Tag Archives: Knowledge

Bhagavadgita Chapter 18 Moksha Sannyas Yoga Verse 40

Na tadasti prithivyaam vaa divi deveshu vaa punah; Sattwam prakritijairmuktam yadebhih syaat tribhirgunaih.

There is no being on earth or again in heaven among the gods that is liberated from the three qualities born of Nature.
Interpretation
This shloka is explaining clearly the nature and importance of the three gunas. Lord Krishna says that these three gunas are very important for every individual on this planet or anywhere else in the universe will be affected by these gunas. Not only the beings on this planet but also those who go to heaven also and the gods living in heaven also are affected by these gunas. In the end Lord says that all these beings on this planet as well as those living in the heaven are not liberated from the three qualities of sattwik, Rajasic and Tamasic gunas are born with.
Extending Interpretation to Mankind’s Life!
Gunas are universal and they are present in all individual, nobody in this world or in heaven can actually escape the three qualities of Sattwik, Rajasic and Tamasic gunas. One has to understand the fact that all these threee gunas are affected by Maya, which we have seen in the previous shlokas also. The only way that one gets rid of this maya is in the stage of “om tat sat” where the person comes out of the maya of these three gunas. If Tamasic is maya that is black and filled with ignorance, Rajasic is a maya that is red with passion and Sattwik maya is pure white. White doesnt mean absence of maya but it means presence of a different type of maya.
But the question that would be asked then is how can those in heaven, including gods be under the influence of these three gunas? The answer is why not? Indra, who is the king of heaven is known to be a rajasic person who has hunger for power and lust for women. We have seen so many instances whenever rishis are performing Tapas, he sends beautiful women to entice them and deviate them. Everyone knows how Bramharishi Vishwamitra fell into the trap of menaka sent by Indra. So, swarga loka is no different from Bhu loka in exhibiting these gunas. Its only after a person crosses the swarga loka and goes into the mahar loka that he will slowly starts to get rid of this maya.  

Bhagavadgita Chapter 18 Moksha Sannyas Yoga Verse 36

Sukham twidaaneem trividham shrinu me bharatarshabha; Abhyaasaadramate yatra duhkhaantam cha nigacchati.

Now hear from Me, O Arjuna, of the threefold pleasure, in which one rejoices by practice and surely comes to the end of pain!
Interpretation
The last 7 shlokas were mainly concentrated on the effects of intellect and firmness on a person who has a sattwik, Rajasic and Tamasic nature. We have seen how a person with Tamasic nature uses his intellect and firmness and same is the case with Rajasic and Sattwik person. Now Lord is going to talk about pain and pleasure. He tell Arjuna to listen from Him, about the three fold pleasures in which one rejoices. The three fold pleasure is again the Sattwik, Rajasic and Tamasic pleasure. Lord implies here that the pleasure that people feel also is very much linked to the nature of themselves. So, everyone has their own way of rejoicing the pleasure to end the pain, which again depends on their nature. 
Extending Interpretation to Mankind’s Life!
Pain and pleasure are inseparable part of anybody’s life and existence. When in pain, everyone wants to come out of that pain and that can only happen when you seek a pleasure. What pleasure you seek is also important. When in immense pain, a person might take to alcohol to overcome that pain or he might read a book or pray to God to overcome that pain. Apart from all this the definition of pain itself needs to be looked into. Pain is sometimes necessary to understand the pleasure but not all pains are required to be borne by an individual. So, understanding pain and pleasure as well as how one tackles the pain and what kind of pleasure he seeks are all important and let us hear what Lord Krishna tells about these pleasures and how it alters the pain of an individual. 

Bhagavadgita Chapter 18 Moksha Sannyas Yoga Verse 17

Yasya naahankrito bhaavo buddhiryasya na lipyate;
Hatwaapi sa imaam llokaan na hanti na nibadhyate.

He who is ever free from the egoistic notion, whose intelligence is not tainted by good or evil, though he slays these people, he slayeth not, nor is he bound by the action.

Interpretation

This shloka talks about the fruits that a person who is free from the ego of being a doer bears. Lord says that anyone who does not attach their ego or attribute their soul alone for any task done, and a person whose intelligence is not affected by the good or bad deeds is an ideal doer. Here the qualities of those deeds are never measured. In that context Lord says that even if a person kills another person and he does the act unattached, he is not bound by that action. Even if he does the act of killing the person he is not bound by the action because his soul is not responsible for that action.

Extending Interpretation to Mankind’s Life!

This shloka brings us back to the very purpose for which Gita is being told to Arjuna. Arjuna asks a question to Krishna that why should he fight against his own people in a war which pits one brother against another. Throughout the last 17 chapters Krishna brought out different dimensions of looking at this question. This shloka tells us that there is no need for a person to take the responsibility for his/her actions and say that I have done this task. Infact you are not the doer you are just a medium. In this context Arjuna is just a medium and he was chosen to do this task of restoring order in the system where adharma prevailed over dharma. 

Ego kills intellect. A very knowledgeable person also because of his ego might lose balance and take a decision which can be counter productive. But there is also the Karma Yoga which says that a person has to bear the fruits of all his actions. To explain this point a bit more, let me tell you one more time that Karma attaches to you only when you get attached to the task. As long as you remain unattached and do the task only as a medium but not as a doer, then neither the task nor the karma resulting out of the task, whether it is good karma or bad karma can be attached to the person. He remains action-less and karma-free and that starts his journey to moksha.

Bhagavadgita Chapter 16 Daivasura Sampad Vibhaga Yoga Verse 19

Chapter 16 Daivasura Sampad Vibhaga Yoga Verse 19
Taanaham dwishatah krooraan samsaareshu naraadhamaan;
Kshipaamyajasram ashubhaan aasureeshweva yonishu.
These cruel haters, the worst among men in the world,—
I hurl all these evil-doers forever into the wombs of demons only.
Interpretation

After talking about the actions committed by the demonic people in the previous shlokas Lord Krishna in this shloka is talking about the punishment that He would want to give to those people. Lord is seen getting unusually angry here. He says that these people are cruel in nature and hate everyone around them and He calls them the worst men among the people in this world. Then in the second part of the shloka Lord talks about the punishment that He is giving to those people. He says that He is going to throw those dirty evil doers forever into the wombs of the demons.

Extending Interpretation to Mankind’s Life!

How can Lord be so cruel to throw someone forever into the wombs of the demons? This is what you might be thinking when you are reading the interpretation of the shloka. It would have also arisen a sense of fear in you. Anger is an emotion that needs to used only to restore order and God is using that emotion to restore the order here. Anger results in punishment and any punishment with a purpose always yields a positive outcome. But the next question is, what positive outcome will throwing an evil doer into demonic world can do? What change can it bring to him?

Excess of anything is dangerous and when a person leads a demonic life every minute enjoying the world and getting the sensual pleasures of it, there comes a stage when his mind and body will say enough is enough, how much more will I enjoy! That is when the soul wakes up and makes his senses do something for the pleasure of the soul. It could be reading Ramayan or listening to a discourse of a learned person. That is when the soul inside gets awakened and makes the mind feel miserable for all those sins that a person has committed over a period of many births. There is no bigger repentance than realising their own sins and feeling bad about them.
The real meaning of Lord when He says that He will throw these people into the wombs of demons means, He is going to give them all the comforts that they need to satisfy their ugly urges. That is why you might be seeing rich people getting more money and they enjoy more and more. God gives them everything and they enjoy unlimited till the point of realization. All things have to come to end somewhere and when his enjoyment also ends, he then realises how much he lost in that false sense of enjoyment. That feeling is required for self transformation and like I said before, every punishment has something good hidden in it, this also has the secret of realization hidden in it. 

India’s 1% Richest get richer by 39% in the year 2018 and the bottom half only by 3%!

A day ago, I had read an article that was released by many websites on the Income levels throughout the Globe. This study comes from the Oxfam, Oxfam is a group of 20 charitable organizations working in 90 countries working for reducing the poverty. So, I decided to give my view on the findings of the research by Oxfam which is being presented with a strong ‘bias’.

Below are few highlights brought out from the study:
  1. The study reveals that Billionaires saw a 12% increase in their income levels per day and the poor half of the people saw their wealth decline by 11%.
  2. India’s top 1% richest people have seen their wealth increased by 39% whereas the bottom half saw only 3% increase in their wealth.
  3. The Study also revealed that 10% of India’s who are poorest remained in debt since 2004.
  4. India’s top 10% people hold 77.4% of India’s total wealth and top 1% hold as high as 51.53% wealth and 60% of India’s population which is the majority holds only 4.8% of India’s wealth.

These facts were presented in an article in such a way that India’s rich are looting India and blaming the Govt for not doing anything to India’s poor population. People started commenting on the ‘ache din’ concept and then the other side of people started hitting at 70 years rule of Congress. The blame game went on for most of the comments. I would want to make very few points and educate the uneducated.

Let’s say there is a family who has taken debt and is expecting someone to come from heaven and pay off the debt, is it going to happen? Debt once taken has to be repaid by the working person who took the debt by earning money. If you fail to do so, you are going to be called as debt holder till the time you clear them. Why people take debt is something which depends on the individuals who are not to be discussed. Secondly, the article also talks about Rich getting Rich and Poor getting poor, the fact is that Rich have money to send their kids to better schools and give knowledge. Whereas the poor don’t have the luxury of sending the kids to good schools. So obviously rich kids get the best possible results.

Next, how are these Rich making money? Is it not because of their hard work and the way they run their business? Absolutely yes. We can definitely ask Government for helping the poor in better health, better facilities etc but all in all the efforts are something which needs to come from the individuals. We cannot at one place and keep complaining or blaming others for our failure. Nobody will take you the sky if the sky is one’s goal he needs to work hard and show some real strength to reach the heights. Putting up the easy tagline of Rich becoming Rich and Poor becoming Poor will only waste 5 more seconds in your life. Understand it’s the reality. As a saying goes, Blame nobody for being born poor but blame yourself for dying poor.

Finally, Rich and Poor discrimination should not be justified in terms of Money, much crucial and rewarding than money is the ‘Knowledge’ which builds character which in turn can help you to build a rich empire. Money is needed but not in excess, the only thing that has no delimitations even if it’s in excess is ‘Knowledge’.

Bhagavadgita Chapter 15 Purushottama Yoga Verse 17

Chapter 15 Purushottama Yoga Verse 17

Uttamah purushastwanyah paramaatmetyudaahritah;
Yo lokatrayamaavishya bibhartyavyaya ishwarah.

But distinct is the Supreme Purusha called the highest Self, the indestructible Lord who, pervading the three worlds, sustains them.

Interpretation

In the last shloka, Lord talks about the two purushas, one perishable and the other imperishable. In this shloka, he talks about the concept of Supreme purusha. This supreme purusha is the creator and sustainer of both perishable and imperishable beings. He says that the Supreme Purusha is also referred to as the highest self and He is indestructible Lord. Then the second part of the shloka talks about how this indestructible Lord is pervading all the three worlds. Pervading here means the person who occupies and rules. So, Lord says that he pervades all the three worlds and also sustains them. 

Extending Interpretation to Mankind’s Life!

There is a Supreme soul in all of us, as we have learnt previously that he resides at the centre of the Crown chakra on the top of our head and He is the one who rules everything around and sustains the three lokas. Now the point is what are these three lokas? We have already talked about the 7 lokas that an individual goes before attaining the salvation. But what are these 3 lokas? They are the Bhu loka, Bhuvar loka and Swarga loka. More than 90% of the souls reside in these lokas before going to Mahar loka and the other higher lokas as a part of attaining salvation. If that is the case then why is it that the Supreme soul doesn’t have control over all the 7 lokas?

Lord Sri Maha Vishnu guides us in our path to salvation till a person reaches the swarga loka. Once a soul enjoys the riches of swarga loka and comes back its outlook towards the life as well as the activities that it is engaged into, drastically changes. It then falls into the 10% category of souls that go Mahar loka and the higher lokas. Bhu Loka is where the souls with body live, Bhuvar Loka is for the troubled souls which are also equated with Narak and the 3rd Loka is Swarga Loka or heaven. For the basic understanding of one’s life, one has to travel several times within these three lokas and that is where the concentration of the individual rests most of the times.

Even the sacred Gayatri mantra starts with “Aum bhu, bhuvar swah“, mentioning about the three lokas. These three lokas is where the Supreme being always had control on. It is like the attention a student requires up to his pre-university or 10+2 education. In this stage, he needs a lot of strictness and monitoring by the parent and after that from graduation, he is left free to study on his own. In a similar way, to make the path of salvation easier, one has to cross the Bhuvar Loka and go to Swarga Loka. So, Supreme Purusha controls us strictly in these 3 lokas and ensures that he goes to the Swarga Loka.  Then the path becomes easier and the soul will chart its path to salvation with the minimal help of the Supreme Soul.

Bhagavadgita Chapter 15 Purushottama Yoga Verse 15

Chapter 15 Purushottama Yoga Verse 15

Sarvasya chaaham hridi sannivishto Mattah smritir jnaanam apohanam cha;Vedaischa sarvairahameva vedyoVedaantakrid vedavid eva chaaham.

And, I am seated in the hearts of all; from Me are memory, knowledge, as well as their absence. I am verily that which has to be known by all the Vedas; I am indeed the author of the Vedanta, and the knower of the Vedas am I.

Interpretation

After explaining about the fire in the form of Vaisvarana and how he helps in digesting the four kinds of food, Lord Krishna in this shloka talks about He being associated with Vedas, knowledge and memory in an individual. He starts off by saying that He is seated in the heart of every individual in this World. And everyone gets their knowledge and memory from Him and He is only responsible for the absence of the memory in an individual. Lord Krishna also goes onto say that He is what Vedas should know and He is the author of Vedanta. After that Lord Krishna concludes saying that He alone is the knower of the meaning of the Vedas.

Extending Interpretation to Mankind’s Life!

I would like to start explaining this shloka with a quote from Shrimad Bhagavatham, that formed the motivation of all the learning that I took till this moment and also the knowledge that I would acquire in future. “From You alone, the knowledge of the living being arises, and by Your potency that knowledge is stolen away.” This simply means that whatever knowledge that a person acquired in life is all because of the God in his soul and whatever knowledge he missed out or forgot after leaning is because of the non-presence of the God in him. This beautiful phrase from Shrimad Bhagavatham telling everything about the intention of an individual in acquiring knowledge.

We get closer to knowledge because the senses listen to the soul which has an element of God in it. And whenever you feel that you don’t want to learn or postpone your learning is also because of the senses falling prey to external pulls. So, if you meet a knowledgeable person in your life, understand that his senses are under the control of his soul. If you meet an ignorant and foolish person understand that he is more Worldly and is driven by the pleasures than the urges of the soul. The other part is about forgetting. One should never forget anything if he internalizes knowledge. One internalizes knowledge only if he learns anything for the sake of knowledge and not for any other external factor. 

In this context let us take an example of a student. He learns things not for knowing what they are, but for scoring good marks. Good marks is an external factor and curiosity to know things is internal. His importance is more towards external. Similarly, if a working person goes for a knowledge enhancement course, it would be purely for his career advancement and better salary. These are also external factors. One should never acquire knowledge for these purposes. The one who treats the knowledge as the source of serving humanity learnt in the name of the God, and doesn’t derive any external benefit is the one, who can understand Lord and His Supreme being. That is the essence of Vedas whose means are derived from God and it’s the same God who wrote all those scriptures.

Bhagavadgita Chapter 15 Purushottama Yoga Verse 10

Chapter 15 Purushottama Yoga Verse 10

Utkraamantam sthitam vaapi bhunjaanam vaa gunaanvitam;
Vimoodhaa naanupashyanti pashyanti jnaanachakshushah.

The deluded do not see Him who departs, stays and enjoys;
but they who possess the eye of knowledge behold Him.

Interpretation

After talking about how the person enjoys his sensual objects neglecting the divinity inside, Lord Krishna in this shloka is talking about those who have the eye of knowledge to understand the importance of the soul. He says that a person who is deluded and wavering in his mind, when the soul that has the imprint of Almighty departs, he does not notice it and just enjoys. Enjoy here means neglect, this is contrasted with the person who possesses knowledge. The person who has knowledge will not allow this to happen. He will behold the soul and understand its importance through the eye of knowledge. 

Extending Interpretation to Mankind’s Life!

We have seen Tulsidas’ wife telling him how he is wasting his time focussing on things that are wasteful. This shloka also talks about something similar. Here the moment to capture is the moment of death which departs body from soul. Everyone who reaches that moment knows that his body is no longer going to live and the time is up for him in this material world. What is the thought that occurs at that moment? This is where the difference between a deluded mind and the mind with an eye of knowledge is clearly seen. The deluded mind only thinks about what all he has achieved and doesn’t think about the soul. It allows the soul which has the imprint of God to pass through it without any thought about the suffering soul.

Contrasting it with a mind that has the eye of knowledge. Eye of knowledge here means wisdom. Knowledge is there everywhere but fools just ignore it and pass through it without acquiring it. They do so because they don’t understand the importance of it. A mind that has the eye of Knowledge can see how precious this knowledge is and acquires the same without any questioning. Knowledge increases the wisdom and that wisdom awakens the soul. Then the mind starts thinking about the needs of the soul. Thus such a body that meets the moment of death, beholds that knowledge that the soul has acquired and moves out of the body. Then the search continues for acquiring another body and increasing the knowledge.

Bhagavadgita Chapter 14 Guna Triya Vibhaga Yoga Verse 11

Chapter 14 Guna Triya Vibhaga Yoga Verse 11

Sarvadwaareshu dehe’smin prakaasha upajaayate;
Jnaanam yadaa tadaa vidyaa dvivriddham sattwamityuta.

When, through every sense in this body, the wisdom-light shines, 
then it may be known that Sattwa is predominant.

Interpretation

After talking about the Sattvik, Rajasik and Tamasik gunas in an individual and how they would be predominant, Lord Krishna in this shloka shifts His attention back to the Sattvik Guna. He attaches a lot of importance to the senses in holding that sattvik energy. He says that a person becomes wise only when he bestows himself with the sattvik energy. That sattvik energy can enter into his system only through the senses. Once it enters into the body of a person the light of his wisdom shines and only through that light of wisdom one can understand that the Sattvik guna is predominent in him. 

Extending Interpretation to Mankind’s Life!

This is a three-part shloka that clearly explains the sattvik nature in an individual. The first shloka talks about how the sattvik energy that gets into an individual shines like wisdom-light. Wisdom-light in an individual is nothing but the illumination that results from a person acquiring wisdom. Wisdom is the result of knowledge and only sattvik energy can make you to learn more and acquire that wisdom. Like I have mentioned previously, you would feel like watching a business channel or a serious news channel only when you have the inclination to learn new things. This inclination to learn things only happens when sattvik energy is there. 

There is no end to knowledge and learning and a wise person will never allow himself to be limited to any area. As the knowledge level increases the person connects different things and gets varied perspectives about situations which lead to wisdom. For example, you will find people who can resolve any crisis or tell you how to handle any situation by just extrapolating the solutions for different problems. This is the result of hard work that the soul has put up and the sattvik energy in him helps to further that wisdom and his self will start glowing with the wisdom-light. The individuals who have this wisdom-light are the ones filled with sattvik energy.