Tag Archives: Knowledge

Bhagavadgita Chapter 16 Daivasura Sampad Vibhaga Yoga Verse 19

Chapter 16 Daivasura Sampad Vibhaga Yoga Verse 19
Taanaham dwishatah krooraan samsaareshu naraadhamaan;
Kshipaamyajasram ashubhaan aasureeshweva yonishu.
These cruel haters, the worst among men in the world,—
I hurl all these evil-doers forever into the wombs of demons only.
Interpretation

After talking about the actions committed by the demonic people in the previous shlokas Lord Krishna in this shloka is talking about the punishment that He would want to give to those people. Lord is seen getting unusually angry here. He says that these people are cruel in nature and hate everyone around them and He calls them the worst men among the people in this world. Then in the second part of the shloka Lord talks about the punishment that He is giving to those people. He says that He is going to throw those dirty evil doers forever into the wombs of the demons.

Extending Interpretation to Mankind’s Life!

How can Lord be so cruel to throw someone forever into the wombs of the demons? This is what you might be thinking when you are reading the interpretation of the shloka. It would have also arisen a sense of fear in you. Anger is an emotion that needs to used only to restore order and God is using that emotion to restore the order here. Anger results in punishment and any punishment with a purpose always yields a positive outcome. But the next question is, what positive outcome will throwing an evil doer into demonic world can do? What change can it bring to him?

Excess of anything is dangerous and when a person leads a demonic life every minute enjoying the world and getting the sensual pleasures of it, there comes a stage when his mind and body will say enough is enough, how much more will I enjoy! That is when the soul wakes up and makes his senses do something for the pleasure of the soul. It could be reading Ramayan or listening to a discourse of a learned person. That is when the soul inside gets awakened and makes the mind feel miserable for all those sins that a person has committed over a period of many births. There is no bigger repentance than realising their own sins and feeling bad about them.
The real meaning of Lord when He says that He will throw these people into the wombs of demons means, He is going to give them all the comforts that they need to satisfy their ugly urges. That is why you might be seeing rich people getting more money and they enjoy more and more. God gives them everything and they enjoy unlimited till the point of realization. All things have to come to end somewhere and when his enjoyment also ends, he then realises how much he lost in that false sense of enjoyment. That feeling is required for self transformation and like I said before, every punishment has something good hidden in it, this also has the secret of realization hidden in it. 

India’s 1% Richest get richer by 39% in the year 2018 and the bottom half only by 3%!

A day ago, I had read an article that was released by many websites on the Income levels throughout the Globe. This study comes from the Oxfam, Oxfam is a group of 20 charitable organizations working in 90 countries working for reducing the poverty. So, I decided to give my view on the findings of the research by Oxfam which is being presented with a strong ‘bias’.

Below are few highlights brought out from the study:
  1. The study reveals that Billionaires saw a 12% increase in their income levels per day and the poor half of the people saw their wealth decline by 11%.
  2. India’s top 1% richest people have seen their wealth increased by 39% whereas the bottom half saw only 3% increase in their wealth.
  3. The Study also revealed that 10% of India’s who are poorest remained in debt since 2004.
  4. India’s top 10% people hold 77.4% of India’s total wealth and top 1% hold as high as 51.53% wealth and 60% of India’s population which is the majority holds only 4.8% of India’s wealth.

These facts were presented in an article in such a way that India’s rich are looting India and blaming the Govt for not doing anything to India’s poor population. People started commenting on the ‘ache din’ concept and then the other side of people started hitting at 70 years rule of Congress. The blame game went on for most of the comments. I would want to make very few points and educate the uneducated.

Let’s say there is a family who has taken debt and is expecting someone to come from heaven and pay off the debt, is it going to happen? Debt once taken has to be repaid by the working person who took the debt by earning money. If you fail to do so, you are going to be called as debt holder till the time you clear them. Why people take debt is something which depends on the individuals who are not to be discussed. Secondly, the article also talks about Rich getting Rich and Poor getting poor, the fact is that Rich have money to send their kids to better schools and give knowledge. Whereas the poor don’t have the luxury of sending the kids to good schools. So obviously rich kids get the best possible results.

Next, how are these Rich making money? Is it not because of their hard work and the way they run their business? Absolutely yes. We can definitely ask Government for helping the poor in better health, better facilities etc but all in all the efforts are something which needs to come from the individuals. We cannot at one place and keep complaining or blaming others for our failure. Nobody will take you the sky if the sky is one’s goal he needs to work hard and show some real strength to reach the heights. Putting up the easy tagline of Rich becoming Rich and Poor becoming Poor will only waste 5 more seconds in your life. Understand it’s the reality. As a saying goes, Blame nobody for being born poor but blame yourself for dying poor.

Finally, Rich and Poor discrimination should not be justified in terms of Money, much crucial and rewarding than money is the ‘Knowledge’ which builds character which in turn can help you to build a rich empire. Money is needed but not in excess, the only thing that has no delimitations even if it’s in excess is ‘Knowledge’.

Bhagavadgita Chapter 15 Purushottama Yoga Verse 17

Chapter 15 Purushottama Yoga Verse 17

Uttamah purushastwanyah paramaatmetyudaahritah;
Yo lokatrayamaavishya bibhartyavyaya ishwarah.

But distinct is the Supreme Purusha called the highest Self, the indestructible Lord who, pervading the three worlds, sustains them.

Interpretation

In the last shloka, Lord talks about the two purushas, one perishable and the other imperishable. In this shloka, he talks about the concept of Supreme purusha. This supreme purusha is the creator and sustainer of both perishable and imperishable beings. He says that the Supreme Purusha is also referred to as the highest self and He is indestructible Lord. Then the second part of the shloka talks about how this indestructible Lord is pervading all the three worlds. Pervading here means the person who occupies and rules. So, Lord says that he pervades all the three worlds and also sustains them. 

Extending Interpretation to Mankind’s Life!

There is a Supreme soul in all of us, as we have learnt previously that he resides at the centre of the Crown chakra on the top of our head and He is the one who rules everything around and sustains the three lokas. Now the point is what are these three lokas? We have already talked about the 7 lokas that an individual goes before attaining the salvation. But what are these 3 lokas? They are the Bhu loka, Bhuvar loka and Swarga loka. More than 90% of the souls reside in these lokas before going to Mahar loka and the other higher lokas as a part of attaining salvation. If that is the case then why is it that the Supreme soul doesn’t have control over all the 7 lokas?

Lord Sri Maha Vishnu guides us in our path to salvation till a person reaches the swarga loka. Once a soul enjoys the riches of swarga loka and comes back its outlook towards the life as well as the activities that it is engaged into, drastically changes. It then falls into the 10% category of souls that go Mahar loka and the higher lokas. Bhu Loka is where the souls with body live, Bhuvar Loka is for the troubled souls which are also equated with Narak and the 3rd Loka is Swarga Loka or heaven. For the basic understanding of one’s life, one has to travel several times within these three lokas and that is where the concentration of the individual rests most of the times.

Even the sacred Gayatri mantra starts with “Aum bhu, bhuvar swah“, mentioning about the three lokas. These three lokas is where the Supreme being always had control on. It is like the attention a student requires up to his pre-university or 10+2 education. In this stage, he needs a lot of strictness and monitoring by the parent and after that from graduation, he is left free to study on his own. In a similar way, to make the path of salvation easier, one has to cross the Bhuvar Loka and go to Swarga Loka. So, Supreme Purusha controls us strictly in these 3 lokas and ensures that he goes to the Swarga Loka.  Then the path becomes easier and the soul will chart its path to salvation with the minimal help of the Supreme Soul.

Bhagavadgita Chapter 15 Purushottama Yoga Verse 15

Chapter 15 Purushottama Yoga Verse 15

Sarvasya chaaham hridi sannivishto Mattah smritir jnaanam apohanam cha;Vedaischa sarvairahameva vedyoVedaantakrid vedavid eva chaaham.

And, I am seated in the hearts of all; from Me are memory, knowledge, as well as their absence. I am verily that which has to be known by all the Vedas; I am indeed the author of the Vedanta, and the knower of the Vedas am I.

Interpretation

After explaining about the fire in the form of Vaisvarana and how he helps in digesting the four kinds of food, Lord Krishna in this shloka talks about He being associated with Vedas, knowledge and memory in an individual. He starts off by saying that He is seated in the heart of every individual in this World. And everyone gets their knowledge and memory from Him and He is only responsible for the absence of the memory in an individual. Lord Krishna also goes onto say that He is what Vedas should know and He is the author of Vedanta. After that Lord Krishna concludes saying that He alone is the knower of the meaning of the Vedas.

Extending Interpretation to Mankind’s Life!

I would like to start explaining this shloka with a quote from Shrimad Bhagavatham, that formed the motivation of all the learning that I took till this moment and also the knowledge that I would acquire in future. “From You alone, the knowledge of the living being arises, and by Your potency that knowledge is stolen away.” This simply means that whatever knowledge that a person acquired in life is all because of the God in his soul and whatever knowledge he missed out or forgot after leaning is because of the non-presence of the God in him. This beautiful phrase from Shrimad Bhagavatham telling everything about the intention of an individual in acquiring knowledge.

We get closer to knowledge because the senses listen to the soul which has an element of God in it. And whenever you feel that you don’t want to learn or postpone your learning is also because of the senses falling prey to external pulls. So, if you meet a knowledgeable person in your life, understand that his senses are under the control of his soul. If you meet an ignorant and foolish person understand that he is more Worldly and is driven by the pleasures than the urges of the soul. The other part is about forgetting. One should never forget anything if he internalizes knowledge. One internalizes knowledge only if he learns anything for the sake of knowledge and not for any other external factor. 

In this context let us take an example of a student. He learns things not for knowing what they are, but for scoring good marks. Good marks is an external factor and curiosity to know things is internal. His importance is more towards external. Similarly, if a working person goes for a knowledge enhancement course, it would be purely for his career advancement and better salary. These are also external factors. One should never acquire knowledge for these purposes. The one who treats the knowledge as the source of serving humanity learnt in the name of the God, and doesn’t derive any external benefit is the one, who can understand Lord and His Supreme being. That is the essence of Vedas whose means are derived from God and it’s the same God who wrote all those scriptures.

Bhagavadgita Chapter 15 Purushottama Yoga Verse 10

Chapter 15 Purushottama Yoga Verse 10

Utkraamantam sthitam vaapi bhunjaanam vaa gunaanvitam;
Vimoodhaa naanupashyanti pashyanti jnaanachakshushah.

The deluded do not see Him who departs, stays and enjoys;
but they who possess the eye of knowledge behold Him.

Interpretation

After talking about how the person enjoys his sensual objects neglecting the divinity inside, Lord Krishna in this shloka is talking about those who have the eye of knowledge to understand the importance of the soul. He says that a person who is deluded and wavering in his mind, when the soul that has the imprint of Almighty departs, he does not notice it and just enjoys. Enjoy here means neglect, this is contrasted with the person who possesses knowledge. The person who has knowledge will not allow this to happen. He will behold the soul and understand its importance through the eye of knowledge. 

Extending Interpretation to Mankind’s Life!

We have seen Tulsidas’ wife telling him how he is wasting his time focussing on things that are wasteful. This shloka also talks about something similar. Here the moment to capture is the moment of death which departs body from soul. Everyone who reaches that moment knows that his body is no longer going to live and the time is up for him in this material world. What is the thought that occurs at that moment? This is where the difference between a deluded mind and the mind with an eye of knowledge is clearly seen. The deluded mind only thinks about what all he has achieved and doesn’t think about the soul. It allows the soul which has the imprint of God to pass through it without any thought about the suffering soul.

Contrasting it with a mind that has the eye of knowledge. Eye of knowledge here means wisdom. Knowledge is there everywhere but fools just ignore it and pass through it without acquiring it. They do so because they don’t understand the importance of it. A mind that has the eye of Knowledge can see how precious this knowledge is and acquires the same without any questioning. Knowledge increases the wisdom and that wisdom awakens the soul. Then the mind starts thinking about the needs of the soul. Thus such a body that meets the moment of death, beholds that knowledge that the soul has acquired and moves out of the body. Then the search continues for acquiring another body and increasing the knowledge.

Bhagavadgita Chapter 14 Guna Triya Vibhaga Yoga Verse 11

Chapter 14 Guna Triya Vibhaga Yoga Verse 11

Sarvadwaareshu dehe’smin prakaasha upajaayate;
Jnaanam yadaa tadaa vidyaa dvivriddham sattwamityuta.

When, through every sense in this body, the wisdom-light shines, 
then it may be known that Sattwa is predominant.

Interpretation

After talking about the Sattvik, Rajasik and Tamasik gunas in an individual and how they would be predominant, Lord Krishna in this shloka shifts His attention back to the Sattvik Guna. He attaches a lot of importance to the senses in holding that sattvik energy. He says that a person becomes wise only when he bestows himself with the sattvik energy. That sattvik energy can enter into his system only through the senses. Once it enters into the body of a person the light of his wisdom shines and only through that light of wisdom one can understand that the Sattvik guna is predominent in him. 

Extending Interpretation to Mankind’s Life!

This is a three-part shloka that clearly explains the sattvik nature in an individual. The first shloka talks about how the sattvik energy that gets into an individual shines like wisdom-light. Wisdom-light in an individual is nothing but the illumination that results from a person acquiring wisdom. Wisdom is the result of knowledge and only sattvik energy can make you to learn more and acquire that wisdom. Like I have mentioned previously, you would feel like watching a business channel or a serious news channel only when you have the inclination to learn new things. This inclination to learn things only happens when sattvik energy is there. 

There is no end to knowledge and learning and a wise person will never allow himself to be limited to any area. As the knowledge level increases the person connects different things and gets varied perspectives about situations which lead to wisdom. For example, you will find people who can resolve any crisis or tell you how to handle any situation by just extrapolating the solutions for different problems. This is the result of hard work that the soul has put up and the sattvik energy in him helps to further that wisdom and his self will start glowing with the wisdom-light. The individuals who have this wisdom-light are the ones filled with sattvik energy.

Bhagavadgita Chapter 13 Kshetra-Kshetrajna Vibhaga Yoga Verse 35

Chapter 13 Kshetra-Kshetrajna Vibhaga Yoga Verse 35

Kshetrakshetrajnayor evam antaram jnaanachakshushaa;Bhootaprakritimoksham cha ye vidur yaanti te param.

They who, through the eye of knowledge, perceive the distinction between the Field and its Knower, and also the liberation from the Nature of being, they go to the Supreme.

Interpretation

In this shloka Lord Krishna is talking about the liberation from the nature and how one goes to the Supreme. It is also described in the previous shloka as to how one gets to know the size and position of Supreme soul and where it is seated. Lord Krishna in this shloka underscores the importance of knowledge in distinguishing the field and the knower of the field. It is purely knowledge that distinguishes the field and the knower of the field and the one who acquires that knowledge to know the field becomes the knower of the field. Thus the person who acquires that knowledge of the field is liberated from the nature which is also called prakruti and attains the Supreme. 

Extending Interpretation to Mankind’s Life!

The phrase that needs to be looked at here is “eye of knowledge”. Eye of knowledge is nothing but the intuitive power that a person gets as a result of knowledge and meditation. We all have some intuitive powers within us which is the result of the spiritual development that our soul has acquired in its previous births. Intuition is also called as 6th sense, which is nothing but the voice of the soul. One can enhance this 6th sense by constant meditation and by acquiring knowledge. Meditation helps in conversing with the soul and knowledge helps in enriching the soul. This constant process of acquiring knowledge and meditating increases the power of intuition in an individual which in turn leads to “eye of knowledge”.

This eye of knowledge helps an individual to distinguish the field from the knower. We also come to know from the instructions of the Guru and the scriptures, that the field is incapable of understanding things, and its only the senses that makes sense of the field. A person who is a doer, acquirer of knowledge and in a constant en-devour to overcome the influences of nature, ignorance and other darkness’s will be able to understand the field. Once he understands that the field is what was created by the knower of the field and this knower of the field ie Supreme soul has directed every soul to know about the field, he goes on the en-devour to know the field. Thus he also becomes the knower of the field and attains the Supreme. 

Bhagavdgita Chapter 13 Kshetra-Kshetrajna Vibhaga Yoga Verse 27

Chapter 13 Kshetra-Kshetrajna Vibhaga Yoga Verse 27

Yaavat sanjaayate kinchit sattwam sthaavarajangamam;
Kshetrakshetrajnasamyogaat tadviddhi bharatarshabha.

Wherever a being is born, whether it be unmoving or moving, know thou, 
O best of the Bharatas, that it is from the union between the Field and its Knower.

Interpretation

After talking about the nature and the senses and their integral role in the field Lord Krishna in this shloka talks further about the field and the relationship between the field and the knower of the field. Lord Krishna also compares Arjuna to rest of the Bharatas or the sons of Bharata, and says that Arjuna is the best amongst them. He always held this view that Arjuna is a superior person compared to other pandavas as well as all the kauravas. So, He tells Arjuna that wherever a being is born, in whatever form, whether movable or immovable that is only because of the union between the field and the knower of the field.

Extending Interpretation to Mankind’s Life!

We have heard Lord Krishna talking several times about the unmoving beings in the previous shlokas. So, unmovable beings here are the living being that cannot move, which are basically plants. The question that strikes our mind is, do plants also have a field? Does it have senses and feelings like any other movable beings? Do they communicate with each other? We need to know the answers for all these and the common answer is Yes. Several scientific experiments were conducted in last few decades and it has revealed unambiguously that plants do communicate in vibrations that can be caught and understood by other plants. Am sure it sounds a bit odd to some of you.

We have already seen that there are some frequencies that humans can’t hear and only beings like bats and dogs can hear. When such kind of frequencies can exist in animals, then why can’t they exist in plants? Plants also consume food and consume it in a way that no other animal in this world can do. They prepare their own food and consume, something which we humans also can’t do totally. Many of us are still non-vegetarian and consume the meat of other living beings. Look at plants, through photosynthesis by using sunlight and taking carbondioxide from atmosphere, plants prepare their own food and consume. If they are that advanced then why can’t they communicate in a language that we don’t understand?

Plants and trees are so advanced that they live for hundreds of years, something which is not possible for any other living being in this planet. If their food, if their life span can be so different, why cant their communication be different? Existence of communication and life is the proof of the existence of the field. And for any being to be born in this universe, it is possible only when there is a union between the field and the knower of the field. For almost all the beings in the universe the knower of the field is God and the field is the being itself

Bhagavdgita Chapter 13 Kshetra-Kshetrajna Vibhaga Yoga Verse 26

Chapter 13 Kshetra-Kshetrajna Vibhaga Yoga Verse 26

Anye twevamajaanantah shrutwaanyebhya upaasate;
Te’pi chaatitarantyeva mrityum shrutiparaayanaah.

Others also, not knowing thus, worship, having heard of it from others;
they, too, cross beyond death, regarding what they have heard as the supreme refuge.

Interpretation

Lord Krishna in this shloka tries to underscore the importance of acquiring the spiritual knowledge that is must for an individual by hearing from others. He says that when people are not aware of the concept of Paramatma, they should hear it from those who have the knowledge about it. Once they hear, they will also acquire that knowledge and they will also start worshipping the Lord and move in the path of spirituality. If they exhibit such kind of faith, then they also will cross beyond death says the Lord. Crossing the death means liberating oneself from this cycle of birth and death and granting the person, an entry into the Supreme refuge of the Almighty.

Extending Interpretation to Mankind’s Life!

One of the ways of attaining spirituality and subsequently moksha is just following the right people. Many of us are so busy in our works and responsibilities that we hardly get anytime to learn anything about spirituality. We do know that being spiritual is good but we dont know clearly what that spirituality actually is. Thus a person has two choices before. One is to learn about it all by himself and the other is to hear it from a spiritual guru. The second method is more practical and easy because, reading it all by himself and acquiring the knowledge requires lot of time and effort and there is always the danger of misinterpreting what we read.

Thus a guru, can make life easier for us, by teaching what we require to know. But choosing a right person forms the key to spirituality because, when you have a wrong understanding of it, you will further go into ignorance. Once the person attains spirituality, then automatically his journey towards salvation would begin. Thus, we need not think that just because we are not aware about spirituality you cannot attain moksha. Anybody can attain moksha at any age or from any stage and there is no set method for it. All that one requires is knowing the right things and implementing what they have learnt and developing a true relationship with God and worshipping Him with utmost dedication.