Today we shall look at the history and the two states which are on the two corners of India. One on the east is the Odisha and one on the west is Gujarat. There are quite a few similarities between these two states yet the parties in power in both the states are different.
Let’s look at some interesting facts:
Starting with Gujarat. It was in the year 1995 that first-time BJP came to power and is still in power even after 24 years. There has been no anti-Incumbency against BJP. Gujarat in these 24 years has made development do the talking. There has been high urbanization of the state, no backwardness, no heavy dependency on the Agriculture. Gujarat is known for one of the top states into industrial space and also the services sector. Gujarat has become the centre for sectors like Pharma, Textile, Diamond, Petro-chemical sectors and of course Stock markets.
Now coming to Orissa, it was in the year 1999 that BJD party was given power by the people of Orissa. And the same party is ruling Orissa for 20 years and is fighting for 5th term along with Lok Sabha Elections 2019. There has been no anti-Incumbency here too. But then the drawbacks here are that Orissa is still backward and has a high tribal population in poverty. High poverty and lowest urbanization are seen everywhere except Bhubaneshwar and Cuttack.
With these many differences how is that both the parties are enjoying victories for so many years? Simply Development! Gujarat Govt BJP has been giving all the possible facilities to the traders to improve their trade and commerce. Traders thus have been backing Gujarat for many years. Recently, in the 2017 assembly elections Saurashtra which is agriculture driven area went to Congress but then areas like Kutch, Surat, Baroda, Ahmedabad have voted for BJP and saved them. This was right after the GST and Demonetisation.
On the other side, Orissa’s Biju Janata Dal Govt is known for constantly focussing on uplifting the women and the tribals. The Self-help group started by BJD has really helped the people of Orissa. Naveen Patnaik’s policy of leaving the tribes on their own with full autonomy helped them to get the tribal vote.
Both the states have been a leader-centric and backed their respective leaders, Narendra Modi since 2001 in Gujarat and Naveen Patnaik since 1999 in Orissa.
All about Lok Sabha 2019 – Naveen Patnaik had come to elections in 1999, with an alliance with Atal ji’s BJP. Of the 21 seats then BJD+BJP won 19/21 and Congress won just 2. The same alliance in 2004 won 18 seats, BJD 11, BJP 7, INC 2 and JMM 1. Once Atal Ji retired, Naveen Patnaik separated with BJP and in 2009 Naveen Patnaik fought all alone, where he won 14, CPM 1, Congress 6 and BJP nil. With BJP losing grip in Orissa, Modi and Shah in 2013 decided to build BJP in Orissa by going independently. In 2014 within 6 months of time, BJP won 1 seat while BJD won 20. Though this was a bad loss, this wiped out Congress and opened doors for BJP. Recently held Panchayat elections BJP was the party with the highest number of seats.
Odisha elections are happening in 4 phases:
• 1st phase 4 seats
• 2nd phase 5 seats
• 3rd phase 6 seats
• 4th phase 6 seats
In 2019 elections, according to the projections from opinion polls, BJP might win 11-13, BJD 8-10 and nothing for Congress. Naveen Patnaik is turning old and losing the charm and there are no leaders who can take forward the legacy. This is advantage BJP. And Sooner or later Orissa will be ruled by Right Wing party for the first time in its history.
Coming to Gujarat, all the 26 seats of Gujarat are voting in the 3rd phase on 23rd of April. The previous election in 2014 was a big victory as BJP swept to win 26/26. This time, BJP is expected to easily win the 16 seats in Gujarat region comprehensively while Saurashtra and Kutch might offer some resistance. Still, BJP is expected to sweep Gujarat winning 22-24 seats, leaving just 2-4 for Congress. Modi’s personal popularity and his Gujarati tag will help him there.
Overall for 47 seats of Gujarat and Orissa – BJP is expected to win 33-37 seats, UPA 2-4 seats and BJD 8-10 seats.
Sahajam karma kaunteya sadoshamapi na tyajet; Sarvaarambhaa hi doshena dhoomenaagnirivaavritaah.
One should not abandon, O Arjuna, the duty to which one is born, though faulty; for, all undertakings are enveloped by evil, as fire by smoke!
In this shloka also Lord is continuing to talk about the importance of one’s dharma. He tells Arjuna that one should never abandon the duty to which one is born. Here it has to be understood that is not the family to which he is born which does that duty, but the duty for which the person is born that decides. Lord also says that he should never abandon it even though it is faulty in the eyes of everyone including himself. If he doesn’t listen to this and abandons his duty and takes up some other duty then whatever he does will be enveloped by bad karma just like how the smoke envelopes the fire. This is the analogy that the Lord gives to the person who takes up the duty which is not his.
Extending Interpretation to Mankind’s Life!
What is a faulty duty? The first line itself says that one should not abandon the work of his own nature, even if it is faulty. What exactly does that mean? It’s the thought process with which we approach the work. No work in this world is perfect and every work will have some faults or the other. What Lord here means is that just because there is something wrong in the work that a person is doing he should not abandon it. The fault could be anything. There might be a mismatch of your values with the values of the management where you work, a person might have to tell some lies, there can be a lot of obstacles, misunderstandings while doing this work. Whatever they may be, a person should never leave the work of his nature.
Just because your outlook doesn’t match with the management outlook you should not leave that work. He might tell lies for the overall benefit of people, and those lies are worth 100 truths. So, ultimately, doing the work that one is meant to do is the only dharma that a person should follow. But a person might think, why is he in such a bad place? The answer is simple. There are lessons to be learnt and there are debts of your past karma to be repaid. The day they are done, God will shift you to another place. Thus work is more important, not the place. These hostile situations created by God are like tests to us to see whether we can withstand or not.
If we breakdown and abandon that work and take up altogether new work, then it is considered to be a sin. Even if that work appears perfect to you, you will not be able to do it for a long time. You will end up accumulating a lot of bad karma in the entire process and that is like smoke around a fire. It’s a common assumption that wherever there is a fire there is smoke. Likewise wherever a person abandons his dharma and embraces someone else’s dharma his actions or karmas will be bad and surround themselves around that work. Whenever you do a work which your soul doesn’t accept, then you don’t do it with full dedication and work without dedication only results in bad karma.
Extending Interpretation to Mankind’s Life!
What is the Nifty call for the day?
Extending Interpretation to Mankind’s Life!
1st phase of Lok Sabha elections 2019 got successfully completed on 11th of April with the voter turnout reading at 69.4%. This 69.4% is notch higher than the overall 2014 elections turnout of 66.40%. We are 2 days away from the 2nd phase and the last 5 days after the 1st phase got over, things have gone wild for both the parties. Election Commission banned Modi biopic right before 1st phase and now EC has banned several leaders from campaigning for their communal or unethical usage of words. Yogi Adityanath for 72 hours, Mayawati for 48 hours, Azam Khan for 72 hours and Maneka Gandhi for 48 hours. These are some big events in the last 5 days.
18th is the day of Second Phase and this time there are 96 seats which will go for polling on Thursday. Vellore seat polling has been cancelled after huge amounts of cash were seized in the house of a DMK leader. Like last Tuesday, First, let’s look at the top 10 constituencies of the Phase 2 elections.
1. Thoothukudi: Tamil Nadu is all about DMK and AIADMK. With sympathy running high it’s expected that DMK will win or rather sweep entire Tamil Nadu. But last few days things are getting better for AIADMK-BJP combine. Tuthukudi is the place where state BJP president Dr Tamilisai Soundarrajan is taking on Kanimozhi, the favourite daughter of Late Karunanidhi. With sympathy factor intact, things look a bit tough for Tamilisai.
2. Chennai Central: Sam Paul is contesting from PMK which is another ally of BJP. But then this is not going to make any difference as it seems, Dayanidhi Maran from DMK, two time MP and brother of Kalanidhi Maran is expected to win this seat back.
3. Nilgiris: We have the 2G scam acquitted A Raja from DMK fighting against Thyagarajan from AIADMK. This seat is more important for the people and it’s for them to decide either to vote a corrupt leader or someone else.
4. Siva Ganga: Another blockbuster place. After Chidambaram, we have seen that his son Karthi being pushed into politics. Yet another dynasty mode of politics starting in Tamil Nadu. Will Karthi win his father’s seat or are the corruption charges on the family will prove costly for them? This time BJP candidate H Raja is taking Karthi Chidambaram at Shiva Ganga.
5. Bangalore North: This is the seat of former CM and Union minister DV Sadananda Gowda. This looks more or less like a victory for BJP until or unless any miracles save Congress;
6. Mandya: Interesting story coming from this constituency. Nikhil Kumaraswamy the son of HD Kumara Swamy and the Grandson to Deva Gowda is fighting against the actor Ambareesh wife Sumalatha. Sumalatha is going Independent but is being supported by BJP. The Story is, though JDS and Congress are fighting together, there is a section of Congress leaders from Mandya who are secretly supporting Sumalatha. So, will Sumalatha stage an upset and win Mandya or will Nikhil trump her to retain this traditional JDS seat?
7. Chikballapur: This could be one of the easiest
8. Mathura: Going back to North India. We have Hema Malini contesting from BJP and Mahesh Pathak from Congress. Hema Malini as we know is the famous actress and for the first time, Dharmender campaigned for the Party and his Wife. Hema Malini has already won LS Seat before and will be looking to continue the same
9. Fatehpur Sikri: This is going to be the close contest between two leaders from BJP and INC. BJP has fielded Sadvi Niranjan Jyothi who is known for her controversial remarks on the opposition. On the other side we have Raj Babbar the actor from Congress. Close contest.
10. Srinagar: This is a going to be an easy win for NC Congress. Farooq Abdullah is the famous J&K leader and no doubt he would win this Seat and we will all see 80 plus Abdulla triumph again from Srinagar.
Coming now a little bit to the statistics, the second phase elections will cover 12 states and the union territory of Pondicherry. Tamil Nadu is the only state where all constituencies are going for polls while in other 11 states it going to be just another phase of the election.
There are totally 1590 candidates in the fray and let’s look at the 2014 results.
List of winners for this 96 in last elections:
• Tamil Nadu (38) NDA 2 UPA 0 Others 36
• Pondicherry (1) NDA 1 UPA 0 Others 0
• Karnataka (14) NDA 6 UPA 8 Others 0
• Orissa (5) NDA 0 UPA 0 Others 5
• Chattisgarh (3) NDA 3 UPA 0 Others 0
• Maharashtra (10) NDA 8 UPA 2 Others 0
• North East (7) NDA 4 UPA 2 Others 1
• West Bengal (3) NDA 1 UPA 0 Others 2
• Bihar (5) NDA 1 UPA 4 Others 0
• Uttar Pradesh (8) NDA 8 UPA 0 Others 0
• Jammu Kashmir (2) NDA 1 UPA 0 Others 1
So out of the total seats 96,
• NDA won 38
• UPA won 12
• Others won 46
Before ending the post today thought the number of seats that BJP holds look smaller in size one needs to go little deep. Of the 38 seats by NDA, only 27 are held by BJP which means 11 are coming from allies. So diving into the data, we must understand that in the last elections BJP went with only 1 ally (PMK) in Tamil Nadu and won 2 seats. One each shared. This way if we see, BJP has got an alliance with AIADMK now and this is going to be crucial. The mood of Tamil Nadu is quickly changing and the
The same way BJP is making inroads in Bihar, Bengal and Odisha where BJP tally will improve from 2014. If the results from these three states come good and in the other states if NDA holds on then we can see that NDA may win in the range of 40-45 seats. Not much time left, let’s wait and watch how the 2day of polling goes.
Swe swe karmanyabhiratah samsiddhim labhate narah; Swakarmaniratah siddhim yathaa vindati tacchrinu.
Each man, devoted to his own duty, attains perfection. How he attains perfection while being engaged in his own duty, hear now.
After talking about the duties of the four varnas ie Brahmins, Kshatriyas, Vaishyas and Shudras, Lord is here talking about the concept of perfection. Lord says that every man has to perform some duty or the other at every moment of his life. As he is devoted to his own duty he starts to attain perfection in that. Lord here also refers to the concept of attaining perfection while he is engaged in his own duty. Thus the word perfection comes here two times, once while being devoted to his duty and the other while engaged in his duty. Then Lord tells Arjuna to listen carefully how this perfection can be attained.
Extending Interpretation to Mankind’s Life!
The word one needs to focus is “own duty” or swa-dharma. What is this own duty, and how do we identify what our duty is? This is one question that Lord will answer in the coming shlokas. Not only that he is also going to talk about how a person needs to be devoted to his own duty. We see many people who when engaged in a particular activity they attain a high degree of mastery on it. I have heard story of how a kanchi sari was packed and stacked in a matchbox and sent to Queen Elizabeth. To weave a sari to fit into a matchbox is no ordinary skill and requires a very high degree of perfection. This perfection comes only through devotion and constantly doing that activity. So, let us wait what Lord says about swa-dharma and how it leads to perfection.