Tag Archives: Arjuna

Chapter 5 Sanyasa Yoga Verse 12

Chapter 5 Sanyasa Yoga Verse 12

Shloka

Yuktah karmaphalam tyaktwaa shaantim aapnoti naishthikeem;
Ayuktah kaamakaarena phale sakto nibadhyate.

Translation

The united one, the well poised or the harmonised, having abandoned the fruit of action, attains to the eternal peace;
the non-united only, the unsteady or the unbalanced, impelled by desire and attached to the fruit, is bound.

Interpretation

In this sloka Lord Krishna compares the person who is not bound by the action with the person who is bound by the action. He says that a person who is not bound by the action is a sanyasi as he renounces the fruits of action and he alone attains the eternal peace. A person who is not a yogi, that means who doesnt unite his senses, body, mind and intellect will always be unsteady and imbalanced in his approach. Not only that he is propelled by the desires and attached to the fruit of action. Such a person is a bound person and the bound person is not a sanyasi.

Extending Interpretation to Mankind’s Life!

For many slokas we have seen the qualities of a person who is not bound by the fruit of action. In this sloka the qualities of a person who is bound by the actions are clearly given. This helps us to understand better the process of renunciation linked to nirvana. A person who is not a yogi is the one who doesn’t exercise his body and mind. A person who doesn’t exercise his body and mind will lose the sharpness of the both at a very young age. If you are below 30 and if you have a protruding stomach then you are physically unfit. If you are under 30 and if you cant do multi tasking and continuous tasks for hours then you are mentally unfit. Such kind of people are not called yogis.

A person who is not a yogi is unsteady and unbalanced. Unsteady and unbalanced can be explained with following examples. An unsteady mind cannot do things continuously or the person cannot focus on one thing for a long period. For example you would have seen many people saying that from today I will study seriously and complete daily tasks on that day itself. They do it for 2-3 days. After that they postpone it, its because their mind is not sharp enough to remain steady on that task. Thus it loses its balance. An imbalanced mind will keep them jumping from one thing to another and they can never decide for themselves what their goal is.

A person who is not a yogi always desires and is attached to the fruit of result. The example for that is, when your father says that I will buy you a bike only if you get an A grade and if you work only keeping that gift in mind then that person is bound by the result of his action. Such kind of people might attain success in the short term but if the motivation for the task is missing they can never complete a task. Thus such person is bound and people who are bound can never attain nirvana. A person who is not bound is self motivated and he never looks at his work with a result in mind and thus he attains nirvana as he is taking the path of renunciation.

Chapter 5 Sanyasa Yoga Verse 11

Shloka

Kaayena manasaa buddhyaa kevalair indriyair api;
Yoginah karma kurvanti sangam tyaktwaatmashuddhaye.

Translation

Yogis, having abandoned attachment, perform actions only by the body, mind, intellect
and also by the senses, for the purification of the self.

Interpretation

In this sloka Lord Krishna talks about the qualities that a yogi should have. We have already learnt the meaning of a yogi. A Yogi is the unifier. Here Lord Krishna says that, after abandoning or leaving the attachment to different things, a yogi performs his actions through his body, mind, intellect and senses. That means the yogi has to first unify mind, senses and intellect with his body. It is the body that performs the actions but those actions should be directed by mind, intellect and senses working together. Only then that person will attain the purification of the self, says Lord Krishna.

Extending to Mankind’s life!

The point we need to understand here is purification of the self. What exactly you mean by that? Purification of self means making one’s self equal to that of Brahman. According to Upanishads the purest thing in this universe is Brahman. A person will slowly start purifying his own self step by step, so that his soul reaches to the level of purity that is equal to Brahman. It is possible when he controls his body from doing wrong actions, controls his senses from getting the urge to do wrong things and controls his mind so that it doesnt think about doing wrong things and finally expands his intellect so much that his body, mind and senses get engulfed in them. That ultimately leads to purification of his self.

How does one do it? It is only possible through unification which is also called Yoga. Yoga here means meditation. When you go into deep contemplation by closing your eyes your body will slowly come under control. It stands still without moving an inch. Then your senses one by one will come under control. You stop seeing, hearing or feeling anything which is outside. Your mind will stop thinking about other things and only concentrates on what you are doing. This is called the unification of body, senses and mind. When intellect adds to it, they all become one and such person is called as Yogi or the great unifier. This unification leads to purification and that is the way for a person for his soul to reach Brahman.

Chapter 5 Sanyasa Yoga Verse 10

Chapter 5 Sanyasa Yoga Verse 10

Shloka

Brahmanyaadhaaya karmaani sangam tyaktwaa karoti yah;
Lipyate na sa paapena padmapatram ivaambhasaa.

Translation

He who performs actions, offering them to Brahman and abandoning attachment,
is not tainted by sin as a lotus leaf by water.

Interpretation

In this sloka Lord Krishna is talking about an important aspect of renunciation which is attachment. Not having attachment with anything is the most important attribute to achieve renunciation. Here Lord Krishna also links this renunciation to actions, like how we have seen in the previous slokas. He says that a person should perform all his actions and perform them only in the name of God by practicing total detachment. Without the detachment that person can never do the work in the name of God. Only such people, according to Lord Krishna are free from sin, like how lotus leaf is free from water drops.

Extending Interpretation to Mankind’s Life!

Here the point that we need to look at is how a person who is unattached is like a water drop on lotus leaf. This is a very apt comparison because look at the lotus leaf and how it treats water. When rain drops fall on any other leaves they leave traces of water drops on those leaves. But if rain drops falls on the lotus leaf all the water smoothly slides down without leaving even a slightest trace of water on the leaf. This can be directly compared to the behaviour of the person who does his work unattached to it.

Here the person looks at the nature of the work and what he needs to do. He then starts working on it and while doing that work, he never gets attached to it.

Attachment here means, expecting the result, expecting a financial reward or expecting a praise which can satisfy the ego or rewarding him through any other form. He is cut off from all, like lotus leaf. He just does his work keeping in mind only the person that work is directed at, and does that in the name of God. Such person can never be blamed for any kind of sin arising of that work. As he doesn’t receive any praise and as he expects no praise, he is also not attached by any sin, if that work produces any negative results.

That is because as he is not held accountable for any positive results of the work, he is also not accountable to any negative results of that work. That work is the will and wish of the Almighty and it is happening only in His name. The doer of the work has no credit in it. Such a kind of thought automatically creates a sense of detachment in that work and this detachment is necessary for renunciation.

Chapter 5 Sanyasa Yoga Verse 9

Chapter 5 Sanyasa Yoga Verse 9

Shloka

Pralapan visrijan grihnan nunmishan nimishannapi;
Indriyaaneendriyaartheshu vartanta iti dhaarayan.

Translation

Speaking, letting go, seizing, opening and closing the eyes
convinced that the senses move among the sense-objects.

Interpretation

In this sloka Lord Krishna talks about the other dimension of how the knower of the truth would react. Here Lord Krishna emphasizes on how the knower of the truth will reach the control of his senses. Krishna says hat the seeker of truth controls his senses in speaking things that he wants to speak, by letting go of situations that are not under his control, by seizing himself from situations that dont warrant an action and by opening his eyes for the things that needs to be done and closing the eyes to the things he need not act upon. That is the only way in which he controls his sense objects.

Extending Interpretation to Mankind’s Life!

The point to be understood here is how senses move amongst the sense objects. The sense objects that I am referring to here are the 5 sense organs that we possess and the senses are the stimulations. The most powerful sense object that you have is the speech. You have the power through which you can motivate and chart the course of anyone’s life through your words. Use them for wise purposes. Second, you need to let go of situations that are not under your control. This in a way linked to seizing and opening and closing of eyes to situations that warrant them. Let me explain with an example.

When you are talking something to a friend and if he is not able to understand your point and accuse you of dominating him and influencing him then letting it go is the best solution. It is not wise to speak in all situations. If the other person is not in a position to listen, then dont speak and let it go. But when you get an opportunity to speak up again, seize the opportunity and speak up because God gave you that opportunity. That is how one needs to learn to open and close his eyes for different situations. All these are the senses which are connected to our sense objects and lead us to salvation.

Chapter 5 Sanyasa Yoga Verse 6

Chapter 5 Sanyasa Yoga Verse 6

Shloka

Sannyaasastu mahaabaaho duhkham aaptuma yogatah;
Yogayukto munir brahma na chirenaadhigacchati.

Translation

But renunciation, O mighty-armed Arjuna, is hard to attain without Yoga;
the Yoga-harmonised sage proceeds quickly to Brahman!

Interpretation

After talking about the knowledge in this sloka Lord Krishna shifts his attention to renunciation. In the previous sloka we have stopped at a point where we talked about renunciation as a part of action. In this sloka Lord Krishna says that renunciation cannot be achieved by anyone that easily. He says that renunciation is possible only with yoga. So the bottom-line of this sloka is that a person who harmonizes himself in the yoga, be it a karma yoga or a gnana yoga by integrating renunciation in it can only proceed to attaining salvation by merging his soul with Brahman.

Extending Interpretation to Mankind’s Life!

Here we talk about renunciation happening through yoga. Now the question here is what is yoga? In sanskrit Yoga means “Union”. It is the union of body with soul and the union of soul with Brahman. This union has different steps. When knowledge unites with wisdom it results in an action. This is the point that one needs to understand here. Why is this renunciation so important here? It is because renunciation is also a part of attaining moksha. If renunciation is connected to moksha then can action alone can bring moksha? This we have answered in yesterday’s sloka that action also involves renunciation.

Then why are we talking about renunciation separately? It is to bring out the point of renunciation having an undeniable link to Yoga or union. Let us take the example of union of body with soul. Union of body with soul means a person discovering his soul and its importance in his body. For that to happen he needs to understand that soul is superior to body and has to renounce the bodily urges. Only is he renounces the senses and their dominance he can feel the presence of soul in his body and only when he feels the soul in his body he will be able to complete the union. In that way renunciation plays a very important role in the union of body with the soul.

The next step is the union of soul with Brahman. That is a very difficult thing and it involves a person who renounce many things. Once the person discovers the soul in him, he will work towards adding spirituality to his soul. If he has to add spirituality, he needs to renounce ego. That renunciation is very crucial because with ego a person can never attain higher levels of spirituality. So here also renunciation is involved. Thus in the union of body and soul renunciation is involved and it is also involved in the union of Soul with Brahman. Thus a yoga or union harmonized person can quickly attain moksha.

Chapter 5 Sanyasa Yoga Verse 5

Chapter 5 Sanyasa Yoga Verse 5

Shloka

Yatsaankhyaih praapyate sthaanam tad yogair api gamyate;
Ekam saankhyam cha yogam cha yah pashyati sa pashyati.

Translation

That place which is reached by the Samkhyas or the Jnanis is reached by the Karma Yogis.
He sees who sees knowledge and the performance of action as one.

Interpretation

Lord Krishna continues his explanation about the superiority of knowledge over renunciation in this sloka also. He says that those who do karma or actions reach the same place that is reached by the people who have a lot of knowledge and perform actions through that knowledge. So Lord Krishna here equates the knowledge and action and says that a person who sees knowledge and the performance of action sees both of them as one. And that person is actually called as Karma yogi. This is a level above of what we had learnt in Samkhya yoga and karma yoga and this sloka integrates the both.

Extending Interpretation to Mankind’s Life!

This is a brilliant sloka that connects a jnani and a karma yogi. Jnani is a person with wisdom. And karma yogi is the one who does his work without any attachment. In a way, this sloka merges wisdom with work without getting attached to it. Knowledge gives you wisdom and as you grow wiser and wiser you start seeing things in a more connected way and thus you will integrate many things. That brings a change in the thinking and results in the person doing actions in a detached way. He now sees his work connected more to the cosmos than to him and which brings a sense of detachment in him.

This is a bit complicated and requires some explanation. Let us take an example of a child. A child is not very educated or wise. Every action he does is for himself. He demands attention and cries when he doesnt get it. As he grows into an adult he stops demanding attention for every small thing but he does become selfish and works only for his welfare. But when he acquires knowledge and becomes wise his approach changes. He starts to think that there is nothing called “I” and everything is a part of the Universe created by the Almighty. He then starts thinking about the welfare of humanity and sacrifices his own needs and wants for the sake of humanity. All his actions are detached. Now have you observed here, that this is also one form of renunciation.

Yes, that is the beauty of this sloka. Even in the actions performed by acquiring knowledge there is renunciation hidden in it. This renunciation is the renunciation of personal desires with the increase in knowledge. How different is this renunciation from the other renunciation that Lord Krishna is speaking about. Let’s wait till the next sloka!

Chapter 5 Verse 1 Sanyasa Yoga

Chapter 5 Verse 1 Sanyasa Yoga

Shloka

Arjuna Uvaacha:
Sannyaasam karmanaam krishna punar yogam cha shamsasi;
Yacchreya etayorekam tanme broohi sunishchitam.

Translation

Arjuna said:
Renunciation of actions, O Krishna, Thou praisest, and again Yoga!
Tell me conclusively which is the better of the two.

Interpretation

After the Gnana yoga where the power of knowledge over the other means of salvation were highlighted, Arjuna asks Lord Krishna a question on renunciation and this is the beginning of the Chapter of renunciation or Sanyasa yoga. Here Arjuna asks Lord Krishna that between renouncing all the actions and doing the actions, which one of them is better. There is a lot of confusion in the mind of Arjuna whether to do an action or renounce all actions to attain salvation. He asks to give a clarity on whether to renounce an action or perform the action.

Extending Interpretation to Mankind’s Life!

There are many instances when we feel like giving up and not do anything at all, and just sit and pray to God or become a sanyasi and renounce everything and lead a simple life.

Is it the right way? We normally get into renouncing mode only when we encounter successive failures and difficulties. It is considered to be wrong to give up fearing failure. But it is also said that renouncing is a noble gesture. Is it better to renounce everything and take up sanyaas and do nothing, instead of failing continuously or doing things that are not meant for you? These are some of the questions that this sanyasa yoga will answer. Let’s wait what Lord Krishna has got to say.

Chapter 4 Gnana Yoga Verse 29

Chapter 4 Gnana Yoga Verse 29

Shloka

Tasmaad ajnaanasambhootam hritstham jnaanaasinaatmanah;
Cchittwainam samshayam yogam aatishthottishtha bhaarata.

Translation

Therefore, with the sword of knowledge of the Self cut as under the doubt of the self born of ignorance,
residing in thy heart, and take refuge in Yoga; arise, O Arjuna! Hari Om Tat Sat

Interpretation

This is the last sloka of the Gnana Yoga and here Lord Krishna talks about the greatness of knowledge over all the other ways of attaining salvation. He says that a person should take refuge in yoga to drive away the ignorance. He can only do that only when he takes the route of knowledge. Here Lord Krishna compares the knowledge to a sword. The sword cuts anything that comes on its way. Here the sword of knowledge cuts all self doubts born out of ignorance. Once that is done then a person gets into the refuge of yoga and that will give him the ultimate Salvation, in the name of om tat sat……

Extending Interpretation to Mankind’s Life!

This is something that one can only experience. You cannot explain by giving any example how a person can attain salvation using the knowledge. But what we can see is how things become clearer to us and how we cut through the layers of maya. The most important thing here is self doubt. Self doubt is because of ignorance. Let me talk about a person whom I know very well, who had a lot of doubt whether he can do finance or not. I have seen him going through this self doubt and how he has overcome all this and finally won over that self doubt and became a master of that subject. Even salvation is something which is similar to that.

That person, as I said was very much in doubt whether he can do finance or not. He started to sit through the classes and started understanding the subject. As he started to understand more and more confidence started developing in him. This confidence is like a sword. As the knowledge started growing the confidence started building up and finally it acquired the sharpness of a sword. And sword in a single moment cut off all the doubts that he had about learning the subject. Now you see how continuously pursuing knowledge in ourselves gives us the power to overcome the ignorance.

Once that ignorance is gone, that person stared to take up that subject like a yogi doing yoga. Here yoga means, transferring whatever he has learnt to other people. He, after learning the subject became a teacher of that subject himself and started teaching it to many more people giving them that confidence which will create hundreds of such swords that will cut ignorance from everyone. That is how one attains the proportions of Yoga and if he does that relentlessly till he removes the last person from his ignorance, automatically attains the Nirvana or salvation and goes into the abode of Hari om, the greatest energy of this Universe in the form of a tatva or matter which is as pure and divine as satya.

Chapter 4 Gnana Yoga Verse 21

Chapter 4 Gnana Yoga Verse 21

Sloka

Yajnashishtaamritabhujo yaanti brahma sanaatanam;
Naayam loko’styayajnasya kuto’nyah kurusattama.

Translation

Those who consume the remnants of the sacrifice, which are like nectar, go to the eternal Brahman.
This world is not for the man who does not perform sacrifice; how then can he have the other, O Arjuna?

Interpretation

After talking about the six types of sacrifices Lord Krishna talks about the results that each of these sacrifices give. He says that a person who consumes the remnants of this sacrifice will go to the heaven and compared them to the nectar. Here consuming does not mean eating. It means a habit that gets internalized or established in an individual.

So, Lord Krishna says that any person who follows any of the six sacrifices told in the previous slokas will attain salvation. Then Lord Krishna also goes on to explain that a person who doesn’t follow any of the six sacrifices will never be able to attain salvation nor be able to live happily in the World also. He belongs to nowhere.

Extending Interpretation to Mankind’s Life!

The important point to note in this sloka is not about the salvation that a person could get after performing the sacrifices. I feel the more important point that Lord Krishna is making here is about a person who does not perform any sacrifices. That kind of the person cannot even belong to this World is what Lord Krishna says. Not performing sacrifices means not doing anything meaningful like serving God unconditionally or doing things he is passionate about or doing meditation or giving away his wealth or acquiring knowledge to become yogi or controlling his diet habits.

Look at a person who doesnt have any of these habits. Such kind of people lead a life which is only for themselves and for their self interests. Such people are selfish and will only satisfy their egos.

Example

Let’s take an example of a rich man who is a miser. Though he has lot of wealth he never give a single pie to anyone. He tries to become more and more richer by cheating people and trouble them for his wealth. He wont show mercy on anyone who comes in the way of his wealth and power. He goes to the extent of even killing those who question his authority or expose him.

Such a person even if he prays or goes to a temple will not have any mercy shown from God. That kind of a person even if he constructs a temple, its worse than a house of devil. The wealth that is created through these unscrupulous means will not go to his children also and will disappear. That is how the law of Karma works. Such kind of people will be strongly punished by the God and such people will not have a place in heaven or on earth. They will go to hell and suffer there.