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Chapter 16 Daivasura Sampad Vibhaga Yoga Verse 13

Chapter 16 Daivasura Sampad Vibhaga Yoga Verse 13

Idamadya mayaa labdham imam praapsye manoratham;
Idamasteedamapi me bhavishyati punardhanam.

“This has been gained by me today; this desire I shall obtain;
this is mine and this wealth too shall be mine in future.”

Interpretation

This shloka is a three-part shloka where Lord Krishna gives a first person like the account of those who live with demonic qualities. He starts off the shloka by saying that when a person earns wealth, he says I earned this money. When he has a desire to fulfil he then makes a resolve that I shall fulfil this desire. When a person owns something after a lot of hard work he says, this is mine. Thus this person with demonic nature looks at everything from the “I” point of view. Finally, Lord concludes the first part of the shloka by saying that when a person sees the money earned by him, he says that this is my money and I am going to use it in future.

Extending Interpretation to Mankind’s Life!

We all know how crucial and important is this word “I”. It is the shortest word in the English language that occupies the least space, but one can write volumes of books on this single letter word I. Everyone has so much write about them. But is it good to keep thinking about “I” all the time? “I” refers to senses and body but not the soul. You will say I need money, I need power, I need peace of mind. You will never say I need peace of soul nor can “I” take you to moksha just for the simple fact that when the body meets soul it is “we” not “I”. The soul never does anything on its own so it needs body and body if it is ruled by senses, which will only think of “I”. So, the moment we start thinking about the soul, the “I” is eliminated and it is replaced by “we”.

In an altogether different way, this shloka is provoking us to think beyond “I”. Whenever you gain anything you, instead of saying, I gained, if you say we gained, then automatically the soul gets involved with it. It could be either sharing the credit with your soul, who is also the Paramatma living inside you or you share the credit with others, the result will be the same. Once the person comes out of the mode of “I”, he will also start seeing the world from we point of you. Then the whole universe created by the Almighty will look different to him and he will start living with everyone in harmony. He will not fight for credit or for wealth. He will simply do everything in the name of God and leave the result to him. That’s the first step towards moksha.

Bhagavadgita Chapter 15 Purushottama Yoga Verse 17

Chapter 15 Purushottama Yoga Verse 17

Uttamah purushastwanyah paramaatmetyudaahritah;
Yo lokatrayamaavishya bibhartyavyaya ishwarah.

But distinct is the Supreme Purusha called the highest Self, the indestructible Lord who, pervading the three worlds, sustains them.

Interpretation

In the last shloka, Lord talks about the two purushas, one perishable and the other imperishable. In this shloka, he talks about the concept of Supreme purusha. This supreme purusha is the creator and sustainer of both perishable and imperishable beings. He says that the Supreme Purusha is also referred to as the highest self and He is indestructible Lord. Then the second part of the shloka talks about how this indestructible Lord is pervading all the three worlds. Pervading here means the person who occupies and rules. So, Lord says that he pervades all the three worlds and also sustains them. 

Extending Interpretation to Mankind’s Life!

There is a Supreme soul in all of us, as we have learnt previously that he resides at the centre of the Crown chakra on the top of our head and He is the one who rules everything around and sustains the three lokas. Now the point is what are these three lokas? We have already talked about the 7 lokas that an individual goes before attaining the salvation. But what are these 3 lokas? They are the Bhu loka, Bhuvar loka and Swarga loka. More than 90% of the souls reside in these lokas before going to Mahar loka and the other higher lokas as a part of attaining salvation. If that is the case then why is it that the Supreme soul doesn’t have control over all the 7 lokas?

Lord Sri Maha Vishnu guides us in our path to salvation till a person reaches the swarga loka. Once a soul enjoys the riches of swarga loka and comes back its outlook towards the life as well as the activities that it is engaged into, drastically changes. It then falls into the 10% category of souls that go Mahar loka and the higher lokas. Bhu Loka is where the souls with body live, Bhuvar Loka is for the troubled souls which are also equated with Narak and the 3rd Loka is Swarga Loka or heaven. For the basic understanding of one’s life, one has to travel several times within these three lokas and that is where the concentration of the individual rests most of the times.

Even the sacred Gayatri mantra starts with “Aum bhu, bhuvar swah“, mentioning about the three lokas. These three lokas is where the Supreme being always had control on. It is like the attention a student requires up to his pre-university or 10+2 education. In this stage, he needs a lot of strictness and monitoring by the parent and after that from graduation, he is left free to study on his own. In a similar way, to make the path of salvation easier, one has to cross the Bhuvar Loka and go to Swarga Loka. So, Supreme Purusha controls us strictly in these 3 lokas and ensures that he goes to the Swarga Loka.  Then the path becomes easier and the soul will chart its path to salvation with the minimal help of the Supreme Soul.

Bhagavadgita Chapter 15 Purushottama Yoga Verse 13

Chapter 15 Purushottama Yoga Verse 13

Gaam aavishya cha bhootaani dhaarayaamyaham ojasaa;Pushnaami chaushadheeh sarvaah somo bhootwaa rasaatmakah.

Permeating the earth I support all beings by My energy; and, having become the watery moon, I nourish all herbs.

Interpretation

After comparing Himself to the power of Sun and the light emanating from it, Lord Krishna in this Shloka talks about how He supports and nourishes the entire life on this planet. He uses the word Permeating to explain His presence in the Universe. Permeating means spread across or something which is present everywhere. Lord Krishna says that by spreading Himself across the entire Earth, He supports all the living beings with His energy. In short, His energy is the source of all life. Then in the second part of the shloka, He says that by becoming a watery moon, He is continuously nourishing all the herbs and other life forms on this planet. 

Extending Interpretation to Mankind’s Life!

Here we are talking about the Lord talking like a parent who is nourishing and supporting all beings with His energy and care. God’s energy is distributed into this universe in two distinctly different forms. The first form is raw energy which has a lot of power and ability to support the growth of the beings. The second energy is the delicate and tender energy that is required to take care of the beings in an intricate way. These two energies are present throughout the universe and all the life forms that have evolved in this World also have these two energies. Every species that was created by God has these two energies distinctly separated. The first energy we equate it to the power of Sun and call it masculine energy and the second is equated to the moon and called feminine energy.

The concept of masculine and feminine is something that is omnipresent and present in every species. The species which is aggressive and the seed of all life is male and thus every male in any species carries the seed of the future species. The nurturer and the holder of species is the feminine energy and thus female who is the derivation of feminine energy becomes the womb or the carrier of the species. Thus all the qualities associated with feminine energy are caring and gentle. One also has to understand that the energies might be different but the soul or the God present in all the energies is the same because God or the Supreme being, that we call Him is the combination of both the masculine and the feminine energies which are protecting every species in the universe. 

Bhagavadgita Chapter 15 Purushottama Yoga Verse 10

Chapter 15 Purushottama Yoga Verse 10

Utkraamantam sthitam vaapi bhunjaanam vaa gunaanvitam;
Vimoodhaa naanupashyanti pashyanti jnaanachakshushah.

The deluded do not see Him who departs, stays and enjoys;
but they who possess the eye of knowledge behold Him.

Interpretation

After talking about how the person enjoys his sensual objects neglecting the divinity inside, Lord Krishna in this shloka is talking about those who have the eye of knowledge to understand the importance of the soul. He says that a person who is deluded and wavering in his mind, when the soul that has the imprint of Almighty departs, he does not notice it and just enjoys. Enjoy here means neglect, this is contrasted with the person who possesses knowledge. The person who has knowledge will not allow this to happen. He will behold the soul and understand its importance through the eye of knowledge. 

Extending Interpretation to Mankind’s Life!

We have seen Tulsidas’ wife telling him how he is wasting his time focussing on things that are wasteful. This shloka also talks about something similar. Here the moment to capture is the moment of death which departs body from soul. Everyone who reaches that moment knows that his body is no longer going to live and the time is up for him in this material world. What is the thought that occurs at that moment? This is where the difference between a deluded mind and the mind with an eye of knowledge is clearly seen. The deluded mind only thinks about what all he has achieved and doesn’t think about the soul. It allows the soul which has the imprint of God to pass through it without any thought about the suffering soul.

Contrasting it with a mind that has the eye of knowledge. Eye of knowledge here means wisdom. Knowledge is there everywhere but fools just ignore it and pass through it without acquiring it. They do so because they don’t understand the importance of it. A mind that has the eye of Knowledge can see how precious this knowledge is and acquires the same without any questioning. Knowledge increases the wisdom and that wisdom awakens the soul. Then the mind starts thinking about the needs of the soul. Thus such a body that meets the moment of death, beholds that knowledge that the soul has acquired and moves out of the body. Then the search continues for acquiring another body and increasing the knowledge.

Bhagavadgita Chapter 15 Purushottama Yoga Verse 9

Chapter 15 Purushottama Yoga Verse 9

Shrotram chakshuh sparshanam cha rasanam ghraanameva cha;
Adhishthaaya manashchaayam vishayaanupasevate.

Presiding over the ear, the eye, touch, taste and smell, as well as the mind, he enjoys the objects of the senses.

Interpretation

After talking about the soul carrying the information of the previous births into the next birth, Lord Krishna in this shloka talks about the objects of the senses and their influence on the mind. He says that Lord presides over the five sense objects like ear, eye, touch, taste and smell. Then these five senses are connected to the mind which is controlled by senses. This is how a person enjoys the objects of the senses, says Lord Krishna. 

Extending Interpretation on Mankind’s Life!

We have discussed in the previous shlokas that it’s the senses that rule the mind and the soul inside will have no control over the senses. It’s totally the mind that controls the senses. So, if the soul wants something it has to be given only by the mind. When the mind is unable to recognize what the soul wants then it will never be able to fulfil the wishes of the soul. I would like to explain this today with an example that will make you to think bit more. Some of us would have heard about Sant Tulsidas. He was the one who wrote Ramayana in Hindi. We know about him as a saint but there is a story that we need to know about Tulsidas, like Valmiki who wrote the original Ramayana. 

Tulsidas in his younger days was very attached to his wife. He could not stay away from her even for a day. Once it so happens that she goes to her father’s place leaving Tulsidas alone. Tulsidas unable to bear that separation even for few days also decides one night to visit her and sets out to his father in law’s place. On the way, he comes across a river and since it was nightfall, he couldn’t see any boat nearby. Plus since it was raining, there was nobody near the river. Still, Tulsidas wanted to meet his wife. Then he sees a dead body floating on the river coming near him. It was a rotten body fully bloated with water. He mistakes it for a wooden log and climbs on it and crosses the river.

As he reaches the home of his wife which is just on the banks of the river, he sees that it is a two-storied building and his wife was on the second floor. He didn’t want to disturb his father in law by knocking the door, so he climbs the tree nearby and tries to enter the balcony of the room where his wife was sleeping. On his way to the balcony, there was a snake hanging to the tree, he mistakes it for a rope and reaches the balcony, holding the snake. Finally, when he sees his wife he felt very happy. His wife asks him how he was able to come to her home in spite of the heavy rain, he tells about the wooden log and the rope through which he came to meet her. 

Surprised, his wife goes to the balcony and sees the snake. And when she looks at the wooden log she realises that it was a dead body. She shows him both and says if he had shown the same desire on knowing God instead of bodily pleasures, he wouldn’t have taken birth again. That hits Tulsidas hard and he realises his mistake. From then on he starts getting detached from the worldly pleasures and starts to concentrate on God and subsequently, pens Ramayana in Hindi. I would also like to quote one shloka from Tulsidas Ramayan which goes like this: “kamihi naari piari jimi lobhihi priya jimi dama, timi raghunatha nirantara priya lagahu mohi rama“, which means “As a lustful man desires a beautiful woman, and as a greedy person desires wealth, may my mind and senses constantly desire Lord Ram.”

So, the only way this mind can get over senses and their influences are only by focussing on God.

Bhagavadgita Chapter 15 Purushottama Yoga Verse 8

Chapter 15 Purushottama Yoga Verse 8

Shareeram yadavaapnoti yacchaapyutkraamateeshwarah;
Griheetwaitaani samyaati vaayurgandhaanivaashayaat.

When the Lord obtains a body and when He leaves it, He takes these and goes with them as the wind takes the scents from their seats that is flowers….

Interpretation

After talking about the five senses and the mind which is an eternal portion of the Lord, Lord Krishna in this shloka talks about the migration of the soul from one body to another. He starts off by saying “when Lord leaves the body obtained by Him”, which actually is talking about the migration of a soul which has God element present in it. Lord says that when soul moves from one body to another it carries all the characteristics of the previous birth along with it. To explain this he took the example of the air that carries the fragrance of the flowers from one place to another, similarly, soul carries the information of senses from one birth to another.

Extending Interpretation to Mankind’s Life!

Every soul has an element of God in it and it never dies. When it leaves one body it takes the impressions of the previous birth to the next birth. This is similar to how the fragrance spreads from one place to another by the moving air. But there is always a debate that, do you really carry information from one birth to another? Some people even question the existence of multiple births. Lord Krishna in Gita talks about the existence of multiple births. But what about today’s world where there is so much of technological advancement, do people really believe in multiple births and soul carrying information from one birth to another?

I have done a small research on blind people and their ability to dream. We all dream and we also sometimes remember our dreams and we do talk about it. We know that dreams are the information stored in our sub-conscious mind and it is the mixture of present and past life. If you are asked to recollect the person who you saw in a dream, you will be able to recollect if you have seen him in this birth. But there are many instances where we cant recollect the name or relationship of the person we saw in our dreams. This happens because that person is from our previous births and since the senses in the present life didnt see that person, we are unable to recognize him. 

So, if we look at whether a person who is born blind, can he really dream or not? Since he has never seen anything in his life, it is not possible for him to dream and get any images in the dream. I looked at different researches done on blind people and has come across this research finding of 2017: “When a blind man is asked if he dreams the answer is immediate: “Yes!” But if we ask him if he sees anything in the dream, the answer is always doubtful because he does not know what it is to see. Even if there were images and colours in his brain during the dream how could he recognize them? There is, therefore, no direct way, through the dream reports, to evaluate the presence of visual activation in the dream of congenitally blind subjects.” –Bértolo, Mestre, Barrio, & Antona, 2017.

The above research clearly indicates that blind people do dream but can’t explain to them since they don’t have the cognitive abilities to do so. Thus the modern day science does prove the existence of multiple births and soul carrying information from one birth to another.

Bhagavdgita Chapter 13 Kshetra-Kshetrajna Vibhaga Yoga Verse 23

Chapter 13 Kshetra-Kshetrajna Vibhaga Yoga Verse 23

Upadrashtaanumantaa cha bhartaa bhoktaa maheshwarah;
Paramaatmeti chaapyukto dehe’smin purushah parah.

The Supreme Soul in this body is also called the spectator, the permitter, 
the supporter, the enjoyer, the great Lord and the Supreme Self.

Interpretation

After talking about the role of prakruti and purush in understanding the field, Lord Krishna in this shloka talks about the Supreme Self and its presence in the field. He says that Supreme soul, which is nothing but Lord Sri Maha Vishnu Himself, is seated inside one’s body and He is a mere spectator of what is happening inside your body. He only watches your soul along with the senses making various decisions. He silently supports those decisions, doesn’t interfere to stop them and enjoys as you face the consequences of all those actions, either good or bad. He is that Supreme soul which is present in every body, says Lord Krishna.

Extending Interpretation to Mankind’s Life!

I want to quote a narration from “Mandukyopanishad”. Amongst all the Upanishads, Mandukyopanishad is the shortest but has a lot of spiritual wealth in it. In one of its verses it narrates a beautiful story. The story goes like this: Two birds are seated in the nest (which is compared to your senses), of the tree (which is like the body of the living being).  They are called the jivatma or individual soul and Paramatma or the Supreme Soul.  The jivatma is sitting with its back facing the paramatma, and is busy enjoying the fruits of the tree, which are the results of the karmas it receives while residing in the body.  When a sweet fruit comes, it becomes happy. when a bitter fruit comes, it becomes sad. 

The Paramatma is a friend of the jivatma, but He never interferes in anything that jivatma does. He simply sits and watches.  If the jivatma can only turn around to see the Paramatma, all its miseries will come to an end because Paramatma can help Jivatma in decision making, but as its sitting with its face turned away it can never sense the presence of paramatma next to it. In life we are all like that bird, where we never know the presence of God in us, as we never really turn around and look at Him, but we are busy worshipping Him all the time. Turning around here is not an easy exercise. It means you need to change your outlook. You need to accept the fact that whatever you were doing till now is not the right way and have to abandon that way. Then only you can turnaround.

The jivatma has been bestowed with free will which is nothing but the freedom to turn away or towards God. Paramatma never talks about His superiority nor forces jivatma to listen to Him. He simply waits for the right moment for jivatma to turn around and see the presence of Him next to his soul, which can take him to the right path. Jivatma never understands paramatma and its presence so it remains in the permanent bondage of maya, happiness, sadness, relationships and various other pulls that prakruti gives it. But once jivatma turns to paramatma everything changes. With this story, we can understand the world of ignorance we are living in. The light is next to you and you are holding the switch also. All that you need to do is switch it on. Then, you see how the life changes!

Bhagavadgita Chapter 13 Kshetra-Kshetrajna Vibhaga Yoga Verse 3

Chapter 13 Kshetra-Kshetrajna Vibhaga Yoga Verse 3

Kshetrajnam chaapi maam viddhi sarvakshetreshu bhaarata;
Kshetrakshetrajnayor jnaanam yattat jnaanam matam mama.

Do thou also know Me as the Knower of the Field in all fields, O Arjuna! 
Knowledge of both the Field and the Knower of the Field is considered by Me to be the knowledge.

Interpretation

This is the shloka that is coming after Lord Krishna defines for Arjuna the concepts of the field and the knower of the field. In this shloka Lord Krishna starts off by saying that Arjuna should see Him as a person who is the knower of the field in all the fields. All the fields means all the bodies of living beings including humans. Then Lord Krishna goes on to say what according to Him is regarded as knowledge. He says that knowledge of both the field and the knower of the field both are considered to be the knowledge by Him. 

Extending Interpretation to Mankind’s Life!

We need to understand two things here. First is about the knower of the field in all the fields. Yesterday we were talking about every being in this world of having a field. There are millions of organisms in this world with billions of humans. Each one of them has a soul and that soul has different amount of knowledge about the field or the body with which it is covered. Like the soul of a fish knows about its field or the body and the same is the case with a snake or a turtle or a bird or a monkey or a human. But who has the knowledge of all the fields? It is the Almighty who is the creator of all the fields as well as the soul inside them, who has the knowledge of all fields. Souls being limited in their knowledge is only aware of the knowledge of their own field. 

The next part of the shloka concentrates on the knowledge. Lord Krishna here tries to explain what is knowledge. He says that knowing about the field as well as the knower of the field, both together are considered to be the knowledge. Let us take an example of a human. For a human being, knowledge is a Ph.D degree. If you have a Doctorate ahead of your name that person is considered as the most knowledgeable. But that knowledge pertains to only one area or subject. The knowledge that Lord Krishna is referring to here is much more than that. It is about understanding one’s body, mind and soul. A person who doesnt have that knowledge, whatever degree he might possess is an ignorant person. This is what Lord Krishna tells Arjuna in this shloka.

Bhagavadgita Chapter 13 Kshetra-Kshetrajna Vibhaga Yoga Verse 2

Chapter 13 Kshetra-Kshetrajna  Vibhaga Yoga Verse 2

Sri Bhagavaan Uvaacha:
Idam shareeram kaunteya kshetramityabhidheeyate;
Etadyo vetti tam praahuh kshetrajna iti tadvidah.

The Blessed Lord said:
This body, O Arjuna, is called the Field;
he who knows it is called the Knower of the Field by those who know of them, that is, by the sages.

Interpretation

Lord Krishna starts to answer the question asked by Arjuna on the Field and the knower of the Field. Previously Arjuna asked Krishna to explain him in complete detail the nature and the spirit of the field and the knower of the field. Lord Krishna replies saying that the body that we are in right now or the body in which we are living is called as the field. Then He goes on to explain about the knower of the field. He says that a person who knows everything about his body will be called as the knower of the field. This would be known only to the sages who acquire the required knowledge to distinguish both.

Extending Interpretation to Mankind’s Life!

In a common man terminology what is the difference between the field and the knower of the field? For us, field takes us directly to physics where we start associating field to electric field and magnetic field. Well, if you think that way, you are not entirely wrong. Every particle that has mass will have some kind of field in it. Like let’s take an atom or a molecule which is present in every living being. The molecule is made up of atoms and atoms have protons, electrons and neutrons in it apart from various other sub atomic particles. There is a field in this because protons are positively charged and electrons are negatively charged and when they flow, they carry these charges. This positive and negative charges constitute the electric and magnetic field.

If you extend this to our human body, just imagine how many molecules we have in our body. The number goes to millions and each one of them have billions of atoms that have charged particles creating different electro-magnetic fields inside our body. That is the reason why human body is also called as a field. When you are doing activities like walking, talking, running or any other physical activity, energy flows out of body and it is replaced by energy that body takes inside from the nature and also from the energy that gets created inside our body. The understanding of all these leads to a situation where you tend to completely understand your body or the field and thus you will be called as the knower of the field. 

Now who is this knower of the field? It is the soul. Soul is not a participant in your metabolic and other physical activities that your body undertakes but being there inside your body it gets connected to the body thus becoming the knower of the body. So, in short, its the soul which is the knower of your body. But then how to know what your soul wants to say? That is where a sage comes into picture. A sage is a person who gets connected to the inner and outer worlds through meditation and who is capable of connecting in and out of your body. This sheer ability makes him to understand the body and thus only sages are the ones who know the body. But for all of us, body seems to be a mystery and soul is something which is silent and mostly associated with a lover, whom we call as soul mate.