Chapter 18 Moksha Sannyas Yoga Verse 14
Vividhaashcha prithakcheshtaa daivam chaivaatra panchamam.
the different efforts of various sorts, and the presiding Deity, also, the fifth.
In this part of the shloka, Lord Krishna is mentioning about the five causes that goes in accomplishment of all the tasks. The first cause that Lord mentions is the Body which is also referred to as Adhisthaanam or centre of all the activity. After body comes the doer, which is also called as the soul of an individual. The third is the various senses that affect the mind and influence the course of all actions. Fourth is the efforts that are put for doing a work and the fifth and the most important thing is the Deity or the God, without whose blessing no task can ever be completed. Thus according to Lord these are the five causes for an act to be done.
Extending Interpretation to Mankind’s Life!
The five causes mentioned here are very important for one to understand how important is the body for committing any action. That is why the Shloka compares body to Adhisthaanam or the central pivot for any action. Action is a physical activity that can only be performed by a body. But the body has to get triggers and that can only come from “Karta” or the doer. When we talk about the doer it is the soul, as the soul of a person is the motivating factor for any action to be done by him. We all do different things even when we are in the same house brought up by same mother and father is only because our actions are primarily triggered by the soul of a person.