previous Dwapara yuga might appear. This is a topic that needs more explanation and will be dealt with in the coming shlokas.

Bhagavadgita Chapter 11 Vishwaroopa Darshana Yoga Verse 4

Chapter 11 Vishwaroopa Darshana Yoga Verse 4

Ihaikastham jagatkritsnam pashyaadya sacharaacharam;
Mama dehe gudaakesha yachchaanyad drashtumicchasi.

Now behold, O Arjuna, in this, My body, the whole universe centred in the one—
including the moving and the unmoving—and whatever else thou desirest to see!


In this shloka also Lord Krishna asks Arjuna to maintain the same level of attention that he maintained in the previous shloka also where He explained about the form and various colours and shapes of His cosmic being. In this shloka He continues to talk more about the same. He talks about His body which is embedded inside the cosmic form and says that His body has the whole Universe centred in it, with all the moving and unmoving objects. This body of the Lord also has everything that Arjuna desired to see.

Extending Interpretation to Mankind’s Life!

Here we shall try to understand the “body” of the Lord. When we talk about the body, we think of the human body which is made of flesh and blood and has different organs like brain, heart, lever, lungs, kidneys etc present to keep the body alive. What does the Cosmic form or the Vishwaroopam of Lord Sri Maha Vishnu, has in it? It has the whole Universe embedded in it. It is all encompassing and has the power to accommodate everything in it. All the movable and immovable beings and everything that one can see o wish to see are embedded inside His body. 
But the question is, how would anyone see it, when the entire universe is inside the Lord? That is why Arjuna asks the Lord to show him the cosmic form. In order to see that Arjuna is bestowed by special sight or Divya drushti, which temporarily dissociates Arjuna from the Universe, changes his focal point of vision, makes him an outside viewer to see the cosmic form of the Lord. That is why the Cosmic form of Lord is only visible to Arjuna and to no one else, though everyone were present there, waiting for the war to begin.

Chapter 11 Vishwaroopa Darshana Yoga Verse 3

Chapter 11 Vishwaroopa Darshana Yoga Verse 3

Pashya me paartha roopaani shatasho’tha sahasrashah;
Naanaavidhaani divyaani naanaavarnaakriteeni cha.

The Blessed Lord said:
Behold, O Arjuna, My forms by the hundreds and thousands,
of different sorts, divine and of various colors and shapes!


Lord Krishna in this shloka starts to reply to the request of Arjuna, where he requests to show the Lord’s cosmic form. He starts His statement by telling Arjuna to hold himself tight because the forms of the Lord are in many hundreds and thousands which are impossible for a man to see and visualize. He then goes on to tell that His cosmic form is of different sorts and extremely divine. Finally, He also tells Arjuna that His cosmic colors are something that comes in various colors and various shapes and it takes total attention of Arjuna to adjust Himself to His cosmic form.

Extending Interpretation to Mankind’s Life!

This is one of the first and basic forms of information we are getting about the Vishwaroopam of Lord Vishnu. Here am mentioning Lord Vishnu because the form is of His. Lord Krishna is just an avataara. For a person of this generation, who didn’t watch Mahabharat on Television, the imagination of the cosmic form of God is something that was described in the interpretation. The basic thing that one needs to understand here is it is impossible to see the Lord in His true cosmic form as it never exists in a singular way.
For you to imagine, let me put it this way. It is something that you see in thousands of forms all surrounding you, there is no limit to which Lord’s form can end. It just keeps continuing as far as your eyesight goes. It also just doesn’t appear in one sort but you can see that in different sorts and some of the sorts are beyond your imagination. God is beyond shape, as every shape is a creation of God and as a result, in His true cosmic form you can see him in different shapes and colors. These are the colors which are visible to you and even the colors which you can never see. Such is the divine cosmic form of the Lord.

Bhagavadgita Chapter 11 Vishwaroopa Darshana Yoga Verse 2

Chapter 11 Vishwaroopa Darshana Yoga Verse 2


Evametadyathaattha twamaatmaanam parameshwara;

Drashtumicchaami te roopamaishwaram purushottama.


Now, O Supreme Lord, as Thou hast thus described Thyself,

O Supreme Person, I wish to see Thy Divine Form!


This shloka follows up the previous shloka where Arjuna had surrendered himself to the divine glories of Lord Krishna. In this shloka also Arjuna continues the same tone and tells that Lord Krishna, step by step had narrated about the greatness of Himself in entirety. Arjuna also prays with divinity to Lord Krishna and calls him the Supreme Lord and a Supreme person. He then goes on to request Lord Krishna to show him the Divine form of the Lord, which we also call as “Vishwaroopam”.

Extending Interpretation to Mankind’s Life!

There is an important point that one needs to understand here and that is about the divine form of Lord. What exactly is the divine form? Will only a God like Lord Krishna should have it? But if Lord Krishna is a God then why is He appearing in human form to Arjuna? Is Lord Krishna a God or a human? One needs to understand that Lord Krishna is an Avatara of Lord Vishnu. Krishna is in the human form. Man is a creation of God and thus God can come in the form of a human and that happens once in a yuga. In treyta yuga God came in the form of Rama and in the Dwapara Yuga He came in the form of Krishna.

Even at the end of Kali Yug also God will come in a human form to liberate people and show them the right path. It will again be in the human form, which is considered to be highest and the most evolved form in all the species. Everyone is waiting for the God to come again at the end of Kaliyug which is just few years away to show us the path. Arjuna here wants to see the real form of the Lord who is behind this human form that He has taken. So, Arjuna requests Lord Krishna to show him the Lord’s divine form, which is what every bhakt would ask his master. Let’s see what Lord Krishna says.

Bhagavadgita Chapter 10 Vibhuti Vistara Yoga Verse 34

Chapter 10 Vibhuti Vistara Yoga Verse 34

Hari Om Tat SatIti Srimad Bhagavadgeetaasoopanishatsu Brahmavidyaayaam Yogashaastre

Sri Krishnaarjunasamvaade Vibhootiyogo Naama Dashamo’dhyaayah


Thus in the Upanishads of the glorious Bhagavad Gita, the science of the Eternal, the scripture of Yoga,

the dialogue between Sri Krishna and Arjuna, ends the tenth discourse entitled: “The Yoga of the Divine Glories”


This is the last shloka of Vibhuti Vistara Yoga, after talking about He being the seed of all beings in this World. Thus Lord says that with this, His explanation of the Upanishad of Bhagavad Gita, which is the science of Eternal and the greatest scripture of Yoga a chapter of it finally comes to an end. This chapter has seen a dialogue between Sri Krishna and Arjuna on the “Yoga of Divine glories” where Lord describes to Arjuna in full extend His divine glories.

Extending Interpretation to Mankind’s Life!

Today, an elderly man reading the entire chapter asked me a question, Why should Lord Krishna has to talk so much about His divine glories when we all know that everything in this World is God? A very pertinent question that sums up this Vibhuti Vistara Yoga. Gita is for not just Arjuna. If it was only for Him, many things narrated here are not required. It is for the sea of humanity that is going to read this even after thousands of years after it being delivered. In short, Gita has no life span nor an expiry.

Every Yuga has its own things that match up and that can be related to. When you are living in forests away from humanity, all that you can relate to are forests and mountains like Meru. Comparison with them is apt for those people living in those times. Today when we are living in a world where rain fury, floods, draught etc are an issue, comparing Himself to God of rain makes a lot of sense. In this sense, Gita is timeless and relevant to all the times. Thus this glorious chapter of Vibhuti Vistara Yoga comes to an end and a new chapter starts from tomorrow. Lets welcome it…..

Bhagavadgita Chapter 10 Vibhuti Vistara Yoga Verse 33

Chapter 10 Vibhuti Vistara Yoga Verse 33

Yachchaapi sarvabhootaanaam beejam tadahamarjuna;

Na tadasti vinaa yatsyaanmayaa bhootam charaacharam.


And whatever is the seed of all beings, that also am I, O Arjuna!

There is no being, whether moving or unmoving, that can exist without Me.


In this shloka Lord Krishna finally ends His comparison that went on for almost 20 shlokas to various beings and elements of nature apart from comparing to the characteristics of different entities. Finally He concludes by saying that the seed that one sees in all beings, He is also comparing Himself to that. As a concluding statement to this shloka Lord says that there is nothing in this Universe whether moving or unmoving, that exists without the existence of the Lord in it.

Extending Interpretation to Mankind’s Life!

Many of us have the inclination or an urge to talk, comment and judge about God and His being, with a limited knowledge on what He actually is. Some people who are experts in their fields, unknowingly tend to extend their expertise on the issues relating to God without knowing His enormous presence on ever aspect. For example if you are a good economist, it doesn’t make you a good analyst on God. Understanding God requires understanding of all disciplines and how they work. The logic here is simple. God is the seed of all beings and all entities and you can’t understand Him till you understand how those entities and beings operate.

To know about God, you have to know mathematics, you have to know medicine, you have to know monsoons and you have to know music. You have to be philosophical, you should know the psychology of beings, you should know physics and you should be a poet at heart. God says that there is no being or an entity in this world that exist without Him. So the subtle point here is know about those beings and entities then you get to know God. Getting to know God is an endless quest that goes into to multiple births. So, dont jump and give your conclusions.

Bhagavadgita Chapter 10 Vibhuti Vistara Yoga Verse 31

Chapter 10 Vibhuti Vistara Yoga Verse 31

Dyootam cchalayataamasmi tejastejaswinaamaham;

Jayo’smi vyavasaayo’smi sattwam sattwavataamaham.


I am the gambling of the fraudulent; I am the splendour of the splendid;

I am victory; Iam determination of those who are determined; I am the goodness of the good.


In this shloka Lord Krishna compares Himself to the nature that different individuals possess and various activities that they do. He says that He is the gambling of the fraudulent. That means He is the most addictive activity of the person who commits frauds, ie gambling. Then he goes on to compare Himself to the splendour of a splendid person. He also says that He is the victory and He is also the determination of the people who are determined. Finally He goes on to compare Himself to the good nature or goodness of a good person.

Extending Interpretation to Mankind’s Life!

Can Lord be compared to gambling, which is considered as a bad and unacceptable activity? When there are fraudulent people in this world and if they are also the creation of God, then there is no reason why God can’t be compared to the activities that these people do. Of the various methods of de-frauding others, Lord compares Himself to gambling, which is also called dice-play. Gambling is also the manifestation of God. A person who gambles bets on things which doesn’t have a set method or a process and is based on luck and chance. Such people to increase their chances, adopt methods that are fraudulent and become experts in cheating others.

Here Lord was indirectly referring to the game of dice that even a person like Yudhistir couldn’t stay away from. Kauravas led by Shankni have used the fraudulent method of playing the dice game and made Pandavas lose everything, including Draupadi and the battle field in which Lord Krishna is educating Arjuna on Gita is the result of that fraudulent dice game. The opposite nature of the fraudulent is the splendour and people who have them are splendid. Splendid in English means excellent and glorious and splendour means glory. Lord here is the glory. The other things like determination and goodness are self-explanatory and need not require to be explained in detail.

Bhagavadgita Chapter 10 Vibhuti Vistara Yoga Verse 29

Chapter 10 Vibhuti Vistara Yoga Verse 29

Mrityuh sarvaharashchaaham udbhavashcha bhavishyataam;

Keertih shreervaakcha naareenaam smritirmedhaadhritih kshamaa.


And I am all-devouring death, and prosperity of those who are to be prosperous;

among feminine qualities I am fame, prosperity, speech, memory, intelligence, firmness and forgiveness.


In this shloka, Lord Krishna is comparing Himself to certain abstract things. He compares Himself to death first. After that He goes on to compare Himself to the prosperity of the people who are prosperous. Then He goes to explain the feminine qualities where He says that He is the fame, which also means popularity. He also says that He is the prosperity and then goes on to say that the Lord Himself is the speech and the memory in an individual. He is also the intelligence, firmness and the forgiveness of an individual.

Extending Interpretation to Mankind’s Life!

What is all devouring death? Devouring means consuming or eating. Death consumes everything. It is an end of everything that comes once but takes away everything. Death consumes everything in us, our ambitions, ego, knowledge, pride, affection, care, love and the list is endless. And Lord compares Himself to Death, He is comparing Himself to the most powerful thing that can remove every other thing in just a moment. Prosperity is opposite to death. If death consumes everything, prosperity bestows everything. In that way, both are God and there is God in both.

What are feminine qualities? These are the qualities that are desired in a women. The first three are the external qualities that are visible while the other four are internal in nature. Every women should possess them. A lady with a fame can take care of everyone around her and can manage every relationship that she has with different individuals. Prosperity talks about how a lady manages her household. A housed is prosperous only because of the lady and the way she manages the money earned by her husband. The third external quality is the speech. The way she speaks and deals with the people around helps in bringing harmony and peace to the surroundings.

The rest of the four qualities are internal in nature which helps her to deal with the things on day to day basis. Apart from this there are masculine qualities also, but they are linked more to the physical attributes than the ones involving mind. Thus masculine qualities are more physical in nature while the feminine are more artistic and mental. Lord compares Himself to the feminine qualities as possessing them is considered to be more valuable in the society as these qualities help in building the personality of an individual in a more structured way.