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Bhagavadgita Chapter 18 Moksha Sannyas Yoga Verse 13

Chapter 18 Moksha Sannyas Yoga Verse 13

Panchaitaani mahaabaaho kaaranaani nibodha me;
Saankhye kritaante proktaani siddhaye sarvakarmanaam.

Learn from Me, O mighty-armed Arjuna, these five causes, 
as declared in the Sankhya system for the accomplishment of all actions!

Interpretation

This is a two part shloka where in the first part Lord Krishna is talking about the five causes. In the second part He names those five causes and talks about them. Lord Krishna starts off this shloka by calling Arjuna as “Mahabaaho” or mighty armed. He also makes a reference to Samkhya system of philosophy to Arjuna. Lord says that Samkhya system of philosophy talks about the existence of five causes for an action. All the actions are said to be accomplished only when they are done by adhering to these five causes.

Extending Interpretation to Mankind’s Life!

We have talked about the Samkhya philosophy in the second chapter of Bhagavad Gita called Samkhya Yoga. Now in the last chapter we are about to re-visit and discuss things concerning the highest plane of human ascendancy on his path to moksha. Samkhya philosophy was propounded by sage Kapila and it believes in Prakruti and Purusha as two different entities that influence an individual. Prakruti is the sub conscious and soul and purusha is the living being with senses. Samkhya is a sanskrit name which means count, calculate, deliberate and numeric enumeration. The Samkhya philosophy apart from numbers also depends on perception, inference and verbal testimony to draw inferences. Let us understand the five causes of Samkhya philosophy in God’s words.

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