“maangalyam tanthunaanaena, mama jeevana haetuna, kantae badhnaami subhagae, twam jeeva saradadat satam” – Mangalya mantra
In today’s post, I am going to talk about the most important event in an individual’s life and that is marriage. Marriage is not just the union of two souls but a lifelong relationship between two families. It has to be done with a lot of care. The critical and important thing is setting the Day and Date of Marriage. We all run to pandits and astrologers for setting the dates for marriage. Whatever date they set we accept them without question. With this post of mine, I will try to explain to you all how to set a date for marriage or Muhurtam for marriage. Marriage season has already begun so I will be taking Hindu Calendar 2018-19 as a reference to explain the dates.
Firstly, to set the marriage date there is no need for Horoscope. Marriage date and Horoscope are different aspects. Whereas to check whether the marriage will be compatible, we need to look at ‘Guna Milan’ which I will be telling you in my future post.
But for today, let’s understand how to pick a right date for marriage!
There are 5 steps in setting up the date.
In the first step we need to select the month of marriage. Out of the available 12 months only 6 months are treated as months for marriage. In which 4 months are good and 2 are ordinary.
Below is the list of months which are good and their dates.
- Vaishaka – 16th April to 15th May
- Jyeshta – 14th June to 13th July
- Maagha – 5th February to 6th March 2019
- Phalguna – 6th March to 5th April
Note: If eldest one is getting married he should not get married in Jyeshta.
- Karthika – 8th November to 7th December
- Margashira – 7th December 2018 to 5th January 2019
So, of the 365 days, we have 180 days which are good days for marriage.
In the second step, we should look at the days of the month. All the 30 days in the month are not the right days for marriage. As per Hindu Calendar, there are two halves in a month. They are Bright Half-Shukla Paksha and Dark Half Krishna Paksha. I had written about the Paksha’s and tithi’s in one of my earlier posts.
In Bright Half i.e. Shukla Paksha the days that are aggregable for marriage are 2nd, 3rd, 5th,7th, 10th, 11th and 13th and in the Dark Half i.e. Krishna Paksha dates accepted are 1st, 2nd, 5th, 7th, 9th and 10th. Both halves put together we have 13 days in a month which are suitable for marriages. From the total available 180 days if we take only 13 days in a month, for 6 months it works out for 78 days only.
Third step we look at the Day of the week. All the 7 days are not accepted for marriages. Only 6 of them are acceptable. Of which Friday, Thursday, Wednesday and Monday are Good days, Saturday and Sunday are treated as Ordinary days. Whereas Tuesdays are completely Rejected. Like that from the available 78 days, we have to remove Tuesday’s. Doing so we will have only 67 days.
In the fourth step we need to look at the Nakshatras. Nakshatras are totally 27. But here also all the 27 are not good for marriage. Only 11 Nakshatras are considered good for marriages.
Below is the list of Nakshatras which are chosen for marriages
- Magha – 2,3 and 4th parts
- Moola – 2,3 and 4th parts
- Revathi – 1,2 and 3rd parts
This way from the available 67 days in a year, we trim down further to 36 days after deducting 31 days that aren’t falling under the listed nakshatras.
In the final step, we will look at the Yogas and Karanas in the Panchang. There are again 27 Yogas and 11 Karanas which are in the Panchang. But of them, 10 Yogas are rejected due to their Characteristic and 1 Karana is also rejected. Below is the list of the 10 rejected Yogas and 1 rejected Karana.
Karanas – 11 From that following is rejected.
We started off the year with 365 days available for a marriage to happen. But slowly after a step by step, we reduced the number of days to 180, 78, 67 and then to 36 days. In the fifth step as we have seen that only 17 Yogas from 27 Yogas are accepted. This will cut down the days from 36 to 25. So only 25 days or roughly a month is left to select the right date for marriage.
So, am now giving you the 25 auspicious days available from this Ugadi to next Ugadi where marriages can be performed. This is simple and with just a calendar at home, you can select a muhurtam. The timings of muhurtam are decided by Lagna and following is the details of it.
The dates are fitted with timings and given in the table showing whether it’s a very Good, Good, Above Average, Average or Below Average Muhurta for marriage. As an individual, you should look for a date that is suitable and should not hurry. Marriage is a once in a life event in which two individuals life is taking a huge leap. So, it’s always recommended to search for a good date no matter how long it takes.