Chapter 14 Guna Triya Vibhaga Yoga Verse 19
Gunaanetaanateetya treen dehee dehasamudbhavaan; Janmamrityujaraaduhkhair vimukto’mritamashnute.
The embodied one, having crossed beyond these three Gunas out of which the body is evolved, is freed from birth, death, decay and pain, and attains to immortality.
After talking about the direction in which a person following each guna will progress, Lord Krishna in this shloka is talking about a person who attains immortality. Lord Krishna starts off by saying that every being in this planet is evolved from the three gunas that are present in the nature. That means that the nature that we exhibit is from our body that has evolved from Sattvik, Rajasik and Tamasic gunas. Lord Krishna also goes on to explain the nature of these three gunas that include birth, death, decay and pain. Immortality is achieved only when a person moves beyond the natures that sattvik, Rajasik and Tamasic gunas create in an individual.
Extending Interpretation to Mankind’s Life!
There are a few points that we need to have a clarity on. The first is can we change ourselves from a particular guna to a different guna, because it is desirable? The answer is, it is not possible. I say so because, the evolution of the body is based on the energy of the gunas present in the universe. We have already studied that the soul chooses to be born to whom it wants to, based on the vibes that it gets. In a way, soul is the seed for the guna to get established. Then once that seed is sown, automatically the body gets built on the guna characteristics of the soul. That means the body attracts the energies present in the universe pertaining to those gunas.
We also have to understand that the nature has energies dominated by Sattvik guna in the early hours of the morning, it has dominant guna of Rajasic during the other part of the day and the night will be dominated by the Tamasic guna. Body when it is developing in the womb, draws these energies at the appropriate times and develops itself. Once they are developed and once the baby comes out of the womb, the child grows up into a man or a woman based on these characteristics only. Thus a person turns into sattvik, Rajasik and Tamasic by nature.
The influence of the environment also plays a significant role as a Rajasik person invites more Rajasik vibes from the universe by working hard during the time when these energies are available in plenty. He also attracts people who have similar energies and makes them as his friends, colleagues and partners. Thus we are all embodied by these gunas. The same applies to a sattvik person or a Tamasic person. So, if one has to liberate himself from this cycle of birth and death, pain and decay he needs to raise above all these gunas and has to acquire attachment only with God and none else, then only immortality or moksha is possible, says Lord Krishna.