Tag Archives: Arjuna

Bhagavadgita Chapter 17 Shraddha Traya Vibhaga Yoga Verse 2

Chapter 17 Shraddha Traya Vibhaga Yoga Verse 2

Sri Bhagavaan Uvaacha:
Trividhaa bhavati shraddhaa dehinaam saa swabhaavajaa;
Saattwikee raajasee chaiva taamasee cheti taam shrinu.

The Blessed Lord said:
Threefold is the faith of the embodied, which is inherent in their nature— the Sattwic(pure), the Rajasic (passionate), and the Tamasic (dark). Do thou hear of it.

Interpretation

After listening to the question of Arjuna, who asks about worshipping God with faith even though one does not follow scriptures, Lord Krishna starts to answer the question. Lord says that everyone in this Universe is born with a faith which is very much embodied or hidden inside them. This hidden faith usually gets observed in their nature, which is the way one speaks, acts and does different things. Lord says that the names of the threefold faith are Sattwik which is also called pure, Rajasic which is passionate in its faith and the third fold is the tamasic faith which is equated to darkness. Then He asks Arjuna to hear about them.

Extending Interpretation to Mankind’s Life!

Here the main point we are discussing is faith. Everyone in this world will have some faith. Have you ever seen a person who is not having faith upon anyone or anything? It is impossible to find such a person.

First, many people have faith in the religion that they believe in. Then they have faith in things that they should perform within their own faith. For example, two people who have a very different way of following their religion. Faith is something which is very personal to a person that is why everyone has their own beliefs and follow certain things in life which are very different from others.

Secondly, people who do not follow any religion and are considered atheists also have faith. He might not believe in God but he might believe in his abilities, which include his positives, his nature and his strengths. That is linked to one of the faiths of sattvik, Rajasic or Tamasic. He might not be believing in any of the scriptures like Vedas or Upanishads but he might believe in science and technology which is also linked to Rajasic guna. Thus everyone who is born in this world has some faith or the other and Lord is now going to talk about each of these faiths. Let’s see what the Lord says.

Bhagavadgita Chapter 16 Daivasura Sampad Vibhaga Yoga Verse 24

Chapter 16 Daivasura Sampad Vibhaga Yoga Verse 24
Tasmaat shaastram pramaanam te kaaryaakaaryavyavasthitau;
Jnaatwaa shaastravidhaanoktam karma kartumihaarhasi.
Therefore, let the scripture be the authority in determining what ought to be done and what ought not to be done. 
Having known what is said in the ordinance of the scriptures, thou shouldst act here in this world.
Interpretation

This is a final and concluding shloka of this Yoga where Lord Krishna is concluding with what a person has to do to get over the demonic nature. He says that the authority for deciding what is demonic and what is not are only the scriptures. Everyone should follow these scriptures to do what is required to be done and should avoid what should not be done. Only after getting the knowledge of what should be done or not done, a person should act according to the ordinances of those scriptures. The ordinances given in those scriptures are only the parameters of how to act in this world on what to do and what not to do. 

Extending Interpretation to Mankind’s Life!

The most important thing that is coming from this Yoga is coming in the last shloka. If you read the interpretation you would understand one thing very clearly that Lord is asking us to follow the rules and regulations for doing anything as prescribed in the scriptures. Vedas are the rituals are also called as rule book for doing various things. Upanishad actually means “come, sit near and hear”, where a guru will call his disciple near him and teach him certain things that only this disciple should know. Vedas are taught to everyone whereas Upanishads are only taught to select set of students on select set of topics. 

These Vedas and Upanishads have the directives or rules of things to be done. We need rules because we are fickle in our thought process and we quickly waver from what we do. A very basic rule which says, as soon as you get up you need to brush your teeth and take bath, before doing anything. Why was this basic thing created as rule? The reason is simple. When food goes inside us our body, the body should be clean and we should get rid of waste inside us as well as outside us. Inside waste is cleaned through brushing and through toilet while outside waste is cleaned when we clean our body with water which we call as bath. What happens when you dont follow this rule?
Food is the source of all energy and the energy is the source of all thoughts and actions. What happens when food is consumed in impure conditions? The food that goes inside also mixes with the waste present inside and this waste has lot of toxins, which also influences our thoughts and our actions negatively. Outside when we are dirty, it gives us problems related to hygiene. So, when your body is clean from inside and outside, the thoughts and the actions resulting from them are also clean. But our mind doesnt listen to us always. We feel like taking coffee without brushing teeth or eating food without going to toilet and taking bath.
These things are regulated and modulated through the rules wherein if you frame it as a rule and follow it judiciously, you will always tend to adhere to it. Many habits that we tend to lose on day to day basis also can be made as rules and can be followed. Thus God gives us the mantra for daivic way of living and that mantra is read the scriptures, understand the do’s and dont’s and follow them judiciously. If you do that automatically, you adopt yourself to daivic way of life which is a path to salvation. 

Bhagavdgita Chapter 16 Daivasura Sampad Vibhaga Yoga Verse 23

Chapter 16 Daivasura Sampad Vibhaga Yoga Verse 23

Yah shaastravidhimutsrijya vartate kaamakaaratah;
Na sa siddhimavaapnoti na sukham na paraam gatim.

He who, casting aside the ordinances of the scriptures, acts under the impulse of desire, attains neither perfection nor happiness nor the supreme goal.

Interpretation

This shloka talks about the results that the demonic souls who neglect the God get. Lord Krishna starts off by talking about these demonic people who set aside the ordinances of the scriptures. Ordinances of scriptures mean the Vedas and other holy scriptures which suggest a person what to do. They do so because they are drawn by the impulses of desire. They are filled with the bodily desires and when they overpower the reasoning and logic a person becomes impulsive. Lord Krishna in the later half of the shloka goes on to say that such a person will never attain perfection nor he will attain happiness and he will never ever accomplish the Supreme goal of moksha. 

Extending Interpretation to Mankind’s Life!

Vedas, Upanishads and Vedangas are considered to be the holy scriptures that give directions to an individual on the path to be followed. The scriptures usually gives two types of instructions. The first set of instructions are those rituals and other directives that an individual is supposed to perform to attain moksha. The other is the directives of what a person should not do. These directives are also called a prohibits or nishedh. A person has to always follow the instructions and do things for attaining moksha. A demonic person always disregards the instructions of the scriptures and take the opposite route. The question is why?

The answers to that are when a person reads in the scriptures what he should not do, he normally gets drawn to it. For example, scriptures say that womanizing is something which is prohibited for the one who is looking at Moksha. But the moment he reads that his senses get drawn to the pleasure of seeking multiple women and those ways he tends to follow most of the times what is prohibited. Scriptures say what should not be done, only to see how strong is the person’s will power to resist this. A person who is daivic will not fall for this, whereas a demonic person gets drawn to this and the result is he neither gets happiness or perfection or attains his goal of moksha.

Bhagavadgita Chapter 16 Daivasura Sampad Vibhaga Yoga Verse 21

Chapter 16 Daivasura Sampad Vibhaga Yoga Verse 21

Trividham narakasyedam dwaaram naashanamaatmanah;
Kaamah krodhastathaa lobhas tasmaadetat trayam tyajet.

Triple is the gate of this hell, destructive of the self—
lust, anger, and greed,—therefore, one should abandon these three.

Interpretation

In this shloka Lord Krishna is advising on the things that are considered to be hell and the things that one should avoid in order to save himself from getting into demonic zone. Lord compares the demonic nature to the hell and says that this hell has three gates. These three gates are also called the gates of the destruction of the self. Lord then names the three gates as lust, anger and greed. Lust is the sexual desires which are uncontrolled, anger and greed are the other two emotions that a person has no control upon. Lord finally advises that one should abandon or leave these three things to understand God and attain divinity.

Extending Interpretation to Mankind’s Life!

We need to understand here the concept of “destructive of the self”. What brings this destruction of the self? Lord Krishna says its the lust, anger and greed. When a person is sexually attracted to many people and involves himself in the sexual acts that are sinful, he will go down in spirituality. Similar are the effects of anger and greed. Anger is the result of non-fulfillment of the wants. Anger primarily arises because the person is attached to he results of the work that he doing. The same attachment results in greed of a person. So, in a way lust, anger and greed are linked to one another and are responsible for the destruction of the self, which is also called spiritual degradation.

Bhagavadgita Chapter 16 Daivasura Sampad Vibhaga Yoga Verse 19

Chapter 16 Daivasura Sampad Vibhaga Yoga Verse 19
Taanaham dwishatah krooraan samsaareshu naraadhamaan;
Kshipaamyajasram ashubhaan aasureeshweva yonishu.
These cruel haters, the worst among men in the world,—
I hurl all these evil-doers forever into the wombs of demons only.
Interpretation

After talking about the actions committed by the demonic people in the previous shlokas Lord Krishna in this shloka is talking about the punishment that He would want to give to those people. Lord is seen getting unusually angry here. He says that these people are cruel in nature and hate everyone around them and He calls them the worst men among the people in this world. Then in the second part of the shloka Lord talks about the punishment that He is giving to those people. He says that He is going to throw those dirty evil doers forever into the wombs of the demons.

Extending Interpretation to Mankind’s Life!

How can Lord be so cruel to throw someone forever into the wombs of the demons? This is what you might be thinking when you are reading the interpretation of the shloka. It would have also arisen a sense of fear in you. Anger is an emotion that needs to used only to restore order and God is using that emotion to restore the order here. Anger results in punishment and any punishment with a purpose always yields a positive outcome. But the next question is, what positive outcome will throwing an evil doer into demonic world can do? What change can it bring to him?

Excess of anything is dangerous and when a person leads a demonic life every minute enjoying the world and getting the sensual pleasures of it, there comes a stage when his mind and body will say enough is enough, how much more will I enjoy! That is when the soul wakes up and makes his senses do something for the pleasure of the soul. It could be reading Ramayan or listening to a discourse of a learned person. That is when the soul inside gets awakened and makes the mind feel miserable for all those sins that a person has committed over a period of many births. There is no bigger repentance than realising their own sins and feeling bad about them.
The real meaning of Lord when He says that He will throw these people into the wombs of demons means, He is going to give them all the comforts that they need to satisfy their ugly urges. That is why you might be seeing rich people getting more money and they enjoy more and more. God gives them everything and they enjoy unlimited till the point of realization. All things have to come to end somewhere and when his enjoyment also ends, he then realises how much he lost in that false sense of enjoyment. That feeling is required for self transformation and like I said before, every punishment has something good hidden in it, this also has the secret of realization hidden in it. 

Bhagavadgita Chapter 16 Daivasura Sampad Vibhaga Yoga Verse 17

Chapter 16 Daivasura Sampad Vibhaga Yoga Verse 17
Aatmasambhaavitaah stabdhaa dhanamaanamadaanvitaah;
Yajante naamayajnaiste dambhenaavidhipoorvakam.
Self-conceited, stubborn, filled with the intoxication and pride of wealth, 
they perform sacrifices in name, through ostentation, contrary to scriptural ordinances.
Interpretation

Lord Krishna in this shloka is talking about the practices that people who have demonical tendencies follow. He says that these demonical people who are self-conceited which means who over estimates their abilities, stubborn which means those who are adamant on what they should do, are filled with the pride of wealth. They are so much into this pride of wealth that they cant see anything around them. In the next part of the shloka Lord Krishna talks about how they perform the rituals. He says that they perform the necessary sacrifices only in the name but not in the manner in which it should be performed as prescribed in the scriptures. 

Extending Interpretation to Mankind’s Life!

Today am going to introduce you to a person who is a classic example of demonical nature. He is rich, he is proud of his achievements and he wants everyone around him to praise him for the wealth he holds. He gives money to those people who lick his boots and listen to his words without any resistance. He gives money to those who constantly heap praises on him. Then when there is a celebration at his home, be it a marriage or a birthday or any other function, he makes it a big pomp and show by calling everyone around and showing off all his wealth by performing that function in a very grand scale. I am sure you would have seen such people around you.

Then there is one more dimension to him. He performs pujas, yajnas and other rituals at home. Though, you would see that all of them are happening to God, he makes it sound as if he is doing it all for himself. He does a satyanarayana puja at home. He cant even pronounce a sentence of the shloka but he will employ priests who would utter them and shower money on Lord in the form of ornaments and also on people who come to that function in the form of gifts. Just think for a minute. Is it what was prescribed in scriptures? Why should one do rituals and sacrifices? Most of them are for the penance and for the love that we have for the God.
But in today’s world, everything has become a show off. Our celebration of festivals has become a show off, our going to temple has become a showoff, our doing pujas and yajnas at home has also become a showoff. We also do these rituals and sacrifices, expecting something in return from God. We prepare ornaments to God and gift Him for the success we get or in anticipation of that success. Our mind should understand one thing- God doesnt need any of this. All He needs is a sincere expression of love and faith towards Him and worship Him equally at all times, whether He gives you good or gives you bad, whether He fulfils your wishes or doesnt fulfil them. 

Bhagavadgita Chapter 16 Daivasura Sampad Vibhaga Yoga Verse 16

Chapter 16 Daivasura Sampad Vibhaga Yoga Verse 16
Anekachittavibhraantaah mohajaalasamaavritaah;
Prasaktaah kaamabhogeshu patanti narake’shuchau.
Bewildered by many a fancy, entangled in the snare of delusion, 
addicted to the gratification of lust, they fall into a foul hell.
Interpretation
This shloka sees Lord Krishna talking about the behaviour of the demonic people. He says that the person with demonic nature will be taken over by anything different that he sees. He starts showing interest in all sorts of wrong things, gets too attached to them and then starts to waver his mind as he proceeds in that delusion. The second part of the shloka talks about how this person only lives and survives for the gratification of lust and doesn’t have any other thing in his mind. Such a kind of person will go to the murkiest and dirtiest part of the hell, says Lord Krishna.
Extending Interpretation to Mankind’s Life!

The phrase “Bewildered by many a fancy” needs to be understood here in this shloka. There are many things around us, which pulls us in that way but we can do only one thing at a given time. Suppose, there would have been a stage in your life, where you have to choose between what your soul wants and what your mind wants to do. At that time, if you are a sattvik individual then you would go with your soul but if you are either Rajasic or Tamasic then you would go with your mind. Your mind will make you to choose a wrong thing and you have no option but to live with it once you have chosen it. That is when you get entangled with that task and will never be able to come out.

Entanglement is one of the major aspects of demonic personality and entanglement is nothing but a compromise of a situation. This happens when you choose something more out of sensual pressures and the person gets so entangled in it that when he is not able to come out of such situations. In such a condition he has no other option but to become deluded as he himself is not aware of how to handle that entanglement. Such kind of people spend their whole life in created entanglements and finally go to hell with so many sins committed. 

Bhagavadgita Chapter 16 Daivasura Sampad Vibhaga Yoga Verse 15

Chapter 16 Daivasura Sampad Vibhaga Yoga Verse 15

Aadhyo’bhijanavaanasmi ko’nyosti sadrisho mayaa; Yakshye daasyaami modishye ityajnaanavimohitaah.

“I am rich and born in a noble family. Who else is equal to me? I will sacrifice. I will give charity. I will rejoice,” —thus, deluded by ignorance,

Interpretation

This shloka will see Lord telling few more things about the demonic natured people. He starts the shloka by mentioning about a rich person who is born in a noble family. He is proud of his birth in that family and thinks that nobody can be equated to him and he is above everyone in everything that he does. He also starts feeling that he can give sacrifices to any other noble person. He also feels that he will give money to poor and needy in his name and that would, in turn, bring popularity to him. This is nothing but ignorance and illusion says, Lord Krishna. 

Extending Interpretation to Mankind’s Life!

How can a person born in a rich and noble family be demonic in nature? As we have already discussed in the previous chapters, the soul decides to make an entry into the body through its own assessment and without using any senses. So, there can be situations where the soul does make an entry into the wrong womb. Thus you will have a Tamasic person born to a Sattvik father. If that family is noble, he is one person who doesn’t suit to the family, but he demands respect and attention from that family. Instead of learning good things from the family, he will learn things only to use it for the purpose of earning money.

Example for such people is those who do learn Vedic Astrology from the family but end up commercializing it for the sake of earning. They make it into a big business. Second is about giving charity. Charity is usually given as a part of a ritual, but many people give that for their own name, fame and their enjoyment. You would be seeing people organizing lunch in the honour of a politician or a businessman. On whose name it is done? It is done only in the name of that person only but not God. In this world all humans are equal and worship is something that needs to be done only to God. Demonic minds forget this and want people to worship them.

Bhagavadgita Chapter 16 Daivasura Sampad Vibhaga Yoga Verse 14

Chapter 16 Daivasura Sampad Vibhaga Yoga Verse 14

Asau mayaa hatah shatrur hanishye chaaparaanapi; Eeshwaro’hamaham bhogee siddho’ham balavaan sukhee.

“That enemy has been slain by me and others also I shall slay. I am the Lord; I enjoy; I am perfect, powerful and happy”.

Interpretation

After talking about materialistic things and the wealth that a person has gained, Lord Krishna in this shloka talks about a few more things that a person in demonic nature does. If a demonic person defeats or kills an enemy, he says I did it to him, now I will do it to everyone who opposes me. A sense of pride gets into him. With that proud feeling, he will start calling himself the Lord. He will say that my job is only to enjoy because I have defeated all my enemies. He also will start seeing himself to be perfect, powerful and both these qualities will make him happy, says Lord Krishna.

Extending Interpretation to Mankind’s Life!

99 out 100 people who were Kings in the previous time and rulers in the present time, all have these qualities described above. For the sake of power and wealth, Kings used to attack other kingdoms and the winner who wins the war loots the whole wealth of that kingdom and also kills the defeated King. Throughout the World we have seen numerous battles like this for power and position. In fact, Arjuna raised this fundamental question at the beginning of Gita itself to Lord Krishna. Lord Krishna then differentiates this fight which is fought in the name of Dharma to the other fights, where the aim is power. 

If you see the rulers of today, who we call as politicians, many of them are corrupt and we have the least faith in them. If you feel that today’s rulers don’t do criminal acts, then you should know that at the panchayat and Zilla Parishad level more than two thirds of the elected have criminal records and even if we look at the highest body like Lok Sabha, the present Lok Sabha has 36% of its MLAs facing criminal trials. Times change but people don’t. A person with demonic nature always have a feeling to finish his enemies and enjoy their power and wealth and that only gives him happiness.