Chapter 5 Sanyasa Yoga Verse 4

Shloka

Saankhyayogau prithagbaalaah pravadanti na panditaah;
Ekam apyaasthitah samyag ubhayor vindate phalam.

Translation

Children, not the wise, speak of knowledge and the Yoga of action or the performance of action as though they are distinct and different;
he who is truly established in one obtains the fruits of both.

Interpretation

After talking about the qualities of renunciation in the previous sloka, Lord Krishna in this sloka talks about the knowledge and the yoga of action. He says only people who have an intellect equal to children will talk that knowledge and the yoga of action are the two different things. He says that knowledge has an intimate relationship with the actions and draws attention of Arjuna to the Yoga of knowledge that was studied before in Gita. Lord Krishna goes on to say that a person who is truly established himself either in the knowledge or the yoga of action emanating from the knowledge will get the fruits of both the knowledge as well as the fruits of doing good actions.

Extending Interpretation to Mankind’s Life!

The most important point to learn from this sloka is the person who integrates the knowledge and action and by doing one, he enjoys the fruits of both. Firstly one has to understand here that for every action, knowledge is a must. Can you drive a car without having the knowledge about the gear, clutch, break and accelerator in a car? It is not possible. So, one has to understand that knowledge is a must for accomplishing any action. But then the next question is, are all actions done with complete knowledge? The answer for that is also no. Then what is the difference?

Knowledge is not an easy thing to understand. If you think you have the knowledge that is not sufficient. The knowledge you have should be acknowledged by others. That is why examinations are conducted in one’s student life to test their knowledge. A student is slowly given all the necessary knowledge in his childhood and he is prepared for the actions that he needs to do once he becomes capable. But once a child becomes an adult he has to learn many things on his own, keep his own tests on himself, evaluate himself and when he is sure that he has the sufficient knowledge to do the action then he should go ahead and do that action.

So, if we observe carefully, knowledge is sufficient and actions are automatically performed to the perfection on the back of the knowledge acquired. But the reverse is not possible. So, if a person makes all the efforts to acquire the knowledge in the areas where he wants to perform the actions, then he automatically enjoys the fruits of the success in knowledge as well as the success in action.