Tag Archives: qualities

Bhagavadgita Chapter 16 Daivasura Sampad Vibhaga Yoga Verse 19

Chapter 16 Daivasura Sampad Vibhaga Yoga Verse 19
Taanaham dwishatah krooraan samsaareshu naraadhamaan;
Kshipaamyajasram ashubhaan aasureeshweva yonishu.
These cruel haters, the worst among men in the world,—
I hurl all these evil-doers forever into the wombs of demons only.
Interpretation

After talking about the actions committed by the demonic people in the previous shlokas Lord Krishna in this shloka is talking about the punishment that He would want to give to those people. Lord is seen getting unusually angry here. He says that these people are cruel in nature and hate everyone around them and He calls them the worst men among the people in this world. Then in the second part of the shloka Lord talks about the punishment that He is giving to those people. He says that He is going to throw those dirty evil doers forever into the wombs of the demons.

Extending Interpretation to Mankind’s Life!

How can Lord be so cruel to throw someone forever into the wombs of the demons? This is what you might be thinking when you are reading the interpretation of the shloka. It would have also arisen a sense of fear in you. Anger is an emotion that needs to used only to restore order and God is using that emotion to restore the order here. Anger results in punishment and any punishment with a purpose always yields a positive outcome. But the next question is, what positive outcome will throwing an evil doer into demonic world can do? What change can it bring to him?

Excess of anything is dangerous and when a person leads a demonic life every minute enjoying the world and getting the sensual pleasures of it, there comes a stage when his mind and body will say enough is enough, how much more will I enjoy! That is when the soul wakes up and makes his senses do something for the pleasure of the soul. It could be reading Ramayan or listening to a discourse of a learned person. That is when the soul inside gets awakened and makes the mind feel miserable for all those sins that a person has committed over a period of many births. There is no bigger repentance than realising their own sins and feeling bad about them.
The real meaning of Lord when He says that He will throw these people into the wombs of demons means, He is going to give them all the comforts that they need to satisfy their ugly urges. That is why you might be seeing rich people getting more money and they enjoy more and more. God gives them everything and they enjoy unlimited till the point of realization. All things have to come to end somewhere and when his enjoyment also ends, he then realises how much he lost in that false sense of enjoyment. That feeling is required for self transformation and like I said before, every punishment has something good hidden in it, this also has the secret of realization hidden in it. 

Bhagavadgita Chapter 16 Daivasura Sampad Vibhaga Yoga Verse 17

Chapter 16 Daivasura Sampad Vibhaga Yoga Verse 17
Aatmasambhaavitaah stabdhaa dhanamaanamadaanvitaah;
Yajante naamayajnaiste dambhenaavidhipoorvakam.
Self-conceited, stubborn, filled with the intoxication and pride of wealth, 
they perform sacrifices in name, through ostentation, contrary to scriptural ordinances.
Interpretation

Lord Krishna in this shloka is talking about the practices that people who have demonical tendencies follow. He says that these demonical people who are self-conceited which means who over estimates their abilities, stubborn which means those who are adamant on what they should do, are filled with the pride of wealth. They are so much into this pride of wealth that they cant see anything around them. In the next part of the shloka Lord Krishna talks about how they perform the rituals. He says that they perform the necessary sacrifices only in the name but not in the manner in which it should be performed as prescribed in the scriptures. 

Extending Interpretation to Mankind’s Life!

Today am going to introduce you to a person who is a classic example of demonical nature. He is rich, he is proud of his achievements and he wants everyone around him to praise him for the wealth he holds. He gives money to those people who lick his boots and listen to his words without any resistance. He gives money to those who constantly heap praises on him. Then when there is a celebration at his home, be it a marriage or a birthday or any other function, he makes it a big pomp and show by calling everyone around and showing off all his wealth by performing that function in a very grand scale. I am sure you would have seen such people around you.

Then there is one more dimension to him. He performs pujas, yajnas and other rituals at home. Though, you would see that all of them are happening to God, he makes it sound as if he is doing it all for himself. He does a satyanarayana puja at home. He cant even pronounce a sentence of the shloka but he will employ priests who would utter them and shower money on Lord in the form of ornaments and also on people who come to that function in the form of gifts. Just think for a minute. Is it what was prescribed in scriptures? Why should one do rituals and sacrifices? Most of them are for the penance and for the love that we have for the God.
But in today’s world, everything has become a show off. Our celebration of festivals has become a show off, our going to temple has become a showoff, our doing pujas and yajnas at home has also become a showoff. We also do these rituals and sacrifices, expecting something in return from God. We prepare ornaments to God and gift Him for the success we get or in anticipation of that success. Our mind should understand one thing- God doesnt need any of this. All He needs is a sincere expression of love and faith towards Him and worship Him equally at all times, whether He gives you good or gives you bad, whether He fulfils your wishes or doesnt fulfil them. 

Bhagavadgita Chapter 16 Daivasura Sampad Vibhaga Yoga Verse 15

Chapter 16 Daivasura Sampad Vibhaga Yoga Verse 15

Aadhyo’bhijanavaanasmi ko’nyosti sadrisho mayaa; Yakshye daasyaami modishye ityajnaanavimohitaah.

“I am rich and born in a noble family. Who else is equal to me? I will sacrifice. I will give charity. I will rejoice,” —thus, deluded by ignorance,

Interpretation

This shloka will see Lord telling few more things about the demonic natured people. He starts the shloka by mentioning about a rich person who is born in a noble family. He is proud of his birth in that family and thinks that nobody can be equated to him and he is above everyone in everything that he does. He also starts feeling that he can give sacrifices to any other noble person. He also feels that he will give money to poor and needy in his name and that would, in turn, bring popularity to him. This is nothing but ignorance and illusion says, Lord Krishna. 

Extending Interpretation to Mankind’s Life!

How can a person born in a rich and noble family be demonic in nature? As we have already discussed in the previous chapters, the soul decides to make an entry into the body through its own assessment and without using any senses. So, there can be situations where the soul does make an entry into the wrong womb. Thus you will have a Tamasic person born to a Sattvik father. If that family is noble, he is one person who doesn’t suit to the family, but he demands respect and attention from that family. Instead of learning good things from the family, he will learn things only to use it for the purpose of earning money.

Example for such people is those who do learn Vedic Astrology from the family but end up commercializing it for the sake of earning. They make it into a big business. Second is about giving charity. Charity is usually given as a part of a ritual, but many people give that for their own name, fame and their enjoyment. You would be seeing people organizing lunch in the honour of a politician or a businessman. On whose name it is done? It is done only in the name of that person only but not God. In this world all humans are equal and worship is something that needs to be done only to God. Demonic minds forget this and want people to worship them.

Bhagavadgita Chapter 16 Daivasura Sampad Vibhaga Yoga Verse 14

Chapter 16 Daivasura Sampad Vibhaga Yoga Verse 14

Asau mayaa hatah shatrur hanishye chaaparaanapi; Eeshwaro’hamaham bhogee siddho’ham balavaan sukhee.

“That enemy has been slain by me and others also I shall slay. I am the Lord; I enjoy; I am perfect, powerful and happy”.

Interpretation

After talking about materialistic things and the wealth that a person has gained, Lord Krishna in this shloka talks about a few more things that a person in demonic nature does. If a demonic person defeats or kills an enemy, he says I did it to him, now I will do it to everyone who opposes me. A sense of pride gets into him. With that proud feeling, he will start calling himself the Lord. He will say that my job is only to enjoy because I have defeated all my enemies. He also will start seeing himself to be perfect, powerful and both these qualities will make him happy, says Lord Krishna.

Extending Interpretation to Mankind’s Life!

99 out 100 people who were Kings in the previous time and rulers in the present time, all have these qualities described above. For the sake of power and wealth, Kings used to attack other kingdoms and the winner who wins the war loots the whole wealth of that kingdom and also kills the defeated King. Throughout the World we have seen numerous battles like this for power and position. In fact, Arjuna raised this fundamental question at the beginning of Gita itself to Lord Krishna. Lord Krishna then differentiates this fight which is fought in the name of Dharma to the other fights, where the aim is power. 

If you see the rulers of today, who we call as politicians, many of them are corrupt and we have the least faith in them. If you feel that today’s rulers don’t do criminal acts, then you should know that at the panchayat and Zilla Parishad level more than two thirds of the elected have criminal records and even if we look at the highest body like Lok Sabha, the present Lok Sabha has 36% of its MLAs facing criminal trials. Times change but people don’t. A person with demonic nature always have a feeling to finish his enemies and enjoy their power and wealth and that only gives him happiness. 

Bhagavadgita Chapter 16 Daivasura Sampad Vibhaga Yoga Verse 8

Chapter 16 Daivasura Sampad Vibhaga Yoga Verse 8

Asatyamapratishtham te jagadaahuraneeshwaram;
Aparasparasambhootam kimanyat kaamahaitukam.

They say: “This universe is without truth, without a moral basis, without a God, brought about by a mutual union, with lust for its cause; what else?”

Interpretation

The focus of this shloka is on the lack of morals and uncontrollable lust for power and sex that people of demonic nature long for. Lord here directly talks about the intent of these people. He says that for the demonic people the whole universe is without the truth nor any morals or without a God. A person thinks that all these are a waste of time and doesn’t believe in any of these. Apart from that these people only believe in the union of lust, which is nothing but improper sexual conduct and that is mainly driven by the senses that act on them. 

Extending Interpretation to Mankind’s Life!

What is the difference between humans and animals? The answer is morals, ethics, adherence to truth and control over lust. When the World was born it was without any of these qualities and as the human being evolved from the other animals, he got the power of thinking and the ability to decide right and wrong. That gave rise to morals which acted as a code of conduct for right kind of living. Another dimension is the control of one’s lust. Animals have no control over them, but humans have developed control over the lust and to legitimise the relationship between man and woman they have created an institution called marriage. 

A person who is demonic in nature is just like an animal, having least faith in any of these things. He doesn’t believe in morals and does what benefits him the most. Let’s look at a bandit who kills people for money! Will he ever think that a life of a person is more precious than the wealth he is going to get? Not only that every crime that is committed, be it rape or robbery or cheating is all because of the absence of morals. Having sexual relations with random people is also one amongst them where the person can never control his urges. Developing illicit relationships leads to moral degradation and that is how a person who is under the influence of demonic nature lives.

Bhagavadgita Chapter 16 Daivasura Sampad Vibhaga Yoga Verse 7

Chapter 16 Daivasura Sampad Vibhaga Yoga Verse 7

Pravrittim cha nivrittim cha janaa na viduraasuraah;Na shaucham naapi chaachaaro na satyam teshu vidyate.

The demoniacal know not what to do and what to refrain from; neither purity nor right conduct nor truth is found in them.

Interpretation

This shloka starts off with Lord Krishna explaining the nature of the demoniacal guna in an individual. Lord says that the demoniacal nature in an individual is where the person will not be able to differentiate between what to do and what to refrain from. He loses that ability to stay away from doing certain things which are never considered good. Apart from that, Lord also says that the person with demoniacal nature has neither the purity of thoughts in him nor the right kind of conduct coming out of those thoughts. Finally, all this leads to the situation where the person has no truth found in him or any of the actions that he does.

Extending Interpretation to Mankind’s Life!

There is something that stops us from doing certain things. What is that? It is our ethical and moral values. Let’s take a businessman as an example to understand this. In business manipulation, arm twisting of enemies is something that is permissible to an extent and every businessman has his code of conduct which he would never try to violate. But there are some businessmen who would not hesitate to do anything for the sake of money or power. If a businessman feels that he can violate every rule to finish competition he is considered to be ruthless and he will not refrain from doing anything. It even includes taking away the life of an individual or finishing him off by trapping him through unlawful means.

Demonic nature exists in every individual and that is inversely proportional to purity, right conduct and truth. When you are pure, you are true to yourself and that stops you from doing many things. Thus you will follow the right conduct in everything that you do. Doing business with right conduct might not give you many profits but what is the use of profits that one acquires at the cost of other’s reputation and character? The World is filled with people who are demoniacal in nature and the lack of immediate punishment for their acts encourages them to tread this path. They forget the fact that just because God is allowing them to tread that path doesn‘t mean He is supporting their actions. One day or the other everyone has to face the consequences of their actions. 

Bhagavadgita Chapter 16 Daivasura Sampad Vibhaga Yoga Verse 6

Chapter 16 Daivasura Sampad Vibhaga Yoga Verse 6

Dwau bhootasargau loke’smin daiva aasura eva cha;
Daivo vistarashah proktah aasuram paartha me shrinu.

There are two types of beings in this world—the divine and the demoniacal; the divine has been described at length; hear from Me, O Arjuna, of the demoniacal!

Interpretation

After explaining in detail about the purpose of divine and demonic natures, Lord Krishna in this shloka wants to focus more on demonic nature, as it exists everywhere in this World. He starts off the shloka by saying that the entire world is divided into two types of being. One type is those who believe in daivic qualities and inculcate in themselves and they are called as divine. The other type is those who live in status quo and constantly suffer in the cycles of birth and death and they are called as demonical. Lord says that the divine has been explained by Him at length and now is the time for Him to focus on demonical.

Extending Interpretation to Mankind’s Life!

In the previous shlokas, I have described the existence of good and evil in every individual. Progress in life is all about getting rid of bad qualities or demonic qualities in you and inculcating the good or daivic qualities. First time we are talking about bad and good. Before we always used to measure the bad and good with respect to one’s dharma. Any action which is in sync with the person’s dharma is good quality and anything which is not in sync is bad quality. Now we are moving a bit away from individualistic good and bad and looking at society and how a person’s actions influence the society that he is living in. 

A good act committed by a sinner who is serving imprisonment in jail can have a good impact on the people around him. This is where the importance of doing good and its impact on the people around us is measured. Way back in Satya Yuga which was during the ending period of last ice age, everything that people did was good and there is nothing called bad. People who did bad acts existed but they existed in a different plane which is totally invisible to our planes. Here I would like to draw your reference to millions of microbes that live around us in a plane that is invisible to us. Likewise, people who did bad acts were living in a different plane in Satya Yuga.

Things started to change with Treyta yuga where they lived on the same planet. So, Treyta yuga was the time when good people and bad people lived on the same planet and same plane. The example is how Manthara who was a dasi of queen Kaikeyi was able to influence her mind to make queen’s son Bharata as the King of Ayodhya. Then we had Dwapara Yuga where good and bad people lived in the same family. The classic example is the Kuru clan where Kauravas and Pandavas though belong to the same family had good and bad in them. Then we have Kaliyug now, where good and bad exists inside the same person. Lord Krishna will now talk about the demonic or bad qualities in a person.

Bhagavadgita Chapter 16 Daivasura Sampad Vibhaga Yoga Verse 5

Chapter 16 Daivasura Sampad Vibhaga Yoga Verse 5

Daivee sampadvimokshaaya nibandhaayaasuree mataa;
Maa shuchah sampadam daiveem abhijaato’si paandava.

The divine nature is deemed for liberation and the demoniacal for bondage. Grieve not, O Arjuna, for thou art born with divine properties!

Interpretation

After talking about the demonic qualities like Hypocrisy and self-conceit in an individual, Lord Krishna in this shloka talks about the purpose of the divine and demonic nature. He says that Divine nature in an individual is said to be only for the sake of his liberation from this World. The demonic nature in an individual is for bondage and suffering that a person has to go through in this World. After telling the purpose of both natures to Arjuna, Lord Krishna tells Arjuna not to feel sad. Lord assures Arjuna that he possesses all the divine properties, so he need not worry about the bondage.

Extending Interpretation to Mankind’s Life!

When one gets to hear both the divine and demonic qualities, it is quite natural that the person worries about the kind of qualities that are present in him. When Lord Krishna tells Arjuna about them, naturally, Arjuna gets a dejected feeling. He feels as if he has some of the demonic qualities in him. That is when Lord has to assure him that he possesses divine qualities. But what really made Arjuna to think that he is demonic in nature? Its the Hypocrisy that worries many. The real meaning of what the Lord says is difficult to understand even today. Everybody has their own way of interpreting things and that leads to a very big question as to what exactly Lord was trying to communicate?

To walk the path of spirituality, what one needs to have is the trust on him and Him. Trust on him that he will never waver from the path shown by Him, and He will always show the path to him till he attains Him. This path takes him through the perils of bondage where the person on the way gets bonded to many things like wealth, fame, respect, recognition etc, forgetting the fact that He is waiting for him. The day he realises that the real purpose of him is to attain Him, then he leaves everything and starts to follow the path towards Him. Once that starts he frees himself from all the bondages and starts to see Him very clearly. 

Arjuna is also in this kind of dilemma. When Lord told him the daivic and demonic qualities, he started to recollect all those things that he had done all his life. His marriage to Draupadi, he entering into the room of Yudishtir when the latter was alone with Draupadi, Arjuna punishing himself by going on vanvaas as a penance and in the process getting married to subhadra by capturing her, he playing the game of dice with Kauravas and all related events flash in front of him. Naturally he gets worried. And as a wise person who believes that one can only learn from their mistakes Lord assures Arjuna not to get too worried and says that he was having the qualities that are required for a daivic person to attain salvation.

Bhagavadgita Chapter 16 Daivasura Sampad Vibhaga Yoga Verse 3

Chapter 16 Daivasura Sampad Vibhaga Yoga Verse 3

Tejah kshamaa dhritih shauchamadroho naatimaanitaa;Bhavanti sampadam daiveem abhijaatasya bhaarata.

Vigour, forgiveness, fortitude, purity, absence of hatred, absence of pride—these belong to one born in a divine state, O Arjuna!

Interpretation

This is the final part of the three part shloka where Lord Krishna is talking about the divine qualities of a person. In the third part Lord is focusing on vigor which is a very important quality needed for a person to get to divinity. Along with vigor the other qualities mentioned as forgiveness and fortitude. Fortitude talks about the ability of a person to show courage and stability in tough or painful situations. He then talks about the importance of purity of mind and the absence of hatred and the absence of pride in an individual. If a person holds all these qualities he will be in the divine state or attain divinity says Lord Krishna.

Extending Interpretation to Mankind’s Life!

The qualities mentioned here are very tough to inculcate in an individual. Fortitude is one such quality where an individual has to retain control of his emotions so that he can continue his tasks even when things go wrong. The absence of pride and hatred are the other two qualities. In any task one should approach it with no pride and hatred, Pride makes the task personal where the credit is taken by an individual and hatred makes a person vengeful and vengefulness is a demonic quality which will not make him divine. Thus in these three shlokas, Lord Krishna talks about the qualities required for an individual to be called as divine.