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Bhagavadgita Chapter 18 Moksha Sanyyas Yoga Verse 9

Chapter 18 Moksha Sanyyas Yoga Verse 9
Kaaryamityeva yatkarma niyatam kriyate’rjuna;
Sangam tyaktwaa phalam chaiva sa tyaagah saattwiko matah.
Whatever obligatory action is done, O Arjuna, merely because it ought to be done,
abandoning attachment and also the desire for reward, that renunciation is regarded as Sattwic!

Here we are now talking about the third type of renunciation, which is the sattwik renunciation. Lord Krishna explaining the third type of renunciation, talks about the obligatory actions that are ought to be done. These actions as they are linked to one’s dharma should not be abandoned. Lord says that these actions have to be performed keeping in mind two points. First is actions should be done but the attachment should be abandoned. Second is while performing the actions a person should also abandon the desire for the reward. If these two conditions are satisfied then that kind of renunciation is called a Sattwik renunciation.

Extending Interpretation to Mankind’s Life!

A very important lesson has to be learnt and understood through this shloka and that lesson is regarding the detachment and renunciation. When can you renounce anything freely? It can happen only when you are not attached to it. But look at the way you approach things. You start off by saying that I am doing a particular task and I will renounce the reward or the fruits of that task and thus I can make a sattwik renunciation. It looks very much possible theoretically but not practically. Suppose you are working in an NGO that takes care of blind children. Your job is to ensure that the children who are living there are getting the right kind of knowledge so that they can stand on their own legs inspite of being visually impaired. 

As mentioned in previous shloka and in this shloka, a person has to do his obligatory actions and also should renounce the reward for the action. So, if we go with the above example, its very difficult for a person to remain detached from the future of the blind child, which is a fruit that he is working for. Even if he manages to do that with difficulty, he loses concentration and will do injustice to his task. So, the right way to approach is to first detach oneself internally from the task that you are doing and that automatically helps to renounce the attachment to the fruits of the task. Detach internally means, you should not have any emotional connection with any child and you should not be affected by their fate even for a minute. This is the only way to develop sattwik renunciation.

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