Tag Archives: Personality

Bhagavadgita Chapter 18 Moksha Sannyas Yoga Verse 36

Sukham twidaaneem trividham shrinu me bharatarshabha; Abhyaasaadramate yatra duhkhaantam cha nigacchati.

Now hear from Me, O Arjuna, of the threefold pleasure, in which one rejoices by practice and surely comes to the end of pain!
The last 7 shlokas were mainly concentrated on the effects of intellect and firmness on a person who has a sattwik, Rajasic and Tamasic nature. We have seen how a person with Tamasic nature uses his intellect and firmness and same is the case with Rajasic and Sattwik person. Now Lord is going to talk about pain and pleasure. He tell Arjuna to listen from Him, about the three fold pleasures in which one rejoices. The three fold pleasure is again the Sattwik, Rajasic and Tamasic pleasure. Lord implies here that the pleasure that people feel also is very much linked to the nature of themselves. So, everyone has their own way of rejoicing the pleasure to end the pain, which again depends on their nature. 
Extending Interpretation to Mankind’s Life!
Pain and pleasure are inseparable part of anybody’s life and existence. When in pain, everyone wants to come out of that pain and that can only happen when you seek a pleasure. What pleasure you seek is also important. When in immense pain, a person might take to alcohol to overcome that pain or he might read a book or pray to God to overcome that pain. Apart from all this the definition of pain itself needs to be looked into. Pain is sometimes necessary to understand the pleasure but not all pains are required to be borne by an individual. So, understanding pain and pleasure as well as how one tackles the pain and what kind of pleasure he seeks are all important and let us hear what Lord Krishna tells about these pleasures and how it alters the pain of an individual. 

Bhagavadgita Chapter 17 Shraddha Traya Vibhaga Yoga Verse 16

Chapter 17 Shraddha Traya Vibhaga Yoga Verse 16

Manahprasaadah saumyatwam maunamaatmavinigrahah; Bhaavasamshuddhirityetat tapo maanasamuchyate.

Serenity of mind, good-heartedness, purity of nature, self-control—this is called mental austerity.


After talking about the austerities of the body and austerity of the speech, Lord Krishna in this shloka is talking about the austerity of mind. The first aspect that He is touching upon is the serenity of mind. The mind can do many things and a disturbed mind can make many things worse, thus a serene or a calm mind can prevent such damages, and channelise in doing things that are productive. Then the Lord also talks about the good-heartedness and purity of nature which is required for someone to have a serene mind. Lastly, Lord mentions self-control as an important thing for mental austerity. Self-control can prevent many wrong things from occurring and a mind which has control on itself will automatically have a serene mind, a good heart and purity of nature.  

Extending Interpretation to Mankind’s Life!

The most important thing that one needs to understand here is self-control. There are many things that mind wants to do, it always runs behind things which you don’t have leaving things that are within your control. We also have a saying “The grass always appears greener on the other side” which directly means that something which you don’t have always appears attractive than a much superior thing you already have. This is where the self-control of a person comes into the picture. People get bored of things easily and want newer things and newer experiences, which also comes under the realm of self-control. So, how exactly one develops this self-control?

Satisfaction and having a realistic view of one’s abilities are very important for a person to have self-control. This is where it is linked to the serenity of mind, good-heartedness and purity of nature. Good heart thinks about others and is bestowed with the ability to do things selflessly. When someone comes to you for seeking advice, do you keep them in mind or do you keep yourself in mind, while advising them? If you want to be popular as a good adviser you will promote your interest and advise him, else you will not even allow your name to appear anywhere and advise him discretly. This requires a good heart and pure nature. When you do that it gives a lot of happiness to your mind. A person who goes in that direction keeps doing things that are selfless and that according to Lord Krishna is the serenity of mind. 

Bhagavadgita Chapter 17 Shraddha Traya Vibhaga Yoga Verse 13

Chapter 17 Shraddha Traya Vibhaga Yoga Verse 13

Vidhiheenam asrishtaannam mantraheenam adakshinam;Shraddhaavirahitam yajnam taamasam parichakshate.

They declare that sacrifice to be Tamasic which is contrary to the ordinances of the scriptures, in which no food is distributed, which is devoid of Mantras and gifts, and which is devoid of faith.


This shloka is concentrating on the Tamasic sacrifices that a person commits. We have already seen the Sattwik and the Rajasic sacrifices in the previous two shlokas. Lord in this shloka says that Tamasic people usually undertake sacrifices which are exactly opposite to the rules and regulations specified in the Vedic scriptures. They misinterpret what is said in the scriptures and that is the reason why they do the opposite of what is mentioned. There are three points that Lord talks here. One is the absence of any kind of alms, second is the absence of any kind of offering and Vedic chants and third is the absence of any kind of faith or belief in the sacrifices being performed by Tamasic people. 

Extending Interpretation to Mankind’s Life!

The major difference between Rajasic and Tamasic people is, Rajasic people depend on their own worth and doesn’t get into any rituals for accomplishing anything, but Tamasic people resort of all sorts of rituals that are either twisted or taken out of context and perform them to get the results. Anything that gives an instant result or benefit, a tamasic person doesn’t hesitate to do. Many categories of pujas and rituals which are linked to tantra, Vashikaran and Shanti pooja that is done for the benefit of the person comes under this tamasic category. Another type of ritual that is observed in many of the households which are tamasic in nature is “drishti” or “nazar utaarna” or remedy for an “evil eye cast”.

Many people believe that we fall ill or a work that is supposed to happen does not happen or you develop a dislike or hate for a particular food or set of activities because of this “drishti” or “evil eye”. In reality, there is no such thing called an evil eye. Karma theory propounds that we reap what we sow and many of the results that come are due to the result of acts that we committed in the past. Forgetting that we blame it on evil eye cast and we do remedies for that and transfer it out so that it goes to someone else! Am sure you would have seen lemons and vermilion thrown on the roads and you get scared to cross them. How can you even think that there will be rituals for transferring your bad luck to some other person? All these are the ills that a Tamasic person follows and unless he gets out of all this, he can never understand the plan of God and the law of Karma and its effects in one’s life. 

Bhagavadgita Chapter 17 Shraddha Traya Vibhaga Yoga Verse 5

Chapter 17 Shraddha Traya Vibhaga Yoga Verse 5

Ashaastravihitam ghoram tapyante ye tapo janaah;
Dambhaahamkaarasamyuktaah kaamaraagabalaanvitaah.

Those men who practise terrific austerities not enjoined by the scriptures,  given to hypocrisy and egoism, impelled by the force of lust and attachment,


This is a two-part shloka where Lord Krishna is talking about what is written in the scriptures and how people deviate from it and what happens to them. It’s a very important thing that Lord is talking where He says that there are people who practice austerities that are not prescribed in the scriptures. Austerities here means spending very little money and leading a very simple way of life. Lord then goes on to say that the real motive of these austerities is many times hypocrisy and egoism. The other possible reason could be that the person might also be doing that with a hidden agenda of lust and attachment. 

Extending Interpretation to Mankind’s Life!

Why do people go for austerities? The answer is simple. When they want something in life, they go on fasting, leaving luxuries in life so that God will be pleased by their attitude and bestow them with the things that they are aspiring for. The scriptures has always said that a person should lead a simple life to go closer to God and become dearer to Him. This is interpreted differently by different people.

Take the example of a business man who wants success and wealth in life. He would be advised by a priest that if he leads a simple life as prescribed in scriptures then he will become dearer to God. This person interprets that once he gets dearer to God, then God will give him everything that he wishes for.

Many people who practice austerities do this keeping in mind the ulterior benefits or motives. They are mostly hypocritical and egoistic. You need to see a person who is leading such life. Simple life comes with a very simple attitude but this person will show a lot of pomp even in this lifestyle. He celebrates his simplicity and gives an impression to people around him that he is such a devoted person to God that he can leave anything for the sake of God. Such people, Lord Krishna say will never be dearer to Him and will never get the wisdom that is required for moksha.

Bhagavadgita Chapter 16 Daivasura Sampad Vibhaga Yoga Verse 19

Chapter 16 Daivasura Sampad Vibhaga Yoga Verse 19
Taanaham dwishatah krooraan samsaareshu naraadhamaan;
Kshipaamyajasram ashubhaan aasureeshweva yonishu.
These cruel haters, the worst among men in the world,—
I hurl all these evil-doers forever into the wombs of demons only.

After talking about the actions committed by the demonic people in the previous shlokas Lord Krishna in this shloka is talking about the punishment that He would want to give to those people. Lord is seen getting unusually angry here. He says that these people are cruel in nature and hate everyone around them and He calls them the worst men among the people in this world. Then in the second part of the shloka Lord talks about the punishment that He is giving to those people. He says that He is going to throw those dirty evil doers forever into the wombs of the demons.

Extending Interpretation to Mankind’s Life!

How can Lord be so cruel to throw someone forever into the wombs of the demons? This is what you might be thinking when you are reading the interpretation of the shloka. It would have also arisen a sense of fear in you. Anger is an emotion that needs to used only to restore order and God is using that emotion to restore the order here. Anger results in punishment and any punishment with a purpose always yields a positive outcome. But the next question is, what positive outcome will throwing an evil doer into demonic world can do? What change can it bring to him?

Excess of anything is dangerous and when a person leads a demonic life every minute enjoying the world and getting the sensual pleasures of it, there comes a stage when his mind and body will say enough is enough, how much more will I enjoy! That is when the soul wakes up and makes his senses do something for the pleasure of the soul. It could be reading Ramayan or listening to a discourse of a learned person. That is when the soul inside gets awakened and makes the mind feel miserable for all those sins that a person has committed over a period of many births. There is no bigger repentance than realising their own sins and feeling bad about them.
The real meaning of Lord when He says that He will throw these people into the wombs of demons means, He is going to give them all the comforts that they need to satisfy their ugly urges. That is why you might be seeing rich people getting more money and they enjoy more and more. God gives them everything and they enjoy unlimited till the point of realization. All things have to come to end somewhere and when his enjoyment also ends, he then realises how much he lost in that false sense of enjoyment. That feeling is required for self transformation and like I said before, every punishment has something good hidden in it, this also has the secret of realization hidden in it. 

Bhagavadgita Chapter 16 Daivasura Sampad Vibhaga Yoga Verse 18

Chapter 16 Daivasura Sampad Vibhaga Yoga Verse 18

Ahankaaram balam darpam kaamam krodham cha samshritaah;
Maamaatmaparadeheshu pradwishanto’bhyasooyakaah.

Given over to egoism, power, haughtiness, lust and anger, 
these malicious people hate Me in their own bodies and those of others.


This shloka talks about the behaviour of the demonical people towards their own creator. In the last shloka talked about how they go against the scriptures to promote their own benefits. This shloka Lord talks about how these people who tend to submit themselves to the egoism coupled with the feeling of unlimited power. He talks about haughtiness which is a tendency of a person to be arrogantly superior and also about the lust and anger that takes over an individual. On acquiring all these qualities a person becomes so malicious and harmful in nature that they start talking bad things about God to themselves as well as to the others. 

Extending Interpretation to Mankind’s Life!

When you see an atheist what is the first thought that would come to your mind? You would say, it’s his life, let him lead the way he wants to. What will he do? Will he allow you to lead the way you want to? He makes fun of you for believing in idols and going to temples and he says I just believe in my hard work and I don’t need any God to support me. At some corner, you might think that he is right. If you are a 12-year-old boy listening to these words, you will feel more attracted to him than towards words of God, soul, moksha and right path of life. Wrong things in this world can easily be attracted to and the wrong people will end up influencing more innocent people. This is where one needs to be careful of these demonical people.

How does a person reject the existence of God? It is because he has developed an ego which is much bigger than himself. He forgot the fact that there is a creator above who is responsible for giving every emotion to us, including the emotion of not believing in the Almighty. So, people around should be careful and should question themselves about their existence and about the existence of others. When you don’t know, you really don’t know. So, it is important for you to know the right things. The first thing is about the existence of God. Second is about He being the almighty and we are just the humble followers of him.

Demonic people preach about the non-existence of God. Just look around you and see, everything that you are getting, the source of it is coming from the God and the universe that He has created. Whatever food you eat, just see the source of it, whatever energy you are using, just see the source of it. Understand that we should never lose track of the roots from which we came. Our intelligence and our development is because of our hard work and innovation but who is responsible for giving those ideas of innovation? All around you, you will find the voice of God and that is something that demonic people can never see. Don’t fall prey to their words or their beliefs.

Bhagavadgita Chapter 16 Daivasura Sampad Vibhaga Yoga Verse 1

Chapter 16 Daivasura Sampad Vibhaga Yoga Verse 1

Sri Bhagavaan Uvaacha:
Abhayam sattwasamshuddhih jnaanayogavyavasthitih;
Daanam damashcha yajnashcha swaadhyaayastapa aarjavam.

The Blessed Lord said:
Fearlessness, purity of heart, steadfastness in Yoga and knowledge, alms-giving, control of the senses, sacrifice, the study of scriptures, austerity and straightforwardness….


This is the beginning of the 16th Chapter of Srimad Bhagavad Gita which is termed as “Daivasura Sampad Vibhaga Yoga” or “The Yoga of division between the Divine and Demonic”. This is a 3 part shloka where Lord Krishna is talking about the virtues of a person who has saintly qualities. The first part of the shloka talks about the qualities like fearlessness, purity of heart and steadfastness in Yoga and knowledge. Lord also says that the virtuous person has the quality of giving alms, he has control on all his senses, he has the ability to sacrifice, studies scriptures, maintaining simplicity and straightforwardness in the behaviour also as the qualities required for a person who has saintly virtues. 

Extending Interpretation to Mankind’s Life!

This Yoga is about the daivic and demonic qualities that an individual has on his personality. The challenge in attaining moksha is to one by one get rid of all the demonic qualities and replace them with daivic qualities. Daivic or saintly qualities are the pre-requisites for understanding the almighty. If we look at them, Fearlessness, purity of heart and steadfastness in Yoga and knowledge. He should not be afraid of speaking and standing up for truth, he should have a pure heart which is minus of ill-will for anyone and he should always be a seeker of knowledge. 

The second line of the verse talks about this person having control on all his senses and doesn’t get attracted by money or material wealth. He should have a sense of sacrifice where he is ready to give up everything to perform his dharma. Lord also talks about the person reading scriptures. Reading is a very important habit for seeking knowledge and nothing can substitute for reading. When you read something for the second time, the dimension you get of that will be different. The more and more we read the more and wiser one gets. That will make him to lead a simple life and that also installs the quality of being a straight forward person. 

Bhagavadgita Chapter 14 Guna Triya Vibhaga Yoga Verse 25

Chapter 14 Guna Triya Vibhaga Yoga Verse 25

Maam cha yo’vyabhichaarena bhaktiyogena sevate;Sa gunaan samateetyaitaan brahmabhooyaaya kalpate.

And he who serves Me with unswerving devotion, he, crossing beyond the qualities, is fit for becoming Brahman.


After talking about many of the external qualities that one should overcome in order to reach Brahman, Lord Krishna in this shloka talks about the qualities that one needs to posses in the person himself to become a Brahman. He talks about unswerving devotion. Unswerving devotion here means the attention that one has towards the Lord which is constant and which never changes. A person who serves the Lord with that unswerving mind and devotion, if he does that forgetting all the qualities of the three gunas of sattvik, Rajasik and Tamasic such a person alone can be deemed fit to become Brahman. 

Extending Interpretation to Mankind’s Life!

Can a human become a Brahman? Different religions answer it differently. There are religions which say that human and God are two different entities and whatever you do, you can never become the Brahman. They also categorizes people and say that some of them can become Prophets or Mahatmas but they can be never accorded the status of God. There are some other religions especially Hinduism which stresses a lot of emphasis on a human and says that a human when he acquires spirituality worth enough to be God then he can be accorded the status of God.

According to some schools of thought in Hinduism, Brahman and Atman are the same, and when Atman realizes Brahman, it merges into Brahman and thus becomes Brahman. The atman in the process loses its identity. So, if we follow these steps in the evolution of a human, a person who serves God with constant devotion towards Him, not thinking about any other things merges into Brahman. The other point is, what is the meaning of serving the God? Serving the God here means devoting himself to God through whatever actions you do. 

We do karmas till the time we are in this world. But many of our karmas are pre-defined. Like a Tamasic person does karmas for his pleasure, Rajasik person for power and Sattvik person for others and knowledge sake. But the one does Karmas in the name of God, even if they are not directly connected to worshiping God and does those actions with unswerving attention, not bringing anyone else in his mind, and not looking ant any pleasure or benefit for himself or for others, that person alone can realize God and can become Brahman, says Lord Krishna. 

Bhagavadgita Chapter 14 Guna Triya Vibhaga Yoga Verse 18

Chapter 14 Guna Triya Vibhaga Yoga Verse 18

Oordhwam gacchanti sattwasthaa madhye tishthanti raajasaah;Jaghanyagunavrittisthaa adho gacchanti taamasaah.

Those who are seated in Sattwa proceed upwards; the Rajasic dwell in the middle; and the Tamasic, abiding in the function of the lowest Guna, go downwards.


After explaining the nature of qualities that arise from Sattvik, Rajasik and Tamasic gunas Lord Krishna in this shloka is talking about the journey that people who follow these three gunas would make in their lives. He starts talking about the sattvik person first. He says that those people who are immersed in doing sattvik activities in their lives, tend to proceed upwards in their spirituality. Those who are engaged in the Rajasic activities tend to remain where they are in their spiritual endevour. Finally talking about the Tamasic nature he says that those who follow the tamasic nature because of it being the lowest guna go downwards in their spirituality.

Extending Interpretation to Mankind’s Life!

As we all know life is a journey. The journey of life is different for the body and the soul. For a body life is all about satisfying the needs and luxuries that it wants to satisfy. Like your eyes see a beautiful looking house and wants to own it, then your body works very hard to find out the ways and means through which you can acquire that. The same is the case with other luxuries and comforts that our body wants. The entire life of an individual goes in acquiring them and creating himself safety for situations, where your body is not capable of working hard to earn those comforts. This in short is the journey of body. 

The journey of soul is very different. It wants to increase its spirituality. It is in constant quest for understanding everything around it and sees them as the creation of God. It wants to know them, connect them and find the meaning of that connection which ultimately takes himself closer to the Almighty. A person also spends his life in understanding and fulfilling the needs of his soul and thus it becomes a journey of his life. In this journey he hardly pays any attention to the needs of the body and sacrifices his bodily needs to the needs of the soul. Thus the journey of life satisfying the needs of the body and the needs of the mind is quite different.

Now if we apply the above shloka into this context, a sattvik person listens to the voice of the soul in his journey by sacrificing the needs of the body, satisfy the needs of the soul. Thus his soul receives knowledge through his body and thus he starts going up spiritually. Compared to this a Rajasik person always puts the needs of the senses or the body ahead of the needs of the soul. Thus he earns lot of money and power but since his soul did not learn anything, spiritually it remains where it was. A tamasic person wastes all his time doing nothing and lives in ignorance. This attitude takes away whatever little he had learnt also and thus he starts to go down spiritually. Thus a Sattvik person has positive spirituality, Rajasik person neutral spirituality and a Tamasic person negative spirituality, which means he loses his existing spirituality also.