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Bhagavadgita Chapter 15 Purushottama Yoga Verse 15

Chapter 15 Purushottama Yoga Verse 5
Nirmaanamohaa jitasangadoshaaAdhyaatmanityaa vinivrittakaamaah;
Dwandwairvimuktaah sukhaduhkhasamjnairGacchantyam

Free from pride and delusion, victorious over the evil of attachment, dwelling constantly in the Self, their desires having completely turned away, freed from the pairs of opposites known as pleasure and pain, the undeluded reach the eternal goal.


After talking about how to get freed from the inverted peepul tree of the cycle of birth and death, Lord Krishna in this shloka is talking about the path for the person to reach the eternal goal or salvation. He says that first he person has to come out of his pride and wavering mentality. Then he has to free himself from the evil effects of being too attached to people around him. Next step is he should be constantly focussing on himself alone and no one else. That prompts him to get over all his desires and he will also get rid of the feelings of pain and pleasure. Once this happens, the person automatically comes out of his wavering nature and reaches the eternal goal of salvation. 

Extending Interpretation to Mankind’s Life!

The best way to salvation is being with oneself, is the message that Lord Krishna is giving here. When you are only with yourself many of the feelings described above will not affect you. For example if you are only with yourself then you feel neither pride of what you achieve nor you waver between different options that are available to you. Wavering is mainly due to external factors and so is the attachment. You get attached to things, people, situations and wants to constantly win over them. Just put them aside and see how things look. Suddenly you will find that you are not attached to anything and thus nothing is affecting you.

When nothing is affecting you, you will not be drawn to anything in life. You wont have a desire to possess or acquire anything nor you will feel happy or sad when you get or dont get what you desired. Getting rid of one’s desires is extremely crucial for you to get closer to understanding the Almighty. Winning an argument is a desire, longing for a holiday is a desire, wanting to achieve a target is a desire. But you can achieve all this without desiring for the result. That is what the goal of life should be. You can say what you want dispassionately and if your words have merit you will be acknowledged for that, which is nothing but winning an argument or a debate. That can happen immediately or in due course of time, you have no control on it nor desire the outcome.
Same is the case with longing for a holiday. You can think of it but when it has to happen it will happen. Desiring for it achieves nothing and all the targets are set by the Almighty not by you. Working everyday with an unwavering mindset is the only way for you. How many times you have set deadlines for yourself, only to change them and suddenly, one day everything falls in place and you achieve your goal. This is a message that nothing is in your hands and there is no point in desiring them. When a person gets over all these, he automatically becomes unattached to anything and thus will start finding the meaning of God and will set himself on the path of salvation. 

Bhagavadgita Chapter 10 Vibhuti Vistara Yoga Verse 18

Chapter 10 Vibhuti Vistara Yoga Verse 18
Vedaanaam saamavedo’smi devaanaam asmi vaasavah;
Indriyaanaam manashchaasmi bhootaanaamasmi chetanaa.
Among the Vedas I am the Sama Veda; I am Vasava among the gods;
among the senses I am the mind; and I am intelligence among living beings.
This shloka sounds very similar to the shloka we had seen previously where Lord compares Himself to the different gods of nature and also to the different important functions of the humans. In this shloka also He does a similar thing. He says that in vedas He is like sama veda. Amongst the gods He compares Himself to Vasava who is also called as Indra. Then coming to a human being, He says that He is the mind of the human being and lastly He also goes onto say that He is the intelligence amongst the living beings that dwell on this planet.
Extending Interpretation to Mankind’s Life!
One might be wondering why Lord is saying the same thing again and again. When we re-visit something, people call it repetition. And they find it boring. That is for those who don’t show the involvement. But for those who are involve it is not just a repetition but it is from a different context giving an altogether different dimension about that particular thing. When we repeat something we go deeper into it and our thought process takes us to the places and makes us to think of the things we have not thought before.
Like, in the above shloka Lord compares Himself to Sama veda. We have heard this before, but Sama veda is the sweetest and the most soothing of all vedas. When you are down and demotivated what gives immediate relief to you is a pleasant music that Sama veda is composed of. Yes, rituals in Yajur Veda takes us to a spiritually higher platform, but the relaxation and mental stability that we needed the most comes instantly  from Sama veda. Likewise, taking Lord’s name when we are in the most difficult and trying circumstances gives us the immediate relief and strength to fight over the problems and difficulties. Once the person gets strength he is equipped to do other things.
Likewise, Lord compares Himself to the mind and the intelligence in beings. Mind gives us the solutions and intelligence gives us the sustenance. Continuing the above example, once a person gets some relief by taking God’s name, his mind will start thinking in the right direction. That is also nothing but God. He now starts to see things clearly and starts to strategize as to how to overcome the problem. So, if you look at this, the music that provides relief is God and also the mind that thinks calmly after relaxation is also God.

And finally Lord compares Himself to intelligence which is nothing but sustenance. Here comes the Darwin’s theory of survival of the fittest. We take a situation where the whole species and its existence comes into threat. That is when an intelligent species can fight out the difficulties and survive the hardships. You can compare this to centuries of struggles that human beings have made to make themselves secure from all other species only because humans are more intelligent than any other species. That is also God and Him, says Lord Krishna.

Chapter 10 Vibhuti Vistara Yoga Verse 2 

Chapter 10 Vibhuti Vistara Yoga Verse 2
Na me viduh suraganaah prabhavam na maharshayah;
Ahamaadirhi devaanaam maharsheenaam cha sarvashah.
Neither the hosts of the gods nor the great sages know My origin;
for, in every way I am the source of all the gods and the great sages.
After talking about the essence of Vibhuti Vistara Yoga in the previous shloka, Lord Krishna in this shloka talks about the Origin of Himself. He says that none of the gods or devas who live in the swarga loka or the rishis who are living in the higher lokas have any idea of the origin of the Lord. They are totally ignorant about it. He then goes on to say that the Lord Himself is the source of all the gods living in the swarga loka and the great sages like Bhirgu who live in the higher lokas. Everything emerged from Him.
Extending Interpretation to Mankind’s Life!
This shloka tends to differentiate the gods from the Supreme God. In Hindu cultural texts there are many gods and Supreme God. In Vaishnavism Vishnu is considered as the Supreme God and His avatars like Rama and Krishna are also considered as Gods. In shaivism Shiva is considered as the Supreme God along with Vishnu. Gods also include the sons of Shiva like Ganpati and Ayyapan and numerous other Goddesses. Then you have the vedic gods like Indra, Varuna, Vayu etc along with Prajapati Brahma. Then you have demi-gods and divine beings who live in Swarga. This is the hierarchy of gods and there are 33 gods as per the Upanishads and other vedic texts.
Lord Krishna says that apart from Trimuthis Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva, Vishnu’s avataras, their wives and the children of Shiva who are considered as the manifestations of the supreme being, all the other gods living in swarga have no idea of the origin of the Supreme being. Example is gods like Indra, Vayu and Varuna. They are gods who are part of nature and they like human beings have no idea about the Supreme being. The same is the case with the great sages who live in the higher Worlds.

Bhagavadgita Chapter 9 Raja Guhya Yoga Verse 21

Chapter 9 Raja Guhya Yoga Verse 21

Shubhaashubhaphalairevam mokshyase karmabandhanaih;

Sannyaasayogayuktaatmaa vimukto maamupaishyasi.


Thus shalt thou be freed from the bonds of actions yielding good and evil fruits;

with the mind steadfast in the Yoga of renunciation, and liberated, thou shalt come unto Me.


This shloka is a continuation of the previous shloka where Lord Krishna was talking about the offering that can be given to Him. He says that if the actions of an individuals and what they practice with austerity are given as sacrificed then the person will be from all bonds. These bonds are the actions resulting from the good and bad acts that a person has committed. Once that happens then the person will automatically go to God with a unwavering mind that has renounced everything and liberated from every urge.

Extending Interpretation to Mankind’s Life!

The secret in this shloka is simple and straight forward. Keep your mind only in what you do, you get liberation. This is simple to say, but impossible to practice. First is, how does a person know whether what He is doing is what He was supposed to do? Only the person can answer that. The inner voice of the person has to confirm that. Once the person confirms about the path he has to take, with an unwavering mind he should walk the path. Whatever troubles and difficulties he gets, he needs to stick to them.

That if, a person does, then he is freed from all the bonds of his actions. He becomes a true karma yogi where he unifies all his actions or karmas not to any dharma but to the Almighty. Because the ultimate destination of any soul is salvation and thus the final dharma is the Almighty. Once this happens, the person will start his journey of unifying with God with a unwavering mind, where no other thoughts occur to him. He renounces all his desires and gets liberated from all the bonds and merges with the Almighty.

Bhagavadgita Chapter 9 Raja Guhya Yoga Verse 19

Chapter 9 Raja Guhya Yoga Verse 19

Patram pushpam phalam toyam yo me bhaktyaa prayacchati;

Tadaham bhaktyupahritamashnaami prayataatmanah.


Whoever offers Me with devotion and a pure mind and heart,

a leaf, a flower, a fruit or alittle water—I accept this offering.


In the previous shloka Lord Krishna talked about the sacrifices that a person offers to God and God telling that it is nothing but re-offer as everything in this World belongs to Him. Having said that, Lord Krishna in this shloka talks about what are the offerings that He accepts. He says that a person should  have complete devotion towards Him and a pure mind and heart before offering anything. With that mind anyone who offers Him, a leaf or a flower or even little water, God will accept it whole heartedly.

Extending Interpretation to Mankind’s Life!

Is it not contradictory that Lord Krishna says that everything you offers belongs to Him and then say that He will take anything that is offered to Him with a pure mind? The answer is that there is nothing contradictory in this. God is opposed to show off that a person exhibits while performing puja or rituals. A person performs a puja and offers Gold ornaments and diamond studded jewellery to God. He does that infront of everyone. Everyone sees his riches and not the devotion that the person has towards God.

In that context God is saying, devotion is important here than anything else. Whatever little you offer to God out of devotion is more valuable than any valuables. Let’s take an example of “krishna thulabharam” that Lord Krishna’s wife Satyabhama performed. She had to give narada the alms worth the weight of Krishna to get Him back. Satyabhama makes Krishna to sit on one side and starts keeping items on the other side of the weighing instrument. All the jewellery and everything she had was not enough to equate to the weight of Lord. That is when Rukmini comes with a “tulsi branch” and keeps it  and that over weighs the weight of Lord Krishna.

This incident showcases the importance of devotion over wealth. Satyabhama was proud of her wealth and she thought she can win back the Lord by giving away that. But God is beyond all this wealth. Rukmini who worships Tulsi plant with devotion equates it with Lord and that over weighs Lord in weight. So, any minor thing that you offer with devotion is thousand times more valuable than any valuables you offer. Instead of showcasing our valuables in front of God, we should see Him as the most valuable and anything that is offered, will be accepted by Him whole heartedly. That is the secret of this shloka.

Bhagavadgita Chapter 9 Raja Guhya Yoga Verse 16

Chapter 9 Raja Guhya Yoga Verse 16
Te tam bhuktwaa swargalokam vishaalamKsheene punye martyalokam vishanti;
Evam trayeedharmamanuprapannaaGataagatam kaamakaamaa labhante.
They, having enjoyed the vast heaven, enter the world of mortals when their merits are exhausted;
thus abiding by the injunctions of the three Vedas and desiring objects of desires, they attain to the state of going and returning.
After talking about the nature of the lokas and the swarga loka, Lord Krishna further dwells into the other aspects including the return of the person from the swarga loka. He says that the person resides in swarga loka as long as his mortal merits are not exhausted. The moment they are exhausted he starts his journey towards the bhu loka. The desires of the objects that he wants to desire is the primary motive for him to return to the earth. And this desire keeps him to return to the earth again and again.
Extending Interpretation to Mankind’s Life!
Am sure that you have heard elders telling you that, you will go to heaven if you do good deeds. Yes, the person who does good deeds goes to heaven but the journey to satya loka and beyond to salvation continues. It is not a one way journey. The person has to come back to do the deeds, overcome the desires and then he goes to the swarga loka again. There comes a stage when his deeds and desires are higher enough to take him beyond swarga loka and thus his journey towards higher lokas and ultimately towards salvation continues.
The secret you need to understand in this shloka is that, just few good deeds and overcoming certain desires is not enough to go to higher lokas. One needs to have a total control over all his desires and his deeds should be directed towards God and not towards him. That is when he progresses into the next loka. From bhu loka after death everyone goes to bhuvar loka. But to go to swarga loka a lot of good deeds and control of desires is needed. From there to go to Mahar loka you require much more power and control of mind.
Till sawarga loka it is your actions and karmas that play a major role. But above swarga loka it is your mind, intellect and spirituality that plays a major role. It is also wrong to assume that once you go to swarga loka you will never come back. Everyone has to come back from swarga loka and the duration of stay there depends on the actions you did when you were a mortal. Once the balance of those good deeds are over he need to come back accumulate more and try to proceed to higher lokas.

Bhagavadgita Chapter 9 Raja Guhya Yoga Verse 10

Chapter 9 Raja Guhya Yoga Verse 10
Satatam keertayanto maam yatantashcha dridhavrataah;
Namasyantashcha maam bhaktyaa nityayuktaa upaasate.
Always glorifying Me, striving, firm in vows, prostrating before Me,
they worship Me with devotion, ever steadfast.
After talking about the fools who first go to different Gods and then even to demons, Lord Krishna in this sloka talks about the behaviour of wise men. He says that a wise man believes in just one God and keeps singing praises of that God, he strives and overcomes all the difficulties he faces on the route but his belief and vow that he took stays intact. This wise man always bends his head in front of the God, worshipping Him with total and utmost devotion and never ever strays from the path of God that he had taken.
Extending Interpretation to Mankind’s Life!
Do you really have to glorify God and sing His praises? The answer is Yes and No. You should not take this sentence as it is. When we like something we show preference to it. When we like it more we show bias towards it. When we like even more, we want it to be with us. When we like it even even more, we can’t live without it. If we extend that, God is above all this in our liking and we keep God at a place which we give for nobody. If such is the case, glorifying and praise comes automatically out of it. But what we see many people do is the opposite.
Let me explain. When we recite Vishnu sahastranamam or perform Satyanarayana vratam at home, we do recite some verses as a part of the ritual. Actually the meaning of those verses talks about the Supreme nature of the God. 99.9% of those who perform these rituals dont even understand the meaning of it. And 99.99999% of them make a priest to recite those verses. If you are doing the puja why a third and unknown person has to recite them? All this is happening because You have never kept God in that Supreme position. You are performing these rituals out of fear or expecting a favour or to fulfil the requirements of say marriage or house warming etc.
Such things can never bring you closer to God. Worshipping God is never meant to be a showoff. This is the secret of this sloka. It is meant to be a private affair where out of the utmost love, affection and devotion, verses praising Him will automatically flow out of you. It neither has to be read out from a book nor has to be performed as rituals. Instead of going into this secret, many of us feel happy getting those rituals performed by a priest, paying him money and think that we are devotional. This is nothing but illusion and O mind, come out of it and see the reality. This is the secret.

Bhagavadgita Chapter 9 Raja Guhya Yoga Verse 5

Chapter 9 Raja Guhya Yoga Verse 5

Sarvabhootaani kaunteya prakritim yaanti maamikaam;

Kalpakshaye punastaani kalpaadau visrijaamyaham.


All beings, O Arjuna, enter into My Nature at the end of a Kalpa;

I send them forth againat the beginning of the next Kalpa!


This sloka Lord Krishna talks about one more secret to Arjuna. He says that all the living beings on this planet earth, enter into the nature of the Lord Himself at the end of Kalpa. Kalpa here is the cycle of 432 crore years of the day of Brahma. That 432 crore years is known as one kalpa. Lord Krishna also says that all those beings which enter into His nature at the end of the Kalpa he will send them back again into this World at the beginning of the next Kalpa. Thus the cycle of Shrushti continues.

Extending Interpretation to Mankind’s Life!

This is the first time that Lord Krishna is talking about what happens at the end of kalpa. At the end of kalpa all living beings reach Him, in other words all living beings attain moksha. Some days ago, there was a learned friend of mine, who asked me a question. He asked, Why does Lord bestow moksha to a soul, when that soul selflessly helps many people in their endeavour to uplift themselves? Is it not selfish on the part of an individual to seek moksha and unjust on the part of Lord  to grant moksha to that soul? He even said I would never want moksha, but want to come back to this World again and again to serve the beings.

That time I was silent. Maybe, the answer is saved for today. Every soul is the creation of God and like that God wants every soul to reach the same stage of the other soul that attained moksha. If no soul is granted moksha then how will perfection be attained? How can souls live in imperfections for ever and if so, then at the end of Kalpa the work of Shruthi karta Brahma remains incomplete. As we dont want to leave the tasks for the day to remain incomplete, God also doesn’t want His work to remain incomplete.

Thus every soul of every being on this planet has to travel from the most primitive form to the most advanced form and should attain moksha. The deadline for it is the 432 Crore human years within which all the living beings have to attain moksha. In a way it is a self created deadline to God. So, He creates circumstances wherein within the stipulated period all beings attain His nature and at the beginning of another Kalpa God releases again another set of beings which will again start their journey to attaining moksha.

Bhagavadgita Chapter 9 Raja Guhya Yoga Verse 3

Chapter 9 Raja Guhya Yoga Verse 3
Yathaakaashasthito nityam vaayuh sarvatrago mahaan;
Tathaa sarvaani bhootaani matsthaaneetyupadhaaraya.
As the mighty wind, moving everywhere, rests always in the ether,
even so, know thou that all beings rest in Me.
From this sloka onwards Lord Krishna started telling the great secret to Arjuna. The first aspect that He touched upon is His existence. He gives the analogy of wind to explain this concept. He says that the mighty wind moves from one place to another still exists in the ether space. Ether space is the empty space that extends to the upper layers of the atmosphere. Winds move horizontally and vertically in this ether space. They reach different heights and different places. Like wise all the living beings live within the Lord and in that space he moves both vertically and horizontally.
Extending Interpretation to Mankind’s Life!
There is a very big truth and the secret that Lord Krishna is sharing here. Life in this Universe moves in all directions, vertically as well as horizontally. When a living being attains a life which is superior in its form than the previous birth then it is considered to be a vertical movement. Example is a fish being born as a crocodile in the coming birth and crocodile being born as a reptile like snake. Horizontal is when a snake is again born as a snake or a human again born as a human in the coming births.
This Universe has many beings and all of them will be dying and again coming back to the World in the same form or in a superior form. Where is all this happening? It is happening inside the Lord Himself. The whole Universe is covered by the Lord and all beings are inside Him. If we have to equate it with something you can comprehend, its like some bacteria that exists in your body. For that bacteria your body is like whole life. Your body might hold a limited number of beings but the Lord holds all the beings of this universe in Him.