Category Archives: Bhagavadgita

Bhagavad Gita – The Way of Life!

Bhagavad gita is the Holy book which will teach us the way to live life. I have heard it many times from my childhood. But there was always this urge in me of interpreting it myself which remained unfulfilled till now. Now I have decided to embark upon this journey of reading the Gita and interpreting it. This category I will be interpreting each sloka everyday and share the same with you all!

Chapter 2,Sloka 7 Meaning,Translation and Interpretation

Chapter 2, Verse 7 – Samkhya Yoga

“Maatraasparshaastu kaunteya sheetoshnasukhaduhkhadaah; 

Aagamaapaayino’nityaas taamstitikshaswa bhaarata”.

Translation

“The contacts of the senses with the objects, O son of Kunti, which cause heat and cold and pleasure and pain, have a beginning and an end; they are impermanent; endure them bravely, O Arjuna!”

Interpretation

After talking about the connection between the body and the soul, Lord Krishna continues to explain to Arjuna the characteristics of the body. He says that the body is linked to 5 senses of touch, taste, smell, hear and sight and the body gets all its responses through one of these five senses. He says that these 5 senses causes heat and cold to the body, it also feels the pain and pleasure. Like it was said in the previous sloka, the body has a definite beginning at the time of birth and a definite ending at the time of death. These 5 senses to which body is connected and the whole body itself in a way are just temporary. One has to win over the urges of these senses bravely is what Lord Krishna advises to Arjuna.

Extending the interpretation to Mankind’s Life!

Life is a journey of finite to infinite. What is finite in your life? Success is finite, failure is finite. Day is finite, night is finite. Happiness is finite, sadness is finite. Relationships are finite, emotions are finite. Life is filled with finites. Our body is finite. So, how should you see your life? We see it as finite. We run behind success, love, affection, money, material wealth etc which are all finite. We acquire all of them and we feel as if we have acquired infinite. We forget that nothing connected to body is infinite. The costliest house in the World, Antilla, owned by Mukesh Ambani is also finite. When he is no more, he wont take his antilla with him. We need to look at infinite for permanent happiness. What is that infinite? How do we acquire that? I will tell you tomorrow. Till then……

“SARVE JANA SUKHINO BHAVANTU
SARVE SANTU NIRAAMAYA
SARVE BHADRANI PASHYANTU
MA KASCHITH DUKHA MAPNIYA”
“MAY ALL BECOME HAPPY,
MAY ALL BE FREE FROM ILLNESS,
MAY ALL SEE WHAT IS AUSPICIOUS,
MAY NO ONE SUFFER”

Chapter 2, Sloka 6 – Bhagavadgita Meaning, Translation and Interpretation

Chapter 2, Verse 6 – Samkhya Yoga

Sloka

“Dehino’smin yathaa dehe kaumaaram yauvanam jaraa;
Tathaa dehaantara praaptir dheeras tatra na muhyati”.

Translation

“Just as in this body the embodied soul passes into childhood, youth and old age, so also does he pass into another body; the firm man does not grieve thereat”.

Interpretation

Continuing to talk about the grief and wise men, Lord Krishna tells Arjuna the following. Even today it has a highest place in our lives. Lord Krishna says that this body is that we possess today is like a cloth on our soul. Just as the new cloth gets older and finally becomes torn, the body also goes through childhood, youth, middle age, old age and finally exits out of the existing body and passes on to another body.

Extending interpretation to Mankind’s Life!

What is soul? What is a body? Are they same or separate? What is the relationship that exists between them. These are some of the questions that we usually ask and wonder about whenever we get philosophical. Lord Krishna here gives us a simple and straight forward answer. Soul is the light that is the guiding force and the base of our existence. Body is like a wrap. When you look at a person and wants to judge his personality, you need to look at his soul, not the body. That is why they call your life partner as your soul mate as you love that person beyond his physical appearances.

He emphasizes that body gets older as the time passes by but soul remains as it is. A beautiful soul remains beautiful at the age of 20 as well as at 60, where as the body looks attractive and youthful at 20 but old and ugly by 60!

This, Lord Krishna says is because body is like a cloth that we wear. Imagine, how many clothes you would have changed in your life time? It is because when we buy a cloth and wear it for the first time it looks new and attractive. As the time goes by it loses shine, color and finally gets torn. In the same way a person in his childhood and youth looks attractive but as he ages he loses his beauty, his vitality and appears ugly. Finally he dies and soul leaves his body and enters another body. This is the secret of life. Till tomorrow….

“SARVE JANA SUKHINO BHAVANTU
SARVE SANTU NIRAAMAYA
SARVE BHADRANI PASHYANTU
MA KASCHITH DUKHA MAPNIYA”

“MAY ALL BECOME HAPPY,
MAY ALL BE FREE FROM ILLNESS,
MAY ALL SEE WHAT IS AUSPICIOUS,
MAY NO ONE SUFFER”

Chapter 2, Sloka 5 – Bhagavad Gita Meaning, Translation and Interpretation

Chapter 2, Verse 5 – Samkhya Yoga
Sri Bhagavaan Uvaacha:
“Ashochyaan anvashochastwam prajnaavaadaamshcha bhaashase;
Gataasoon agataasoomshcha naanushochanti panditaah”.
The Blessed Lord said:
 “Thou hast grieved for those that should not be grieved for, yet thou speakest words of wisdom. 
The wise grieve neither for the living nor for the dead”.

Interpretation

After listening to Arjuna for a while, Lord Krishna finally starts answering. He tells Arjuna that he is thinking and feeling bad for those who don’t deserved to be thought or felt bad for. In the sense, Lord Krishna meant that all those people whom Arjuna thinks about and feels bad for, are not worth to be thought of that way. He also says that Arjuna is also talking words of wisdom when he talks about his responsibility for fighting this battle. He advises Arjuna that wise men never feel bad or grieve for anything. They neither feel bad for the living nor for the dead. They remain above this feeling of grief.

Extending Interpretation to Mankind’s Life!

Who is a wise man? This is the most important question that Lord Krishna raises in this verse. A wise person is someone who personifies knowledge and presents to the humanity in the form that applies to them. Wise man answers every question because he can see the beginning of it as well as the ending of the phenomenon. A wise person is never affected by the ups and downs and stays focused. Nothing can move him. He does not get affected by anyone’s praise or abuse because he values his work. A wise man is a pursuer of knowledge and knowledge alone, not name or fame.

A wise man by virtue of his unlimited width and depth of knowledge rises above all forms of attachment and never allow grief to surround him. He remains happy and content in every situation and keeps grief away, as grief allows our soul to weaken.

“SARVE JANA SUKHINO BHAVANTU
SARVE SANTU NIRAAMAYA
SARVE BHADRANI PASHYANTU
MA KASCHITH DUKHA MAPNIYA”
“MAY ALL BECOME HAPPY,
MAY ALL BE FREE FROM ILLNESS,
MAY ALL SEE WHAT IS AUSPICIOUS,
MAY NO ONE SUFFER”

Chapter 2, Sloka 4. Meaning, Translation and Interpretation

Chapter 2, Verse 4 – Samkhya Yoga

“Kaarpanyadoshopahata swabhaavah Pricchaami twaam dharmasammoodha chetaah;
Yacchreyah syaan nishchitam broohi tanmeShishyaste’ham shaadhi maam twaam prapannam.”

“My heart is overpowered by the taint of pity, my mind is confused as to duty. I ask Thee: tell me decisively what is good for me. I am Thy disciple. Instruct me who has taken refuge in Thee.”

Interpretation

Continuing his anguish, Arjuna continues to speak to Lord Krishna. He says that his heart is filled with pity for his teachers and relatives and his mind is filled with the duty that he has to perform. This is a peculiar situation to be in for Arjuna. Feeling bad about the situation that he is in, he asks Lord Krishna to show him the way.

He says, O Krishna, tell me what is right for me. I am your disciple. I have always trusted you and sought refuge in you. Only you can show me the way out.

Extending interpretation to Mankind’s Life!

How often we have all experienced the conflict between head and heart? Many a times, when we are searching for a solution or looking for a way out, there is one thing that our heart says and another thing that our head says. Listening to heart is important because it is attached to our feelings, our likes and dislikes and our emotions. Listening to head is also important because it speaks from logical thinking, analysis and contemplation.

Failing to listen to the head might lead to losing of the control of situation or failure. Not listening to the heart might lead to losing things that are dearer to us. In such a critical scenario what should one do? Who should that person seek advice from? Who gives the right advice?

Answers are just coming in a while.

Till then…..

“SARVE JANA SUKHINO BHAVANTU
SARVE SANTU NIRAAMAYA
SARVE BHADRANI PASHYANTU
MA KASCHITH DUKHA MAPNIYA”

“MAY ALL BECOME HAPPY,
MAY ALL BE FREE FROM ILLNESS,
MAY ALL SEE WHAT IS AUSPICIOUS,
MAY NO ONE SUFFER”

Chapter 2, Sloka/Verse 3 – Bhagavad Gita Meaning, Translation and Interpretation

Chapter 2, Sloka/Verse-3 – Samkhya Yoga

Arjuna Uvaacha:

Katham bheeshmamaham sankhye dronam cha madhusoodana; 

Ishubhih pratiyotsyaami poojaarhaavarisoodana.

 

Arjuna said:

How, O Madhusudana, shall I fight in battle with arrows against Bhishma and Drona,

who are fit to be worshipped, O destroyer of enemies?

Interpretation

Shocked by Lord Krishna’s sudden reaction, Arjuna is suddenly at a loss of words. He somehow gathered courage and spoke to the Lord. He asked him, everything you say fine my Lord, but tell me how do I fight against my guru who taught me everything? How do I fight with my grandsire who lifted me in him arms and made me what am today? How is it possible that I raise my arms against them? This is the dilemma that Arjuna had which he freely asked Lord Krishna.

 

Extending interpretation to Mankind’s life!

Very often we are encountered with this dilemma. Can we revolt against our elders? Can we disagree and go against the will of our parents? This is a question that haunts many youngsters and people of this generation. Everyone’s life is a battle. We don’t fight it on battle fields, but we fight it in life. When you want a career and your parents don’t approve of it, it’s a battle. When you want to do something, and your boss opposes it, it’s a battle.

Scriptures have taught us that we should always respect the elders and higher ups and never question their authority. But is it right? Just because someone is elder to us in age and position, does that mean they can never make mistakes and, always right? Arjuna’s dilemma is also something similar. He is in a dilemma to fight or not with the two people, Bhishma and Drona who are elder to him and in higher position. It’s very much similar to our dilemma of rejecting or differing and doing something that our elders don’t like.

How will Lord Krishna deal with this? Wait for some time.

Till then……

“SARVE JANA SUKHINO BHAVANTU
SARVE SANTU NIRAAMAYA
SARVE BHADRANI PASHYANTU
MA KASCHITH DUKHA MAPNIYA”

“MAY ALL BECOME HAPPY,
MAY ALL BE FREE FROM ILLNESS,
MAY ALL SEE WHAT IS AUSPICIOUS,
MAY NO ONE SUFFER”

Bhagavad Gita-Chapter 2, Sloka 2. Meaning, Translation and Interpretation

Chapter 2: Verse 2, Samkhya Yoga

Klaibyam maa sma gamah paartha naitat twayyupapadyate;
Kshudram hridaya daurbalyam tyaktwottishtha parantapa.

Translation

Yield not to impotence, O Arjuna, son of Pritha! It does not befit thee. 
Cast off this mean weakness of the heart. Stand up, O scorcher of foes!

Interpretation

Lord Krishna continues his harsh speak to Arjuna and shoots of this sloka. The meaning of this is, Why are you indulging in the impotence of mind Arjuna, you are born in the dynasty of greats. Having born in such a family with such heroics and virtues it doesn’t look good for you to exhibit this kind of behavior. In the next line Krishna gets little bit soft at a shocked and silent Arjuna and asks him to get rid of this weakness of his heart. He advises him to get that lost courage and stand up. He subtly reminds Arjuna how powerful warrior he is.

Extending interpretation to Mankind’s life!

There are two words in this sloka that needs our attention. One is “impotent” and other is “weakness”. The word impotent is used in a different context in today’s world, but the meaning that Krishna wanted to convey was different. What Krishna was referring to was the mental impotency of Arjuna.

Who is an impotent by mind? Anyone who cannot keep his resolve strong is an impotent.

Simple example. How many times it happens to us that we make a strong resolve to do or achieve something and we give up within days! That is impotency. The day you neglect an activity or go back on your promise you are an impotent. Impotency makes you neither a man nor a women. Impotency is not about making you like opposite gender. Impotency is like making you gender less.

The reason is simple, both men and women are equally competent and potent. If you lack that competency to constantly do things and the potency to face every hardship and keep doing your task. Both men and women who practice this are potent and those who can’t are impotent.

The other word is “weakness”. This is very much linked to “impotent”. They have a cause and effect relationship. The cause of impotency is weakness. In short, weakness is the cause and the effect is impotency. So a person in order to remain potent needs to overcome the weakness. Weakness towards people, things and situations.

How do we do that? We will study them in the coming slokas. Till then……

“SARVE JANA SUKHINO BHAVANTU
SARVE SANTU NIRAAMAYA
SARVE BHADRANI PASHYANTU
MA KASCHITH DUKHA MAPNIYA”

“MAY ALL BECOME HAPPY,
MAY ALL BE FREE FROM ILLNESS,
MAY ALL SEE WHAT IS AUSPICIOUS,
MAY NO ONE SUFFER”

Chapter 2, Sloka 1. Bhagavad Gita – Meaning, Translation and Interpretation

Chapter 2: Sankhya Yoga, Sloka: 1

Sri Bhagavaan Uvaacha:
‘Kutastwaa kashmalam idam vishame samupasthitam;
Anaaryajushtam aswargyam akeertikaram arjuna.’

The Blessed Lord said:
‘Whence is this perilous strait come upon thee, this dejection which is unworthy of thee, disgraceful, and which will close the gates of heaven upon thee, O Arjuna?’

Interpretation

This sloka is the beginning of the 2nd chapter of the 18 chapters of Mahabharata. The first chapter was concentrated on the mindset of Arjuna in fighting the war. Whereas the 2nd chapter opens with Lord Krishna replying to Arjuna. The sentence with which he starts itself is so powerful that it pierces through the mind of Arjuna and makes him to take notice of it seriously and focus on what Lord Krishna said. Krishna’s opening remark was “how can you even think of such things Arjuna? The problems that you are quoting, the dejection that you are expressing is disgraceful. It makes you unworthy and such a kind of person can never expect the doors of heaven to open for him. The remarks in a way have shocked Arjuna.

Extending Interpretation to Mankind’s life!

The worst thing a person can do to himself is “self-degradation”. I will tell you today, what exactly is self-degradation. Anyone who can’t stand up for himself or his beliefs has self-degraded himself. According to Gita soul is the highest entity for any individual. Whenever you deceive your soul, you are self-degrading yourself. Self-degradation is neglecting your responsibilities and interfering in other’s responsibilities. Self-degradation is not just hurting one’s soul it is also degrading one’s soul. When you do not do your dharma, and find excuses in others, that is also self-degradation. So, self-degradation happens in many ways and many forms.

Here in Gita, Arjuna shying away from his responsibilities and had taken refuge in emotions and relationships. Arjuna was aghast at Krishna’s response. He was expecting Krishna to side him, but the criticism had surprised him. Next sloka will continue the response of Krishna, which we will talk about, tomorrow.

Till then…..

“SARVE JANA SUKHINO BHAVANTU
SARVE SANTU NIRAAMAYA
SARVE BHADRANI PASHYANTU
MA KASCHITH DUKHA MAPNIYA”

“MAY ALL BECOME HAPPY,
MAY ALL BE FREE FROM ILLNESS,
MAY ALL SEE WHAT IS AUSPICIOUS,
MAY NO ONE SUFFER”

 

Bhagavad Gita Sloka/Verse 6 – Meaning, Translation and Interpretation

Sloka/Verse 6 – Yoga Of Kurukshetra

Yadyapyete na pashyanti lobhopahatachetasah;
Kulakshayakritam dosham mitradrohe cha paatakam;
Katham na jneyam asmaabhih paapaad asmaan nivartitum;
Kulakshayakritam dosham prapashyadbhir janaardana.

Translation:

Though they, with intelligence overpowered by greed, see no evil in the destruction of families, and no sin in hostility to friends, Why should not we, who clearly see evil in the destruction of a family, learn to turn away from this sin, O Janardhana…

Interpretation

Arjuna continued to speak to Lord Krishna, expressing his anguish at the prospect of fighting a battle. Krishna was patiently listening, allowing Arjuna to put his thoughts out. Arjuna continued to express himself to Krishna and he says that Kauravas were taken over by greed and jealousy and committed all the crimes in lust for power and money. Kauravas couldn’t see sense and played a dirty game to destroy Pandavas. Will it make sense for Pandavas to repeat the same? Pandavas were much more evolved and understand the consequences of repeating the same act.

So as learned souls can we not turn away from the sin of killing the family and near and dear for the sake of Kingdom. Tell me O Krishna, why should we do the same thing that Kauravas did to us? Can we not turn away from such sin and stay away from all this? This is what Arjuna asks Lord Krishna in this sloka.

Extending Interpretation to Mankind’s life!

If someone whom you trusted back stabs you, what will you do? Will you teach him a lesson or forget and forgive thinking that he will face the consequences of all his actions and God will do that for you. This is a point where many people differ in their opinion. One set of people think that its God’s duty to punish those who sinned and it is our duty to forgive them, forget the incident and lead a pious life and refrain from committing any sin.

There is another set of people who believe that you are the “Karta”, “karma” and “kriya” and you are being mandated by the Almighty to carry out this act. God never comes directly to give justice. He chooses His subjects to carry them out. When God chose you to perform an act, if you fail to understand His signal and don’t perform that act, its a sin similar to the one committed by the previous subject. So, this is the big dilemma Gita leaves us with. Let’s turn the next page to see how this dilemma gets resolved. Till then….

 

“SARVE JANA SUKHINO BHAVANTU
SARVE SANTU NIRAAMAYA
SARVE BHADRANI PASHYANTU
MA KASCHITH DUKHA MAPNIYA”

“MAY ALL BECOME HAPPY,
MAY ALL BE FREE FROM ILLNESS,
MAY ALL SEE WHAT IS AUSPICIOUS,
MAY NO ONE SUFFER”

Bhagavad Gita Sloka 5 Meaning, Translation and Interpretation

Sloka/verse 5 – Yoga of Kurukshetra

“Nimittaani cha pashyaami vipareetaani keshava;
Na cha shreyo’nupashyaami hatwaa swajanam aahave;
Na kaangkshe vijayam krishna na cha raajyam sukhaani cha;
Kim no raajyena govinda kim bhogair jeevitena vaa.”

Translation

“And I see adverse omens, O Kesava! I do not see any good in killing my kinsmen in battle.
For I desire neither victory, O Krishna, nor pleasures nor kingdoms! 
Of what avail is a dominion to us, O Krishna, or pleasures or even life?”

Interpretation

Continuing his anguish Arjuna tells Krishna, that all he is seeing are the bad omens from the time they have assembled for the battle. He tells Krishna that why should he wage this battle? What is the good he is going to achieve in killing his own people that is being fought for the supremacy? He also tells Krishna that he is not behind money, wealth or pleasures or the victory. He adds that by getting a piece of land or the pleasure of victory what is the use or relevance of it?

In a way, Arjuna gets very emotional at the sight of his near and dear and the thought of killing them in the battle has weakened his resolve and brought out all unnecessary self doubts and pros and cons of going to a war.

Extending Interpretation to Mankind’s Life!

How many times it has happened that we ask questions before doing a work? Just think, are you asking these questions to get clarity or to escape from an unfortunate and difficult situation! Many times we take the shelter in irrational logic and misplaced emotions to justify our inability to act. Take a small example. I did not go to another place for higher studies because I love my parents a lot and cant live without them.

This statement shows the person’s love and care for the parents. But more than that what it reveals is the weak heartedness of a person who has forgone the opportunity that was presented to him. A weak person can never protect his parents when the time comes. He will just run away from the situation. Because what he has learnt is to run away and avoid situations and present emotional arguments to justify them.

My advice to everyone is simple. Be strong, be bold to face every situation. Running away is not the solution. If you run away from one situation, you will never have the courage to face another and whole life you will be running away leading a life of misery and not achieving anything.

That’s why they say “A Brave-heart dies once, while a coward dies a million times”, because every time a coward runs away from the situation, its a death to him!

 

 

“SARVE JANA SUKHINO BHAVANTU
SARVE SANTU NIRAAMAYA
SARVE BHADRANI PASHYANTU
MA KASCHITH DUKHA MAPNIYA”

“MAY ALL BECOME HAPPY,
MAY ALL BE FREE FROM ILLNESS,
MAY ALL SEE WHAT IS AUSPICIOUS,
MAY NO ONE SUFFER”