Chapter 18 Moksha Sannyas Yoga Verse 3
Tyaajyam doshavadityeke karma praahurmaneeshinah; Yajnadaanatapah karma na tyaajyamiti chaapare.
Some philosophers declare that all actions should be abandoned as an evil, while others declare that acts of gift, sacrifice and austerity should not be relinquished.
After talking about the view point of the sages and the wise men on their approach to Salvation, Lord Krishna in this shloka is talking about how philosophers differ in their view point of Moksha. He says that according to some philosophers all actions should be abandoned because they feel that most of the actions have desires in them which makes them evil. He then says that there is another group of philosophers who feel that actions that are directed at giving gifts to the people. performing various types of sacrifices and acts that are directed at a simple living need not be abandoned for attaining moksha.
Extending Interpretation to Mankind’s Life!
There is always a dilemma in every learned person’s mind as to what exactly is the right approach for salvation. Philosophers are those who have a rational approach to things related to theology and science. They don’t see science different from religion. Probably Einstein was the greatest philosopher that the world has seen last. The belief here is as to what kind of actions should be abandoned. Still, there are some philosophers who believe in abandoning all kinds of actions and live as a hermit to attain salvation. They feel that anything materialistic will divert the mind and makes a person move away from God. God can be there in one’s mind if nothing else is there in his mind and abandoning actions is the only way to make it possible.
Another school of thought mostly of scientific belief system who believe in continuing the acts of gifts, sacrifice and austerity. According to them, doing actions that are intended at satisfying self are more valuable than in-action. The question is what would one choose between abandoning everything and sitting in the mediation and in doing acts that are selflessly aimed. These philosophers strongly advise actions that are connected to austerity and sacrifice. Lets now see what Lord Krishna has to say on this.
Chapter 13 Kshetra-Kshetrajna Vibhaga Yoga Verse 25
Dhyaanenaatmani pashyanti kechidaatmaanamaatmanaa;
Anye saankhyena yogena karmayogena chaapare.
Some by meditation behold the Self in the Self by the Self,
others by the Yoga of knowledge, and others by the Yoga of action.
In this shloka Lord Krishna preaches how one can realise the supreme soul within oneself. In previous chapters also He has dealt with attaining of moksha through, worship, knowledge, meditation and by doing their work wholeheartedly. This shloka also talks about similar things even for realising the Supreme soul within us. How do we turn around and see the Paramatma within us? Lord Krishna says that some people do it through meditation and feel the supreme soul inside while others do it through the yoga of knowledge, which means by acquiring right kind of knowledge they realise the Paramatma within them. Some of them also do it by performing the right kind of actions.
Extending Interpretation to Mankind’s Life!
We all are creations of God and each one of us is different from other. In the same way we all have different ways of realizing the Supreme soul within us. There are people who remain silent and contemplate and realize the God within them. This contemplation process is called meditation. Meditation is silencing the whole world to listen to your inner voice. To see the paramatma in a person, if that person is taking the route of meditation, then he needs to concentrate on his mind by cutting off the influence of the senses. That is the only way through which he can realize the Supreme soul within himself.
The second way is through knowledge. According to Srimad Bhagavatam “True knowledge is that which helps us develop love for God. The fulfilment of Karma occurs when it is done for the pleasure of God”. So, the message is clear. Seek the knowledge that makes you feel closer to God. That happens only when you listen to the signs given by God for you to learn things. Knowledge according to vedas can be acquired by hearing to gurus and knowledgeable people, contemplating within yourself and developing a firm faith or belief on the information you acquired. Only if you have faith in the information it multiplies and helps you acquire more information which subsequently turns into knowledge and wisdom. The other way is to do actions in the name of God to attain salvation.