Tag Archives: Arjuna

Bhagavadgita Chapter 14 Guna Triya Vibhaga Yoga Verse 5

Chapter 14 Guna Triya Vibhaga Yoga Verse 5

Sattwam rajastama iti gunaah prakriti sambhavaah;
Nibadhnanti mahaabaaho dehe dehinam avyayam.

Purity, passion and inertia—these qualities, O mighty-armed Arjuna, born of Nature, bind fast in the body, the embodied, the indestructible!

Interpretation

After talking about the secret of one’s birth and the masculine and feminine energy involved in creating the beings, Lord Krishna in this shloka concentrates on the qualities that are present in a being, that gives him a nature or personality. Here He talks about three qualities that are very essential and are a part of every being. The first is the purity which is also called as Sattvik, second is the passion or the Rajasik and the third is the inertia or the tamasic guna. These gunas are born out of prakruti or nature and they establish themselves in a body. These are so deep rooted in an individual that they cannot be destroyed by anyone. They only go with the body when it is dead. 

Extending Interpretation to Mankind’s Life!

Three is a very auspicious and important number in nature. The three gunas sattvik, Rajasik and Tamasik are like the three basic colours in nature. We all know that Red, Blue and Yellow are the three basic colours from which all the other colours of the Universe are created. In the same way, Sattvik, Rajasik and Tamasik are the three basic gunas from which many other characteristics are born in the nature. Like the way, the two primary colours mix to create three secondary colours like Green, Orange and Purple, any of the two out of these three gunas combine to create the various mixed characteristics in a living being. The coming 14 shlokas will shed more light on these gunas.

Bhagavadgita Chapter 13 Kshetra-Kshetrajna Vibhaga Yoga Verse 32

Chapter 13 Kshetra-Kshetrajna Vibhaga Yoga Verse 32

Anaaditwaan nirgunatwaat paramaatmaayam avyayah;
Shareerastho’pi kaunteya na karoti na lipyate.

Being without beginning and devoid of any qualities, the Supreme Self, 
imperishable, though dwelling in the body, O Arjuna, neither acts nor is tainted!

Interpretation

After talking about the various things that constitute the field of a being, Lord Krishna in this shloka is mentioning the existence of the Supreme soul or God in the field of a living being. Lord calls that Supreme being located in your soul is the one who has neither the beginning nor possesses any qualities. These are the two yardsticks with which everything in this world is measured. In the second part of the shloka, Lord Krishna calls the supreme soul as imperishable even though it is living inside a body that is perishable. Finally, Lord Krishna calls this soul as neither tainted nor a doer of any task.

Extending Interpretation to Mankind’s Life!

There is a saying that even in the cruelest human on this planet, there are times when kindness and care comes out. From where is this coming? We have to remember that our mind is what we make. We have learnt that nature with its perception fills our mind with all kinds of information and perceptions that makes the characteristics of a person and develops a personality to him. Soul residing inside the mind is largely untouched by it. We all act according to how our senses makes us to act. We cheat, we lie, we even do good acts like giving alms or helping the needy but whatever those acts are, the supreme soul inside the body stays silent, mostly untouched by whatever soul is doing. It allows the soul to pick up and do whatever activities that it wants to do.

But things are not like this always. Just imagine a scenario where you are just relaxing and thinking and suddenly a very noble thought strikes you. You decide to do a certain thing which you have not done till then. These are rare experiences felt only by some. This could be leaving a bad habit of yours, forgiving a person forever on whom you always had a grudge on or taking sanyas or renunciation from all that you are doing till then. How does these thoughts strike? What is the trigger? The trigger is the Supreme soul inside your soul that neither acts nor is affected by the bad things you did. When your senses are not doing anything and when you are contemplating with yourself, the Supreme soul seated inside sends a trigger of that thought that will come to your conscious mind or the sensory mind.

It is then left to your conscious mind to decide whether to implement that thought or not. If your sensory mind is clouded with Maya then it starts questioning the trigger of the Supreme soul and says that whatever you thought was a momentary weakness of your mind and you need not have to do anything like that. But if you don’t allow that maya to engulf you then automatically you will be able to implement that thought and that is the beginning of the process, whereby you learn to hear the voice of your inner self which will put you on the path of spirituality. This is a very important aspect about the field that every one of us has to understand and implement.

Bhagavadgita Chapter 13 Kshetra-Kshetrajna Vibhaga Yoga Verse 30

Chapter 13 Kshetra-Kshetrajna Vibhaga Yoga Verse 30

Prakrityaiva cha karmaani kriyamaanaani sarvashah;
Yah pashyati tathaa’tmaanam akartaaram sa pashyati.

He sees, who sees that all actions are performed by Nature alone 
and that the Self is actionless.

Interpretation

Last shloka talked about Lord talking about the person who sees the same God dwelling in different living beings without discrimination, and the importance of it in attaining the salvation. In this shloka, Lord Krishna talks about the actions performed and how they should be viewed. So, what kind of person does Lord Krishna see? Here Lord mentions two things. First, is Lord Krishna says that He sees the person who sees that all actions performed by any individual are due to the influence of nature alone. The second aspect that He touches upon is, that person should also see the self as the action-less. Such people will be dearer to God.

Extending Interpretation to Mankind’s Life!

When you have read the interpretation of this shloka am sure you would have felt that you have read this before also that the actions are usually performed by nature alone. This shloka is not a repetition. What we have read previously was what one has to do. What is told by Lord Krishna is how one should see when others do it. Understanding this difference is very essential because usually there is a lot of difference between how one does things and how one sees when others do the same things. Simple example, we feel that cracking jokes and being jovial is a good thing and we crack jokes on different people and things. But if someone else cracks the same joke on us, we feel hurt and insulted.

This behavior comes because we have a different yardstick for measuring what we do and how we see others doing the same thing. Lord expects us to change this habit. First, whatever you are doing is done by nature which is also called Prakriti. so, nature is completely perceptual, and everyone behaves as the way they perceive things. Here another example also can help. Suppose you are a very serious person who doesn’t talk much and silently do your activities. How would you see a talkative person who is an extrovert and jovial? You should not have a negative view of the person or feel that this kind of behavior is wrong. One should always understand that behaviors are the result of our perceptions emerging out of nature and whether someone is like you or not like you, you should always see his actions emerging from nature alone.

The second aspect is Lord telling us that self is action-less. This is very crucial for misunderstanding or understanding a person. When someone does an undesirable act like theft, physical violence or sexual abuse or any other socially unacceptable behaviour we have a tendency to punish that person. So, what are you punishing here? Are you punishing the person’s senses or the soul? Here we need to understand the purpose of sending a person to jail. Jailing a person is a way of isolating him so that he is cutoff from the perceptions and nature’s influences. In isolation he will contemplate and meet his soul and do some search on his behaviour and comes out as a reformed person. So, the purpose of jailing is very different from what actually is followed today. The soul is never a part of activity and one needs to meet the soul to understand himself and that is possible only in isolation, which is very important for a person to change or reform.

Bhagavdgita Chapter 13 Kshetra-Kshetrajna Vibhaga Yoga Verse 27

Chapter 13 Kshetra-Kshetrajna Vibhaga Yoga Verse 27

Yaavat sanjaayate kinchit sattwam sthaavarajangamam;
Kshetrakshetrajnasamyogaat tadviddhi bharatarshabha.

Wherever a being is born, whether it be unmoving or moving, know thou, 
O best of the Bharatas, that it is from the union between the Field and its Knower.

Interpretation

After talking about the nature and the senses and their integral role in the field Lord Krishna in this shloka talks further about the field and the relationship between the field and the knower of the field. Lord Krishna also compares Arjuna to rest of the Bharatas or the sons of Bharata, and says that Arjuna is the best amongst them. He always held this view that Arjuna is a superior person compared to other pandavas as well as all the kauravas. So, He tells Arjuna that wherever a being is born, in whatever form, whether movable or immovable that is only because of the union between the field and the knower of the field.

Extending Interpretation to Mankind’s Life!

We have heard Lord Krishna talking several times about the unmoving beings in the previous shlokas. So, unmovable beings here are the living being that cannot move, which are basically plants. The question that strikes our mind is, do plants also have a field? Does it have senses and feelings like any other movable beings? Do they communicate with each other? We need to know the answers for all these and the common answer is Yes. Several scientific experiments were conducted in last few decades and it has revealed unambiguously that plants do communicate in vibrations that can be caught and understood by other plants. Am sure it sounds a bit odd to some of you.

We have already seen that there are some frequencies that humans can’t hear and only beings like bats and dogs can hear. When such kind of frequencies can exist in animals, then why can’t they exist in plants? Plants also consume food and consume it in a way that no other animal in this world can do. They prepare their own food and consume, something which we humans also can’t do totally. Many of us are still non-vegetarian and consume the meat of other living beings. Look at plants, through photosynthesis by using sunlight and taking carbondioxide from atmosphere, plants prepare their own food and consume. If they are that advanced then why can’t they communicate in a language that we don’t understand?

Plants and trees are so advanced that they live for hundreds of years, something which is not possible for any other living being in this planet. If their food, if their life span can be so different, why cant their communication be different? Existence of communication and life is the proof of the existence of the field. And for any being to be born in this universe, it is possible only when there is a union between the field and the knower of the field. For almost all the beings in the universe the knower of the field is God and the field is the being itself

Bhagavadgita Chapter 13 Kshetra-Kshetrajna Vibhaga Yoga Verse 19

Chapter 13 Kshetra-Kshetrajna Vibhaga Yoga Verse 19

Iti kshetram tathaa jnaanam jneyam choktam samaasatah;
Madbhakta etadvijnaaya madbhaavaayopapadyate.

Thus the Field as well as knowledge and the Knowable have been briefly stated. My devotee, knowing this, enters into My Being.

Interpretation

This shloka is the concluding part of the field of Lord extending to the knowledge and the knowable. The previous shloka had explained what it is by comparing it to the light and how it removes the darkness. In this shloka Lord Krishna says that He has briefly stated what a field means and how it is extended to knowledge and knowable. Maybe, Lord has plans of dealing with this bit more extensively in the coming shlokas. Then He concludes the shloka by saying that any of His devotees when they know this and have the knowledge about this will find their way into entering into the Being of the Lord.

Extending Interpretation to Mankind’s Life!

This part of Gita stresses the importance of knowledge over devotion, meditation and many other things. Does that mean that those things are not the paths to attaining salvation? Every path as stated by Lord before are the ways of attaining moksha. But what we are talking about is the pre-requisite for attaining salvation and that pre-requisite is nothing but knowledge. Knowledge tells us about God. The one who has more knowledge will worship God in more accurate and right way. A person visiting the temple with lakhs of rupees to offer in Hundi is no way a true devotee of God. He is ignorant of the fact that God will never be pleased by offering currency notes that were created by humans. In a way, it is the display of superiority of humans over God where we are offering money to God.

A real knowledgeable person will understand that offering Himself to God is the best way of reaching God. But think, how will you attain that state? That can only be attained by understanding God and His nature which is only possible through knowledge. Thus knowledge increases the vision and scope of a person whereby he sees Lord as beyond an idol who sits in a temple to an Almighty who exists everywhere in every being and in every particle of this Universe. Such kind of a person alone, can attain the salvation and that knowledge alone will take him to salvation, says Lord Krishna.

Chapter 13 Kshtera-Kshetrajna Vibhaga Yoga Verse 18

Chapter 13 Kshtera-Kshetrajna Vibhaga Yoga Verse 18

Jyotishaamapi tajjyotistamasah paramuchyate;
Jnaanam jneyam jnaanagamyam hridi sarvasya vishthitam.

That, the Light of all lights, is beyond darkness;
it is said to be knowledge, the Knowable and the goal of knowledge, seated in the hearts of all.

Interpretation

This shloka further dwells into the aspects of the knowledge of the field of the God. Lord Krishna in this shloka is talking about the senses of the God depicted in the form of light. This is not just any ordinary light but it is the light that goes beyond the darkness. That means this light of the senses of God has the power to drive away the darkness of this entire universe. Then Lord Krishna goes onto link that light to the knowledge. He says that this particular light of the Lord is the knowledge and the knowable. This is also considered to be the goal of knowledge seated in the heart of every being in this Universe.

Extending Interpretation to Mankind’s Life!

Today is Deepavali and is it the design of God or sheer coincidence that we are talking about lights today!! Diwali as we all know is the festival of lights that removes darkness. The festival is celebrated to mark the arrival of Shri Ram to Ayodhya after 14 years of vanvaas or exile. Since the day is “Amavasya” or New moon day, the residents of Ayodhya welcome Shri Ram by lighting lakhs of diyas to remove the darkness. In a way the residents of Ayodhya are symbolically saying that the darkness that engulfed their lives for 14 years is removed by the arrival of Shri Ram. For me, this is one of the favourite or rather the only festival I celebrate. 

God is light that can remove any darkness and that light is seen by us in the form of knowledge. In other words, knowing the God or seeing the Almighty is only possible if we are able to acquire the knowledge because knowledge is the light that drives away the darkness of ignorance from our minds and illuminate us with Godliness of knowledge. The next question that comes to mind is, what kind of knowledge should we seek to go nearer to God? In the previous shlokas of this chapter we have learnt that God sits in us and judges our karmas or actions and gives appropriate results for those karmas. That means God is there inside us judging all our actions dispassionately and without getting attached.

In the same way, God will also show us the kind of knowledge that we should acquire to go nearer to Him. Every being has a soul that seeks different form of knowledge and God introduces us to that knowledge and we should be in a position to adopt and take it. Mind which is under the control of senses will always try to justify our reluctance towards knowledge by saying, “Is this required for me”? The answer for that is let God decide what is required for you. Devil doesnt have the power to introduce you to the form of knowledge you require. It only introduces you to enjoyments and indulgences and distracts you from whatever God wants you to learn. That is why you get a doubt if that knowledge is required for you.

So, its only God who introduces you to situations that present you different kinds of learnings that your soul should take to acquire that knowledge. So, you need to drive away the devil inside you and should be open to embrace that knowledge without any self doubt. That is the only way your soul gets the enlightenment. Today is Deepavali, the festival of lights and tomorrow is the beginning of “Karthika masa” one of the most auspicious amongst all the months of the calendar year. Let us all take the pledge of making the new beginning of acquiring the right kind of knowledge required for us starting this auspicious month. Like the way diyas and lit the whole month, let us also light the lamp of knowledge for life. Nothing is more divine than right kind of knowledge.

Bhagavadgita Chapter 13 Kshetra-Kshetrajna Vibhaga Yoga Verse 16

Chapter 13 Kshetra-Kshetrajna Vibhaga Yoga Verse 16

ahirantashcha bhootaanaam acharam charameva cha;Sookshmatwaat tadavijneyam doorastham chaantike cha tat.

Without and within all beings, the unmoving and also the moving; because of His subtlety, unknowable; and near and far away is That.

Interpretation

In this shloka, Lord Krishna is talking a bit more about the existence of the Almighty in the field around us, he starts the shloka by saying that Lord exists outside and within all beings. This means that God exists inside as well as the outside of all beings and then Lord also says that He exists in all the beings that are either movable or immovable. The second part of the shloka focuses on the nature of the God. Lord Krishna says that He is very subtle so by that very nature He tends to become incomprehensible. This nature of incomprehensibility gives us the feeling of unknown. Finally Lord Krishna says that God is very near to you and yet He appears to be very far away.

Extending Interpretation to Mankind’s Life!

Understanding this shloka took me some time and made me to go and search, and this is what I have found. “tad ejati tan naijati, taddure tadvantike, tad antar asya sarvasya tadusarvasyasya bahyatah”. It means the Supreme Brahman does not walk yet He walks. He is far but also near. He is inside everything, He is also outside everything. This verse is taken from Upanishads and this also talks about similar thing that Lord is telling Arjuna. He is in a way challenging us to understand His true nature. But why is it required? What does God expect to change in us?

A very subtle point about our outlook towards things is what we need to understand here. When something undesirable goes inside our body, it is not allowed to stay inside and we sneeze or vomit or through bowel movements eject that out of our body. When something undesirable falls on us, we take bath or wash that area and cleanse it. But this doesn’t happen as promptly or as vigorously as it happened inside the body. When something undesirable falls in the place where we live, we dont show that much care as we do if it falls on our body. We just take some time but clean it at the time of our convenience. But do we bother about the undesirable that is there outside our house? In fact all the dirt inside we ourselves throw it out. 

From our childhood days we learnt cleanliness is Godliness. Where things are clean, God exists there. But what is undesirable here? Is it also not something created by God? Yes it is, but an unclean thing is no longer life bearing and it has to be discarded, just like you discard a rotten apple or a dead body because without life it becomes unclean and undesirable. God exists everywhere and just keeping your body clean is not enough. Next time you spit on the road, think about it. spit is something that needs to be discarded and road is a place where you walk. How can you allow your discard to be touched by someone else who also has the same Godliness as yours existing?

Am not giving a lecture on moral science here but if you really believe God exists in everything inside as well as outside, it is very important for us to respect that Godliness. People urinating on walls, people littering the places where we walk and sit, people spitting on the walls and staircases we touch should all think and think deep that cleanliness is not “Swachh Bharat” kind of a movement that is seen from a political point of view, but it is a virtue that has to be understood from the fact that God exists everywhere and the discard of us should not touch Him. If you see God in every being, you will surely take care of the discard from touching him in whom there is a Him.

Bhagavdgita Chapter 13 Kshtra-Kshetrajna Vibhaga Yoga

Chapter 13 Kshtra-Kshetrajna Vibhaga Yoga

Sarvendriyagunaabhaasam sarvendriyavivarjitam;
Asaktam sarvabhricchaiva nirgunam gunabhoktru cha.

Shining by the functions of all the senses, yet without the senses;
unattached, yet supporting all; devoid of qualities, yet their experiencer.

Interpretation

After taking about the power of senses in the previous shloka, Lord Krishna in this shloka is describing about the senses and their characteristics. The first part of the shloka talks about a very complex thing of the Lord’s sensory perceptions. Here Lord says that His senses are shining with glory by performing all the sensory activities, yet it appears as if there are no senses attached to God. The second part of the shloka speaks about the functions. He says that His senses are not having any qualities that are expected of the sense organs but they support all the beings in this world and gives them the experience of those senses. Last but not the least, Lord uses the word unattached to these senses.

Extending Interpretation to Mankind’s Life!

I would like to start with a quote from puranas which says “Viruddha dharmo ruposa, vaishvaryat purushottamah” which means God is the powerhouse of the infinite contradictory attributes existing at the same time. Last shloka we had understood how the sensory perceptions of the God exists in multiple dimensions unlike ours that exists only in three dimensions. Now this shloka talks about God possessing and not possessing senses at the same time. The understanding of this is simple. When we see sun during the day, we say sun is there. When we dont see it in the night, we say, sun has set and will only rise tomorrow. Till then sun is not there. Just because sun is invisible to us it doesnt mean that sun is not there. Sun is there but our senses cant see his existence.

If we take the same analogy forward, none of the beings existing can see God’s senses and its only visible to God. There would be times where God Himself doesnt use those senses and He Himself gets a feeling that it is not there. It is just like the feeling of sleep that a person has. If you are asleep, all your senses go to sleep but that doesnt mean they dont exist. In the same way, during Brahma’s night, when Brahma is asleep, He also thinks that His senses are not there. This is a part of Vishnu maya which Brahma, who is the creator of the Universe experiences.

The second part of the shloka focuses on Him being unattached. What is this in-attachment that Lord is talking about? Being a supreme sense and the sustainer of all the creations, Lord Sri Maha Vishnu sits in every person’s sensory mind and keeps track of all their karmas and gives results to their actions. Yet, he is unattached to any person or his soul. If He finds a good person committing all good things, He doesnt become attached to that person or wants to do good to him. He only looks at their acts and judges them and gives appropriate results to all their actions. Only at the time of Moksha Lord Sri Maha Vishnu, comes in His true form and shows His vishwaroopam for one last time to the senses so that the soul gets that knowledge of the God. With that knowledge soul goes to Jana loka, to meditate upon it and never to returns again to this world.

Chapter 13 Kshetra-Kshetrajna Vibhaga Yoga Verse 14

Chapter 13 Kshetra-Kshetrajna Vibhaga Yoga Verse 14

Sarvatah paanipaadam tat sarvato’kshishiromukham;
Sarvatah shrutimalloke sarvamaavritya tishthati.

With hands and feet everywhere, with eyes, heads and mouths everywhere, with ears everywhere, He exists in the worlds, enveloping all.

Interpretation

Lord Krishna starts His discourse on the things to be known for a person to understand the field and he begins that process with this shloka. This shloka starts with Lord describing the most essential part of understanding things for any being, that is understanding God. Lord Krishna begins the shloka by saying that God is present in every inch of Universe and He is enveloping all the beings in this Universe by His presence. By this, Lord Krishna means that the hands and feet of the God are spread everywhere and every part of the Universe. Then He goes on to talk about the eyes, head, ears, and mouth being everywhere. Here Lord is referring to the senses of God being there in every part of the Universe.

Extending Interpretation to Mankind’s Life!

Before you could even think that how many times we have already heard this, about the presence of God in every inch of the universe, let me tell you that this takes you to one level above. Here the main focus is on the sensory perceptions of God. You might not have thought about it, but let me put a question. Does God have senses like us? If so, then what do they do? God possess senses and those are much more powerful than ours. Let me tell you few facts here. We know that dogs can hear upto frequencies of 1 lakh hertz while humans capacity is only between 20-20,000 hertz. Bats are bestowed with sensory perceptions that are much more sharper than dogs as well as humans. So, if we had unlimited sensory perceptions in terms of hearing, seeing, feeling, smelling and tasting, what else we could have done?

Though we humans call ourselves the most powerful beings on this planet, our powers are limited to realms of our senses. Beyond the range of our senses, we do not know what exists and what happens. We know that there are UV rays and infra red rays but we never saw them. Have you ever imagined a possibility of a parallel universe with a different set of living beings existing in these spaces which are completely unknown to us. What we see is what we believe. What we dont see is what we need to acquire and that is knowledge. If we are able to see planes in 3 dimensions it is because we are bestowed with vision that can see three dimensions. Does that mean that can we rule out the possibility of more dimensions? 4 or 5 or 6 or whatever dimensions that exists are just in our imagination.

Saying that God exists everywhere is not enough. The Chhandogya Upaniṣhad says sarvam khalvidam , , meaning “Everywhere is Brahman.” First lets try and understand what that “Everywhere” means. Everywhere is not wherever you can see or hear or perceive. Everywhere is everywhere the Universe exists. And that is what Lord Krishna is saying here. He is asking you to increase the dimensions of your perception and vision and understand and accept the fact that many planes and parallel universes can exists right infront of you and if you cant sense them, its just because you dont have sense to sense them. The answer is to develop your senses more, to sense them.