We Indians had always dreamt of reaching the Moon since our childhood. Memories of our parents and grandparents promising us to take to the Moon only if we would listen to them are still fresh on our minds. Of course, we were fooled by them. But the various space research organizations across the globe have been trying all they can to mark the entry to Moon. Everyone knows the domination of the USA in space study and the amount of NASA’s contribution. Likewise, both Russia and China have also propelled their research team continuously in search of some discovery.
NASA discovered a majority of Moon’s climate. It was learnt that the Moon would have 13 days of night and 13 days of the day with temperatures ranging in between 120 degrees to (-)170 degrees. This put the hopes of mankind to rest. But it was China’s team which had travelled to the polar region of Moon and found the most favourable climatic conditions for human life. China found out the temperature to be 0 to 15 degrees. This being the best climate for mankind to live. That discovery of suitable climatic conditions has made things easier for Space research organizations and India was first to reply.
The big discovery by India’s Chandrayaan 1 which had found out the water particles on the Moon. ISRO discovered the presence of water by clicking the images of Ice while the temperature was at 0 degrees. This brought the hopes of mankind. At present, the rocket can travel and reach Moon within 40-50 days. The target is to make it easy for a spacecraft to reach Moon within 10 days.
There are multiple things special about the Chandrayaan 2 mission. The main objective of this mission to have a safe landing on the Southern Side of Moon. Along with this, the movement of the rover will also help the scientists in some study. The Orbiter, the lander (Vikram) and Rover (Pragyan) have all been set up. The orbiter will revolve around the earth and soon after a few days the lander Vikram and the rover Pragyan will reach Moon. D Day is set on 7th September. A soft landing will be of the much bigger task as the complete discovery depends on it.
But why all this and why all this expenditure?
Scientists believe and mankind also believes that there could be a disaster in the forms of natural calamities can hit the Earth and that will bring an end to the entire clan of Human beings. To remain safe from this and to understand the cosmos of the universe, it is crucial research for India and for that matter for entire Mankind. The objective of or studying the water presence and comprehensive study of the land. We can expect Chandrayaan 2 will bring some unimaginable facts and those which are positive for Mankind. Also, ISRO has an ambitious project of putting the man on the moon by 2022 also set up a space station by 2030.
Can we really live on the moon, if so how?
As mentioned before, polar regions of the moon are the perfect place for man and Chandrayaan 2 is heading towards moon’s south pole. There is plenty of water there are temperatures are also mild between 0 to 15 degrees which makes living conditions better. Also, we have 24 days of day time and 4 days of the night which means we require lesser electricity and power to live. The big challenge, however, is the gravity of the moon, which is just 1/6th of that of Earth. If someone weighs 100 kilos on Earth he will weigh just 17 kilos on the moon. And if he jumps he won’t land on the ground but will float in the air. If someone ties a heavy metal sheet to his hands, then he can fly just like how birds fly on Earth.
All this makes moon a very interesting destination and probably by 2035, when I tun 40 years old, we might be having space ships from Earth to moon and by the time I turn 60 in 2055, we will be having frequent travels from Earth to Moon a regular phenomena and for our future generations it would be just like a foreign trip. Meanwhile let us hope that Chandrayaan 2 will make a smooth landing on Moon, and thus take the first leap forward in this journey of colonizing the extraterrestrial lands.