Chapter 2 Sloka 12 BhagavadGita Meaning Translation and Interpretaion

Chapter 2 Verse 12 -Samkhya Yoga

Sloka

Aashcharyavat pashyati kashchid enamAashcharyavad vadati tathaiva chaanyah;
Aashcharyavacchainam anyah shrinotiShrutwaapyenam veda na chaiva kashchit.

Translation

One sees soul as a wonder; another speaks of It as a wonder;
another hears of It as a wonder; yet, having heard, none understands It at all.

Interpreteation

After explaining in detail about the characteristics and the make up of the body, this verse talks about the soul. He tries to explain to Arjuna how soul is seen by different people.

He says that some see it as a wonder and a magical thing, where as some speak that soul is a wondrous thing that was the creation of God. There are some people who hear about the soul in every discourse of spirituality. Like this many people would have talked about the soul, many people have heard about the soul many would have felt it also but nobody has really understood the real meaning of the soul.

Extending Interpretation to Mankind’s Life!

Have you seen people tying holy threads and putting vermilion and turmeric to tress and stones? They worship them as Gods and Goddesses? Have you ever wondered why should one worship a tree and expect it to fulfil your wishes? Is it possible that a stone carved into a shape of God actually has powers in it?

These are some of the questions that we really don’t have answers. These are the matters of belief and trust. If a tree or an idol doesn’t have the power why do people believe it? What is this power? Is it the same power of soul that Lord Krishna was talking about. Soul as a concept has never been understood. Soul needs a body and that body could be anything. Soul that has power can achieve anything. Tough to understand, but if you read the coming slokas you will understand it clearly.

Market Setup 18th December

Markets and Elections!

Results day and everywhere there is a hope of BJP winning and staying above that 110 cut off mark. The signs of that is visible clearly on SGX NIFTY which is trading gap up now. That means we are opening above 10350 mark. What happens after that needs to be seen from how the BJP does. It will be a short post from me. I will just give you my suggestion for the day.

My suggestion for the day

Sit back and see how the poll results come out. Do not worry about taking positions and making money. If you have a position taken on Friday when there was a dip at 3PM to 10320 then exit at 10400 to 10420 zone. Else wait till how results come by 9.15. If its overwhelmingly BJP then go for long. Then you might gain something. Else wait and watch. Today is too big a fundamental to play for. Wait for my updates on twitter as the day progresses.

Chapter 2 Sloka 11 Bhagavadgita Meaning, Translation and Interpretation

Chapter 2 Sloka 11 – Samkhya Yoga

Avyaktaadeeni bhootaani vyaktamadhyaani bhaarata;
Avyakta nidhanaanyeva tatra kaa paridevanaa.

Translation

Beings are unmanifested in their beginning, manifested in their middle state,
O Arjuna, and unmanifested again in their end! What is there to grieve about?

Interpretation

In this sloka Lord Krishna talks about the composition of human body and the relationship of human body to the nature. The human body is a combination of the five elements. It is seen and understood by the physical eye only after the five elements have entered into such combination. After death the body disintegrates and all the five elements return to their source. The body cannot be perceived now. It can be perceived only in the middle state. He who understands the nature of the body and human relationships based upon it will not grieve.

Extending interpretation to Mankind’s Life!

Have you ever tried to understand the link between the air that you breathe from nature, the water that you drink from the nature? Whole Universe is made up of 5 elements. They are Earth, Water, Fire, Air and Space. These elements maintain balance. Nature struggles constantly to maintain balance. The same elements that you find in the nature you also find them in the human body. Let us understand what they are and how they are related.

Earth element in the body is the Bones and Muscles, Water element is the blood, Air element is the air that we breathe,  Fire element is the Heat that our body generates, and Space element is the Emptiness within our body. If any one element is taken out, body would collapse. There are various energies in the body like, Bio-energy, magnetic energy, electrical energy, mechanical energy, chemical energy. These energies run the body. These are called vital force or  Pran Shakti . Any imbalance in the five elements brings imbalance in the Pran Shakti or vital force.

Our eye can only see the middle state when the 5 elements of nature work on our body. It cannot see the formation of the body with these 5 elements nor it can see what happens to the body after the 5 elements leave them. So he advises Arjuna not to grieve for something that is only seen in the middle.
“SARVE JANA SUKHINO BHAVANTU
SARVE SANTU NIRAAMAYA
SARVE BHADRANI PASHYANTU
MA KASCHITH DUKHA MAPNIYA”

“MAY ALL BECOME HAPPY,
MAY ALL BE FREE FROM ILLNESS,
MAY ALL SEE WHAT IS AUSPICIOUS,
MAY NO ONE SUFFER”

Chapter 2 Sloka 10 Bhagavadgita Meaning Translation and Interpretation

Chapter 2, Sloka 10 – Samkhya Yoga

Sloka

Jaatasya hi dhruvo mrityur dhruvam janma mritasya cha;
Tasmaad aparihaarye’rthe na twam shochitum arhasi.

Translation

For, certain is death for the born and certain is birth for the dead;
therefore, over the inevitable thou should not grieve.

Interpretation

This is one of the most popular verses of Bhagavad Gita, which we would have heard many times, especially when mourning for someone. Here Lord Krishna after telling about the body and the soul tells this sentence. Everyone who is born on this world has to die someday. Everyone who is dead has to take a re birth again. So birth, death and again re birth are the part of the cycle of the evolution of soul and it is in the sense inevitable. He then advises Arjuna not to grieve for this inevitable thing.

Extending interpretation to Mankind’s Life!

How often we dread of losing someone who is close to us. Our parents, our life partner, our children all these are extremely dear to us and we get attached to them. Getting attached is fine but have you ever thought what this attachment brings? If it brings happiness, contentment and growth of one’s soul then its good. But if its bringing fear, doubt and unhappiness then its undesirable. Simple question. How can you allow your soul to suffer for the body which is temporary? The person you are attached to in this life was there in the previous life and will be there in the next lives. Then why should we feel sad for the death of a body when the soul is meeting you again and again?

Simply to put it, don’t feel sorrow and make your soul suffer. Every relationship is a continuous and it follows you in every birth. If you understand this simple truth, you will not feel sad for the loss of anyone, however close that person might be. You will always meet that person in your next birth and the spiritual journey continues………

Chapter 2, Verse 9 – Bhagavad Gita Sloka Meaning, Translation and Interpretation

Chapter 2, Verse 9 – Samkhya Yoga

“Nainam cchindanti shastraani nainam dahati paavakah;
Na chainam kledayantyaapo na shoshayati maarutah”.

Transaltion

“Weapons cut It not, fire burns It not, water wets It not, wind dries It not”.

Interpretation

In this sloka, Lord Krishna explains the secret of soul. He says that soul is one’s self and that one’s self is something that is partless. The soul is infinite and extremely subtle. Soul is so strong that the sword cannot cut It, fire cannot burn It, wind cannot dry It. Thus Lord Krishna explains to Arjuna the meaning and the secret of soul in this sloka.

Extending Interpretation to Mankind’s Life!

Do this small exercise. Just close your eyes, sit quietly composing your thoughts for a minute and then ask a question to yourself. Who am I? You will get an answer of what you are in this life!

You will say who you are with respect to the position you hold or the name that you have. This is just a part of what you are. Is this you? No. It is not. Then what are you? You are something that you dont even know. You are the past, you are the present and you are the future. What you know is just the present. You are infinite. You are something that cannot be cut into different compartments. Because each action of yours is the reaction of something else.

Why do people change suddenly. Its not because they change, it is because something from the past, interferes with their present, shaping the future. So, its a continuous thing that cannot be divided. Another aspect is, your body gets burnt and turns into ashes but your soul leaves the body much before that. Soul cannot be burnt or the wind can dry it away from life. soul exists every where in metaphysical form and that is the secret of soul.

“SARVE JANA SUKHINO BHAVANTU
SARVE SANTU NIRAAMAYA
SARVE BHADRANI PASHYANTU
MA KASCHITH DUKHA MAPNIYA”

“MAY ALL BECOME HAPPY,
MAY ALL BE FREE FROM ILLNESS,
MAY ALL SEE WHAT IS AUSPICIOUS,
MAY NO ONE SUFFER”

Market Setup 15th December

Markets and News!

Today will start off as something special for Indian markets. Europe closed in red, US markets saw a sell off and ended in red, Asian is in deep red but India will open with a huge gap up. This gap up is for the Gujarat exit poll which predicts a win for the BJP and some feel its going to be a big win.

Hong kong market which directly correlates with India is down by more than 1% and India will start 60-70 points gap up. That underscores the importance of the exit polls. Coming to the polls, News 24-Chanakya which got it right maximum times predict 135 seats for BJP and 38 for Congress. The Axis My India poll which got right many times after chanakya predicts 106 for BJP and 74 for Congress. The poll of polls that’s the average predicts 115 seats for BJP and 66 for Congress. Now everyone will wait for Monday when the actual results will be out.

The other big news is the Winter session of Parliament which will start today. As many as 18 bills are pending to be passed before the session closes on 5th January. The way BJP conducts and passes many bills including the most dreaded FRDA bill needs to be seen. Opposition will make a lot of noise especially in Rajya Sabha where they are more in number and it all depends on Govt’s tact in handling parliament with not many washouts. Apart from that Supreme Court will also deliver its interim ruling of linking aadhar with the bank accounts. Govt has already extended the deadline to March 2018 but we need to see what the court says.

Future and Options!

In derivatives news, a good thing that was seen was buying of FIIs in cash market. That clearly shows that FIIs believe in the long term growth story of India and BJP winning this election has restored confidence in their minds. The options market is also budding with some action and yesterday was all about call buying anticipating a huge move today. The 10700 call went up from 9 rupees to 13 rupees yesterday itself and Maximum call buying was happening at 10600 and 10500 calls. The 10200 and 10100 puts were good choices to short. That reduced the NIFTY put call ratio to 1.26 from 1.30 seen at the beginning of the day.

What is the NIFTY strategy for the day?

Expect a fantastic opening above 10300 level and what happens after that needs to be seen. If it crosses 10320 exit the long positions and book for profit and wait for a dip to take a fresh long position. Today is Friday, expect some volatility and afternoon’s dip should be bought into and wait for Monday when the actual Gujarat results will be declared.

Chapter 2, Sloka 8 – Bhagavad Gita Meaning Translation and Interpretation

Chapter 2, Verse 8 – Samkhya Yoga

Naasato vidyate bhaavo naabhaavo vidyate satah;
Ubhayorapi drishto’ntastwanayos tattwadarshibhih.

The unreal hath no being; there is no non-being of the real;
The truth about both has been seen by the knowers of the Truth

Interpretation
After talking about the body, Lord Krishna moves to soul. He says What is changing must always be unreal and that is body. What is constant must always be real and that is soul or Atman. The Atman is invincible and indivisible and its all pervading and ever existing. It is the only Reality.

Extending the interpretation to Mankind’s Life!
Soul or Atman is a part of Brahman or Godliness. Advaitha philosophy says Brahman and Atman are the same. How are Brahman and Atman same? You are the creation of God. When we say, You, it means your soul. When your soul is the creation of God, there is some Godliness in your soul too. That is how soul starts its journey of increasing its Godliness with each birth that it takes, by changing the body. When the soul becomes bigger and bigger in its spirituality, it finally goes to the feet of God, and mergers with the power that has created it. This is the journey of soul. soul is immortal because God is immortal. Soul has the same imprint as God and thus becomes immortal. This is the truth….

Market Setup 14th December

Global News and Markets!

Big over night news of Fed hiking the interest rates wakes us up this morning. Fed has hiked the interest rates by 25 bases points to 1.50% and that is expected. It also says that it expects the US GDP to go to 2.5% from 2.1% and inflation to settle down at 1.7%. The jobless forecast continues to be at 4.10%. The result is US markets celebrated it mildly with S&P losing some sheen at the end of the day. The Asian markets are mixed and finding their foot and India is likely to be open gap up of 30-40 points .
Domestically today is the big day with Gujarat election 2nd phase election happening in the crucial 93 seats in central and North Gujarat. Ahmedabad is going to be vote today and so does the congress strong hold of North Gujarat. In 2012 congress won 41 out of 93 seats compared to 52 won by BJP. So this was a neck and neck race last time and this time we need to see which way the wind blows.

Meanwhile EC has issued show cause notice to Rahul Gandhi for giving an interview to a local Gujarati channel after the campaigning time is over and we need to see whether that creates sympathy for him or works out in the advantage for BJP. By 1PM markets will get the wind direction of the election and how they react after that needs to be carefully observed. The exit poll will be out by 7PM.

Futures and Options!

On the derivatives front, one interesting thing to be observed is the unwinding of positions happening at 10300 level yesterday as market was going through a high degree of volatility. 2.1 lakh contracts go created but we have seen almost 2 lakh unwinding of positions seen there. These are the short positions created and with NIFTY nearing 10300 many of these positions were unwinded. 10400 call still is seeing some shorting with almost 2.2 lakh contracts getting generated.

The maximum action is seen at 10500 call with maximum of 5.2 lakh contracts getting created and at a premium of 35 rupees we are looking at 10550 as a resistance for an upside seen. On the put side 10200, 10100 and 10000 puts continue to be active indicating that 10080 is a strong support for any fall seen. The 10200 put has a premium of 120 rupees which traders are actively shorting. The volatility went up by 4% and the put call ratio is almost stabilizing at 1.30 mark.

What is the NIFTY strategy for today?

You will see a gap up open today morning. But It is better to stand by and watch the market till the afternoon and see how it goes. Very important to watch the behavior of the markets after 1PM. Whatever maybe the opening today markets will not move much and would wait for the 1PM trigger.

If NIFTY remains above yesterday’s close after 1PM it is better to take a long position. If its not clear then stay away, wait for the exit poll. Today’s position is for the Gujarat election and should be taken with care.

Chapter 2,Sloka 7 Meaning,Translation and Interpretation

Chapter 2, Verse 7 – Samkhya Yoga

“Maatraasparshaastu kaunteya sheetoshnasukhaduhkhadaah; 

Aagamaapaayino’nityaas taamstitikshaswa bhaarata”.

Translation

“The contacts of the senses with the objects, O son of Kunti, which cause heat and cold and pleasure and pain, have a beginning and an end; they are impermanent; endure them bravely, O Arjuna!”

Interpretation

After talking about the connection between the body and the soul, Lord Krishna continues to explain to Arjuna the characteristics of the body. He says that the body is linked to 5 senses of touch, taste, smell, hear and sight and the body gets all its responses through one of these five senses. He says that these 5 senses causes heat and cold to the body, it also feels the pain and pleasure. Like it was said in the previous sloka, the body has a definite beginning at the time of birth and a definite ending at the time of death. These 5 senses to which body is connected and the whole body itself in a way are just temporary. One has to win over the urges of these senses bravely is what Lord Krishna advises to Arjuna.

Extending the interpretation to Mankind’s Life!

Life is a journey of finite to infinite. What is finite in your life? Success is finite, failure is finite. Day is finite, night is finite. Happiness is finite, sadness is finite. Relationships are finite, emotions are finite. Life is filled with finites. Our body is finite. So, how should you see your life? We see it as finite. We run behind success, love, affection, money, material wealth etc which are all finite. We acquire all of them and we feel as if we have acquired infinite. We forget that nothing connected to body is infinite. The costliest house in the World, Antilla, owned by Mukesh Ambani is also finite. When he is no more, he wont take his antilla with him. We need to look at infinite for permanent happiness. What is that infinite? How do we acquire that? I will tell you tomorrow. Till then……

“SARVE JANA SUKHINO BHAVANTU
SARVE SANTU NIRAAMAYA
SARVE BHADRANI PASHYANTU
MA KASCHITH DUKHA MAPNIYA”
“MAY ALL BECOME HAPPY,
MAY ALL BE FREE FROM ILLNESS,
MAY ALL SEE WHAT IS AUSPICIOUS,
MAY NO ONE SUFFER”