Tag Archives: Kurukshetra

Bhagavadgita Chapter 10 Vibhuti Vistara Yoga Verse 31

Chapter 10 Vibhuti Vistara Yoga Verse 31
Shloka

Dyootam cchalayataamasmi tejastejaswinaamaham;

Jayo’smi vyavasaayo’smi sattwam sattwavataamaham.

Translation

I am the gambling of the fraudulent; I am the splendour of the splendid;

I am victory; Iam determination of those who are determined; I am the goodness of the good.

Interpretation

In this shloka Lord Krishna compares Himself to the nature that different individuals possess and various activities that they do. He says that He is the gambling of the fraudulent. That means He is the most addictive activity of the person who commits frauds, ie gambling. Then he goes on to compare Himself to the splendour of a splendid person. He also says that He is the victory and He is also the determination of the people who are determined. Finally He goes on to compare Himself to the good nature or goodness of a good person.

Extending Interpretation to Mankind’s Life!

Can Lord be compared to gambling, which is considered as a bad and unacceptable activity? When there are fraudulent people in this world and if they are also the creation of God, then there is no reason why God can’t be compared to the activities that these people do. Of the various methods of de-frauding others, Lord compares Himself to gambling, which is also called dice-play. Gambling is also the manifestation of God. A person who gambles bets on things which doesn’t have a set method or a process and is based on luck and chance. Such people to increase their chances, adopt methods that are fraudulent and become experts in cheating others.

Here Lord was indirectly referring to the game of dice that even a person like Yudhistir couldn’t stay away from. Kauravas led by Shankni have used the fraudulent method of playing the dice game and made Pandavas lose everything, including Draupadi and the battle field in which Lord Krishna is educating Arjuna on Gita is the result of that fraudulent dice game. The opposite nature of the fraudulent is the splendour and people who have them are splendid. Splendid in English means excellent and glorious and splendour means glory. Lord here is the glory. The other things like determination and goodness are self-explanatory and need not require to be explained in detail.

Chapter 4 Sloka 2 Gnana Yoga – Bhagavadgita

Chapter 4 Gnana Yoga Verse 2

Sloka

Bahooni me vyateetaani janmaani tava chaarjuna;
Taanyaham veda sarvaani na twam vettha parantapa.

Translation

Many births of Mine have passed, as well as of thine, O Arjuna!
I know them all but thou knowest not, O Parantap

Interpretation

In this shloka Lord Krisha was talking about the generations through which He has passed this divine knowledge of Gnana yoga to Arjuna in his previous births. He says that many births of mine have passed and so also of yours, when in every birth I have taught you something and you have gained some wisdom from me. Lord Krishna being the God knows them all and remembers everything and being a human Arjuna doesn’t remember anything. That is the reason why Arjuna was not able to recollect anything that was taught in the previous lives.

Extending Interpretation to Mankind’s Life!

Who is a teacher? A teacher is someone who shows us light. There are so many teachers who touch our lives but many of them disappear with time but there will be one teacher in everyone’s life who remains etched in your mind for ever, as long as you live. That teacher could be the swamiji or guruji you follow. A teacher comes into everyone’s life and that teacher keeps coming again and again in many lives to take the person spiritually forward.

Have you ever thought why you connect to a swamiji or to a particular spiritual guru only. It is because our soul is used to hearing his sermons and automatically when that person comes infront of you, you get connected to him and start following him. The guru you follow depends on your spiritual elevation. A person with lower spiritual level gets attracted to teachings who is of that level only. That explains why Vivekananda chose a evolved soul like Ramakrishna Paramahamsa. Here, both the spiritual guru and the student wouldn’t know that they met in many lives because only God knows many births but a human remembers only this birth only.

Chapter 2, Verse 9 – Bhagavad Gita Sloka Meaning, Translation and Interpretation

Chapter 2, Verse 9 – Samkhya Yoga

“Nainam cchindanti shastraani nainam dahati paavakah;
Na chainam kledayantyaapo na shoshayati maarutah”.

Transaltion

“Weapons cut It not, fire burns It not, water wets It not, wind dries It not”.

Interpretation

In this sloka, Lord Krishna explains the secret of soul. He says that soul is one’s self and that one’s self is something that is partless. The soul is infinite and extremely subtle. Soul is so strong that the sword cannot cut It, fire cannot burn It, wind cannot dry It. Thus Lord Krishna explains to Arjuna the meaning and the secret of soul in this sloka.

Extending Interpretation to Mankind’s Life!

Do this small exercise. Just close your eyes, sit quietly composing your thoughts for a minute and then ask a question to yourself. Who am I? You will get an answer of what you are in this life!

You will say who you are with respect to the position you hold or the name that you have. This is just a part of what you are. Is this you? No. It is not. Then what are you? You are something that you dont even know. You are the past, you are the present and you are the future. What you know is just the present. You are infinite. You are something that cannot be cut into different compartments. Because each action of yours is the reaction of something else.

Why do people change suddenly. Its not because they change, it is because something from the past, interferes with their present, shaping the future. So, its a continuous thing that cannot be divided. Another aspect is, your body gets burnt and turns into ashes but your soul leaves the body much before that. Soul cannot be burnt or the wind can dry it away from life. soul exists every where in metaphysical form and that is the secret of soul.

“SARVE JANA SUKHINO BHAVANTU
SARVE SANTU NIRAAMAYA
SARVE BHADRANI PASHYANTU
MA KASCHITH DUKHA MAPNIYA”

“MAY ALL BECOME HAPPY,
MAY ALL BE FREE FROM ILLNESS,
MAY ALL SEE WHAT IS AUSPICIOUS,
MAY NO ONE SUFFER”

Chapter 2,Sloka 7 Meaning,Translation and Interpretation

Chapter 2, Verse 7 – Samkhya Yoga

“Maatraasparshaastu kaunteya sheetoshnasukhaduhkhadaah; 

Aagamaapaayino’nityaas taamstitikshaswa bhaarata”.

Translation

“The contacts of the senses with the objects, O son of Kunti, which cause heat and cold and pleasure and pain, have a beginning and an end; they are impermanent; endure them bravely, O Arjuna!”

Interpretation

After talking about the connection between the body and the soul, Lord Krishna continues to explain to Arjuna the characteristics of the body. He says that the body is linked to 5 senses of touch, taste, smell, hear and sight and the body gets all its responses through one of these five senses. He says that these 5 senses causes heat and cold to the body, it also feels the pain and pleasure. Like it was said in the previous sloka, the body has a definite beginning at the time of birth and a definite ending at the time of death. These 5 senses to which body is connected and the whole body itself in a way are just temporary. One has to win over the urges of these senses bravely is what Lord Krishna advises to Arjuna.

Extending the interpretation to Mankind’s Life!

Life is a journey of finite to infinite. What is finite in your life? Success is finite, failure is finite. Day is finite, night is finite. Happiness is finite, sadness is finite. Relationships are finite, emotions are finite. Life is filled with finites. Our body is finite. So, how should you see your life? We see it as finite. We run behind success, love, affection, money, material wealth etc which are all finite. We acquire all of them and we feel as if we have acquired infinite. We forget that nothing connected to body is infinite. The costliest house in the World, Antilla, owned by Mukesh Ambani is also finite. When he is no more, he wont take his antilla with him. We need to look at infinite for permanent happiness. What is that infinite? How do we acquire that? I will tell you tomorrow. Till then……

“SARVE JANA SUKHINO BHAVANTU
SARVE SANTU NIRAAMAYA
SARVE BHADRANI PASHYANTU
MA KASCHITH DUKHA MAPNIYA”
“MAY ALL BECOME HAPPY,
MAY ALL BE FREE FROM ILLNESS,
MAY ALL SEE WHAT IS AUSPICIOUS,
MAY NO ONE SUFFER”

Chapter 2, Sloka 6 – Bhagavadgita Meaning, Translation and Interpretation

Chapter 2, Verse 6 – Samkhya Yoga

Sloka

“Dehino’smin yathaa dehe kaumaaram yauvanam jaraa;
Tathaa dehaantara praaptir dheeras tatra na muhyati”.

Translation

“Just as in this body the embodied soul passes into childhood, youth and old age, so also does he pass into another body; the firm man does not grieve thereat”.

Interpretation

Continuing to talk about the grief and wise men, Lord Krishna tells Arjuna the following. Even today it has a highest place in our lives. Lord Krishna says that this body is that we possess today is like a cloth on our soul. Just as the new cloth gets older and finally becomes torn, the body also goes through childhood, youth, middle age, old age and finally exits out of the existing body and passes on to another body.

Extending interpretation to Mankind’s Life!

What is soul? What is a body? Are they same or separate? What is the relationship that exists between them. These are some of the questions that we usually ask and wonder about whenever we get philosophical. Lord Krishna here gives us a simple and straight forward answer. Soul is the light that is the guiding force and the base of our existence. Body is like a wrap. When you look at a person and wants to judge his personality, you need to look at his soul, not the body. That is why they call your life partner as your soul mate as you love that person beyond his physical appearances.

He emphasizes that body gets older as the time passes by but soul remains as it is. A beautiful soul remains beautiful at the age of 20 as well as at 60, where as the body looks attractive and youthful at 20 but old and ugly by 60!

This, Lord Krishna says is because body is like a cloth that we wear. Imagine, how many clothes you would have changed in your life time? It is because when we buy a cloth and wear it for the first time it looks new and attractive. As the time goes by it loses shine, color and finally gets torn. In the same way a person in his childhood and youth looks attractive but as he ages he loses his beauty, his vitality and appears ugly. Finally he dies and soul leaves his body and enters another body. This is the secret of life. Till tomorrow….

“SARVE JANA SUKHINO BHAVANTU
SARVE SANTU NIRAAMAYA
SARVE BHADRANI PASHYANTU
MA KASCHITH DUKHA MAPNIYA”

“MAY ALL BECOME HAPPY,
MAY ALL BE FREE FROM ILLNESS,
MAY ALL SEE WHAT IS AUSPICIOUS,
MAY NO ONE SUFFER”

Bhagavad Gita Sloka/Verse 6 – Meaning, Translation and Interpretation

Sloka/Verse 6 – Yoga Of Kurukshetra

Yadyapyete na pashyanti lobhopahatachetasah;
Kulakshayakritam dosham mitradrohe cha paatakam;
Katham na jneyam asmaabhih paapaad asmaan nivartitum;
Kulakshayakritam dosham prapashyadbhir janaardana.

Translation:

Though they, with intelligence overpowered by greed, see no evil in the destruction of families, and no sin in hostility to friends, Why should not we, who clearly see evil in the destruction of a family, learn to turn away from this sin, O Janardhana…

Interpretation

Arjuna continued to speak to Lord Krishna, expressing his anguish at the prospect of fighting a battle. Krishna was patiently listening, allowing Arjuna to put his thoughts out. Arjuna continued to express himself to Krishna and he says that Kauravas were taken over by greed and jealousy and committed all the crimes in lust for power and money. Kauravas couldn’t see sense and played a dirty game to destroy Pandavas. Will it make sense for Pandavas to repeat the same? Pandavas were much more evolved and understand the consequences of repeating the same act.

So as learned souls can we not turn away from the sin of killing the family and near and dear for the sake of Kingdom. Tell me O Krishna, why should we do the same thing that Kauravas did to us? Can we not turn away from such sin and stay away from all this? This is what Arjuna asks Lord Krishna in this sloka.

Extending Interpretation to Mankind’s life!

If someone whom you trusted back stabs you, what will you do? Will you teach him a lesson or forget and forgive thinking that he will face the consequences of all his actions and God will do that for you. This is a point where many people differ in their opinion. One set of people think that its God’s duty to punish those who sinned and it is our duty to forgive them, forget the incident and lead a pious life and refrain from committing any sin.

There is another set of people who believe that you are the “Karta”, “karma” and “kriya” and you are being mandated by the Almighty to carry out this act. God never comes directly to give justice. He chooses His subjects to carry them out. When God chose you to perform an act, if you fail to understand His signal and don’t perform that act, its a sin similar to the one committed by the previous subject. So, this is the big dilemma Gita leaves us with. Let’s turn the next page to see how this dilemma gets resolved. Till then….

 

“SARVE JANA SUKHINO BHAVANTU
SARVE SANTU NIRAAMAYA
SARVE BHADRANI PASHYANTU
MA KASCHITH DUKHA MAPNIYA”

“MAY ALL BECOME HAPPY,
MAY ALL BE FREE FROM ILLNESS,
MAY ALL SEE WHAT IS AUSPICIOUS,
MAY NO ONE SUFFER”

Bhagavad Gita – Sloka 3 Meaning and Interpretation

Sloka/Verse 3 – Yoga of Kurukshetra

Arjuna Uvaacha:

Senayor ubhayormadhye ratham sthaapaya me’chyuta.Yaavad etaan nireekshe’ham yoddhukaamaan avasthitaan;
Kair mayaa saha yoddhavyam asmin ranasamudyame.

Translation

Arjuna said:
In the middle of the two armies, place my chariot, O Krishna, so that I may behold those who stand here, desirous to fight, and know with whom I must fight when the battle begins.

Interpretation

Arjuna tells Krishna to take his chariot to exactly he centre of the two armies. In a way he is also reflecting his state of mind. He was torn between his relationships and responsibilities. On one side he has a huge Kaurava army that has his grandsire, uncles, gurus and cousins and on the other side he has his brothers, draupadi and the kingdom that they were robbed of.

He tells Lord Krishna that both are equal in his eyes and he wants to see them from equal distance. He wants to see his supporters and his opponents from an equal distance.

Extending Interpretation to Mankind’s Life!

For any conflict resolution its very important to see it from a neutral perspective. Neutral perspective is when you stand exactly at the centre of the situation, just like how Arjuna stands at the centre of the two armies.

It is important because it gives equal weightage to pros and cons associated with that situation. We, most of the times approach situations with a biased perspective and that leads to results not working in our favour. When we look at situations from biased perspective, it clouds our vision and we ignore some important aspects of that situation.

That means we are unaware of certain dangers and those are the dangers which play a role in our failures. So, a successful person always stays at the centre of the situation and takes a decision by looking at both sides of it, just like how Arjuna is looking at both the armies standing at the centre of the Kurukshetra battlefield.

So till we meet tomorrow..

“SARVE JANA SUKHINO BHAVANTU
SARVE SANTU NIRAAMAYA
SARVE BHADRANI PASHYANTU
MA KASCHITH DUKHA MAPNIYA”

“MAY ALL BECOME HAPPY,
MAY ALL BE FREE FROM ILLNESS,
MAY ALL SEE WHAT IS AUSPICIOUS,
MAY NO ONE SUFFER”

Bhagavad Gita Sloka 2 – Meaning and Interpretation

Sloka/Verse 2 – Yoga 1

“Taha vyavasthitaan drishtwaa dhaartaraashtraan kapidhwajah; Pravritte shastrasampaate dhanurudyamya paandavah. Hrisheekesham tadaa vaakyamidamaaha maheepate;”

Translation

Seeing all the people of Dhritarashtra’s party standing arrayed and the discharge of weapons about to begin, Arjuna, the son of Pandu, whose ensign was that of a monkey, took up his bow and said the following to Krishna, O Lord of the Earth!”

Interpretation

The sea of army of both Pandavas and Kauravas assemble on the battleground of Kurukshetra. The focus is on the charoit of Arjuna whose charioterr is none other than Lord Krishna. Arjuna glances at the two might armies with awe. Arjuna glances through the Kaurava army. He spots his grandsire Bhishma, his guru Dronacharya, his brothers, uncles and many others who have raised him. The war is about to start. All his hopes of reaching a last minute compromise fails and the two armies are standing in the battlefield. Arjuna slowly picks up his bow and turns to his Charioteer, Guru and Guide Lord Krishna…….

Extending Interpretation to Mankind’s Life!

Difficulties are a part of every one’s life. Just like how Arjuna looked at all his gurus and relatives standing against him in the war, we also would find the people who mentored us, who stood by us, including our parents, siblings and relatives standing against us. That is life. The path that we choose brings us to a point where those who we thought will be with us, will stand against us. This is the rule of life. Will you fight or will you leave? Questions on the path ahead is something that everyone wants to know.

That is the same question that Arjuna is about to ask Lord Krishna. That is the same question that we seek answers for. Many of us have this dilemma on what to do when we land ourselves up in a helpless situation, where you are all alone and made to fight against everyone and win. This is where Gita will guide you. This is the question we will look at in tomorrow’s sloka.

Till then..

SARVE JANA SUKHINO BHAVANTU SARVE SANTU NIRAAMAYA SARVE BHADRANI PASHYANTU MA KASCHITH DUKHA MAPNIYA”

“MAY ALL BECOME HAPPY, MAY ALL BE FREE FROM ILLNESS, MAY ALL SEE WHAT IS AUSPICIOUS, MAY NO ONE SUFFER”