Chapter 5 Sanyasa Yoga Verse 23


Labhante brahma nirvaanam rishayah ksheenakalmashaah;
Cchinnadwaidhaa yataatmaanah sarvabhootahite rataah.


The sages obtain absolute freedom or Moksha—they whose sins have been destroyed,
whose dualities are torn as under, who are self-controlled, and intent on the welfare of all beings.


This sloka talks about the nature of the people who attain moksha or salvation. Lord Krishna says that a person who is intending to obtain moksha has to first get rid of all his sins and need to destroy them. After getting rid of his sins, he needs to tear all the dualities that he possess. Dualities exist in person’s behaviour, attitude and the way he looks at life. Once that is torn that person attains the highest degree of self control. Lord Krishna finally says that a person who has control on himself looks at the welfare of all beings and only such sages can attain moksha.

Extending Interpretation to Mankind’s Life!

The focus of this sloka is on the process of obtaining salvation. There are four steps that one needs to follow. The first step is that he needs to emerge out of committing sins. Who doesn’t commit sins? That person who knows the path of God can never commit sins. It is because every act that he does, he does in the name of the God and anything that is done in the name of God is never a sin. Second is that the person should come out of dualities. Duality means confusion and self doubt. Many times when we are doing a work, we get a doubt whether we are doing a right thing or not. That feeling is duality.

When a person overcomes duality, he thinks that everything is done in the name of God and that brings focus in him. Third is self controlled. Self control is a feeling of stopping oneself from doing things that he doesn’t want to do. Self control is in the hands of senses, if you can control your senses you can always be self controlled and the last is welfare of all beings. Whenever you do any work, ask yourself for whom you are doing it? A sage always works for others whereas a selfish man always works for himself. Thus if you imbibe all these four qualities of overcoming sins, overcoming duality, developing self control and thinking about the welfare of others automatically attains moksha.