Tag Archives: Krishna

Bhagavad Gita-Chapter 2, Sloka 2. Meaning, Translation and Interpretation

Chapter 2: Verse 2, Samkhya Yoga

Klaibyam maa sma gamah paartha naitat twayyupapadyate;
Kshudram hridaya daurbalyam tyaktwottishtha parantapa.

Translation

Yield not to impotence, O Arjuna, son of Pritha! It does not befit thee. 
Cast off this mean weakness of the heart. Stand up, O scorcher of foes!

Interpretation

Lord Krishna continues his harsh speak to Arjuna and shoots of this sloka. The meaning of this is, Why are you indulging in the impotence of mind Arjuna, you are born in the dynasty of greats. Having born in such a family with such heroics and virtues it doesn’t look good for you to exhibit this kind of behavior. In the next line Krishna gets little bit soft at a shocked and silent Arjuna and asks him to get rid of this weakness of his heart. He advises him to get that lost courage and stand up. He subtly reminds Arjuna how powerful warrior he is.

Extending interpretation to Mankind’s life!

There are two words in this sloka that needs our attention. One is “impotent” and other is “weakness”. The word impotent is used in a different context in today’s world, but the meaning that Krishna wanted to convey was different. What Krishna was referring to was the mental impotency of Arjuna.

Who is an impotent by mind? Anyone who cannot keep his resolve strong is an impotent.

Simple example. How many times it happens to us that we make a strong resolve to do or achieve something and we give up within days! That is impotency. The day you neglect an activity or go back on your promise you are an impotent. Impotency makes you neither a man nor a women. Impotency is not about making you like opposite gender. Impotency is like making you gender less.

The reason is simple, both men and women are equally competent and potent. If you lack that competency to constantly do things and the potency to face every hardship and keep doing your task. Both men and women who practice this are potent and those who can’t are impotent.

The other word is “weakness”. This is very much linked to “impotent”. They have a cause and effect relationship. The cause of impotency is weakness. In short, weakness is the cause and the effect is impotency. So a person in order to remain potent needs to overcome the weakness. Weakness towards people, things and situations.

How do we do that? We will study them in the coming slokas. Till then……

“SARVE JANA SUKHINO BHAVANTU
SARVE SANTU NIRAAMAYA
SARVE BHADRANI PASHYANTU
MA KASCHITH DUKHA MAPNIYA”

“MAY ALL BECOME HAPPY,
MAY ALL BE FREE FROM ILLNESS,
MAY ALL SEE WHAT IS AUSPICIOUS,
MAY NO ONE SUFFER”

Chapter 2, Sloka 1. Bhagavad Gita – Meaning, Translation and Interpretation

Chapter 2: Sankhya Yoga, Sloka: 1

Sri Bhagavaan Uvaacha:
‘Kutastwaa kashmalam idam vishame samupasthitam;
Anaaryajushtam aswargyam akeertikaram arjuna.’

The Blessed Lord said:
‘Whence is this perilous strait come upon thee, this dejection which is unworthy of thee, disgraceful, and which will close the gates of heaven upon thee, O Arjuna?’

Interpretation

This sloka is the beginning of the 2nd chapter of the 18 chapters of Mahabharata. The first chapter was concentrated on the mindset of Arjuna in fighting the war. Whereas the 2nd chapter opens with Lord Krishna replying to Arjuna. The sentence with which he starts itself is so powerful that it pierces through the mind of Arjuna and makes him to take notice of it seriously and focus on what Lord Krishna said. Krishna’s opening remark was “how can you even think of such things Arjuna? The problems that you are quoting, the dejection that you are expressing is disgraceful. It makes you unworthy and such a kind of person can never expect the doors of heaven to open for him. The remarks in a way have shocked Arjuna.

Extending Interpretation to Mankind’s life!

The worst thing a person can do to himself is “self-degradation”. I will tell you today, what exactly is self-degradation. Anyone who can’t stand up for himself or his beliefs has self-degraded himself. According to Gita soul is the highest entity for any individual. Whenever you deceive your soul, you are self-degrading yourself. Self-degradation is neglecting your responsibilities and interfering in other’s responsibilities. Self-degradation is not just hurting one’s soul it is also degrading one’s soul. When you do not do your dharma, and find excuses in others, that is also self-degradation. So, self-degradation happens in many ways and many forms.

Here in Gita, Arjuna shying away from his responsibilities and had taken refuge in emotions and relationships. Arjuna was aghast at Krishna’s response. He was expecting Krishna to side him, but the criticism had surprised him. Next sloka will continue the response of Krishna, which we will talk about, tomorrow.

Till then…..

“SARVE JANA SUKHINO BHAVANTU
SARVE SANTU NIRAAMAYA
SARVE BHADRANI PASHYANTU
MA KASCHITH DUKHA MAPNIYA”

“MAY ALL BECOME HAPPY,
MAY ALL BE FREE FROM ILLNESS,
MAY ALL SEE WHAT IS AUSPICIOUS,
MAY NO ONE SUFFER”

 

Bhagavad Gita Sloka/Verse 6 – Meaning, Translation and Interpretation

Sloka/Verse 6 – Yoga Of Kurukshetra

Yadyapyete na pashyanti lobhopahatachetasah;
Kulakshayakritam dosham mitradrohe cha paatakam;
Katham na jneyam asmaabhih paapaad asmaan nivartitum;
Kulakshayakritam dosham prapashyadbhir janaardana.

Translation:

Though they, with intelligence overpowered by greed, see no evil in the destruction of families, and no sin in hostility to friends, Why should not we, who clearly see evil in the destruction of a family, learn to turn away from this sin, O Janardhana…

Interpretation

Arjuna continued to speak to Lord Krishna, expressing his anguish at the prospect of fighting a battle. Krishna was patiently listening, allowing Arjuna to put his thoughts out. Arjuna continued to express himself to Krishna and he says that Kauravas were taken over by greed and jealousy and committed all the crimes in lust for power and money. Kauravas couldn’t see sense and played a dirty game to destroy Pandavas. Will it make sense for Pandavas to repeat the same? Pandavas were much more evolved and understand the consequences of repeating the same act.

So as learned souls can we not turn away from the sin of killing the family and near and dear for the sake of Kingdom. Tell me O Krishna, why should we do the same thing that Kauravas did to us? Can we not turn away from such sin and stay away from all this? This is what Arjuna asks Lord Krishna in this sloka.

Extending Interpretation to Mankind’s life!

If someone whom you trusted back stabs you, what will you do? Will you teach him a lesson or forget and forgive thinking that he will face the consequences of all his actions and God will do that for you. This is a point where many people differ in their opinion. One set of people think that its God’s duty to punish those who sinned and it is our duty to forgive them, forget the incident and lead a pious life and refrain from committing any sin.

There is another set of people who believe that you are the “Karta”, “karma” and “kriya” and you are being mandated by the Almighty to carry out this act. God never comes directly to give justice. He chooses His subjects to carry them out. When God chose you to perform an act, if you fail to understand His signal and don’t perform that act, its a sin similar to the one committed by the previous subject. So, this is the big dilemma Gita leaves us with. Let’s turn the next page to see how this dilemma gets resolved. Till then….

 

“SARVE JANA SUKHINO BHAVANTU
SARVE SANTU NIRAAMAYA
SARVE BHADRANI PASHYANTU
MA KASCHITH DUKHA MAPNIYA”

“MAY ALL BECOME HAPPY,
MAY ALL BE FREE FROM ILLNESS,
MAY ALL SEE WHAT IS AUSPICIOUS,
MAY NO ONE SUFFER”

Bhagavad Gita Sloka 5 Meaning, Translation and Interpretation

Sloka/verse 5 – Yoga of Kurukshetra

“Nimittaani cha pashyaami vipareetaani keshava;
Na cha shreyo’nupashyaami hatwaa swajanam aahave;
Na kaangkshe vijayam krishna na cha raajyam sukhaani cha;
Kim no raajyena govinda kim bhogair jeevitena vaa.”

Translation

“And I see adverse omens, O Kesava! I do not see any good in killing my kinsmen in battle.
For I desire neither victory, O Krishna, nor pleasures nor kingdoms! 
Of what avail is a dominion to us, O Krishna, or pleasures or even life?”

Interpretation

Continuing his anguish Arjuna tells Krishna, that all he is seeing are the bad omens from the time they have assembled for the battle. He tells Krishna that why should he wage this battle? What is the good he is going to achieve in killing his own people that is being fought for the supremacy? He also tells Krishna that he is not behind money, wealth or pleasures or the victory. He adds that by getting a piece of land or the pleasure of victory what is the use or relevance of it?

In a way, Arjuna gets very emotional at the sight of his near and dear and the thought of killing them in the battle has weakened his resolve and brought out all unnecessary self doubts and pros and cons of going to a war.

Extending Interpretation to Mankind’s Life!

How many times it has happened that we ask questions before doing a work? Just think, are you asking these questions to get clarity or to escape from an unfortunate and difficult situation! Many times we take the shelter in irrational logic and misplaced emotions to justify our inability to act. Take a small example. I did not go to another place for higher studies because I love my parents a lot and cant live without them.

This statement shows the person’s love and care for the parents. But more than that what it reveals is the weak heartedness of a person who has forgone the opportunity that was presented to him. A weak person can never protect his parents when the time comes. He will just run away from the situation. Because what he has learnt is to run away and avoid situations and present emotional arguments to justify them.

My advice to everyone is simple. Be strong, be bold to face every situation. Running away is not the solution. If you run away from one situation, you will never have the courage to face another and whole life you will be running away leading a life of misery and not achieving anything.

That’s why they say “A Brave-heart dies once, while a coward dies a million times”, because every time a coward runs away from the situation, its a death to him!

 

 

“SARVE JANA SUKHINO BHAVANTU
SARVE SANTU NIRAAMAYA
SARVE BHADRANI PASHYANTU
MA KASCHITH DUKHA MAPNIYA”

“MAY ALL BECOME HAPPY,
MAY ALL BE FREE FROM ILLNESS,
MAY ALL SEE WHAT IS AUSPICIOUS,
MAY NO ONE SUFFER”

Bhagavad Gita Sloka/Verse – 4 – Meaning, Translation and Interpretation

Sloka/Verse -4 – Yoga of Kurukshetra

Arjuna Uvaacha:

“Drishtwemam swajanam krishna yuyutsum samupasthitam.
Seedanti mama gaatraani mukham cha parishushyati;
Vepathushcha shareere me romaharshashcha jaayate.”

Translation

Arjuna said:
“Seeing these, my kinsmen, O Krishna, arrayed, eager to fight,
My limbs fail and my mouth is parched up, my body quivers and my hairs stand on end!

Interpretation

Upon Arjuna’s request, Lord Krishna takes the chariot right in the middle of the two armies. Seeing the ocean of armies on both sides, Arjuna thinks of the destruction that is to be unleashed, once the war begins. So, he turns to Lord Krishna and tells him that seeing all these people standing and waiting for the battle to begin and eager to fight, he is shaken. Arjuna also says that his limbs are giving up in anxiety and his mouth is dry with nervousness and his body is shaking with fear. The hair on his body stood up showing the definite signs of uneasiness of the situation.

Extending Interpretation to Mankind’s Life!

Have you ever experienced the symptoms that Arjuna experienced just before starting an activity? Think of the first time you are going to make a presentation in-front of a huge audience or going to do a task that has a huge impact on your life or waiting for the question paper of the exam that will change your career forever! You would have felt similar emotion that Arjuna felt here. Fear is our biggest enemy. Fear is the main reason why people either dont take up the task or fail in the task. Fear creates nervousness, anxiety and makes us to under perform. Fear creates a pressure situation in your life that takes the energy required to compete the task. Result is failure.

What is the solution to the fear?

Presence of a God is the only way fear will be driven. If you believe that you were the chosen one to undertake this task and amongst millions, this task was assigned to you by God, and it is His will that you should perform this task then fear will automatically disappear. The moment you realise that God is on your side, fear will evaporate and confidence will take over.
Here is my advice: Before approaching any task, think that you are the chosen one to perform this task and out of so many God has chosen you perform. If God chose you, then why would He allow you to fail?
That will remove all your self doubt and you will be successful in whatever you do.
With this noble thought I say….
“SARVE JANA SUKHINO BHAVANTU
SARVE SANTU NIRAAMAYA
SARVE BHADRANI PASHYANTU
MA KASCHITH DUKHA MAPNIYA”
“MAY ALL BECOME HAPPY,
MAY ALL BE FREE FROM ILLNESS,
MAY ALL SEE WHAT IS AUSPICIOUS,
MAY NO ONE SUFFER”

Bhagavad Gita Sloka 2 – Meaning and Interpretation

Sloka/Verse 2 – Yoga 1

“Taha vyavasthitaan drishtwaa dhaartaraashtraan kapidhwajah; Pravritte shastrasampaate dhanurudyamya paandavah. Hrisheekesham tadaa vaakyamidamaaha maheepate;”

Translation

Seeing all the people of Dhritarashtra’s party standing arrayed and the discharge of weapons about to begin, Arjuna, the son of Pandu, whose ensign was that of a monkey, took up his bow and said the following to Krishna, O Lord of the Earth!”

Interpretation

The sea of army of both Pandavas and Kauravas assemble on the battleground of Kurukshetra. The focus is on the charoit of Arjuna whose charioterr is none other than Lord Krishna. Arjuna glances at the two might armies with awe. Arjuna glances through the Kaurava army. He spots his grandsire Bhishma, his guru Dronacharya, his brothers, uncles and many others who have raised him. The war is about to start. All his hopes of reaching a last minute compromise fails and the two armies are standing in the battlefield. Arjuna slowly picks up his bow and turns to his Charioteer, Guru and Guide Lord Krishna…….

Extending Interpretation to Mankind’s Life!

Difficulties are a part of every one’s life. Just like how Arjuna looked at all his gurus and relatives standing against him in the war, we also would find the people who mentored us, who stood by us, including our parents, siblings and relatives standing against us. That is life. The path that we choose brings us to a point where those who we thought will be with us, will stand against us. This is the rule of life. Will you fight or will you leave? Questions on the path ahead is something that everyone wants to know.

That is the same question that Arjuna is about to ask Lord Krishna. That is the same question that we seek answers for. Many of us have this dilemma on what to do when we land ourselves up in a helpless situation, where you are all alone and made to fight against everyone and win. This is where Gita will guide you. This is the question we will look at in tomorrow’s sloka.

Till then..

SARVE JANA SUKHINO BHAVANTU SARVE SANTU NIRAAMAYA SARVE BHADRANI PASHYANTU MA KASCHITH DUKHA MAPNIYA”

“MAY ALL BECOME HAPPY, MAY ALL BE FREE FROM ILLNESS, MAY ALL SEE WHAT IS AUSPICIOUS, MAY NO ONE SUFFER”

Bhagavad Gita – Introduction

Bhagavad Gita – Way of Living! 

Today I am beginning this journey, the journey of discovering and rediscovering Gita and bringing it to all of you. To begin with today I am going to give the introduction to Bhagavad Gita. Bhagavad Gita is the sixth purana as per The Mahabharata. It is a conversation between Lord Krishna and Arjuna. It defines oneself and talks about one’s Karma and Dharma. Gita provides the solutions for any kind of issues a human being is facing in Life. It is not a religious book, but a testament describing the various events and the lessons that an individual can learn from whatever situation he is into.

Bhagavad Gita is divided into 18 chapters or 18 Yogas. Each Yoga has its own significance and spiritual message. I will list down the 18 Yogas below. Names given can differ in different books, but the meaning is the same. Each day I will be talking about one Sloka from each Yoga and interpret for you the meaning and the essence of it. That way I will be introducing you all the 700 slokas of Bhagavad Gita!

To Begin with these are 18 Yogas or Chapters of Bhagavad Gita

  1. Yoga of Kurukshetra
  2. Sankhya Yoga
  3. Yoga of Action
  4. Yoga of Wisdom
  5. Yoga of Renunciation of action
  6. Yoga of Meditation
  7. Yoga of Wisdom and Realization
  8. Yoga of Brahmin
  9. Yoga of King
  10. Yoga of Divine glories
  11. Yoga of Vision of Cosmic forms
  12. Yoga of Devotion
  13. Yoga of Distinction of Field and Knower of Field
  14. Yoga of Division of Gunas
  15. Yoga of Supreme Spirit
  16. Yoga of Divine and Devil
  17. Yoga of Gunas, Faiths and Works
  18. Yoga of Liberation and Renunciation

The Journey starts when we take the Yoga of Kurukshetra starting from tomorrow….