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Chapter 18 Moksha Sannyas Yoga Verse 14

Chapter 18 Moksha Sannyas Yoga Verse 14
Adhishthaanam tathaa kartaa karanam cha prithagvidham;
Vividhaashcha prithakcheshtaa daivam chaivaatra panchamam.
The body, the doer, the various senses, 
the different efforts of various sorts, and the presiding Deity, also, the fifth.

In this part of the shloka, Lord Krishna is mentioning about the five causes that goes in accomplishment of all the tasks. The first cause that Lord mentions is the Body which is also referred to as Adhisthaanam or centre of all the activity. After body comes the doer, which is also called as the soul of an individual. The third is the various senses that affect the mind and influence the course of all actions. Fourth is the efforts that are put for doing a work and the fifth and the most important thing is the Deity or the God, without whose blessing no task can ever be completed. Thus according to Lord these are the five causes for an act to be done.

Extending Interpretation to Mankind’s Life!

The five causes mentioned here are very important for one to understand how important is the body for committing any action. That is why the Shloka compares body to Adhisthaanam or the central pivot for any action. Action is a physical activity that can only be performed by a body. But the body has to get triggers and that can only come from “Karta” or the doer. When we talk about the doer it is the soul, as the soul of a person is the motivating factor for any action to be done by him. We all do different things even when we are in the same house brought up by same mother and father is only because our actions are primarily triggered by the soul of a person. 

The third factor are the different senses that influence a person to do a task. When soul and senses are in perfect sync, works happen very fast and a person can accomplish many tasks. But when mind which is controlled by senses, wavers then the speed of the work drops rapidly and a work which can be completed today will be postponed to the next day. We also have the fourth factor which are the efforts put by an individual. Efforts are again physical in nature, even though body, soul and mind co-operate also if the right efforts are not there work can never be done. Last is the Deity or the God, without whose blessings every effort that you take is a waste.

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