Category Archives: Astrology

What is Adhik Maasam or Adhik Maas? How do we Calculate it!?

The topic for today is “Adhika Maasam”.

Generally, we know that there are 12 months in a Calendar year. Hindu calendar also has 12 months in a year, but each month is not 30 or 31 days as we see in English Calendar. This differentiation is because we follow Moon’s Movement whereas English Calendar is made based on Sun’s Movement. So as per Telugu Calendar or Moon calendar, a month is exactly 29 days 10 hours and 48 minutes to sometimes 29 days 12 hours 44 minutes. On an average a month stays for 29.5 days. 29.5 days multiplied by 12 months gives us the total days as 354 days.

The difference then between Lunar Calendar 354 days and Solar Calendar 365 days and 6 hours is 11 days 6 hours. That difference must be corrected. Every third year this short fall gets corrected as extra month and that is called as Adhika Maasam.

I will make it simpler:

365 – 354 days = 11 days 6 hours (gap)

For example:

2015-16   In 1st year 11 days 6 hours

2016 –17  After 2nd year 22 days 12 hours

2017 –18  After 3rd year 33 days shortage

Even before we complete the third year the shortage hits more than 30 days and that is why in the middle of the third year or by the end of third year, we will see the Adhika Maasam coming. This is also called as Purushotam Adhika Maasam.

Adhika Maasam comes in four combinations not exceeding three years.
  1. 2 years and 4 months
  2. 2 years and 9 months
  3. 2 years and 10 months
  4. 2 years and 11 months

Factually, in 2015 Adhika Maasam came in month of Ashada – fourth month of 12 months. Another point to be noted is that always Adhika Maasam goes in the order that was given above. As in 2015 Adhika Maasam came in the month of Ashada which is the 4th month, this year in 2018 it has come in the month of Jyestha which is the 3rd month. This Adhika masa came in 2 years and 11 months and so the next adhika masa comes after 2 years 4 months. That eould be in the year 2020 year Ashwaija masam. The next Adhika masam after that will come in 2 years and 9 months which is 2023 sravana masam.  There would be no Adhika maasam in Margashira, Pushya and Magha months as they are very auspicious months as they fall in Uttarayan time period.

Adhika Maasam is believed to be very bad for any auspecious things may it be education, marriage or anything that anyone is starting afresh. People completely avoid this month and are switch on to holiday mood. In ancient days, people don’t count the interest rates also for the Adhika masa. Hope you got all that you want to know about Adhika masa and this Adhika masa which started on 16th May will last till 13th June, the holiday period for all important activities!!!

Guna Milan-Horoscope Matching- Kundali Matching-Most Important aspect for Marriage

Last Tuesday, I talked about how easily you can keep a muhurta for marriage, just by having a Calendar at home.

In this week’s Tuesday post am going to touch upon the topic of Horoscope matching between boy and girl. There are many software’s available on internet that can match the horoscope. Don’t go by them. There are many other things you need to take care of. For example, if you have more than 18 gunas matching out of 36, we say that the marriage is permissible. It’s not like that. There are other things also we need to take care. You will understand them only, if you know them. Am going to tell you the simple way of understanding these 36 gunas.

8 Koota’s
  1. Varna – 1 point – Looks into Work Life
  2. Vashya – 2 points – Dominance level of Husband over Wife
  3. Tara – 3 points – Destiny
  4. Yoni – 4 points – Sexual Compatibility
  5. Graha Maitri – 5 points – General Compatibility
  6. Gana – 6 points – Characteristics of two people
  7. Bhakoot – 7 points – Love and Intimacy
  8. Nadi – 8 points – Health and Children

For example, let’s take a case of a couple where 28 out of 36 gunas match that means except Nadi. You will think that since 28 is 10 points higher than required 18, you can go ahead with the marriage. Everything in the marriage will be just fine. But since Nadi is not matching there is a dosha and because of that the couple won’t have children. This is a very big mistake which many people make and this should be avoided. So, lets understand each of these 8 kootas briefly.

Varna – Decides the work and has just 1 point

Varna is the first Koota that describes the Guna of the individual. There are four of them. Of the 12 Zodiac signs, 3 each are part of one Guna. Below is the list given.

  1. Brahmin – Cancer, Pisces and Scorpio
  2. Kshatriya – Aries, Leo and Sagittarius
  3. Vaishya – Virgo, Taurus and Capricorn
  4. Shudra – Gemini, Aquarius and Libra

To get the one point the Bride and Groom should be from the same Guna only then they will get available 1 point otherwise it will be 0.

Vashya – Control of Husband over Wife

Vashya takes the individuals and connects them to the nature. Nature has got different living beings starting from insects to human. In this Koota all those are divided into 12 zodiac signs and are attached points as per the combinations. So, we need to look at the Bride and Groom’s sign and match them.

  1. Chetuspad Four leg Animal                – Born Aries and Taurus
  2. Dwipad Two legs/Human             – Libra, Gemini, Virgo, Sagittarius or Aquarius
  3. Jalachar Lives in water                   – Pisces, Capricorn or Cancer
  4. Vanachar Lives in Jungle                   – Leo
  5. Keet Insects                                – Scorpio
  • Chestuspad with Chestuspad will give 2 points
  • Dwipad with Dwipad will give 2 Points
  • Jalachar with Jalachar 2 points
  • Vanachar with Vanachar 2 points
  • Keet with Keet 2 points
  • Chetuspad with Keet and Jalachar will give 1 point
  • Jalachar with Vanachar, Dwipad and Chestuspad will give 1 point
  • Vanachar with Jalachar will give 1 point
  • Keet with all the other four will give 1 point
  • Other combinations will give 0 points
Taara – Nakshatra

From here starts the important Koota’s. Taara means Nakshatra and it has got 3 points. You have to look into the Nakshatra’s of both the Bride and Groom and match them as per the table.

Yoni – Sexual Compatibility

This is an important koota that measures the sexual compatibility of the couple. With maximum points at 4 and minimum at 0. In the Yoni table we will have the names of different animals and each of them have the points. Yoni of an individual can be found out by using a Panchang where as per the Raashi of an Individual the Yoni’s are given. Maximum points are 4 which is possible only when bot the Yoni’s are same.

Graha Maitri – Very important as it looks at the understanding between the Couple

Graha Maitri looks into the connection that the couple shares and their approach. If the Graha Maitri is good the Family will run very smoothly and people in the family will have peace of mind. In this you look into the Moon Signs of both the Girl and Boy and then match them as per the table given. Maximum of 5 points is what you get when both the moon signs match. Here anything less than 3 should not be considered for marriage.

Gana – Gana is the next most important Koota.

There are three types of Gana. Deva Gana, Manushya Gana and Rakshasa Gana. You can look into any Panchang to know the Gana of your rashi. Below is the list of Gana Milan point combinations. Maximum points are 6.

  1. Deva Gana Boy – Deva Gana Girl – 6 points
  2. Manushya Gana Boy – Manushya Gana Girl – 6 points
  3. Rakshasa Gana Boy – Rakshasa Gana Girl – 6 points
  4. Deva Gana Boy to Manava Gana Girl – 6
  5. Manava Gana Boy to Deva Gana Girl – 5
  6. Deva Gana Girl to Rakshaha Gana Boy – 0
  7. Manava Gana Girl to Rakshasa Gana Boy– 3
  8. Rakshasa Girl to Manava Boy – 0

If there is a gana matching of less than 3 such marriage should be avoided as it leads to frequent quarrels between husband and wife.

Bhakoot – 7 points – Love and Intimacy

Love here indicates the care that couple have for each other after the marriage. It is shown in the chart where either you get 7 points or zero points. Nothing is in-between. So, Zero Bhakoot matches should be avoided. If at all you want to still go ahead than the girl should be a giver and should have a sacrificing attitude. Then only it can be considered.

Nadi – 8 points Children and Children’s Health

Nadi is the most crucial aspect and has got 8 points to give. If there is No Nadi then the marriage should not happen. By the time you reach 8th Koota the couple might have reached 25 points but if this Nadi doesn’t hit points and is zero then its going to be a very difficult marriage. It may even be a beautiful marriage but their won’t be children.

  • Adi Nadi – Beginning
  • Madhya Nadi – Middle
  • Antya Nadi – End

As I have already explained before, if Nadi is not matching then there will be many health-related issues and issues regarding children also might arise.

Apart from this, there is another thing called Mangal dosha or Kuja dosha which scares many people and girl usually don’t get married because of this. There are many myths surrounding this Kuja dosha and I will simplify it for you in my next post.

Learn how to set Marriage Dates and Muhurtham!

“maangalyam tanthunaanaena, mama jeevana haetuna, kantae badhnaami subhagae, twam jeeva saradadat satam” – Mangalya mantra

In today’s post I am going to talk about the most important event in individual’s life and that is marriage. Marriage is not just the union of two souls but a lifelong relationship between two families. It has to be done with a lot of care. The critical and important thing is setting the Day and Date of Marriage. We all run to pandits and astrologers for setting the dates for marriage. Whatever date they set we accept them without questioning. With this post of mine I will try to explain you all how to set a date for a marriage or Muhurtam for marriage. Marriage season has already begun so I will be taking Hindu Calendar 2018-19 as reference to explain the dates.

Firstly, to set the marriage date there is no need of Horoscope. Marriage date and Horoscope are different aspects. Whereas to check whether the marriage will be compatible, we need to look at ‘Guna Milan’ which I will be telling you in my future post.

But for today, let’s understand how to pick a right date for marriage!

There are 5 steps in setting up the date.

In the first step we need to select the month of marriage. Out of the available 12 months only 6 months are treated as months for marriage. In which 4 months are good and 2 are ordinary.

Below is the list of months which are good and their dates.
  1. Vaishaka – 16th April to 15th May
  2. Jyeshta – 14th June to 13th July
  3. Maagha – 5th February to 6th March 2019
  4. Phalguna – 6th March to 5th April

Note: If eldest one is getting married he should not get married in Jyeshta.

Ordinary months
  1. Karthika – 8th November to 7th December
  2. Margashira – 7th December 2018 to 5th January 2019

So, of the 365 days we have 180 days which are good days for marriage.

Second Step

In the second step we should look at the days of the month. All the 30 days in the month are not the right days for marriage. As per Hindu Calendar there are two halves in a month. They are Bright Half-Shukla Paksha and Dark Half Krishna Paksha. I had written about the Paksha’s and tithi’s in one of my earlier post.

In Bright Half i.e. Shukla Paksha the days that are aggregable for marriage are 2nd, 3rd, 5th,7th, 10th, 11th and 13th and in the Dark Half i.e. Krishna Paksha dates accepted are 1st, 2nd, 5th, 7th, 9th and 10th. Both halves put together we have 13 days in a month which are suitable for marriages. From the total available 180 days if we take only 13 days in a month, for 6 months it works out for 78 days only.

Third Step

Third step we look at the Day of the week. All the 7 days are not accepted for marriages. Only 6 of them are acceptable. Of which Friday, Thursday, Wednesday and Monday are Good days, Saturday and Sunday are treated as Ordinary days. Where as Tuesdays are completely Rejected. Like that from the available 78 days we have to remove Tuesday’s. Doing so we will have only 67 days.

Fourth Step

In fourth step we need to look at the Nakshatras. Nakshatras are totally 27. But here also all the 27 are not good for marriage. Only 11 Nakshatras are considered good for marriages.

Below is the list of Nakshatras which are chosen for marriages
  1. Rohini
  2. Mrigashira
  3. Magha – 2,3 and 4th parts
  4. Uttara
  5. Hasta
  6. Swati
  7. Anuradha
  8. Moola – 2,3 and 4th parts
  9. Uttarashada
  10. Uttarabhadra
  11. Revathi – 1,2 and 3rd parts

This way from the available 67 days in a year, we trim down further to 36 days after deducting 31 days that aren’t falling under the listed nakshatras.

Final Step

In the final step we will look at the Yogas and Karanas in the Panchang. There are again 27 Yogas and 11 Karanas which are in the Panchang. But of them 10 Yogas are rejected due to their Characteristic and 1 Karana is also rejected. Below is list of the 10 rejected Yogas and 1 rejected Karana.

  1. VISHKAMBHA
  2. ATIGANDA
  3. SOOLA
  4. GANDA
  5. DHRUVA
  6. VYAGATHA
  7. VAJRA
  8. VYATAPATA
  9. PARIGHA
  10. VAIDHRITI
Karanas – 11 From that following is rejected.
  1. Vishti

We started off year with 365 days available for a marriage to happen. But slowly after a step by step we reduced the number of days to 180, 78, 67 and then to 36 days. In the fifth step as we have seen that only 17 Yogas from 27 Yogas are accepted. This will cut down the days from 36 to 25. So only 25 days or roughly a month is left to select the right date for marriage.

So, am now giving you the 25 auspicious days available from this Ugadi to next Ugadi where marriages can be performed. This is simple and with just a calendar at home you can select a muhurtam. The timings of muhurtam is decided by Lagna and following is the details of it.

Good Lagnas
  1. Gemini
  2. Virgo
  3. Libra
Ordinary Lagnas
  1. Cancer
  2. Leo
  3. Sagittarius
  4. Aquarius

The dates are fitted with timings and given in the table showing whether it’s a very Good, Good, Above Average, Average or Below Average Muhurta for marriage. As an individual you should look for a date that is suitable and don’t hurry. Marriage is a once in a life event in which two individuals life is taking a huge leap. So, it’s always recommended to search for a good date no matter how long it takes.

Indian Calendar and it’s Composition – Seasons, Months and Days (Ruthu, Maasa and Thithi)

Indian Calendar/Hindu Calendar

Today I am going to talk about a very simple but interesting topic and that is a calendar. Calendar as everybody knows is a 12-month period representation of a year. Calendar is like a register that gives us the list of days, weeks and months in one year.  Each month on an average consists of 30 days. January, March, May, July, August, October and December are the one’s with 31 days. Feb has 28/29 days. April, June, September and November are the one’s with 30 days. This is the Gregorian calendar which is the refined calendar adopted in 1582. Though many of the countries didn’t like this idea slowly all of them started adopting this in years to come. Now almost all the countries follow the Gregorian calendar. But in different countries there are people who follow their own traditional calendar which is formed out of Zodiac sign movements. Though they follow Gregorian Calendar in general, but for certain special activities and events they use their historic Calendar. Chinese, Japanese, Europeans all have their own calendar system different from Gregorian calendars.

I am going to talk about the Telugu calendar today and explain how date, time and seasons are measured as per Telugu calendar. First let me tell you all that the Telugu calendar cycle lasts for 60 years. Each year of that 60 years have 60 different names. Presently we are in ‘Hevalambi’ 31st year in the 60-year cycle. It is to be believed as per Hindu Traditions that a human being can live upto 2 cycles that is 120 years.

Let me now explain the Indian Calendar or Hindu Calendar which Indians follow for any kind of activity or event planning and execution. Like Gregorian, Hindu calendar also has 12 Masamulu, each month lasts 29/30 days.

Below is the list of twelve months that form Telugu/Hindu Calendar:

  1. Chaithramu (March-April)
  2. Vaisaakhamu (April-May)
  3. Jyeshtta (May-June)
  4. Aashaadhamu (June-July)
  5. Sraavanamu (July-August)
  6. Bhaadhrapadamu (August-September)
  7. Aasveeyujamu (September-October)
  8. Kaarthikamu (October-November)
  9. Maargaseershamu (November-December)
  10. Pushyamu (December-January)
  11. Maakhamu (January-February)
  12. Phaalgunamu (February-March)

The Seasons and Months!

We have just seen the 12 months and their names. Seasons are the integral part of any calendar. There are 6 seasons or ruthuvulu. Here is the list of the seasons as per Hindu calendar and the months.

Telugu Name English Name Telugu Maasalu
Vasantha Ruthu Spring Season Chaitram and Vaishakam
Greeshma Ruthu Summer Season Jyestha and Aashadam
Varsha Ruthu Rainy Season Sravanam and Bhadrapadham
Sarath Ruthu Moon light Season Aasvejam and Karthikam
Hemantha Winter Season Maargaseeram and Pushyam
Sisira Ruthu Autum Season Maagha(Maakham) and Phaalgunam

That’s how the 6 seasons are distributed across twelve months as per Hindu Calendar.

Every month in Hindu calendar months is divided into two parts called as Paksha. Each Paksha is equal to 14/15 days. The first 14/15 days of the month is called as Shukla Paksha which is a transition from New Moon to Full Moon and the second 14-15 days of the month is called as Krishna Paksha which is a transition from Full Moon to No Moon.

Simply put

  • Shukla Paksha is the period of brightening moon – Amavasya to Pournami
  • Krishna Paksha is the period of fading moon – Pournami to Amavasya

In Telugu calendar each day has its own name and are called as Thitis. Below are the Thitis of a month as per the telugu calendar:

  1. Padyami (first day)
  2. Vidiya
  3. Tadiya
  4. Chaturdhi
  5. Panchami
  6. Shashti
  7. Saptami
  8. Ashtami
  9. Navami
  10. Dasami
  11. Ekadasi
  12. Dwadasi
  13. Trayodasi
  14. Chaturdasi
  15. Poornima or Amavasya (end of a paksha)

Next comes the crucial DAY!

After introducing the 60-year cycle, 12-month year, 2-months seasons, 15-days paksha; now I will explain the most interesting and shocking part of this post and that is about Day. What we all follow is the clock or time pattern which is 24 hours in a day or 1440 minutes per day or 86400 seconds. But as per the Indian calendar the measuring parameters of time are Ghadi, Pal and Vipal.

Ghadi is hours, Pal is minutes and Vipal or Istha kaal is seconds.  Like the new day starts at 12:00 am as per English calendar, the new day starts at Sunrise time in Indian Calendar. Below points will give you more clarity about the day and time patter in Indian Calendar.

  • Like 24 hours = Day in English Calendar, 60 Ghadis = Day in Indian Calendar
  • Like 60 minutes = hours in English Calendar, 24 Minutes = Hour in Indian Calendar
  • Like 60 seconds = minutes in English Calendar, 24 Seconds = minutes in Indian Calendar.

Divas = Day

Finally, Divas is equal to 30 Ghadiyas of day time and 30 Ghadiyas of night. So, technically Indian day has 60 hours as compared to 24 hours of the western system.  So, in an hour we have 2.5 ghadiyas each lasting for 24 minutes and as I have already explained the day starts from sun rise. For example I will tell you the time now as per the Indian system of calculation. When am writing this post this is the time.

timeHere the time is 22 hours 29 minutes and 7 seconds as per western time. The Indian time given is 39 ghadis 13 pals and 10 vipals. Let’s see how we got this. In Hyderabad Sunrise happened at 6.48am today so that is the beginning of the day which is counted as 00:00:00. Exactly at 6.48PM it is 30 ghadis. From 6.48PM to 10.29PM its 3 hours and 41 minutes or 221 minutes. Now each ghadi is 24 mins. So, if we divide 221 by 24 we get 9.2 ghadis and that 0.2 ghadis equal to 13 pals. Adding this to 30 we get 39 ghadis and 13 pals.

Now you understood how accurately our ancestors were measuring time. Their measurement started from a milli second called vipals went to seconds called pals, went to ghadis called minutes/hours and to days to pakshas to months to seasons to years and finally to a big cycle of 60 years. Hope you all enjoyed reading it and post any queries you have, will try answering them!

Tarot Reading in India

 

This picture speaks for more than thousand words. In my journey of learning and spirituality, one more chapter is getting added. I have just finished learning the basics of tarot card reading and thought of revealing the same to the World. It is not that I want to show off or pomp my knowledge, its a humble submission to my friends and well wishers that I added one more skill to myself in this journey of mine! I am learning tarot card reading and am learning it fast. After spending some time in understanding this wonderful ancient western occult form, I want to share few things about tarot cards.

1. What is this tarot card reading?

It is an ancient form of occult where we believe in the concept that nature holds answers to every question of ours for which we don’t know the answer. If someone asks you what is the capital of Japan you can answer “Tokyo”. Its because you know the answer.

If someone asks you a question, “Am starting this new business, the groundwork is all completed and ready to take off, will I be successful? How to make it successful?”. What would be your answer. You don’t know, because you can’t see the future. But mother nature has the answer to it. You don’t know her language so you can’t understand it. What if, you understand the meanings of the symbols through which mother nature tries to answer your question? You will be able to tell him, advise him, caution him and guide him. Tarot is not about knowing the future, its more about guidance and showing of path.

2. How is tarot reading done?

Messages from mother nature is held in symbols and the tarot card reader would try to decipher them and would like to peep into the future. One more thing. Tarot reading is not about happening or not happening, its also about how to make it happen. It is because Mother nature wants us to be successful and would constantly send signals to this regard. But many times we fail to understand those messages and that lead to a failure. Tarot helps you in guidance to every problem at every step and in every way.

3. How many tarot cards are there and how is the reading done?

There are totally 78 tarot cards divided into two broad categories. First category is 22 cards called “Major Arcana” and second category is “Minor Arcana” which has 56 cards. If I have to tell you the difference between major and minor arcana of cards in stock market language, major arcana is like Fundamentals and minor arcana is like technicals. So major arcana are important inevitable events which can change the direction and minor arcana is the minor small small things, that help in understand, identifying and resolving the problems.

Following are the 22 cards in Major Arcana.It starts from 0 and ends at 21.

0. The Fool
1. The Magician
2. The High Priestess
3. The Empress
4. The Emperor
5. The Hierophant
6. The Lovers
7. The Chariot
8. Strength
9. The Hermit
10. Wheel of Fortune
11. Justice
12. The Hanged man
13. Death
14. Temperance
15. The Devil
16. The Tower
17. The Star
18. The Moon
19. The Sun
20. Judgement
21. The World

The Minor Arcana has 56 cards divided into 4 categories.

1. The Cups
2. The Pentacles
3. The rods
4. The swords

Each category has 14 cards. Named Ace, two, three, four, five, six, seven, eight, nine, ten, page, knight, king and queen. These 14 in 4 categories makes it 56. Together these 56 and 22 helps us in understanding the situations and resolve them.

4. What kind of issues are resolved through tarot card reading?

Anything you want to under the sun can be addressed through tarot. It could be a simple question like when will I get a job and how will be my career to a little serious question like will I marry the girl I love to a slightly complex question like how to convince my parents to accept the girl I love to a very complex question like How should I plan my investments and money I earn in the next 10-15 years so that I don’t have a problem with my finances.

So all kinds of questions can be answered. You can have a 1 card spread and it can go in odd numbers upto 17 card spread. The complexity of the problem is taken into consideration while choosing the number of cards for the spread. In the picture above you can see the 5 card spread.

Finally, Tarot like any other occult sciences is in the hands of the reader. It involves Psychology, spirituality and honesty in understanding and interpreting the situations. It should never be used to gather information or to know the inner secrets of an individual. Solutions to problems can be arrived only with proper understanding and analysis and Tarot cards have been doing it for centuries!!!

Now I have started my journey!!!

#SriramSpeaks #TarotReading

Tropic of Cancer and Capricorn

What is Tropic of Cancer and Tropic of Capricorn?

Few basic things to know before we understand the concept of Tropic of Capricorn and Tropic of cancer.

  1. Earth revolves and rotates around the sun and Sun rotates in its own place.
  2. Earth is not plane surface but it is tilted. The tilt is 23.5 degrees.
  3. Earth completes its one full revolution in period of 365 days which we celebrate as new year.
  4. In ancient days these 365 days were recorded as 360 degrees or and 12 zodiac signs. Each zodiac sign stays for 30 days or 30 degrees. Now we have those 12 zodiac signs as 12 months.
  5. Sun rotates every day and that’s how we enjoy day/night for equal time.

Now let’s get back to the topic. Ever wondered why Zodiac sign names are given to the geographical structure of the earth. Of all 12 why only Cancer and Capricorn? Let me tell you why is it so…

Firstly, I will give the details of each Zodiac sign and the dates of the signs

Sl. NO

Zodiac Sign

Telugu Names

Dates

Degree Wise

1 Aries Mesha March 21 – April 19 0-29
2 Taurus Vrishabha April 20 – May 20 30-59
3 Gemini Mithuna May 21 – June 20 60-89
4 Cancer Karkataka June 21 – July 22 90-119
5 Leo Simha July 23 – August 22 120-149
6 Virgo Kanya August 23 – September 22 150-179
7 Libra Tula September 23 – October 22 180-209
8 Scorpio Vrishchika October 23 – November 21 210-239
9 Sagittarius Danu November 22 – December 21 240-269
10 Capricorn Makara December 22 – January 19 270-299
11 Aquarius Kumbha January 20 – February 18 300-329
12 Pisces Meena February 19 – March 20 330-360

 

Why only Cancer and Capricorn?

The total number of latitudes that are present are 180. 90 on the Northern hemisphere and 90 on southern hemisphere. 90 on one side is called as cancer and another side of 90 is Capricorn. 90th latitude from equator to southern hemisphere is called as Capricorn and 90th latitude from equator to northern hemisphere is called as cancer.  They are located at 23.5 degree because earth is tilted 23.5 degrees.

We know that Earth revolves and it takes 365 days to revolve 360 degrees. So, on 1 day it approximately moves 1 degree. So that’s how it completes one degree each day to complete 360 degrees in a year. In the same time when earth is moving 1 degree per day it also tilts 1 degree in approximately 4 days and like that when it completes moving 90 degrees it tilts 23.5 degrees in the Northern Side. On 20th March Sun is at 0 degrees at Aries and it is also Equinox when it is at 0 degrees in tilt.

So, let’s say it’s zero degrees in revolution and zero degrees in tilt. So, for everyday sun revolves 1 degree and for every 4 days it tilts 1 degree. Then on 90th day Sun would be at 90 degrees in revolution and sun would be at 23.5 degrees in tilt. From the table 90 degrees marks the start of Cancer so 23.5 degrees north is called Tropic of Cancer. So, 90 days later on 21st June Sun will be at Tropic of Cancer and it is called as Summer Solstice or Summer in Northern hemisphere.

From 21st June for the next 90 days earth revolves from 90 degrees to 180 degrees and the tilt happens in reverse direction from 23.5 degrees north towards equator. That is on 22nd September 3 months from 21st June Sun will be again at the equator and the tilt is back to zero. From 22nd September for the next 90 days up to 21st December sun moves 90 degrees from 180 degrees to 270 degrees. The tilt also happens in the reverse direction towards South and on 21st December it would have tilted 23.5 degrees at the rate of 1 degree in approx 4 days.

From the table, you can see that 270 degrees corresponds to Capricorn in sun signs so 21st December is called Tropic of Capricorn or summer Solstice in southern Hemisphere. From then on for next 90 days the tilt happens in reverse direction from 23.5 degrees south to equator and sun revolves from 270 degrees to 360 degrees. Again, on 21st March sun is back to where it was and has revolved 360 degrees. The tilt is also completed and the tilt is at 0 degrees now. So, Sun at zero and tilt also at zero is the starting of Aries.

That is how 23.5-degree North is called Tropic of Cancer and 23.5-degree south is called as Tropic of Capricorn.

Astrology – Moon Signs and Sun signs!

Astrology is one of the most important occult science which is widely followed in many countries. From Western countries like America, Europe, Russia to Asian countries like India, China, Japan Thailand etc astrology is a very popular occult science. Every country has its own style of calculations and predictions but broadly solar and lunar form of astrology is widely practised. Solar calculations take sun as the base whereas lunar calculations takes moon as the base. Western astrology followed across different parts of the world take sun as the base or follow the solar signs also called “sun signs”. Indian astrology however follows lunar system where “moon sign” or “Rashi” is taken as the base for astrological predictions.

What is the difference between sun sign and moon sign?

It is well known that astrology basically has 12 signs and each sign has its own characteristics. Sun stays in one sign for period of 30 days and that’s how 30 days multiplied by 12 signs gives 360 days covering almost one year. Starting with Aries from March 21st to April 19th and ending with Pisces from February 19th to March 20th.

Here is the list of sun signs along with dates followed as per western astrology.

1. Aries 21st March to 19th April
2. Taurus April 20th to May 20th
3. Gemini 21st May to 20th June
4. Cancer 21st June to 22nd July
5. Leo 23rd July to 22nd August
6. Virgo 23rd August to 22nd September
7. Libra 23rd September to 22nd October
8. Scorpio 23rd October to 21st November
9. Sagittarius 22nd November to 21st December
10. Capricorn 22nd December to 19th January
11. Aquarius 20th January to 18th February
12. Pisces 19th February to 20th March

In India we follow lunar system or moon sign. Sun stays approx 30 days in a sign where as moon stays 2.5 days in a sign. So moon covers 12 signs in 2.5×12=30 days. That means by the time sun travels through one sign, moon would have completed travelling through all 12 signs. This makes people born on closer dates different moon signs. For example, two people are born on 24th July and 1st August. According to western astrology both have the same sun sign that is Leo. But if we take moon signs, moon was located in Cancer on 24th July and today on 1st August it is located in Libra. So one person is a cancerian and the other will be Libran. So they have different qualities and that makes Indian astrology unique.

Now we have 12 signs or 12 houses and each house represent a particular characteristic of the person. However the Indian and western astrology have the same characteristic for the house. Like the 1st house represents the person’s personality in both Indian and western astrology. Same is the case with 7th house which is the house of love and marriage in both Indian and western astrology.

Here is the list of what each of the 12 houses represent.

1st house represents Personality
2nd house represents money and monetary status
3rd house brothers and sisters
4th house Education and mother
5th house Emotional balance and children
6th house health and accidents
7th house marriage and married life
8th house Life span and death
9th house Foreign travel and father
10th house career
11th house business and friends and friendships
12th house old age and karma

Let us now look at the person who was born today, 1st August gets his houses according to his sun and moon sign. Suppose a baby is born right now at 10-30PM and his Astro sun sign as per Western astrology is Leo. So, his First house of personality is controlled by Leo, 2nd house of money is ruled by Virgo, 3rd house of relationship between siblings is ruled by Libra, 4th house of education and mother are ruled by Scorpio, 5th house of mental balance and children is ruled by Sagittarius, 6th house of Health and accidents is ruled by Capricorn, 7th house of love and married life is ruled by Aquarius, 8th house of Life span and death is ruled by Pisces, 9th house of foreign travel, communication and father is ruled by Aries, 10th house of career is ruled by Taurus, 11th house of Business and friends is ruled by Gemini and 12th the last house of karma and old age are ruled by Cancer.

But if it is seen in the Indian astrological calculation his 1st house will be Libra, his money house is Scorpio, 3rd house will be Sagittarius, 4th house Capricorn etc. Like that the predictions differ totally if we take Indian astrology compared to the western astrology.

Which one is more accurate? Indian or Western??

Western astrology is very general and takes Sun as reference point for the prediction. Whereas In Indian astrology we take Moon sign for predicting, Which is more detailed. You can imagine yourself when I say, in western astrology people born in 30 days have same 1st house so same personality whereas in Indian astrology those born in 30 days will have 12 different 1st houses, thus 12 different personalities. But this is just one broad way of predicting. Many more dimensions are there which I will discuss in my future posts.

#Astrology #Indian #Western #Sunsign #MoonSign

Indian Festivals-Origin and Date calculation

Festivals are an integral part of India. Indians are known for different celebrations of different festivals. Our Festivals are just not celebrated in India but in the many other countries as well. Latest example is Barack Obama celebrating Diwali in whitehouse.

But have you ever noticed that festivals like Christmas fall on the same day every year but many of our festivals fall on different dates!

Yes, the dates of these festivals change but the duration between one festival to another doesn’t change. For example, Dussehra and Diwali might come on different days every year but the time gap between the both always remains constant at 20 days.

How is it possible? Let’s find out!

To start off in India we celebrate two types of festivals
1. Birthday’s
2. Events Festivals

We call Birthday’s as Jayanthi like Krishna Jayanthi, Mahavir Jayanthi etc.; and for the events, festivals are related to events like Rama killing Ravana celebrated as Dussehra and Rama’s return Ayodhya celebrated as Diwali.

Now, let us understand the timing of these festivals

1. Ugadi is the new year which is taken as benchmark to other festivals. It comes on the next day of New moon between second week of mark to 1st week of April. This is
the beginning of first month of Chaitra.

2. 8 days after new year is celebrated as Ram Navami. Navami means 9th Day and the gap between 1st day and 9th day is 8 days. Ram Navami is birth day of Lord Rama the greatest Mythological ruler.

3. After Ram Navami, we have 3 months gap where on sunday around a full moon day of the fourth month Ashadam is celebrated as Bonalu in Telangana. Bonalu is the festival offering harvest to the goddess wishing and praying for prosperity and growth.

4. Exactly one month later full moon day of 5th month Shravana is celebrated as Raksha Bandhan. It is a festival symbolizing the brother and sister relationship in India since ages and now it widely celebrated in other countries too.

5. Exactly 7 days after Raksha Bandhan we have Krishna Janmasthami the birth of lord Krishna. We all know the pivotal role of Krishna in Kurushektra war who mentored Pandavas in defeating Kouravas.

6. 11 days after Janmasthami is Ganesh Chaturthi which falls on the fourth day of 6th month Bhadrapada. Ganesh Chaturthi is the Birthday of Lord Ganesh who is termed as God for Ridhi, Buddhi and Siddhi, which means Prosperity, Intellect and Spirituality.

7. After 36 days gap, on the 10th day of 7th month Ashweija is celebrated as Dussehra or Vijayadashami. This festival symbolizes win for good over evil.

8. 20 days after Dussehra on the last day of Ashweija we celebrate Diwali. It is celebrated as Lord Rama returns to native Ayodhya after his 14 years exile.

9. 15 days after Diwali in the 8th month of Karthika we celebrated it as Karthik Pournami. This is the month when many Indian women fast and pray for prosperity of their families.

10. Then there is more than 3 months gap on 29th day of the 11th month Maagha. This festival is Maha Shivratri the birth day of Lord Shiva.

11. 17 days after this is Holi. Holi falls on the full moon day of the last month of the year Phalguna. Holi is the festival of spring and colors.

12. Apart from this there is one festival called Makara Sankranti which follows solar calendar and comes on 14th January evert year. Makara Sankranti is harvest festival and also the beginning of Uttarayan or the northern movement of sun.

To summarize

1. Ugadi 1st day after new moon anytime between March 2nd and April 1st week
2. Ram Navami 8 days after Ugadi
3. Bonalu is 94-98 days after Ram Navami
4. Raksha Bandhan full moon day of the 5th month
5. Krishna Janmasthami 7 days Raksha Bandhan
6. Ganesh Chaturthi 11 days after Krishna Janmasthami
7. Dussehra is 36 days after Ganesh Chaturthi
8. Diwali is 20 days after Dussehra
9. Karthika Pournami is 16 days after Diwali
10. Maha Shivratri 100-101 days after Karthika Pournami
11. Holi 17 days after Maha Shivratri
12. Makara Sankranti is 14th of January every year

Thus, if you can find the date of Ugadi you can easily find out the dates of all other festivals.

Rahu Kalam Myths, Realities and Time Calculation

Are you afraid of starting something during “Rahu kalam”? Here is why you should, here is why you shouldn’t!!

Rahu kalam raises many eyebrows. The word Rahu creates panic in many. Shani and Rahu are two dreaded words in believers of astrology and also who are superstitious. In reality there is nothing to worry about Rahu kalam.

What is Rahu kalam?

As you know Rahu is not a planet but its the shadow on the moon. As moon is rotating around earth everyday its shadow is cast at different timings on different days. It is similar to the shadows that we see of ourselves while walking under the sun. So the timing of that shadows is considered to be inauspicious for starting any important work.

What are Rahu kalam timings?

See any calendar you will see the following timings
Sunday 4.30pm to 6pm
Monday 7.30am to 9am
Tuesday 3pm to 4.30pm
Wednesday 12noon to 1.30pm
Thursday 1.30pm to 3pm
Friday 10.30am to 12noon
Saturday 9am to 10.30am

Is Rahu kalam inauspicious?

The simple answer is No. Many board exams start on Mondays at 9am and millions of students start from their homes during the rahu kalam time of 7.30am to 9am to reach exam centers. Are they not writing their exams well and scoring high grades? So, rahu kalam is being evil and inauspicious is just a myth. It is just a shadow and shadows are never bad.

Then why do people fear Rahu Kalam?

Like Shani, Rahu is a planet who teaches lessons in a harsh way. If your intentions are bad, you will be immediately punished. If you do anything good also with a evil intention, you would get it back in a negative way. And Rahu like shani has the habit of teaching any lesson of life in the harshest possible way so that it remains in mind for ever. So, if your intentions are clear and if your conscious is clean you need not worry at all. Rahu kalam is like any other time of the day.

So, should we disregard and reject Rahu Kalam?

Again the answer is No. A belief always has a reason and logic and we cannot disregard it. If anyone believes for whatever reason in Rahu kalam, they are entitled to their beliefs. But the question is are they following it right?

Are they following it right?

No, they are not. The above mentioned Rahu kalam timings are applicable when the day is of 12 hour duration and sun rises at 6am and sets at 6pm. Then each day is divided into 8 parts of 1 hr 30 mins each. Except in the 1st part of the day, everyday shadow will fall on one of the parts.  On Monday you will have Rahu kalam during the 2nd part of the day ie between 7.30 to 9am, Saturday 9am to 10.30am Friday 10.30am to 12 noon, Wednesday 12 noon to 1.30 pm, Thursday 1.30pm to 3pm, Tuesday 3pm to 4.30pm and Sunday rahu kalam is on last part of the day 4.30pm to 6pm. But we know very well, that sun doesn’t rises at 6am everyday nor sets at 6pm every day. So, obviously what you see in your calendar doesn’t apply most of the times.

So what’s the right Rahu kalam timings?

Based on sunrise and sunset timings in different months for Hyderabad city, the rahu kalam timings are calculated as follows:

January (1 hr 24 min)

Monday 8.13am to 9.37am
Tuesday 3.13pm to 4.34pm
Wednesday 12.25pm to 1.49pm
Thursday 1.49pm to 3.13pm
Friday 11.01am to 12.25pm
Saturday 9.37am to 11.01am
Sunday 4.34pm to 5.58pm

February ( 1hr 27min)

Monday 8.09am to 9.36am
Tuesday 3.24pm to 4.51pm
Wednesday 12.30pm to 1.57pm
Thursday 1.57pm to 3.24pm
Friday 11.03am to 12.30pm
Saturday 9.36am to 11.03am
Sunday 4.51pm to 6.18pm

March (1 hr 30 min)

Monday 7.55am to 9.25am
Tuesday 3.25pm to 4.55pm
Wednesday 12.25pm to 1.55pm
Thursday 1.55pm to 3.25pm
Friday 10.55am to 12.25pm
Saturday 9.25am to 10.55am
Sunday 4.55pm to 6.25pm

April (1 hr 34 min)

Monday 7.34am to 9.08am
Tuesday 3.24pm to 4.58pm
Wednesday 12.16pm to 1.50pm
Thursday 1.50pm to 3.24pm
Friday 10.42am to 12.16pm
Saturday 9.08am to 10.42am
Sunday 4.58pm to 6.32pm

May (1hr 37 min)

Monday 7.21am to 8.58am
Tuesday 3.26pm to 5.03pm
Wednesday 12.12pm to 1.49pm
Thursday 1.49pm to 3.26pm
Friday 10.35am to 12.12pm
Saturday 8.58am to 10.35am
Sunday 5.03pm to 6.40pm

June (1 hr 39 min)

Monday 7.20am to 8.59am
Tuesday 3.35pm to 5.14pm
Wednesday 12.17pm to 1.56pm
Thursday 1.56pm to 3.35pm
Friday 10.38am to 12.17pm
Saturday 8.59am to 10.38pm
Sunday 5.14pm to 6.53pm

July (1 hr 38 min)

Monday 7.27am to 9.05am
Tuesday 3.36pm to 5.14pm
Wednesday 12.21pm to 1.58pm
Thursday 1.58pm to 3.36pm
Friday 10.43am to 12.21pm
Saturday 9.05am to 10.43am
Sunday 5.14pm to 6.52pm

August (1 hr 35 min)

Monday 7.34am to 9.09am
Tuesday 3.29pm to 5.03
Wednesday 12.19pm to 1.54pm
Thursday 1.54pm to 3.29pm
Friday 10.44am to 12.19pm
Saturday 9.09am to 10.44am
Sunday 5.03 to 6.38pm

September (1hr 32 min)

Monday 7.36am to 9.08am
Tuesday 3.16pm to 4.48pm
Wednesday 12.12pm to 1.44pm
Thursday 1.44pm to 3.16pm
Friday 10.40am to 12.12pm
Saturday 9.08 to 10.40am
Sunday 4.48pm to 6.20pm

October (1 hr 28 min)

Monday 7.37am to 9.05am
Tuesday 2.57pm to 4.25pm
Wednesday 12.01pm to 1.29pm
Thursday 1.29pm to 2.57pm
Friday 10.33am to 12.01pm
Saturday 9.05am to 10.33am
Sunday 4.25pm to 5.53pm

November (1 hr 25 min)

Monday 7.45am to 9.10am
Tuesday 2.50pm to 4.15pm
Wednesday 12noon to 1.25pm
Thursday 1.25pm to 2.50pm
Friday 10.35am to 12noon
Saturday 9.10am to 10.35am
Sunday 4.15pm to 5.40pm

December (1 hr 23 min)

Monday 8.01am to 9.24am
Tuesday 2.56pm to 4.19pm
Wednesday 12.10pm to 1.33pm
Thursday 1.33pm to 2.56pm
Friday 10.47am to 12.10pm
Saturday 9.24am to 10.47am
Sunday 4.19pm to 5.42pm
So note down these timings and follow your rahu kalams. Dont follow anything blindly. These days were calculated taking the total duration from sun rise to sun set and dividing into 8 equal parts. Hope you all got the logic. Please do ask me for anything you would want to, if anything is unclear!
Tamasoma Jyothirgamaya!!